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"Robot Scientist" Said to Equal Humans at Some Tasks January 14, 2004 John Roach National Geographic News It looks nothing like C-3PO of Star Wars fame, but a team of British scientists have created a "robot" that can formulate hypotheses, design experiments, and interpret results on par with the best of their human counterparts. Called the "robot scientist," the technological marvel proved its intellectual prowess by correctly determining the function of specific genes within yeast. "Th ...


"Take That, Human Intruder!" February, 2005 Popular Mechanics.com Intruders at Japanese seaports and factories may soon discover that the long arm of the law has wheels and spews smoke. The diminutive cybersheriff, named Robot X, comes from Secom, Japan's leading security company. When Robot X hits production it is expected to cost around 300,000 yen (about $2900) per month--less than the cost of an old-fashioned human guard. Most of the time, Robot X works on the same principle as the Roo ...


"Turn Off the Television!": Real-World Robotic Exploration Experiments with a Virtual 3-D Display January 2005 By David J. Bruemmer, Douglas A. Few, Miles C. Walton, Ronald L. Boring, Julie L. Marble, Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory; Curtis W. Nielsen, Brigham Young University; Jim Garner, Washington University at St. Louis Proceedings of the 38th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS'05) - Track 9 You can view the abstract online. A subs ...


$1000 Off-Road Robot To Hunt Land Mines Jun 12, 2004 SciScoop From a JHU press release with cool photos: Four Johns Hopkins undergraduate engineering students have designed and built a remote-controlled robotic vehicle to find deadly land mines in rugged terrain and mark their location with a spray of paint. The prototype has been given to professional explosive detection researchers as a model for a low-cost robot that humanitarian groups and military troops could use to prevent mine-relate ...


$6.6M for UAV-Mountable LADAR 23-Jun-2005 Defense Industry Daily Harris Corporation received a $6.6 million research and development contract from the U.S. Army Communications-Electronics Command (CECOM) to develop and demonstrate the Jigsaw Laser Radar (LADAR) 3D-imaging test-bed system for use on a DP-5X Helicopter UAV. Laser Radar (LADAR) is similar to millimeter wave radar, but uses lasers to scan and processes the signal echoed from targets, in order to create a 3-D virtual picture of t ...


$8.8M for R&D Into Robots That Can Steer Themselves June 24, 2005 Defense Industry Daily DID covered the future of land robots recently, and noted the challenges inherent in autonomously-steered robots as envisoned in the Future Combat System. Well, Defense Technologies Inc. in Ranlo, NC received an $8.8 million ceiling-priced indefinite delivery, indefinite quantity contract for basic and applied research leading to the development of a prototype Intelligent Autonomous Unmanned Controls Stat ...


'Bots with bullets Globe and Mail January 24, 2005 By MICHAEL P. REGAN Englewood Cliffs, N.J. — The rain is turning to snow on a blustery January morning, and all the men gathered in a parking lot here surely would prefer to be inside. But the weather couldn't matter less to the robotic sharpshooter they are here to watch as it splashes through puddles, the barrel of its machine gun pointing the way like Pinocchio's nose. The Army is preparing to send 18 of these remote-controlled robotic wa ...


'Dr. Robot' to the rescue at the hospital November 16, 200 South Bend Tribune Doctors test 'remote-presence vehicle' to make their rounds more frequently DEARBORN, Mich. (AP) -- Doctors at Oakwood Hospital and Medical Center can make the rounds without leaving their chair or even leaving their house, thanks to a roaming robot called Rosie. Known technically as a remote-presence vehicle, Rosie's "head" is a 17-inch computer screen that transmits a color image of a human face. The face in m ...


Pasadenastarnews.com July 31, 2004 By Kimm Groshong EMAIL ARTICLE LINK TO ARTICLE PRINT ARTICLE Article Published: Saturday, July 31, 2004 - 8:53:03 PM PST Dr. Yoseph Bar-Cohen, a senior research scientist & group leader at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory on Thursday July 29, 2004 at his lab at JPL. Dr. Yoseph Bar-Cohen grips a robotic hand in his lab, while an android capable of changing facial expressions looks on. Yoseph Bar-Cohen issued a challenge to researchers ...


'Legos up' on the competition December 5, 2004 By Dennis B. Roddy Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Disabilities don't stop local whizzes from taking top prizes in robot contest A group of kids accustomed to challenges -- one uses crutches, three have little or no hearing, another travels by motorized wheelchair -- began remaking the world in Lego yesterday, one Starbucks at a time. Two squads from Team Tech-Link, a collection of Pittsburgh youngsters, joined 73 teams vying for trophies in the sixth ...


'Robo-doc' puts patient's heart back on the beat November 2, 2004 By Rebecca Smith, Health Reporter, Evening Standard This Is London A robot surgeon has operated on a patient to correct the man's irregular heartbeat. The £1 million Da Vinci machine carried out the operation, the first in the UK, at St Mary's Hospital, Paddington. The patient, Derek Rutter, 48, suffered from atrial fibrillation, which affects 500,000 people in the UK each year. During the procedure, robotic-enhanced atrial fibrillation ablation, surgeon Roberto Casula operated the robot by remote control to insert 5mm probes into Mr Rutter's chest. The probes sent microwaves into the heart tissue, stopping any abnormal heart rhythm. The operation was a success, meaning there was no need for invasive surgery.


'Robo-doc' works hospital rounds May 19, 2005 By Julie Clothier CNN.com LONDON, England (CNN) -- A London hospital has two new members of staff -- two robotic "doctors" that can carry out ward rounds in place of human physicians. The robots will be trialed in a general surgery ward and the accident and emergency department at St Mary's Hospital. They will also be used for surgical training for junior doctors at London's Imperial College. Called "Remote Presence," or RP6 for short, the robo ...


'Robot soldiers' bound for Iraq China Daily January 26, 2005 The US military is planning to deploy robots armed with machine-guns to wage war against insurgents in Iraq. Eighteen of the 1m-high robots, equipped with cameras and operated by remote control, are going to Iraq this spring. The machine is based on a robot already used by the military to disable bombs. Officials say the robot warrior is fast, accurate and will track and attack the enemy with relatively little risk to the live ...


BBC News 29 December, 2003, By Jo Twist BBC News Online technology reporter The Treebot is the first of its kind A fearless mobile robot is helping scientists monitor environmental changes in forests. The hi-tech Tarzan of the robot world, nicknamed Treebot, is the first of its kind to combine networked sensors, a webcam, and a wireless net link. It is solar-powered and moves up and down special cables to take samples and measurements for vital analysis. Treebot has been devel ...


Trusted handshake "For hardness, we have a dual-membrane sensor that measures the differential displacement based on the same contact. It's basically two strain gauges with different strain constants so that you don't even need to calibrate the contact force; you only need the differential output from the two sensors to derive the harness of an object," said Liu. For the future, the EEs plan to distribute large numbers of these arrays in a polymer fabric that can form the skin of future robot ...


'Swarm-bots' offer sniff of the future The Guardian November 25, 2004 Emma Young Andy Russell does not object to sniffer dogs. "They find leaks in oil pipelines, they find people, they detect drugs and explosives. Obviously they're very important," he says. But they do have weaknesses. They get hungry. They get bored. And if sent into a room filled with poisonous gas, they die. Clearly, there is room for improvement. On Russell's desk in the engineering department at Monash university, Me ...


'Swarm-bots' offer sniff of the future Mini-robots with a sense of smell are on the march. Emma Young investigates November 25, 2004 The Guardian Andy Russell does not object to sniffer dogs. "They find leaks in oil pipelines, they find people, they detect drugs and explosives. Obviously they're very important," he says. But they do have weaknesses. They get hungry. They get bored. And if sent into a room filled with poisonous gas, they die. Clearly, there is room for improvement. On Ru ...


Softcom June 25 2004 PITTSBURGH, June 25 (UPI) -- U.S. scientists have developed small, throwable, remote-controlled robots designed for surveillance in urban warfare settings. Several of the robots are being sent to Iraq for testing, the scientists said. Scientists at Carnegie Mellon University, in conjunction with the U.S. Marine Corps' Warfighting Laboratory, developed the robots, known as Dragon Runners. The devices have the ability to see around corners and deliver information to Marine ...


'Trauma Pod' Robot to Save Soldiers' Lives on the Battlefield March 30, 2005 PhysOrg.com Imagine an automated medical treatment system that does not require onsite medical personnel on the front lines of battle, and is ready to receive, assess, and stabilize wounded soldiers during the critical hours following injury. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Defense Sciences Office (DSO) has taken a significant step toward that goal by awarding an SRI International-led multi-orga ...


Currently, researchers with the Reverb project are attempting to blueprint the manner in which the human eye-brain system translates what it sees into control signals that provoke an immediate, effective response by actuators. This model will be used to wire the Scamp "eyes" to the robot's "brain." "Reverb enables researchers from a number of disciplines and institutions across the U.K. to work together to understand how the human nervous system integrates sensory information to guide behavior, ...


'Walking' octopus inspires soft robots June 7, 2005 BBC News The surprise discovery that octopi can "walk" along the sea bed on two tentacles has inspired scientists seeking to create of a new generation of soft, flexible robots. Two species of octopus have been observed moving in an upright bipedal stride since the discovery was announced in March this year. And scientists at the University of California at Berkeley believe they can develop artificial muscles for use in a new field of soft ...


125 teams build robots to compete in DARPA Grand Challenge Military & Aerospace Electronics January 24, 2005 WASHINGTON, 24 January 2005. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) reports a surge in applications from teams wanting to participate in DARPA Grand Challenge 2005 as the February 11, 2005, filing deadline approaches. The DARPA Grand Challenge is a field test of autonomous ground vehicles over rugged desert-type terrain for the purpose of advancing robotics technology ...


3D global and mobile sensor data fusion for mobile platform navigation May 2004 Steinhaus, P. Walther, M. Giesler, B. Dillmann, R., Inst. for Comput. Design & Fault Tolerance, Karlsruhe, Germany ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract Efficient navigation of mobile platforms in dynamic, human centered environments is still an open ...


3D localization and tracking in unknown environments September 2003 By Saeedi, P. Lowe, D.G. Lawrence, P.D.; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., British Columbia Univ., Canada Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper describes a vision-based system for 3D localization and tracking of a mobile robot in an unmod ...


Acme, MI A forum for the exchange of information on current work related to the advancement of intelligent vehicle system technologies and applications to Military and Commercial Vehicles.


6D SLAM with an Application in Autonomous Mine Mapping 2004 Kai Lingemann, Joachim Hertzberg Fraunhofer Institute for Autonomous Intelligent Systems (AIS) Stanford University Abstract: To create with an autonomous mobile robot a 3D volumetric map of a scene it is necessary to gage several 3D scans and to merge them into one consistent 3D model. This paper provides a new solution to the simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) problem with six degrees of freedom. Robot motion on natural ...


WashingtonPost.com October 9, 2004 By RICHARD C. LEWIS PROVIDENCE, R.I. - Four years ago, scientists thought they had found the perfect place to settle the Noah flood debate: A farmer's house on a bluff overlooking the Black Sea built about 7,500 years ago - just before tidal waves inundated the homestead, submerged miles of coastline and turned the freshwater lake into a salty sea. Some believed the rectangular site of stones and wood could help solve the age-old question of whether the Bl ...


A 'perfect storm' brewing in robotics April 2004 By Charles Sheehan, The Associated Press MSNBC Cheaper parts, military money could spur industry Researchers in robotics have traditionally faced two debilitating obstacles: terribly expensive parts and difficulty attracting funding from anyone outside of a small corps of true believers. But the field could be in line for a major jolt. Robotics experts see a “perfect storm” heading their way, thanks in no small part to the human ravages of ...


A Battlefield Bot That Won't Die August 2002 By Elliot Borin Wired News It's called, appropriately enough, the Spinner, a six-wheeled turtle of an unmanned ground combat vehicle that can -- unlike any other of its species -- be turned on its back and still keep on truckin' over virtually any terrain navigable by tanks 10 times heavier and considerably slower and less mobile. "We expect it to become the resupply and reconnaissance workhorse of the UGCV fleet," says John Bares, director o ...


A breed apart February 24, 2005 The Guardian BigDog trots purposefully across the landscape, splashing through puddles and pushing through the long grass. It might be slow by the standards of most dogs, but for a walking robot, BigDog is quite an athlete. According to Marc Raibert, president of Boston Dynamics, BigDog is the first of a new breed of walking robots that could revolutionise transport. Walking robots have been around for decades, but Robosapiens and friends are still just t ...


A Campaign in Autonomous Mine Mapping By C. Baker, A. Morris, D. Ferguson, S. Thayer, C. Whittaker, Z. Omohundro, C. Reverte, W. Whittaker, D H¨ahnel and S. Thrun, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), April, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Unknown, unexplored and abandoned subterranean voids threaten mining operations, surface developments and the ...


A comparison of Gaussian and mean curvatures estimation methods on triangular meshes Sept. 2003 By Surazhsky, T. Magid, E. Soldea, O. Elber, G. Rivlin, E., Dept. of Appl. Math., Israel Inst. of Technol., Haifa, Israel Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract Estimating intrinsic geometric properties of a surf ...


A comparison of pose estimation techniques: Hardware vs. video March 2005 Brad Grinstead*, Andreas Koschan, Mongi A. Abidi, Imaging, Robotics, and Intelligent Systems Laboratory, 334 Ferris Hall Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 Proceedings SPIE Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology VII, Vol. 5804, Orlando, FL, pp. 166-173, March 2005. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT Robotic navigation req ...


A Comparison of Two Camera Configurations For Optic-Flow Based Navigation of a UAV Through Urban Canyons By Stefan Hrabar and Gaurav S. Sukhatme, Robotic Embedded Systems Laboratory, Department of Computer Science University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), pages 2673 - 2680, Sep 2004. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract—We present a comparison of two camera co ...


A Constrained Optimization Approach to Globally Consistent Mapping By Ranjith Unnikrishnan and Alonzo Kelly, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA 2002 IEEE/RSJ Intl. Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS '02), Vol. 1, October, 2002, pp. 564-569. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Mobile robot localization from large-scale appearance mosaics has been showing increasing promise as a lowcost, high-performance and infr ...


A Dangerous Path For Oregon Guard Soldiers katu.com January 12, 2005 By Elaine Murphy and KATU Web Staff Portland, Ore. - In this 2 Exclusive, Oregon National Guard soldiers who are in Iraq destroy an improvised explosive device (IED) before it destroys them. The soldiers, members of the 2nd Battalion, 162nd Infantry, were in Tirmia, a town where terrorists prepared for the fight in Fallujah. Earlier in the day, they had traveled the same road, but on their way back, something stood in ...


A decentralized approach to formation maneuvers December 2003 Lawton, J.R.T. Beard, R.W. Young, B.J., Raytheon Missile Syst., Tucson, AZ, USA IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 19, Issue: 6 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper presents a behavior-based approach to formation maneuvers for groups of mobile robots. Complex formation maneuvers are decomposed into a sequenc ...


A Developmental Organization for Robot Behavior February 2004 Roderic A. Grupen, Laboratory for Perceptual Robotics, Department of Computer Science, University of Massachusetts Amherst Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper focuses on exploring how learning and development can be structured in synthetic (robot) systems. We present a developmental assembler for constructing reusable and temporally extended actions in a sequence. The discussion ad ...


A distributed architecture for Internet robot May 2004 Xueqiao Hou Jianbo Su, Dept. of Autom., Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ., China ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Volume 4 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper describes a novel distributed networked architecture for an intelligent robot. It is proposed to address two challenges for an Internet/LAN based ro ...


A fascinating visit to a high-tech operating room February 3, 2005 By Kristen Gerencher Investor's Business Day SAN FRANCISCO (MarketWatch) -- When a 31-year-old woman suffering from severe endometriosis needed treatment and a hysterectomy, Stanford University Hospital laparoscopic surgeon Dr. Camran Nezhat bypassed the traditional tool tray for more sophisticated aid: A robot. About a dozen surgeons and fellows in advanced training with Nezhat were still "prepping" the patient and steril ...


A FOLLOW-THE-LEADER APPROACH TO SERPENTINE ROBOT MOTION PLANNING By Howie Choset and Wade Henning, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 ASCE Journal of Aerospace Engineering Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT. Serpentine robots o er advantages over traditional mobile robots and robot arms because they have enhanced exibility and reachability, especially in convoluted environments. These robots are well suited to inspect large space-fairing t ...


A Formal Analysis and Taxonomy of Task Allocation in Multi-Robot Systems Brian P. Gerkey and Maja J. Mataric; USC Robotics Research Labs International Journal of Robotics Research, 23(9):939-954, Sep 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Despite more than a decade of experimental work in multi-robot systems, important theoretical aspects of multi-robot coordination mechanisms have, to date, been largely untreated. To address this issue,we focus on the ...


A Formal Analysis of Potential Energy in a Multiagent System 2004 William M. Spears, Diana F. Spears, Rodney Heil Computer Science Department, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. I. INTRODUCTION The focus of our research is to build sensor network systems, specically, to design rapidly deployable, scalable, adaptive, cost-effective, and robust networks (i.e., swarms, or large arrays) of autonomous distributed mobile sensi ...


A formal framework for the study of task allocation in multi-robot systems By Brian P. Gerkey and Maja J. Mataric´; Computer Science Department, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, University of Southern California, Los Angeles July 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract: Despite more than a decade of experimental work in multi-robot systems, important theoretical aspects of multi-robot coordina ...


A Framework for Comparing Agent Architectures By Aaron Sloman, School of Computer Science, University of Birmingham, Birmingham England and Matthias Scheutz, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN In Proceedings of UKCI 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Research on algorithms and representations once dominated AI. Recently the importance of architectures has been acknowledged, but researchers have d ...


A framework for implementing cooperative motion on industrial controllers June 2004 Braun, B.M. Starr, G.P. Wood, J.E. Lumia, R. Aerosp. Corp., Albuquerque, NM, USA; IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 3 On page(s): 583- 589 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract The use of two or more robots jointly manipulating a common object, termed cooperative control, has many a ...


A Framework for Steering Dynamic Robotic Locomotion Systems 1 February 2003 Kenneth A. McIsaac Department of Elec. and Comp. Eng., University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canaga N6G 1H1 and James P. Ostrowski General Robotics Automation, Sensing and Perception (GRASP) Laboratory, University of Pennsylvania, 3401 Walnut Street, Philedelphia, PA 19104-6228 International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 22 Issue 2 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to v ...


A Framework for Studying Multi-Robot Task Allocation By Brian P. Gerkey and Maja J. Mataric, Computer Science Department, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA Presented at the International Workshop on Multi-Robot Systems, Washinton, DC, May 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Although many multi-robot task allocation (MRTA) architectures can be found in the literature, relatively little has been said regarding the fundamental theoreti ...


Emediawire September 19 2004 For the first time in history, a robot has built its own synthetic central nervous system and then learned not only to walk, but how to autonomously enter and navigate the corridors of complex buildings. (PRWEB) September 19, 2004 -- This dramatic experiment was recently conducted at Imagination Engines, Inc. (IEI) in St. Louis, Missouri. Company President & CEO, Dr. Stephen Thaler points out that heretofore, scientists in the field of artificial intelligence have ...


AutoWeek June 25, 2004 By MARK VAUGHN THE STEPFORD WIVES ARE already here, they’re just still in pieces. The Jetsons car is here, too, but it needs work. Communication by thought is here as well, we think. The WIRED NextFest in San Francisco was a three-day-long peek into the future. There were automotive items there, but we’ve seen them all already: GM brought its AUTOnomy, Hy-Wire and fuel-cell-powered HydroGen3 minivan; there was a Smart Roadster present to highlight NextFest-presenting- ...


A Fuzzy Behavior-Based Control for Mobile Robots Using Adaptive Fusion Units January 2005 Authors: Watanabe, Keigo 1; Izumi, Kiyotaka 2; Maki, Junnosuke 3; Fujimoto, Katsuharu Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers Abstract: It is known that a behavior-based control approach is effective for acquiring an intelligent control system of robots. However, further improvements are required for making any behavior-based control system robust against changes in the environments. A module learning m ...


A Fuzzy Perceptual Model for Ultrasound Sensors Applied to Intelligent Navigation of Mobile Robots Year of Publication: 2003 Authors Eugenio Aguirre Department of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence, E.T.S. de Ingeniería Informática, University of Granada, 18071-Granada, Spain. eaguirre@decsai.ugr.es Antonio González Department of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence, E.T.S. de Ingeniería Informática, University of Granada, 18071-Granada, Spain. gonzalez@decsai.ugr.es ...


A Gain-Switching Control Scheme for Position-Error-Based Bilateral Teleoperation: Contact Stability Analysis and Controller Design March 2004 Liy Nia Handshake Interactive Technologies Inc., 40 Weber Street East, Lobby Suite 50, Kitchener, Ontario, Canada N2H 6R3 and David W. L. Wang Dept. of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1 International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 3 - Publication Date: 1 ...


A General, Local Algorithm for Robot Formations By Jakob Fredslund 1 and Maja J. Mataric' 2 1 Computer Science Department, Aarhus University, Denmark 2 USC Robotics Lab, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, Department of Computer Science, University of California, Los Angeles IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, Special Issue on Multi-Robot Systems October 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract: We study the problem of achieving global ...


A Generalized Region-based Approach for Multi-target Tracking in Outdoor Environments By Boyoon Jung and Gaurav S. Sukhatme; Robotic Embedded Systems Laboratory, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), New Orleans, LA April 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We propose a generalized region-based approach to multi target tracking wh ...


A Generic Framework for Robotic Navigation March, 2003 By Chris Urmson 1, Reid Simmons 1, and Issa Nesnas 2 1 Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 2 Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91109 IEEE Aerospace Conference 2003, Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper describes progress in the development of a navigation framework for the Coupled-Layer Architecture for Ro ...


A global output-feedback controller for simultaneous tracking and stabilization of unicycle-type mobile robots June 2004 Khac Duc Do Zhong-Ping Jiang Jie Pan Sch. of Mech. Eng., Univ. of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 3 On page(s): 589- 594 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract We present a time-varying global output-feedback controller that solves both tracking and stabilization for unicycle-type mobile robots simultaneously at the torque level. The controller synthesis is based on a coordinate transformation, Lyapunov's direct method, and backstepping technique. Simulations demonstrate the result.


Podsedkowski, L.; Nowakowski, J.; Idzikowski, M.; and Vizvary, I. 2001. A new solution for path planning in partially known or unknown environments for nonholonomic mobile robots. Robotics and Autonomous Systems 34:145– 152. Rabin, S. 2000. A* speed optimizations. In DeLoura, M., ed., Game Programming Gems, 272–287. Rockland, MA: Charles River Media. Ramalingam, G., and Reps, T. 1996. An incremental algorithm for a generalization of the shortest-path problem. Journal of Algorithms 21:267–305 ...


A Hierarchical Architecture for Behavior-Based Robots By Monica N. Nicolescu and Maja J. Matari´c, Computer Science Department, University of Southern California, 941 West 37th Place, Mailcode 0781, Los Angeles, CA 900890781 International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (Agents), Bologna, Italy, Jul 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT Behavior-based systems (BBS) have been effective in a variety of applications, but due t ...


A Hierarchical Bayesian Approach to the Revisiting Problem in Mobile Robot Map Building. 2003 D. Fox, J. Ko, K. Konolige, and B. Stewart. Proc. of the International Symposium of Robotics Research (ISRR-03) Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We present an application of hierarchical Bayesian estimation to robot map building. The revisiting problem occurs when a robot has to decide whether it is seeing a previously-built portion of a map, or is exploring ...


A Hierarchical Object Based Representation for Simultaneous Localization and Mapping By Chieh-Chih Wang, ARC Centre of Excellence for Autonomous Systems, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia and Charles Thorpe, Qatar Campus, Carnegie Mellon University, Doha, Qatar IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), September, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Accomplishing simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) in ver ...


A Hierarchical, Multi-Resolutional Moving Object Prediction Approach for Autonomous On-Road Driving By Schlenoff, C., Madhavan, R., Barbera, T., Intelligent Systems Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD Proceedings of the 2004 ICRA Conference, New Orleans, LA, April 26 - May 1, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In this paper, we present a hierarchical multi-resolutional approach for moving object prediction v ...


A high-speed VLSI design and ASIC implementation for constructing Euclidean distance-based discrete Voronoi diagram April 2004 Sudha, N. Sridharan, K., Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Indian Inst. of Technol. Madras, Chennai, India IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 2 On page(s): 352- 358 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In this paper, we present a new algorithm to c ...


A Human Motion-Based Environmental Complexity Measure for Robotics By Dylan A. Shell and Maja J. Mataric´ Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, Department of Computer Science, University of California, Los Angeles IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), Las Vegas, Nevada, October 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract: This paper describes how environmental complexity measures can be employed in the process of ...


A hybrid scheduling and control system architecture for warehouse management December 2003 Byung-In Kim Heragu, S.S. Graves, R.J. St Onge, A., Dept. of Ind. & Syst. Eng., Univ. of Memphis, TN, USA IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 19, Issue: 6 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In recent years, the hybrid control framework has received attention from the research community. ...


A Hybrid-Control Approach to the Parking Problem of a Wheeled Vehicle Using Limited View-Angle Visual Feedback April-May 2004 P. Murrieri, D. Fontanelli and A. Bicchi Interdepartmental Research Center “Enrico Piaggio”, University of Pisa, via Diotisalvi, 2, 56100 Pisa, Italy International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 4/5- Publication Date: 1 April-May 2004 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. In this paper we consider the mobil ...


A lake before Tahoe? July 1, 2005 Merry Thomas BONANZA STAFF WRITER North Lake Tahoe Bonanza Unbeknownst to many, including scientists, a lake existed in the Tahoe Basin before Lake Tahoe. Discovered this May, geologists from two universities found evidence of an ancestral Lake Tahoe, according to Dr. Richard Schweikert of the University of Nevada, Reno, geology department. "We found an overlay of glacial deposits," he said. "Our best estimate is that Lake Tahoe is at least two million y ...


A leg configuration sensory system for dynamical body state estimates in a hexapod robot September 2003 By Pei-Chun Lin Komsuoglu, H. Kodistchek, D.E.; Dept. of Mech. Eng., Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract We report on a novel leg strain sensory system for the autonomous robo ...


Technician July 21 2004 Ben McNeely A class of robots, in the future, evolve from their current programming, instilled with three basic laws to guide their actions and logically deduce that humanity is killing itself. They in turn "protect" humanity from itself by overthrowing the government. This view of robots is not quite what Isaac Asimov was going for when he published his short story collection, "I, Robot" in 1951. But that is the basic plot of the new movie that bears his works' name ...


A Machine With a Mind of Its Own August 2004 By Oliver Morton WIRED Magazine For a machine that's changing the world, the device on the lab bench in front of me doesn't look very impressive - it just goes back and forth, back and forth, back and forth. A contraption about the size of a human hand moves from side to side along a track. At the far right end of its trajectory, a proboscis-like pipette pecks into a foil-covered plastic container and sucks up some liquid; the hand moves a foot o ...


A MARKET APPROACH TO TIGHTLY-COUPLED MULTI-ROBOT COORDINATION: FIRST RESULTS By Nidhi Kalra and Anthony Stentz, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Proceedings of the ARL Collaborative Technologies Alliance Symposium, May, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT In multi-robot systems, a group of robots cooperate to accomplish tasks more e±ciently than could a single robot. In this paper, we apply the market approach to t ...


A MATTER OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE June 10, 2005 Khaleej Times Online The reason why AI is an important area of research is not only because it aims to construct 'intelligent' computers, but also because it can attack problems that are very hard to solve using traditional computer science methods, says Dr. Michael Rovatsos in an interview with ANSHUMAN JOSHI. One, a robot may not injure a human being, or through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm; Two, a robot must obey the orde ...


A Mechanism for Dynamic Coordination of Multiple Robots July 2004 Luiz Chaimowicz1;2, Vijay Kumar1 and Mario F. M. Campos2 1GRASP Laboratory { University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, 19104 2DCC { Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil, 31270-010 Autonomous Robots, Volume 17, Issue 1, July 2004: Pages 7 – 21. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In this paper, we present a mechanism for coordinating multiple robots i ...


A micro-rover navigation and control system for autonomous planetary exploration April 2004 Authors: Landzettel K.; Steinmetz B-M.; Brunner B.; Arbter K.; Pollefeys M.; Vergauwen M.; Moreas R.; Xu F.; Steinicke L.; Fontaine B Publisher: VSP Abstract: This paper describes an end-to-end control system for autonomous navigation of a small vehicle at a remote place, e.g. in space for planetary exploration. Due to a realistic background of this study the proposed method has to deal with limite ...


A Mobile Hyper Redundant Mechanism for Search and Rescue Tasks By A. Wolf, H. Ben Brown Jr., R. Casciola, A. Costa, M. Schwerin, E. Shammas and Howie Choset, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA In Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE/RSJ Intl. Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, October 2003, Volume 3, Pages 2889-2895 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In this work we introduce a new concept of a search and rescue robo ...


A Mobile Phone That Controls a Rolling Camera March 11, 2005 John Blau, IDG News Service PCWorld HANOVER, GERMANY -- What's a technology show without a wacky device? Here's one that lives up to that billing: a camera on wheels that can be controlled remotely with a mobile phone using short-range Bluetooth technology. Why you would want or need to do that is another question. Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications Today demonstrated the wireless robotic device, called Rob-1, at its CeBIT booth ...


A Modular Concept of the Robotic Vehicle for Demining Operations May 2005 Authors: HavlÍk, tefan Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers Abstract: Paper analyses some most important characteristics that should be taken into consideration in building the robotic demining vehicle. Based on previous experiences from the development of demining technology the modular concept of the multipurpose vehicle and some its main functional parts are discussed. Such robotic vehicle can be used as general ...


A Modular Control System for a Cognitive Robotic Architecture July 18-20, 2005 By P. Ratanaswasd, W. Dodd, J. Phillips, K. Kawamura, and D. Noelle Center for Intelligent Systems Vanderbilt University 12th International Conference on Advanced Robotics (ICAR), Seattle, WA Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Novel, complex movement tasks present a daunting challenge to an independent robotic system. This paper details a solution to the problem of generating such motions by selecting relevant behaviors with a Working Memory System and combining the selected behaviors with error-based control. This system is used to drive motion within the cognitive framework of the humanoid robot ISAC.


A modular dynamic simulation algorithm for complex robot systems May 2004 Bonaventura, C.S. Jablokow, K.W., ZETA-TECH Assoc. Inc., Cherry Hill, NJ, USA ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Volume 4 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper presents a modular approach for the dynamic modelling and efficient simulation of complex robot systems composed of multipl ...


A motion-planning approach to folding: from paper craft to protein folding February 2004 Guang Song Amato, N.M., Dept. of Comput. Sci., Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TX, USA IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 1 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In this paper, we present a framework for studying folding problems from a motion-planning perspective. The version of th ...


A Multi-robot Approach to Stealthy Navigation in the Presence of an Observer By Ashley Tews, Gaurav S. Sukhatme, and Maja J. Mataric Computer Science Department, University of Southern California IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pages 2379-2385, New Orleans, LA, May 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In this paper we propose a simple reactive method for multiple robots carrying out sequential low-visibility navigat ...


A Multiagent Approach to Qualitative Landmark-Based Navigation September 2003 Authors: Busquets D.1; Sierra C.2; de Màntaras R.L Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers Abstract: In this paper we present a multiagent system for landmark-based navigation in unknown environments. We propose a bidding mechanism to coordinate the actions requested by the different agents. The navigation system has been tested on a real robot on indoor unstructured environments. The full text article is available for purchase


A Multimodal Hierarchial Approach to Robot Learning by Imitation 2004 Weber, Cornelius and Elshaw, Mark and Zochios, Alex and Wermter, Stefan Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics, Lund University Cognitive Studies Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In this paper we propose an approach to robot learning by imitation that uses the multimodal inputs of language, vision and motor. In our approach a student robot learns fr ...


A Navigation System for Assistant Robots Using Visually Augmented POMDPs Year of Publication: 2005 Authors María Elena López Electronics Department, University of Alcalá, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain 28805 Luis Miguel Bergasa Electronics Department, University of Alcalá, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain 28805 Rafael Barea Electronics Department, University of Alcalá, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain 28805 María Soledad Escudero Electronics Department, University of Alca ...


Report Date: 19 MAR 2004 Authors: SPATIAL INTEGRATED SYSTEMS INC ROCKVILLE MD Abstract: The development of a neuroprosthesis system utilizing spatial feedback control is presented in this project final report. During this phase, the RobotEyes (TradeMark) Functional Electrical Stimulation System (REFES) was developed as an intelligent vision based system. The system has capabilities in image capture and processing within a related small working environment. The working environment can be a fixe ...


A New Actuation Approach for Human Friendly Robot Design April-May 2004 M. Zinn, B. Roth, Design Division, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University. Stanford, CA 94305, USA O. Khatib and J.K. Salisbury Robotics Laboratory, Department of Computer Science, Stanford University. Stanford, CA 94305, USA International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 4/5- Publication Date: 1 April-May 2004 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full t ...


A New Approach to Humanitarian Demining: Part 1: Mobile Platform for Operation on Unstructured Terrain May 2005 Authors: Debenest, Paulo 1; Fukushima, Edwardo 1; Tojo, Yuki 1; Hirose, Shigeo Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers Abstract: Landmines can deprive whole areas of valuable resources, and continue to kill and cause injuries years after the end of armed conflicts. Armored vehicles are used for mine clearance, but with limited reliability. The final inspection of minefields is st ...


A New Approach to Humanitarian Demining: Part 2: Development and Analysis of Pantographic Manipulator May 2005 Authors: Debenest, Paulo 1; Fukushima, Edwardo 1; Tojo, Yuki 1; Hirose, Shigeo Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers Abstract: Humanitarian demining is an application in which the use of tele-operated machines and mechanisms has been gaining acceptance recently. Actually, demining is just one among many other field applications that require a high degree of mobility, manipulation ...


A New Low Cost System for Autonomous Robot Heading and Position Localization in a Closed Area September 2003 Authors: Hernández S.1; Torres J.M.2; Morales C.A.2; Acosta L. Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers Abstract: A low cost system for the localization of mobile indoor robots is presented. The system is composed of an emitter located on a wall and a receptor on top of the robot. The emitter is a laser pointer acting like a beacon, and the receptor is a cylinder made out of 32 independent photovoltaic cells. The robot's position and orientation are obtained from the moments when the laser crosses each cell. The full text article is available for purchase


His colleague, Jeff Grossman, spoke of the evolving intelligence of robot soldiers. "Now, maybe, we're a mammal," he says. "We're trying to get to the level of a primate, where we are making sensible decisions." The hunter-killer at the Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center is one of five broad categories of military robots under development. Another scouts buildings, tunnels and caves. A third hauls tons of weapons and gear and performs searches and reconnaissance. A fourth is a drone in flig ...


A New Multi-Sensor Registration Technique for Three Dimensional Scene Modeling with Application to Unmanned Vehicle Mobility Enhancement March 2005 Faysal Boughorbel, Andreas Koschan*, and Mongi Abidi, Imaging, Robotics and Intelligent Systems Lab, Department of Electrical and Computer, Engineering, 409 Ferris Hall, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, 37996, United States Proc. of SPIE Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology VII, Vol. 5804, Orlando, FL, pp. 174-181, March 2005 Please visi ...


A Novel Fully Decoupled Two-Degrees-of-Freedom Parallel Wrist June 2004 M. Carricato, and V. Parenti-Castelli DIEM—Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 2, 40136 Bologna, Italy International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 6 - Publication Date: 1 June 2004 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. In this paper we present a novel pointing parallel mechanism with fully decoupled degrees of freed ...


A novel gait generation for biped walking robots based on mechanical energy constraint June 2004 Asano, F. Yamakita, M. Kamamichi, N. Zhi-Wei Luo; Bio-Mimetic Control Res. Center, Inst. of Phys. & Chem. Res., Nagoya, Japan IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 3 On page(s): 565- 573 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper proposes novel energy-based gait genera ...


A numerical test for the closure properties of 3-D grasps June 2004 Xiangyang Zhu Han Ding Wang, M.Y. Sch. of Mech. Eng., Shanghai Jiaotong Univ., China; IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 3 On page(s): 543- 549 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper presents a numerical test for the closure properties (force closure and form closure) of multifingered grasp ...


A Paradigm for Dynamic Coordination of Multiple Robots: Special Issue on Analysis and Experiments in Distributed Multi-Robot Systems (Guest Editors: Nikolaos P. Papanikolopoulos and Stergios I. Roumeliotis) July 2004 Authors: Chaimowicz L.1; Kumar V.2; Campos M.F.M Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers Abstract: In this paper, we present a paradigm for coordinating multiple robots in the execution of cooperative tasks. The basic idea in the paper is to assign to each robot in the team, a r ...


A parameter variation modeling approach for enterprise optimization August 2003 Masin, M. Shaikh, N.I. Wysk, R.A., Harold & Inge Marcus Dept. of Ind. & Manuf. Eng., Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 19, Issue: 4 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract The past two decades have seen significant improvements in optimization modeling ...


A pseudodistance function and its applications April 2004 Xiangyang Zhu Han Ding Tso, S.K. Sch. of Mech. Eng., Shanghai Jiaotong Univ., China IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 2 On page(s): 344- 352 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract By using the concept of gauge function, a pseudodistance function is defined for quantifying the clearance or the penetration depth ...


A real-time expectation-maximization algorithm for acquiring multiplanar maps of indoor environments with mobile robots June 2004 Thrun, S. Martin, C. Yufeng Liu Hahnel, D. Emery-Montemerlo, R. Chakrabarti, D. Burgard, W., Comput. Sci. Dept., Stanford Univ., CA, USA IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, Volume: 20, Issue: 3, On page(s): 433- 443 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract T ...


A Real-Time Image Recognition System for Tiny Autonomous Mobile Robots Year of Publication: 2005 Authors Stefan Mahlknecht Institute of Computer Technology, Vienna University of Technology Roland Oberhammer Institute of Computer Technology, Vienna University of Technology Gregor Novak Institute of Computer Technology, Vienna University of Technology Publisher Kluwer Academic Publishers Norwell, MA, USA ABSTRACT Intelligent sensors for mobile robots play an important rol ...


A Region-based Approach for Cooperative Multi-Target Tracking in a Structured Environment By Boyoon Jung and Gaurav S. Sukhatme, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA 2002 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, pp. 2764-2769, EPFL, Switzerland, Semptember 30 - October 4, 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper addresses the problem of tracking multiple targets using a network of communicating robots ...


A rescue robot system for collecting information designed for ease of use — a proposal of a rescue systems concept March 2005 Authors: Ito, Kazuyuki; Yang, Zhixiao; Saijo, Kazuhiko; Hirotsune, Kazuyuki; Gofuku, Akio; Matsuno, Fumitoshi Publisher: VSP Abstract: A remote controlled robot for collecting information in disasters, e.g. earthquakes, is one of most effective applications of robots, because it is very dangerous for human beings to locate survivors in collapsed buildings and, in a ...


A robot for building planes 4/13/05 innovations report Fatronik Technological Centre has put the finishing touches to the development of a portable climbing robot capable of carrying out precision operations and originally designed for the aeronautics sector. Despite being a highly technological industry, most aeronautical assemblies are still little automated, given the ever greater size of aeroplanes and the need to have large and expensive means of production. Given this problem, Fatro ...


A robot Named Boudreaux November 08, 2004 By Angus Lind Copyright 2004 The Times-Picayune Publishing Company The next time humans return to space to explore the moon or Mars, they could be accompanied by Boudreaux and Thibodeaux. Technically identified as "Extra Vehicular Activity Robotic Assistants," the two dog-like robots were named by robotics engineer Jeffrey Graham of S&K Technologies, a NASA contractor from Baton Rouge. Graham, a 1991 LSU graduate, nicknamed Boudreaux in honor of ...


A robot That Ties The Knot February 10, 2005 PhysOrg.com An ASME member and retired engineer who once designed biomedical instruments is busy in his basement building a machine that can automatically tie a knot in a necktie. Dr. Seth Goldstein, who has worked as a mechanical engineer for 40 years, will complete the robotic device this summer for display at the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia. There, the job of Why Knot will be to inspire the analytical and creative abilities of young men a ...


A Robot to Stop the Earth Discover Magazine March 2004 Every year landslides cause 25 to 50 deaths and $1.5 billion in damage in the United States. They account for 15 percent of the deaths from natural disasters in Europe. And in December, a single event killed more than 200 people in the Philippines. Sending workers to stabilize mountainsides using steel rods and cement can help prevent disaster, but it introduces new difficulties. Vibrating drills generate noxious dust and loosen heavy, ...


The Electric New Paper OCT 18, 2004 A MOUSE uses its whiskers to feel its way around. But what if you cut the whiskers out and stick them on a robot? A robot with real mouse whiskers could represent an important step towards developing simple robots that navigate by mimicking rodents. Such mini robots could eventually be used to perform repairs in pipes. The bristly bot, known as AMouse (Artificial Mouse) was built by researchers from the University of Tokyo in Japan and the University ...


A Robotic CAD System using a Bayesian Framework Kamel Mekhnacha, 1, Emmanuel Mazer 2, and Pierre Bessiere 1 1 Leibniz/IMAG, 46, Avenue Felix Viallet, 38031 Grenoble, France 1 GRAVIR/IMAG, INRIA Rh^one-Alpes, ZIRST, 38330 Montbonnot, France Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We present in this paper a Bayesian CAD system for robotic applications. We address the problem of the propagation of geometric uncertainties and how esian CAD system for robotic ap ...


A robotic platform for testing moth-inspired plume tracking strategies May 2004 Rutkowski, A.J. Edwards, S. Willis, M.A. Quinn, R.D. Causey, G.C., Dept. of Mech. & Aerosp. Eng., Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH, USA ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract A mobile autonomous robot capable of tracking an odor plume to it ...


A Robotic Wayfinding System for the Visually Impaired By Vladimir Kulyukin, Chaitanya Gharpure, Pradnya Sute, Nathan De Graw, John Nicholson; Department of Computer Science, Utah State University, Logan, UT, 84322 Proceedings of the Sixteenth Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference (IAAI-04), San Jose, CA. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We present an emerging indoor assisted navigation system for the visually impaired. The core ...


A RoboticWalker That Provides Guidance By Aaron Morris 1, Raghavendra Donamukkala 1, Anuj Kapuria 1, Aaron Steinfeld 1, Judith T. Matthews 2, Jacqueline Dunbar-Jacob 1, Sebastian Thrun 1,2, 1 School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 2 School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA '03), May, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This p ...


A Rolling Robo-Spy May 24, 2002 By Paul Eng ABCNews.com High-flying, unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) have helped soldiers spot and fight terrorists in Afghanistan's hilly terrain. But some military planners believe that UAVs won't be as useful in future battles — especially those that will take place in urban landscapes and buildings. In such confined spaces, soldiers would be more concerned with more immediate dangers — such as threats around the next corner, as well as what's behind the bui ...


A Scalable Approach to Human-Robot Interaction By Ashley Tews, Maja J. Mataric´, and Gaurav S. Sukhatme USC Robotics Lab, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, Department of Computer Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), Taipei, Taiwan September 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract: Much of the current research in human-robot interaction is concerned with single ...


A Semi-Autonomous Robot for Stripping Paint from Large Vessels July/August 2003 B. Ross, J. Bares, and C. Fromme National Robotics Engineering Consortium, The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 22 Issue 7/8 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. The National Robotics Engineering Consortium and UltraStrip Systems Inc. have developed a highly flexible and productive r ...


A Set Theoretic Approach to Dynamic Robot Localization and Mapping Year of Publication: 2004 Authors M. Di Marco Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell'Informazione, Università di Siena, Via Roma, 56-53100 Siena, Italy. dimarco@dii.unisi.it A. Garulli Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell'Informazione, Università di Siena, Via Roma, 56-53100 Siena, Italy. garulli@dii.unisi.it A. Giannitrapani Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell'Informazione, Università di Siena, Via Roma, 56-53100 Siena, Italy. g ...


A simple and analytical procedure for calibrating extrinsic camera parameters February 2004 Fei-Yue Wang, Key Lab. of Complex Syst. & Intelligence Sci., Chinese Acad. of Sci., Beijing, China IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 1 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper presents a simple and analytical procedure for calibrating extrinsic camera parameters. First, a ca ...


A Simulation Framework for Evaluating Mobile Robots By Stephen Balakirsky and Elena Messina, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Intelligent Systems Division, Gaithersburg, MD Proceedings of the Performance Metrics for Intelligent Systems (PerMIS) Workshop, Gaithersburg, MD, August 13-15, 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract As robotic technologies mature, we are moving from simple systems that roam our laboratories to heterogeneous gro ...


A SMA actuated artificial earthworm May 2004 Menciassi, A. Gorini, S. Pernorio, G. Dario, P., Center for Res. in Microeng., Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy; ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper presents the design and development of a microrobot which aims to replicate the locomotion principle of earthworms. ...


A Small Rolling Spy for the Marines By Paul Eng ABC News May 24 High-flying, unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) have helped soldiers spot and fight terrorists in Afghanistan's hilly terrain. But some military planners believe that UAVs won't be as useful in future battles — especially those that will take place in urban landscapes and buildings. In such confined spaces, soldiers would be more concerned with more immediate dangers — such as threats around the next corner, as well as what's behind ...


A SMALL SUBMARINE ROBOT FOR EXPERIMENTS IN UNDERWATER SENSOR NETWORKS By Vitaly Bokser, Carl Oberg, Gaurav S. Sukhatme, and Aristides Requicha, Department of Computer Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 International Federation of Automatic Control Symposium on Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles (IAV), 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract: This paper describes a small underwater robot designed for experiments with sensor-actuator networks. The robot is based on the mote platform, which is used extensively in the sensor networking community as an experimental testbed. The components and construction of the robot are described. Preliminary tests of depth regulation and temperature measurement are reported and analyzed.


A Sony subsidiary creates a robot that is designed to play with toddlers 11 May 2005 News Target In a nursery school in California, there is a robot named Qrio that actually plays with children up to two years of age. This robot was designed by Sony Intelligence Dynamics Laboratories Inc. in order to see how a robot can be accepted by humans and live in harmony with them. The children at the nursery school were initially unsure what to make of the robot, but they now accept it as one of ...


A Spatio-temporal Extension to Isomap Nonlinear Dimension Reduction By Odest Chadwicke Jenkins & Maja J Matari´c, Robotics Research Laboratory, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, Computer Science Department, University of Southern California, 941 W. 37th Place, Los Angeles, CA 90089 USA International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML), pages 441-448, Banff, Alberta, Canada, Jul 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We present an extension of ...


A Study of Polynomial Curvature Clothoid Paths for Motion Planning for Car-like Robots By Mihail Pivtoraiko and Alonzo Kelly Tech. report CMU-RI-TR-04-68, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, December, 2004. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In this report we present an overview of our investigation into constructing motion templates. We start with a successful implementation of elementary concepts that worked well on previous projects, then proceed with a generalization of that approach through a study of spatial distinctness of the same type of paths, and finally present a further generalization that looks at all possible motions through space.


A Submersible Robot Dives for Steamship Gold The New York Times November 16, 2004 By WILLIAM J. BROAD When the 250-foot Odyssey Explorer docked here this week to unload a trove of gold coins and valuable artifacts from the wreck of the Republic, a 19th-century steamer, the Explorer's deck was a blur of activity, bristling with the modern technology now necessary for the recovery of sunken treasure. A seven-ton submersible robot held pride of place. Its flexible arm was equipped with tiny su ...


A Survey of Commercially Available and Proven Remote Control Machines for Excavation and Recovery of Buried Ordnance March 1, 2002 By C. Pruneda; A Bilstrom Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (US) Office of Scientific and Technical Information Description/Abstract The issue of unexploded ordnance excavation and removal is complicated by the interaction between the independent robotics systems (e.g. manipulator, sensors, and software). A review of commercially available robotic systems ...


A survey of probabilistic models, using the Bayesian Programming methodology as a unifying framework 2003 Julien Diard, Pierre Bessière, and Emmanuel Mazer, Laboratoire GRAVIR / IMAG – CNRS, INRIA Rhône-Alpes, 655 avenue de l’Europe, 38330 Montbonnot Saint Martin FRANCE Proceedings International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Robotics and Autonomous Systems (IEEE-CIRAS), Singapore. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper presents a surv ...


A Tale of Two Helicopters By Srikanth Saripalli1, Jonathan M. Roberts2, Peter I. Corke2, Gregg Buskey3, Gaurav S. Sukhatme1 1Robotics Research Lab, University of Southern California Los Angeles, USA 2CSIRO Manufacturing & Infrastructure Technology PO Box 883, Kenmore, Qld 4069, Australia 3University of Queensland St. Lucia, Qld 4066, Australia IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), pages 805-810, Oct 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in ...


A team of mobile robots and monitoring sensors—from concept to experiment July 2004 Author: Skrzypczyski P. Publisher: VSP Abstract: This paper describes the underlying concepts, architecture and implementation of a robotic system consisting of heterogenous mobile robots and stationary sensors, cooperating in a task of collective perception and world modeling. The navigation capability of a group of robots can be improved by sharing available information about the state of the environment ...


A Test Bed for Autonomous Formation Flying By David J. Naffin and Gaurav S. Sukhatme; Robotic Embedded System Laboratory, Robotics Research Laboratory, Department of Computer Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles California 90089-0781 Institute for Robotics and Intelligent Systems Technical Report IRIS-02-412, 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper outlines the design of an autonomous flying vehicle (AFV) for use in research ...


A Testbed for Experiments with Sensor/Actuator Networks By Mohammed Rahimi, Rohit Mediratta, Karthik Dantu, Gaurav S. Sukhatme; Robotic Embedded Systems Laboratory Computer Science Department, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781, USA Institute for Robotics and Intelligent Systems Technical Report IRIS-02-417, 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We describe a table-top testbed for experiments in mobile sensor networks. The t ...


A Tiered Planning Strategy for Biped Navigation By JOEL CHESTNUTT 1 and JAMES J. KUFFNER 1,2 1 Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA 2 Digital Human Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 2-41-6 Aomi, Koto-ku, Tokyo, Japan 135-0064 Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Humanoid Robotics (Humanoids'04), 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper ...


A Unified Model For Developmental Robotics 2003 Williams Paquier, Nicolas Do Huu, Raja Chatila, LAAS/CNRS, 7 avenue du Colonel Roche, F-31077 Toulouse Cedex 04, France Proceedings Third International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics: Modeling Cognitive Development in Robotic Systems 101, pages pp. 173-174, Boston, MA, USA. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We present the architecture and distributed algorithms of an implemented system called NeuSter, th ...


A Versatile Implementation of the TraderBots Approach for Multirobot Coordination By M. Bernardine DIAS, Robert ZLOT, Marc ZINCK, Juan P. GONZALEZ, and Anthony (Tony) STENTZ The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA March, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper reports details of a versatile implementation of the TraderBots approach: A market-based approach to multirobot coordination. The architectural layout, implementation details, and variety of features are described. Experimental results are presented using a team of Pioneer II DX robots engaged in exploration and distributed sensing tasks. Different features and strengths of the approach and the implementation are highlighted in the experimental results.


A-380 soars in style at Paris Air Show 21 June , 2005 walletwatch.com Chennai: If there were record crowds at the Paris Air Show, especially on the last three days when the exhibition was open to the public, it was because of one aircraft - the Airbus-380. As many as 4,80,000 people visited Le Bourget, outside Paris, where for a week, beginning June 13, the world's aviation industry had gathered to showcase its latest. Some 3,00,000 people visited the show last year; the previous recor ...


Accurate and Flexible Simulation for Dynamic, Vision-Centric Robots By J. Go, B. Browning, and M. Veloso, Computer Science Department, Carnegie Mellon University, November, 2004 tech. report CMU-CS-04-180 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract As robots become more complex by incorporating dynamic stability or greater mechanical degrees of freedom, the difficulty of developing control algorithms directly on the robot increases. This is especially true for l ...


Achieving Collaborative Interaction with a Humanoid Robot December 2003. By D. Sofge1, D. Perzanowski1, M. Skubic3, N. Cassimatis2, J. G. Trafton2, D. Brock2, M. Bugajska1, W. Adams1, A. Schultz 1,2Navy Center for Applied Research in Artificial Intelligence, Naval Research Laboratory Washington, DC 20375 3 Department of Computer Engineering and Computer Science University of Missouri-Columbia Columbia, MO 65211 Robotics, and Autonomous Systems, Singapore Please visit the web site to view t ...


Active Damping of a Flexible Beam By Rasmus Olsson, Alessandro Bindi, Anders Robertsson 2004 Conference Paper Lund Institute of Technology, Sweden Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper describes the active damping of a flexible beam connected to the end-effector of a robot manipulator. An observer-based feedback controller is developed and experimental results are presented. Iterative feedback tuning (IFT) is applied to shape the step response.


ACTIVE-TWIST ROTOR CONTROL APPLICATIONS FOR UAVs 2004 Matthew L. Wilbur* and W. Keats Wilkie ASC ABSTRACT The current state-of-the-art in active-twist rotor control is discussed using representative examples from analytical and experimental studies, and the application to rotary-wing UAVs is considered. Topics include vibration and noise reduction, rotor performance improvement, active blade tracking, stability augmentation, and rotor blade de-icing. A review of the current status of piezoelectric fiber composite actuator technology, the class of piezoelectric actuators implemented in active-twist rotor systems, is included. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety.


Active-Vision Control Systems For Complex Adversarial 3-D Environments By Eric N. Johnson, Anthony J. Calise, Allen R. Tannenbaum, Stefano Soatto, Naira Hovakimyan, and Anthony J. Yezzi Proceedings of the American Control Conference, 2005 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This tutorial session covers recent developments in methods that utilize 2-D and 3-D imagery (e.g., from LADAR, visual, FLIR, acoustic-location) to enable aerial vehicles to autonomous ...


Ad-Hoc Localization Using Ranging and Sectoring By Krishna K. Chintalapudi, Amit Dhariwal, Ramesh Govindan, and Gaurav S. Sukhatme Computer Science Department, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA IEEE INFOCOM 2004, Hong Kong, Mar 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Ad-hoc localization systems enable nodes in a sensor network to fix their positions in a global coordinate system using a relatively small number of anchor nodes that know ...


Adaptable machines By Scott Kirsner New York Times News Service Sun-Sentinel.com NAHANT, Mass.· Joseph Ayers was crouched over a laptop computer, watching a black lobster through a rectangular acrylic window. Ayers' shed is adjacent to a fiberglass saltwater tank that looks like an above-ground swimming pool, and through the window, he observed the 7-pound lobster clamber across the sandy bottom and struggle to surmount small rocks. "He's pitched backwards onto his tail, and his front le ...


Adapting Human Motion for the Control of a Humanoid Robot By Nancy S. Pollard 1, J.K. Hodgins 2, M.J. Riley 3, and C.G. Atkeson 4 1 Computer Science Department, Brown University. 2 School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University. 3 College of Computing, Georgia Institute of Technology and ATR Human Information Science Laboratories. 4 Atkeson is at the School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University and ATR Human Information Science Laboratories. Proceedings of the IEEE Inte ...


Adaptive control of robot manipulators using multiple neural networks September 2003 By Choon-Young Lee Ju-Jang Lee; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Korea Adv. Inst. of Sci. & Technol., Daejeon, South Korea Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract A new adaptive controller based on multiple neural networks for unce ...


Adaptive Dynamic Walking of a Quadruped Robot on Irregular Terrain Based on Biological Concepts 1 March 2003 Yasuhiro Fukuoka and Hiroshi Kimura Graduate School of Information Systems, University of Electro-Communications, Chofu, Tokyo 182-8585, Japan and Avis H. Cohen Department of Biology and Institute, for Systems Research, Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 22 Issue 3 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is re ...


Adaptive Output Feedback for Altitude Control of an Unmanned Helicopter Using Rotor RPM August 2004 By Nakwan Kim, J.V.R. Prasad and Anthony J. Calise, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0150 J. Eric Corban, Guided Systems Technologies, Inc. McDonough, GA 30253-1453 AIAA Guidance, Navigation and Control Conference 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. This paper proposes an adaptive approach for altitude control for an unmanned helicopter. The ...


Adaptive Sampling for Environmental Robotics By Mohammad Rahimi1,3, Richard Pon1,2, William J. Kaiser1,2,, Gaurav S. Sukhatme4 , Deborah Estrin2, and Mani Srivastava 1,2 1Center for Embedded Networked Sensing, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 2 Department of Computer Science, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 3 Department of Electrical Engineering, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 4 Department of Computer Science, USC, Los Angeles, CA 90089 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation ...


Adaptive Sampling for Marine Microorganism Monitoring By Bin Zhang, Gaurav S. Sukhatme and Aristides A. G. Requicha, Computer Science Department, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We describe the design and construction of an underwater sensor actuator network to detect extreme temperature gradients. We are motivated ...


Adaptive Spatio-Temporal Organization in Groups of Robots By Torbjørn S. Dahl, Maja J. Mataric´, and Gaurav S. Sukhatme Robotics Research Laboratory, Computer Science Department, University of Southern California IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IROS), Lausanne, Switzerland, Oct 2002. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract: This paper presents experiments, in simulation, with a group of robots that improve their perfor ...


Adaptive tracking control of underwater vehicle-manipulator systems based on the virtual decomposition approach June 2004 Antonelli, G. Caccavale, F. Chiaverini, S. Dipt. di Automazione, Univ. degli Studi di Cassino, Italy IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 3 On page(s): 594- 602 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract A novel adaptive control law for the end-effector t ...


Adaptive Trajectory Control for Autonomous Helicopters By Eric N. Johnson and Suresh K. Kannany AIAA Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics Vol. 28, No. 3, 2005. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. For autonomous helicopter flight, it is common to separate the flight control problem into an innerloop that controls attitude and an outerloop that controls the translational trajectory of the helicopter. In previous work, dynamic inversion and neural network based ...


Technology Review November 2004 By Gregory T. Huang After 50 years of research, scientists have yet to build a robot that can learn to manipulate new objects as proficiently as a one-year-old child. Robots don’t react well to new situations; most of their movements must be programmed in advance. Some use sensors to fine-tune their movements in real time, but they generally don’t retain and interpret the sensor data. So while they might navigate a room without bumping into things, they can’t s ...


Advanced Sonar with Velocity Compensation February 2004 Lindsay Kleeman Intelligent Robotics Research Centre, Department of Electrical and Computer Systems Engineering, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 2 - Publication Date: 1 February 2004 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. Robotics research is dependent on intelligent, fast, accurate, reliable, and cheap sensors. Sonar sensin ...


Advanced Technologies hails Vigilante's ability to 'shoot back' UVOnline.com February 2005 Advanced Technologies company officials believe the Vigilante became the first unmanned aerial vehicle anywhere to fire weapons while under control of another aircraft, said Kevin McGonigle, a spokesman with Advanced Technologies, during its succesful weapons trials in Yuma, Ariz, on Dec 13. "What people have found with these unmanned vehicles is that if you don't have the ability to shoot back at the ...


[20] T.H. Cormen, C.E. Leiserson, and R.L. Rivest, Introduction to Algorithms. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1990. [21] J.D. Crisman and J.A. Webb, “The Warp Machine on Navlab,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 451-465, May 1991. [22] T. Darrell, G. Gordon, M. Harville, and J. Woodfill, “Integrated Person Tracking Using Stereo, Color, and Pattern Detection,” Proc. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, pp. 601-608, 1998. [23] U.R. Dhond and J.K. Aggarwal, ...


Wired News October 26, 2004 by David Cohn If a monkey is hungry but has his arms pinned, there's not much he can do about it. Unless that monkey can control a nearby robotic arm with his brain. If mastered, the technology could be used to help spinal cord injuries, amputees or stroke victims. "I still think prosthetics is at an early stage ... but this is a big step in the right direction," said Chance Spalding, a bioengineering graduate student who worked on the project. The prosthetic ...


AeroVironment Flies World's First Liquid Hydrogen Powered UAV; Enables Persistent Communications Relay and Remote Sensing Breakthrough Systems June 28, 2005 BusinessWeek BALTIMORE--(BUSINESS WIRE)--June 28, 2005--AeroVironment (AV), a world leader in the development of unmanned High-Altitude Long-Endurance (HALE) aircraft, has successfully completed the world's first liquid hydrogen powered Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) flight tests. The fifty-foot wingspan prototype aircraft accomplished a ...


AF robots make bomb-hunting safer May 05, 2005 by Larine Barr Air Force Research Lab Public Affairs PATTERSON AIR FORCE BASE, Ohio (AFPN) -- After a civil engineer was injured by a submunition while clearing a beddown area during the early days of Operation Iraqi Freedom at Tallil Air Base, Iraq, it was time to find a solution to the problem Robotics research group officials are investigating the next generation of robotic devices to address rising threats from terrorist explosives. The Ty ...


Agent-based Multimodal Interface for Dynamically Autonomous Mobile Robots June 2003 By Donald Sofge, Magdalena Bugajska, William Adams, Dennis Perzanowski, Alan Schultz; Navy Center for Applied Research in Artificial Intelligence, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Advanced Robotics (ICAR2003) Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Agents provide a flexible and scalable method of integrating a ...


Agents With or Without Emotions? By Matthias Scheutz, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame In Proceedings of FLAIRS 02, AAAI Press Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper presents a critical view of the status quo of some of the emerging research efforts on emotional agents. It attempts to isolate (at least roughly) some of the reasons why emotional agents may be desirable and points to the diculties of making notions of emotion precise. It lists various problems connected to emotional agents and concludes that it is counterproductive to the whole endeavor of understanding and modeling emotions if "emotion labels" are conferred upon states of agents prematurely without justication.


Air Force OKs $272 million for Northrop July 13, 2005 By Bruce V. Bigelow Sign On San Diego In another sign that the Pentagon is extending its fleet of unmanned aircraft, the Air Force yesterday awarded a $272.7 million contract to Northrop Grumman's San Diego-based Integrated Systems business. The order calls for the company to produce four of its second-generation Global Hawk robotic surveillance aircraft. The latest version of the unmanned, high-altitude jet, which is designated G ...


Air Force picks radar for unmanned combat plane Military & Aerospace Electronics January 25, 2005 EL SEGUNDO, Calif., 25 January 2005. Raytheon Company's option to proceed with its X-band thin radar aperture (XTRA) contract has been exercised, allowing the company to produce the next generation radar antenna technology for the J-UCAS (Joint Unmanned Air Combat System) that could revolutionize manned and unmanned combat systems. The AFRL (Air Force Research Laboratory) exercised the option f ...


Air Force Requests $5.7B for 144 More Predators 21-Mar-2005 Defense Industry Daily The USAF announced plans to spend $5.7 billion over the next five years to buy roughly 144 of GA Aeronautical Systems' Predator UAVs - enough to add 12 squadrons of 12 robotic aircraft each, plus 36 support packages including ground control station, satellite terminals and other equipment. The USAF has accepted 114 Predators as of last month, and lost 26 Predators in combat since 2002. This brings overall losse ...


Air Force seeking 144 more Predators March 19, 2005 By Bruce V. Bigelow Sign On San Diego.com Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. John P. Jumper told Congress last month that he wants to buy every Predator robotic spy plane that San Diego's General Atomics Aeronautical Systems can possibly build. Yesterday, the Air Force quantified that goal. The service announced plans to spend $5.7 billion over the next five years to buy roughly 144 Predators – enough to add 12 squadrons of the robotic airc ...


Air Force testing robot guard vehicles June 23, 2004 CNN.com EGLIN AIR FORCE BASE, Florida (AP) -- The Air Force wants to take away Staff Sgt. Miguel Jimenez's job, and that's just fine by him. The Miami airman was plucked from his normal security duties at nearby Tyndall Air Force Base to help test whether a robotic vehicle can take the place of humans in guarding air bases and troops. "If somebody wants to spend the money and send something like that out there instead of my life, I'm all ...


Air Force testing robot vehicles for guard duty June 23, 2004 SiliconValley.com EGLIN AIR FORCE BASE, Fla., (AP) -- The Air Force wants to take away Staff Sgt. Miguel Jimenez's job, and that's just fine by him. The Miami airman was plucked from his normal security duties at nearby Tyndall Air Force Base to help test whether a robotic vehicle can take the place of humans in guarding air bases and troops. ``If somebody wants to spend the money and send something like that out there instead of ...


USA Today 6/22/2004 By Bill Kaczor EGLIN AIR FORCE BASE, Fla. — The question of whether to use robotic vehicles instead of humans to guard the perimeter of Air Force bases is a no-brainer for Staff Sgt. Miguel Jimenez. The Miami airman was plucked from his normal security force duties at nearby Tyndall Air Force Base to help with proof-of-concept testing at this Florida Panhandle installation. It is designed to determine if semiautonomous vehicles would be practical for detecting, detainin ...


Airport, county emergency workers preparing for worst 22 July o5 By Ed Brock News-Daily.com Feeling its way up the metal ramp, the robot clutches a suspicious package in its glittering claw and approaches the huge, black metal sphere. It deposits its hazardous cargo on a shelf in the sphere and backs away. Officers with the Atlanta Police Department's K-9/Explosive Ordnance Disposal Unit at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport close the door on the sphere remotely while standing ...


New Mexico Business Weekly May 28, 2004 Dennis Domrazalski NMBW Staff NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory is holding an arm-wrestling contest in San Diego in March 2005, and Albuquerque scientist and inventor Mohsen Shahinpoor wants to win. So Shahinpoor is getting his arm in shape for the big event. But the mechanical engineer isn't doing pushups, curling dumbbells, drinking muscle-building shakes or even sweating to get his biceps bulging. In fact, Shahinpoor hasn't lifted a weight o ...


Algorithms and Sensors for Small Robot Path Following By R.W. Hogg, A.L. Rankin, S.I. Roumeliotis,M.C. McHenry,D.M. Helmick, C.F. Bergh, and L. Matthies Proc. 2002 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Washington D.C. Abstract Tracked mobile robots in the 20 kg size class are under development for applications in urban reconnaissance. For efficient deployment, it is desirable for teams of robots to be able to automatically execute path following behaviors with one or mor ...


All-Terrain Robotics July-August 2005 by Patrick Tucker The Futurist Snakelike robot slithers over rough landscape. The newest robot to come out of the University of Michigan is anything but yourThe Ommn/Tread: Univ of Michigan Mobile Robotics Laboratory typical droid. The OmniTread, nicknamed "snakebot," resembles a slinking, slithering monster more than an engineering marvel. The robot’s five breadbox-sized segments, interconnected via a long drive shaft, are covered in thick rubber trac ...


Although Combat Proven, Global Hawk Has Yet to Pass Key Tests November 2004 by Sandra I. Erwin National Defense Magazine In an upcoming evaluation of the U.S. Air Force Global Hawk reconnaissance unmanned aircraft, testers will determine whether a military system that already has seen extensive combat can pass the rigorous tests the Defense Department, by law, requires before an aircraft can be deployed. The Global Hawk, which provides field commanders with high resolution and near-real-tim ...


Ambiguities in Visual Tracking of Articulated Objects Using Two- and Three Dimensional Models June 2003 J. M. Rehg, College of Computing, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332 D. D. Morris and T. Kanade Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh PA 15213 International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 22 Issue 6 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. Three-dimensional (3D) kinematic models are widely-used in video ...


America unleashes robots of war Concord Monitor February 2, 2005 By DAVID L. ULIN Late last week, in a parking lot in New Jersey, the U.S. Army unveiled what may be the future of war: 3-foot-tall robotic "soldiers," outfitted with tank tracks, night vision and mounted automatic weapons capable of firing more than 300 rounds at a burst. Known as SWORDS (Special Weapons Observation Reconnaissance Detection Systems), these battle bots are on the leading edge of a new kind of warfare, in which ...


America's Robot Army? March 02, 2005 Travis Marshall The imaginations of Isaac Asimov, Jules Verne, James Cameron, and many other science-fiction visionaries may not have been as wild as they seemed years ago. The concept of an automated robot army fighting on the front lines of battle has been slowly moving from a fantasy to a reality over the last thirty years. Even now, hundreds of robots are sparing soldiers from potential danger by digging up roadside bombs in Iraq, standing as armed g ...


Amplified Intelligence Jul 28, 2004 The AI Problem, Interview with Ken Ford by Astrobiology Magazine staffwriter The Institute for the Interdisciplinary Study of Human & Machine Cognition (IHMC) was established in 1990 as an interdisciplinary research unit of the University of West Florida. Since that time, IHMC has grown into one of the nation's premier research institutes with more than 115 researchers and staff investigating a broad range of topics related to understanding cognition in b ...


An Activation-Based Behavior Control Architecture for Walking Machines 1 March 2003 Jan Albiez, Tobias Luksch, Karsten Berns and Rüdiger Dillmann Forschungszentrum Informatik an der, Universität Karlsruhe (FZI), Interactive Diagnosis and Servicesystems, Haid-und-Neu-Str. 10-14, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 22 Issue 3 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. The high complexity of the mechanical system ...


An Actuator with Mechanically Adjustable Series Compliance By Jonathan W. Hurst, Joel E. Chestnutt, and Alfred A. Rizzi Tech. report CMU-RI-TR-04-24, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, April, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Running is a complex dynamic task which places strict requirements on both the physical components and software control systems of a robot. This report explores some of those requirements and in particular explor ...


An Actuator with Physically Variable Stiffness for Highly Dynamic Legged Locomotion By J.W. Hurst, J. Chestnutt, and A. Rizzi, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA Proceedings of the 2004 International Conference on Robotics and Automation, May, 2004. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Running is a complex dynamical task which places strict requirements on both the physical components and control systems of a robot. This paper explores some of th ...


An Affect-Sensitive Human-Robot Cooperation –Theory and Experiments By Pramila Rani1, Nilanjan Sarkar2, 1 and Craig A. Smith3 1Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science 2Department of Mechanical Engineering 3Department of Psychology and Human Development Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235 IEEE Conference on Robotics and Automation, September,2003, Taipei, Taiwan. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract A novel affect-sensitive h ...


An Agent Driven Human-centric Interface for Autonomous Mobile Robots 2003 By Donald Sofge, Dennis Perzanowski, Magdalena Bugajska, William Adams, Alan Schultz, Navy Center for Applied Research in Artificial Intelligence, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 7th World Multiconference on System, Cybernetics and Informatics Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT One of the challenges in implementing a dynamically autonomous mobile robot is achieving ...


An Agent-Based Architecture for an Adaptive Human-Robot Interface By Kazuhiko Kawamura, Phongchai Nilas, Kazuhiko Muguruma, Julie A. Adams, Chen Zhou, Vanderbilt University 36th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS'03) - Track 5 January 06 - 09, 2003 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper describes an innovative agent-based architecture for mixed-initiative interacti ...


An analytical expression for the generalized forces in multibody Lagrange equations April 2004 Kool, P. Dept. of Mech., Vrije Univ. Brussel, Brussels, Belgium IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 2 On page(s): 340- 343 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper describes how the partial derivative of the kinetic energy, with respect to the generalized coordinates in ...


An Approach Toward an Automated Object Retrieval Operation with a Two-Arm Flexible Manipulator March 2004 Tomohiro Miyabe, Atsushi Konno, Masaru Uchiyama Department of Aeronautics and Space Engineering, Tohoku University, Aoba-yama 01, Sendai 980-8579, Japan and Mitsuhiro Yamano Department of Mechanical Systems Engineering, Yamagata University, Jonan 4-3-16, Yonezawa 992-8510, Japan International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 3 - Publication Date: 1 March 2004 You can view the ...


An Automated UAV Mission System By Katherine D. Mullens, Estrellina B. Pacis, Stephen B. Stancliff Aaron B. Burmeister, Thomas A. Denewiler (SAIC), Michael H. Bruch, H.R. Everett SPAWAR Systems Center, San Diego 53406 Woodward Road, San Diego, CA 92152 Unmanned Systems in International Security 2003 (USIS 03), London, England, September 9-12, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT In March of last year, engineers from SPAWAR Systems Center, San Diego ( ...


An Efficient Data Association Approach to Simultaneous Localization and Map Building January 2005 S. Zhang, L. Xie and M. Adams School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, BLK S2, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798 International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 24 Issue 1 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. Abstract In this paper we present an efficient integer programming (IP) based data association approach to sim ...


An Enhanced Occupancy Map for Exploration via Pose Separation By Robert Grabowski, Pradeep Khosla, and Howie Choset; Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 2003 IEEE/RSJ Intl. Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, Las Vegas, NV, USA, October 2003, Volume 2, Pages 1691-1696 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We develop a new occupancy map that respects the role of the sensor measurement bearing and how it relates to the resolution of the exis ...


An Evolutionary Algorithm for Trajectory Based Gait Generation of Biped Robot September 2003 By Ruixiang Zhang and Prahlad Vadakkepat, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, 4 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore, 117576 Proceedings of the international conference on Computational Intelligence, Robotics and Autonomous Systems, Singapore. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract The evolution of a dynamic walking gait ...


An Experimental Study of Localization Using Wireless Ethernet By Andrew Howard Sajid Siddiqi Gaurav S. Sukhatme, USC Robotics Research Laboratory, Computer Science Department University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A Proceedings of the International Conference on Field and Service Robotics (FSR), Jul 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper studies the use of wireless Ethernet (Wi-Fi) as a localization sensor for ...


An Experimental Study of the Autonomous Helicopter Landing Problem By Srikanth Saripalli 1, Gaurav S. Sukhatme 1, and James F. Montgomery 2 1 Department of Computer Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA 2 Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA Proceedings, International Symposium on Experimental Robotics, Sant'Angelo d'Ischia, Italy, 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Intro ...


An Extensor Mechanism for an Anatomical Robotic Hand By David D. Wilkinson1, Michael Vande Weghe1, Yoky Matsuoka1, 2 Robotics Institute1 and Mechanical Engineering2, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 2003 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA '03), May, 2003. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract The human finger possesses a structure called the extensor mechanism, a web-like collection of tendi ...


An H/sub /spl infin// control-based approach to robust control of mechanical systems with oscillatory bases April 2004 Toda, M. Dept. of Ocean Sci., Tokyo Univ. of Marine Sci. & Technol., Japan IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 2 On page(s): 283- 296 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper deals with robust control problems of mechanical systems with oscillatory ...


An Incremental Deployment Algorithm for Mobile Robot Teams By Andrew Howard, Maja J. Mataric´, and Gaurav S. Sukhatme Robotics Research Laboratory, Computer Science Department, University of Southern California IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IROS), Lausanne, Switzerland, Oct 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract: This paper describes an algorithm for deploying the members of a mobile robot team into an unknown ...


An Incremental Self-Deployment Algorithm for Mobile Sensor Networks By Andrew Howard, Maja J. Mataric´, and Gaurav S. Sukhatme; USC Robotics Lab, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, Department of Computer Science, University of California, Los Angeles Autonomous Robots Special Issue on Intelligent Embedded Systems, 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract: This paper describes an incremental deployment algorithm for mobile sensor networks. A mobile ...


An Infrastructure for Large-Scale Human-Robot Interaction By Ashley Tews, Gaurav S. Sukhatme, and Maja J. Mataric´ Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems (CRES) Technical Report CRES-02-001 August 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract: While there is much research in human-robot interaction on the personal, or one-to-one level, there is little on the large scale, or many-to-many. We propose an interaction infrastructure for many human operators to u ...


An Innovative High-Level Human-Robot Interaction for Disabled Persons By Phongchai Nilas1, 2, Pramila Rani3, Nilanjan Sarkar2, 3 1Department of Instrumentation Engineering, King Mungkut’s Institute of Technology, Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand. 2Department of Mechanical Engineering 3Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN. USA. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, New Orleans, USA, April 2004. Please visit the web ...


An Intelligent Approach to Coordinated Control of Multiple Unmanned Aerial Vehicles By George Vachtsevanos, Liang Tang, Johan Reimann; School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, 30332. U.S.A. AHS International Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper introduces a novel architecture for the coordinated control of multiple Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and a differential game theoretical approach to ...


An Interval Analysis Based Study for the Design and the Comparison of Three-Degrees-of-Freedom Parallel Kinematic Machines Jume 2--4 D. Chablat, Ph.Wenger, F. Majou Institut de Recherche en Communications et Cybernétique de Nantes, 1, rue de la Noë, 44321 Nantes, France and J.-P. Merlet INRIA Sophia-Antipolis, 2004 Route des Lucioles, 06902 Sophia Antipolis, France International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 6 - Publication Date: 1 June 2004 You can view the abstract online. ...


IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), 2004 Jennifer Carlson and Robin R. Murphy Center for Robot-Assisted Search and Rescue University of South Florida 4202 E. Fowler Ave. ENB 118 Rm. 342 Tampa, Florida 33620 Paper #145  Abstract The purpose of this study is to evaluate the utility of a diagnosis technique which uses Minimum Message Length (MML) for autonomous mobile robot fault diagnosis. A simulator was developed based on a behavior-based robotic sys ...


An Ontogenetic Model of Perceptual Organization for a Developmental Robot 2004 Remi Driancourt, Intelligent Robot Laboratory, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennoudai Tsukuba 305-8573 JAPAN Proceedings Fourth International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics: Modeling Cognitive Development in Robotic Systems 117, pages pp. 51-58, Genoa, Italy. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper presents an ontogenetic model of self-organization for robotic intermed ...


An SVM Learning Approach to Grasping By Rafael Pelossof, Andrew Miller, Peter Allen and Tony Jebara, Department of Computer Science, Columbia University EEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation, New Orleans, April 29, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Finding appropriate stable grasps for a hand (either robotic or human) on an arbitrary object has proved to be a challenging and difficult problem. The space of grasping parameters coupled with the d ...


AN ULTRA-WIDEBAND RF METHOD FOR LOCALIZING AN AUTONOMOUS MOBILE ROBOT 2004 Ka C. Cheok* & G. E. Smid G. R. Hudas & J. L. Overholt ASC ABSTRACT A technique for a new ad hoc, high-speed update and high precision location system that would establish a reliable navigation technology for autonomous unmanned vehicle systems was investigated. The system would employ a new ultra-wideband (UWB) ranging & communication (RAC) concept that incorporates time arrival information into the recent direct s ...


Analysis and Removal of Artifacts in 3-D LADAR Data By J. Tuley, N. Vandapel and M. Hebert, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2005 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Errors in laser based range measurements can be divided into two categories: intrinsic sensor errors (range drift with temperature, systematic and random errors), and errors due to the inte ...


Analysis of Multirobot Localization Uncertainty Propagation By S.I. Roumeliotis 1 and I.M. Rekleitis 2 1 Department of Computer Science Engineering University of Minnesota 2 Mechanical Engineering Carnegie Mellon University 2003 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems Abstract This paper deals with the problem of cooperative localization for the case of large groups of mobile robots. A Kalman filter estimator is implemented and tested for this purpose. The foc ...


Analysis of the Robotic-Assisted Seach and Rescue Response to the World Trade Center Disaster By Mark Micire, Master Thesis, Department of Computer Science and Engineering ,College of Engineering. University of South Florida Major Professor: Robin Murphy PhD Approved July 17, 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract The World Trade Center disaster was signicant in that prior to these events no urban search and rescue response had used robotic technology ...


Analysis: The triumph of the robots 20041231 By Phil Berardelli Science & Technology Editor The Washington Times The human side of the U.S. space program remains problem-plagued, with the shuttle fleet still grounded and the International Space Station hanging in limbo. NASA's robotic craft exploring Mars and the Saturnian system in 2004, however, have carried off feats that are unparalleled in human history -- and they promise to deliver more wonders in the new year. Next Tuesday, NASA w ...


Anchoring of semiotic symbols 2003 Paul Vogt, Institute for Knowledge and Agent Technology, University Maastricht, The Netherlands Robotics and Autonomous Systems 43(2):pp. 109-120. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper presents arguments for approaching the anchoring problem using {em semiotic symbols}. Semiotic symbols are defined by a triadic relation between forms, meanings and referents, thus having an implicit relation to the real world.An ...


Anchoring symbols to sensorimotor control July 16, 2003 Paul Vogt, University Maastricht, The Netherlands Proceedings Belgian/Netherlands Artificial Intelligence Conference BNAIC'02. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper investigates how robots may emerge a lexicon to communicate complex meanings about actions such as `I am going to the red target' using simple (one-word) utterances. The main issue of the paper concerns the way these complex mea ...


Animalistic robots ready to unleash October 3, 2003 by Chris Walz, Pentagram staff writer dcmilitary.com Defense Advanced Research Project Agency researchers have studied many animal characteristics over the years. Scientists have longed to better understand how nocturnal animals function and whether the capabilities certain species possess might have practical applications for the military. For example, the agency is intrigued by a dolphin's ability to sleep portions of its brain, while ...


Anonymous Cooperation in Robotic Sensor Networks By Ben Grocholsky and Vijay Kumar GRASP Laboratory University of Pennsylvania USA; Hugh Durrant Whyte ARC Centre of Excellence in Autonomous Systems University of Sydney Australia AAAI-04 Workshop on Sensor Networks, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Potential performance benefits motivate the application of networks of proactive robotic sensor platforms to information gathering tasks. To achieve s ...


Anxiety Detecting Robotic System-Towards Implicit Human-Robot By Pramila Rani1, Nilanjan Sarkar2, 1, Craig A. Smith3, and Leslie D. Kirby4 1Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science 2Department of Mechanical Engineering 3Department of Psychology and Human Development 4Department of Psychology Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235 Robotica (2004), 22:85-95 Cambridge University Press Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract A novel ...


Application of CLAWAR Machines 1 March 2003 Manuel Armada, Pablo González de Santos, María A. Jiménez and Manuel Prieto Automatic Control Department, Industrial Automation Institute, CSIC, 28500 La Poveda, Madrid, Spain International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 22 Issue 3 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. In the last two decades in particular, climbing and walking robots have been the subject of important research activity wo ...


APPLICATIONS OF ADAPTIVE NEURAL-NETWORK CONTROL TO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES July 2003 By Anthony J. Calise, Eric N. Johnson†, Matthew D. Johnson‡ School of Aerospace Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0150 and J. Eric Corban Guided Systems Technologies, Inc., P.O. Box 1453, McDonough, GA 30253 AIAA/ICAS International Air and Space Symposium and Exposition: The Next 100 Years, Dayton, OH Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract ...


Applications suitable for unmanned and autonomous missions utilizing the Tactical Amphibious Ground Support (TAGS) platform By Paul J Lewis , Mitchel R. Torrie , Paul M. Omilon - Autonomous Solutions Inc., 1946 South 1600 West, Young Ward, UT, USA 84339 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT The value of unmanned vehicles is directly related to the applications to which it can be successfully applied. Many applications exist and have been identified as suitab ...


Applied Perception wins grant to develop Agile Robotic Vehicles for Wounded Soldier Extraction May 26, 2004 Military & Aerospace Electronics PITTSBURGH, May 26, 2004. Applied Perception, Inc. (API), a Pittsburgh-based company that develops and licenses robotics-related technologies to market-leading companies in the fields of defense, transportation, and agriculture, today announced that it has been awarded a follow-on, $1 million Phase II Plus Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contra ...


Approximate Jacobian control for robots with uncertain kinematics and dynamics August 2003 Cheah, C.C. Hirano, M. Kawamura, S. Arimoto, S., Sch. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Nanyang Technol. Univ., Singapore IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 19, Issue: 4 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract Most research so far in robot control has assumed either kinematics or Jacobian matrix ...


AQUA: an aquatic walking robot By Christina Georgiades*, Andrew German**, Andrew Hogue**, Hui Liu‡, Chris Prahacs*, Arlene Ripsman**, Robert Sim ‡‡, Luz-Abril Torres ‡‡, Pifu Zhang ‡, Martin Buehler*, Gregory Dudek ‡‡, Michael Jenkin**, Evangelos Milios ‡ * Mechanical Engineering, McGill University, 3480 University St., Montreal, PQ, Canada **Computer Science and Engineering, York University, 4700 Keele St., Toronto, Ontario, Canada ‡Faculty of Computer Science, Dalhousie University, 605 ...


Arc Carving: Obtaining Accurate, Low Latency Maps from Ultrasonic Range Sensors By David Silver, Deryck Morales, Ioannis Rekleitis, Brad Lisien and Howie Choset; Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics & Automation, New Orleans, LA, April 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In this paper we present a new technique for improving the azimuth resolution of ultrasonic range sensors frequently used w ...


Architecting a Simulation and Development Environment for Multi-Robot Teams By Stephen Balakirsky, Elena Messina, and James Albus National Institute of Standards and Technology Intelligent Systems Division Gaithersburg MD Proceedings of the International Workshop on Multi Robot Systems, Washington, DC, March 18 - 20, 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Collaborative multirobot teams have great potential to add capabilities and minimize risk within ...


Are Cyborg Troops Our Future Army? November 24, 2003 By Anjana Ahuja Copyright 2003 Times Newspapers Limited Aurora and Ivy are two remarkable rhesus macaque monkeys. They can play computer games, not by using a joystick, but by harnessing the power of thought. Courtesy of Miguel Nicolelis, professor of neurobiology at Duke University in North Carolina, the brains of these two primate pioneers have been implanted with forests of electrodes -each slimmer than a human hair. The electrodes ...


Are robots gonna rule over the world? JULY 25, 2005 SANJAY MOOLCHANDANI NDIATIMES NEWS NETWORK Japan has stepped into the future with the release of a "robot suit" that can help workers lift heavy loads or assist people with disabilities climb stairs. The 15-kg battery-powered suit, code-named HAL-5, detects muscle movements through electrical signal flows on the skin surface and then amplifies them. It can also move on its own accord, enabling it to help elderly or handicapped people wal ...


Area bot-ballers win 'E' for effort July 18, 2005 Bruce Fessier The Desert Sun Coachella Valley student robot makers may not have conquered the nation at the fourth annual National Conference On Educational Robotics this week in Jacksonville, Fla. But their academic prowess impressed educators and NASA engineers. The centerpiece of the five-day conference, presented by the KISS Institute for Practical Robotics from Norman, Okla., was the International Botball Tournament, in which small ro ...


Argo Robotic Instrument Network Now Covers Most of the Globe UCSD November 30, 2004 By Mario Aguilera Scientists have crossed an important threshold in an international effort to deploy a global network of robotic instruments to monitor and investigate important changes in the world’s oceans. Researchers with the international Argo program announced they have reached the point where 1,500 ocean-traveling float instruments—half the target 3,000-float array— are now operating. This marks an i ...


Policeone.com 04/19/2004 Suspect in Mesa church-lot slaying arrested at rest stop State troopers used a police robot at a rest stop to arrest a 19-year-old man suspected in a church-lot killing early Monday. DPS officials say Robert Jason Biggs was found asleep in the back of the victim's sports utility vehicle parked at a rest stop on Interstate 8 near Yuma. Biggs is accused of shooting to death Marco Antonio Torres, Jr., a 20-year-old Mesa resident, during a confrontation in the parki ...


Arm wrestling robots beaten by a teenaged girl March 8, 2005 By Duncan Graham-Rowe NewScientist.com news service Flesh and bone triumphed in the first ever man-versus-machine battle of brawn - an arm wrestling contest between robots and humans in California on Monday. The champion, beating all three robotic arms each in matter of seconds, was a 17-year-old girl called Panna Felsen, a high school student from San Diego, US. The contest was set up by Yoseph Bar-Cohen at NASA's Jet Propuls ...


Armed Robots Provide Glimpse of Future Warfare September 2003 By Stephen Trentanelli REDCOM Magazine Warren, Mich.-The Armament Research, Development and Engineering Center and the Special Operations Command jointly hosted a demonstration of modular payload systems on robotic platforms that was held recently at Avon Park Bombing Range, Fla. The research center's contribution to this demonstration consisted of plug and play modular armament payloads, which include the M202, the 40mm grenade l ...


Armed robots soon marching to battle? December 3, 2004 By Sgt. Lorie Jewell Army News Service ORLANDO, Fla. (Army News Service, Dec. 3, 2004) – Soldiers may have armed robots as battle buddies by early next year, according to industry and military officials attending the biennial Army Science Conference. The Special Weapons Observation Reconnaissance Detection System, or SWORDS, will be joining Stryker Brigade Soldiers in Iraq when it finishes final testing, said Staff Sgt. Santiago Tordill ...


Armed Robots to March into Battle December 6, 2004 By Sgt. Lorie Jewell / Army News Service US Department of Defense ORLANDO, Fla., Dec. 6, 2004 – Soldiers may have armed robots as battle buddies by early next year, according to industry and military officials attending the biennial Army Science Conference. The Special Weapons Observation Reconnaissance Detection System, or SWORDS, will be joining Stryker Brigade soldiers in Iraq when it finishes final testing, said Staff Sgt. Santiago Tord ...


Armed/Weaponized Infantry Robots for Urban Warfare and Counterinsurgency Ops December 13, 2004 by David Crane DefenseReview DefenseReview recently attended the 24th Army Science Conference, in sunny Orlando, FL. The conference was held at the truly spectacular JW Marriott Orlando, Grande Lakes (where we stayed, thanks to the U.S. Army). The conference itself was pretty terrific, as well. O.k., I'm going to discuss a number of very interesting military/military-applicable technologies I obse ...


Army alters robots' role in military service November 2, 2003 By Liam M. Truchard News-Leader; Wire Fort Leonard Wood, UMR and Boeing are redefining technology to work with soldiers. Fort Leonard Wood — In a colorless, faceless building at Fort Leonard Wood, the Army's future is crawling along the floor. The two objects look crude, but the devices resembling oversize radio-controlled vehicles are the latest and greatest robots the Army has at its disposal. "They're ugly, but robots were n ...


Army Awards $32 Million Contract to Improve iRobot's PackBot April 16, 2004 By W. David Gardner TechWeb.com A few days ago, there was great celebration among the staff at the iRobot Corp. in Burlington, Mass., when it was learned that one of its products was blown up in Iraq. An iRobot PackBot -- a 42-pound toy-like tank -- has blown up while detonating an explosive device and in the process it may have saved the life of the American soldier guiding the robot. The PackBot has become an in ...


Fielding to be staggered Staying on schedule is important, Cartwright noted, since the Army intends to field each of the FCS constituent systems as it becomes ready. “The Army is converting all its units to a modular organization,” Cartwright said. “To be complete, that organizational design is waiting for the FCS systems and technologies to be delivered to the warfighters. The Army chief of staff asked us not to wait until the end of the program to deliver all the systems, but to deliver the ...


Army expands iRobot’s combat robot funding to $37M Mass High Tech 01/24/2005 urlington’s iRobot Corp. has won additional funding for the U.S. Army's Future Combat Systems (FCS) program, bringing the total committed to $37.3 million. iRobot is developing a next-generation Small Unmanned Ground Vehicle (SUGV) for the FCS program. According to iRobot, the funding will allow the company to increase its SUGV team to 32 people within its government and industrial robotics division and accelerate t ...


Cnet Newscom May 12, 2004 By David Becker LOS ANGELES--The U.S. Army is looking for a few good gamers. Beginning the second year of its experiment in using free, custom-built PC games to give young people a taste of military life, the Army is finding the games to be not only spectacularly popular but a uniquely powerful promotional tool. Chris Chambers, deputy director of the "America's Army" project, said in an interview at the E3 gaming trade show here that prospective soldiers who cont ...


AR News By Gary Sheftick July 23, 2004 WASHINGTON (Army News Service, July 23, 2004) -- The Army plans to accelerate the fielding of some Future Combat Systems such as armed robotic vehicles, unattended ground sensors and unattended munitions. The Army is taking advantage of leaps and bounds in wireless technology to “spiral” FCS development, said Lt. Gen. Joseph L. Yakovac, military deputy to the assistant secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics and Technology. He said spiraling ...


Army of Robots Drills for Military Project January 13, 2004 By Elise Ackerman Copyright 2004 Knight Ridder/Tribune News Service When Randy Gobbel joined SRI International a year ago, one of the coolest things about his new job in the Engineering Building was the little red robots wandering the halls. Wobbling around on three wheels and resembling mutant ladybugs, they'd stop at Gobbel's open office door and silently peer inside. "Sometimes you feel like you just want to pet them," said Go ...


National Defense Magazine May 2004 by Roxana Tiron Army researchers are working on a program that would pair autonomous unmanned aircraft with ground robots. A demonstration of this networking capability is scheduled for October, at Fort Dix, N.J., under the oversight of the Communications-Electronics Research, Development and Engineering Center. The program itself “is still in the gestation period,” said Charles Shoemaker, chief of robotics at the Army Research Laboratory. “What we are d ...


nj.com July 11, 2004 BY KRISTEN ALLOWAY Star-Ledger Staff Call it war games with a mouse and a joystick. At Picatinny Arsenal in Rockaway Township, engineers are firing weapons that don't shoot, stalking enemies that can't hurt them, fighting battles that rage only in a computer game. Armed with a computer screen, keyboard and joystick, they are looking for ways to convert one of the hottest video games into a military training tool. The game is called "America's Army" and was ...


Army recruits robot April 13, 2004 By Robert Weisman, The Boston Globe International Herald Tribune PackBot seeks to get in fighting shape BURLINGTON, Massachusetts Over the past two and a half years, a remote-controlled reconnaissance robot manufactured by iRobot here has been deployed to search for survivors in the wreckage of the World Trade Center in New York, for live ammunition in caves in Afghanistan and for explosives under abandoned vehicles in Iraq. But those missions may be o ...


ARMY SCIENCE: Robots, Liquid Armor and Virtual Reality 2005 By Staff Sgt. Lorie Jewell Military.com Many of the ideas and technologies that are already being used on today's battlefield, or are due to arrive soon, were being displayed and discussed at this year's Army Science Conference. One such system, the Special Weapons Observation Reconnaissance Detection System, or SWORDS, will be joining Stryker Brigade Soldiers in Iraq after final testing, said SSG Santiago Tordillos of the Explo ...


Army seeks simpler UAV controls Military & Aerospace Electronics 3 March 2005 LITTLETON, Colo., 3 March 2005. PercepTek, Inc., was awarded Part Two of the Unmanned Autonomous Collaborative Operations (UACO) program for the U.S. Army. The UACO program will develop and demonstrate a prototype system that will enable a single operator to control multiple unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) and unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) to support soldiers operating in urban areas. The 30-month, $7.9 millio ...


Army to deploy robots that shoot December 1, 2004 By Michael Kanellos Staff Writer, CNET News.com Next year, the U.S. Army will give robots machine guns, although humans will firmly be in control of them. The Army next March will begin to deploy Talon robots from Waltham, Mass.-based Foster-Miller. The robots will be mounted with M240 or M249 machine guns, said a Foster-Miller spokesman. The units also can be mounted with a rocket launcher. Defense agencies have been testing an armed vers ...


Army to send robot fighters to help in Iraq The Washington Times January 23, 2005 ENGLEWOOD CLIFFS, N.J. (AP) — The rain is turning to snow on a blustery January morning, and all the men gathered in a parking lot surely would prefer to be inside. But the weather couldn't matter less to the robotic sharpshooter they are here to watch as it splashes through puddles, the barrel of its machine gun leading the way. The Army is preparing to send 18 of these remote-controlled robotic warri ...


Army Unmanned Air Vehicles Proliferate in the Battlefield May 2004 by Roxana Tiron National Defense Magazine The U.S. Army is committing increasing resources to developing sharply enhanced surveillance, communications and weapons for unmanned aerial vehicles. It also is developing tactical doctrine to deploy these assets from corps to company levels. Because of mounting soldier demand for UAVs, officials are looking to fortify unmanned capabilities without crowding the battlefield. In O ...


Army's 705th Keeps Bagram Safe from UXO January 2003 By U.S. Army Pfc. Debralee P. Crankshaw DefendAmerica.com BAGRAM, Afghanistan - Some people may call them crazy, but the 705th Explosive Ordnance Detachment from Fort Polk, La. deals with the threat of unexploded mines, rockets and bombs injuring or killing them every time they do their job. The detachment's mission is to dispose of unexploded ordnance on base to ensure the safety of the soldiers, said Sgt. Cesar Soto, 705th EOD. “When a ...


Army's newest soldier has nerves of steel NorthJersey.com February 4, 2005 By ROD ALLEE It's little, lethal and a lifesaver for American soldiers. Officials at Picatinny Arsenal in Rockaway Township - the Army's Grand Central Station for munitions - on Thursday demonstrated their new SWORDS system for remotely firing ordinary combat weapons. The system is mounted atop a Talon robotic "tank" that weighs but 170 pounds and looks like a Tonka toy minus the shiny plastic. It is, said an assoc ...


Army's robot for no man's land Jan.30, 2004 By Yuki Noguchi MSNBS News Defense firms develop the 'brains' to remake war The education of Stryker, an 18-ton military monster truck, begins in the warehouse lab of General Dynamics in Westminster, Md. There, Stryker, one of the U.S. Army's newest infantry vehicles, is fitted with a "ladar" scanner, the equivalent of a mounted pair of eyes that see by emitting 400,000 laser and radar beams and snap 120 camera images every second. Its brain -- ...


FCW.com Feb. 24, 2004 By Frank Tiboni The Army expects to spend much more than originally planned on unmanned aerial vehicles, a top official said this week. And the Homeland Security Department wants to spend $10 million to test UAVs next year. The Army will spend more on UAVs now that the RAH-66 Comanche helicopter program has been canceled, Lt. Gen. Richard Cody said during a Feb. 23 media briefing at the Pentagon. The service's investment in unmanned aerial vehicles will be much more tha ...


Artifical Immune Networks for Robot Control 2004 Juergen Rattenberger,Patrick M. Poelz, and Erich Prem, Austrian Researh Institute for Artificial Intelligence, Vienna, Austria Emma Hart, Andrew Webb, and Peter Ross, Napier University School of Computing, Edinburgh UK Proceedings Fourth International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics: Modeling Cognitive Development in Robotic Systems 117, pages pp. 151-152, Genoa, Italy. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Ab ...


Artificial antenna helps ’cockroach robot’ scurry along walls Innovations Report March 14, 2005 Student-made device sends obstacle warnings to mechanical bug’s brain Can a robot learn to navigate like a cockroach? To help researchers find out if a mechanical device can mimic the pesky insect’s behavior, a Johns Hopkins engineering student has built a flexible, sensor-laden antenna. Like a cockroach’s own wriggly appendage, the artificial antenna sends signals to a wheeled robot’s electronic ...


Artificial Athletes Compete in RoboCup May 10, 2005 ABC 7 News ATLANTA (AP) - Robot dog soccer is one of five games that teams of scholars competed in during the 2005 RoboCup U.S. Open, held Monday at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The aim of the three-day competition, which ends Tuesday, is to develop software for better robots with the long-term goal of fielding a robot soccer team good enough to play a human team by 2050. It looked like a scene from a sci-fi flick. Hugging the sidel ...


Artificial muscles based on conducting polymer and carbon nanotubes Daily Science News January 05, 2005 Researchers at the NanoTech Institute at The University of Texas at Dallas (UTD) have been awarded a $750,000, 20-month grant to develop artificial muscles that convert chemical energy to mechanical energy. The award was made by the United States Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), whose charter is to develop new technologies for military applications. UTD NanoTech Inst ...


Artificial Muscles Get a Grip on Human Hand PhysOrg.com March 01, 2005 Six years ago a scientist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., issued a unique challenge: build a robotic arm using artificial muscles that could arm wrestle a human. The results of that challenge will be determined next week, when three such robotic arms will "step into the ring" to compete against a 17- year-old high school student. The ultimate goal is to win against the strongest human on Earth. ...


ASYMPTOTICALLY STABLE RUNNING FOR A FIVE-LINK, FOUR-ACTUATOR, PLANAR BIPEDAL ROBOT March 2005 C. Chevallereau, E.R. Westervelt, and J.W. Grizzle Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract— Provably asymptotically stable running gaits are developed for the five-link, four-actuator bipedal robot, RABBIT. A controller is designed so that the Poincar´e return map associated with periodic running gaits can be computed on the basis of a model with impulse-effects that ...


Atlanta airport upgrades security with new equipment 22 July 05 Access North Ga.com The latest technology to guard against bioterrorism is now available at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, officials said. The new containment technology, an explosive response truck and a robot to retrieve suspicious devices were shown off during a news conference Thursday. Airport manager Ben DeCosta called it "a major milestone" in providing safety and security for the traveling public that ...


Attention and Communication: Decision Scenarios for Teleoperating Robots January 2005 By Jeffrey V. Nickerson, Stevens Institute of Technology; Steven S. Skiena, State University of New York at Stony Brook Proceedings of the 38th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS'05) - Track 9 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract The economics of robot manufacturing is driving us toward si ...


Attitude control for a micromechanical flying insect via sensor output feedback February 2004 Schenato, L. Wei Chung Wu Sastry, S., Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA, USA IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 1 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In this paper, we study attitude stabilization strategies via output sensor feedback for ...


Augmented Reality Combining Haptics and Vision By Guangqi Ye, Jason J. Corso, Gregory D. Hager, and Allison M. Okamura Technical Report 03, The Johns Hopkins University, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Recently, haptic devices have been successfully incorporated into the human-computer interaction model. However, a drawback common to almost all haptic systems is that the user must be attached to the haptic device at all times, even though force ...


Augmented-reality machine works in real time 03 February 2005 Will Knight NewScientist.com news service Computer-generated scenery can be realistically added to live video footage, using a machine vision system developed at Oxford University, UK. Researchers Andrew Davison and Ian Reid say the augmented-reality system could also in the longer term enable robots to navigate more effectively. Or it could be used to virtually decorate a real house or plan engineering work. It allows a compu ...


Augmenting RRT-planners with local trees May 2004 Strandberg, M., Centre for Autonomous Syst., R. Inst. of Technol., Stockholm, Sweden ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Volume 4 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract During the last few years, Rapidly-exploring Random Trees, RRTs, has been recognized as a very useful tool for designing efficient single-shot path plann ...


O'Dwyer is a passionate advocate of applying technology to modern warfare and networking in defence thinking. Now he runs his company with like-minded warriors. Recently appointed CEO David Smith was president and chief operating officer of SenSyTech Inc, a publicly traded high-tech defence organisation. David Smith signed a contract with Dragonfly Pictures Incorporated (DPI) in June 2005, and reported to shareholders and the public on the Metal Storm website that the contract “will be the first ...


Austrian experts adapting soccer robots for mine-clearing duties The Detroit News June 30, 2004 VIENNA, Austria - Robots designed to play soccer are being adapted to clear mines in countries ravaged by war, an Austrian professor in charge of the project said Tuesday. The small robots, which combine mechanics with artificial intelligence, were expected to be effective mine clearers, said Peter Kopacek, who leads a research team at the Vienna Technical University's Institute for Robot Science ...


ScienceDaily 2003-12-11 A new computer vision system for automated analysis of animal movement — honey bee activities, in particular — is expected to accelerate animal behavior research, which also has implications for biologically inspired design of robots and computers. The animal movement analysis system is part of the BioTracking Project, an effort conducted by Georgia Institute of Technology robotics researchers led by Tucker Balch, an assistant professor of computing. "We believe t ...


Automated Derivation of Primitives for Movement Classification BY Ajo Fod, Maja J. Mataric´, and Odest C. Jenkins; University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA Autonomous Robots, 12(1):39-54, Jan 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract: We present a new method for representing human movement compactly, in terms of a linear superimposition of simpler movements termed primitives. This method is a part of a larger research project aimed at modeling mo ...


Automated Kinematics Equations Generation and Constrained Motion Planning Resolution for Modular and Reconfigurable Robots March 29, 2004 By Francois G. Pin; Lonnie L Love.; David L. Jung, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Conference: 227th American Chemical Society Meeting, Anaheim, CA (US), Descrdiption/Abstract Contrary to the repetitive tasks performed by industrial robots, the tasks in most DOE missions such as environmental restoration or Decontamination and Decommissioning (D&D) c ...


Automated mining still a dream April 15, 2005 By Denis St. Pierre - Sudbury Star Canoe -- CNEWS SUDBURY, Ont. (CP) -- The use of artificial intelligence to create truly-automated machines remains decades away, an expert on the subject told a mining conference Monday. "Why can't we make a machine that's a miner?" Marvin Minsky said in his address to the International Symposium on Mine Mechanization and Automation and Telemin 1 Conference at Laurentian University. "We can make these big, pow ...


Automated Modularization of Human Motion into Actions and Behaviors By Odest Chadwicke Jenkins and Maja J Matari´c; Robotics Research Laboratory, Department of Computer Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781 Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems (CRES) Technical Report CRES-02-002, 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In this paper we address the problem of automatically deriving vocabularies of motion modules fro ...


Automatic 3D underground mine mapping By Daniel F. Huber and Nicolas Vandapel, The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 The 4th International Conference on Field and Service Robotics, July 14?16, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract For several years, our research group has been developing methods for automated modeling of 3D environments. In September, 2002, we were given the opportunity to demonstrate our ma ...


Automatic Detection and Response to Environmental Change By Scott Lenser and Maneula Veloso, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Proceedings of ICRA-03, the 2003 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA '03), May, 2003. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Robots typically have many sensors which are underutilized. This is usually because no simple mathematical models of the sensors have been developed ...


Automatic gait-pattern adaptation algorithms for rehabilitation with a 4-DOF robotic orthosis June 2004 Jezernik, S. Colombo, G. Morari, M. Univ. Hosp. Balgrist, Zurich, Switzerland; IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 3 On page(s): 574- 582 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper presents newly developed algorithms for automatic adaptation of motion for a rob ...


Automatic Synthesis of Communication-Based Coordinated Multi-Robot Systems By Chris Jones and Maja J Mataric, Computer Science Department University of Southern California To appear in IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), Sendai, Japan, Sep 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract To enable the successful deployment of task achieving multirobot systems (MRS), coordination mechanisms must be utilized in order to effe ...


Automating Barrier Assessment with Mobile Security Robots By Daniel Carroll, Doriann Jaffee (CSC), Katherine Mullens, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center San Diego (SSC San Diego), Code 2371, 53406 Woodward Road, San Diego, CA 92152-7383 AUVSI Unmanned Systems in International Security 2003 (USIS 03), London, England, September 9-12, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT Barrier assessment is the time consuming and labor-intensive process of manual ...


Automating Terrain Analysis: Algorithms for Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield By Charles Grindle, Michael Lewis - University of Pittsburgh; Robin Glinton, Joseph Giampapa, Sean Owens and Katia Sycara Carnegie Mellon University PROCEEDINGS of the HUMAN FACTORS AND ERGONOMICS SOCIETY 48th ANNUAL MEETING Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Terrain information supplies an important context for ground operations. The layout of terrain is a determinin ...


Autonomous 3-D positioning of surgical instruments in robotized laparoscopic surgery using visual servoing October 2003 Krupa, A. Gangloff, J. Doignon, C. de Mathelin, M.F. Morel, G. Leroy, J. Soler, L. Marescaux, J. Lab. des Sci. de l'Image de l'Informatique et de la Teledetection, Strasbourg I Univ., Illkirch, France IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 19, Issue: 5 On page(s): 842- 853 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to v ...


Autonomous Communication Relays for Tactical Robots By H G Nguyen1, N Pezeshkian1, M Raymond1, A Gupta1, J M Spector2 1Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Department of Electrical Engineering San Diego CA 92152 7383 USA 2University of Florida IEEE 11th Int. Conf. on Advanced Robotics (ICAR 2003), Coimbra, Portugal, June 30-July 3, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract The high-bandwidth digital radio link between a mobile robot and its remote ...


Autonomous Deployment and Repair of a Sensor Network using an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle By P. Corke *, S. Hrabar **, R. Peterson ***, D. Rusy ****, S. Saripalli ** and G. Sukhatme ***, * CSIRO Manufacturing & Infrastructure Technology, Queensland, Australia ** Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA *** Department of Computer Science, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA **** Computer Science and Artificial Intelligen ...


Autonomous Exploration via Regions of Interest By Robert Grabowski, Pradeep Khosla, and Howie Choset; Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 2003 IEEE/RSJ Intl. Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, October 2003, Volume 1, Pages 705-710. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We describe a new paradigm for exploration of unknown spaces based on maximizing the understanding of obstacles rather than the exposure of ...


Autonomous feature-based exploration September 2003 By Newman, P. Bosse, M. Leonard, J.; MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper presents an algorithm for feature-based exploration of a priori unknown environments. We aim to build a robot that, unsupervised, plans its motion such tha ...


Autonomous Ground Vehicle Technologies Applied to the DARPA Grand Challenge By Carl D. Crane III*, David G. Armstrong Jr.*, Mel W. Torrie**, and Sarah A. Gray** * Center for Intelligent Machines and Robotics, Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA **Autonomous Solutions, Inc., Young Ward, Utah, USA August 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract: This paper describes the design, development, and ...


Autonomous mobile communication relays By Hoa G. Nguyen*a, H.R. Everett, a, Narek Manouk, a, and Ambrish Verma, b a Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center, San Diego, CA 92152-7383 b University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781 SPIE Proc. 4715: Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology IV, Orlando, FL, April 1-5, 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT Maintaining a solid radio communication link between a mobile robot entering a building and ...


Autonomous Stair-Hopping with Scout Robots By S. A. Stoeter, P. E. Rybski, M. Gini, N. Papanikolopoulos, University of Minnesota, Center for Distributed Robotics IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, Lausanne, Switzerland, September/October 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Search and rescue operations in large disaster sites require quick gathering of relevant information. Both the knowledge of the location of victims ...


Autonomy and manual operation in a small robotic system for under-vehicle inspections at security checkpoints By W. Smuda 1, P. Muench 1, G. Gerhart 1, and Kevin L Moore 2; 1 U.S. Army TARDEC Robotic Mobility Lab, Warren, MI 2 Center for Self-Organizing Intelligent Systems, University of Utah April 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) technology can be used in a number of ways to assist in counter-terrorism activitie ...


Avoiding Detection in a Dynamic Environment By Ashley Tews, Maja J. Matari and Gaurav S. Sukhatme, Computer Science Department, University of Southern California Los Angeles, USA, IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), pages 3773-3778, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract— Remaining elusive while navigating to a goal in a dynamic environment containing an observer requires taking advantage of opportunistic cover ...


Awaiting the call of duty April 13, 2005 By Metro ThisisLondon.com Anyone who has seen Robocop knows there are certain pitfalls with letting robots take care of security. Thankfully, a small, man-shaped security device unveiled in Japan yesterday does not feature the parts of dead policemen. Instead, Nuvo, the 39cm-tall (15in) robot, relies on a digital camera in its head linked to a mobile phone to let families see images of their home while they are out. The world's first humanoid se ...


Baby Bot Learns to Stride Right February 17, 2005 Associated Press Wired News WASHINGTON -- The difference between man and machine is shrinking. Scientists have developed a robot that "learns" to walk like a toddler, improving its step and balance with every stride. The walking robot looks more like a moving Erector set than a human being, but the machine has the unmistakable gait of a person strolling along. The robot uses its curved feet and motorized ankles to spring its legs forward, i ...


Bacterium-inspired Robots for Environmental Monitoring By Amit Dhariwal, Gaurav S. Sukhatme and Aristides A. G. Requicha, Department of Computer Science, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pages 1436-1443, New Orleans, Louisiana, Apr 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Locating gradient sources and tracking them ...


Baptist adds surgical robot to staff July 8, 2005 By Meg Pace Clarionledger.com Da Vinci is scrubbing in at Baptist Medical Center. The da Vinci is a surgical robot that urologists Jason Blalock and Patrick Daly are using to perform prostate surgeries at Baptist. Baptist is the only hospital in the state to use the da Vinci Surgical System, which incorporates modern robotics in the operating room. The system allows surgeons to make smaller incisions that reduce bleeding, pain and recovery ...


Basque technology centre develops portable robot for aircraft assembly work April 18, 2005 EiTB24 The robot is also fitted with an artificial vision system that enables it to orient itself in the work zone and modify its work programme in real time thanks to a numeric control support system. Basque technology centre Fatronik, specializing in mechatronics, has successfully developed a portable climbing robot capable of performing precision drilling operations basically in the aerospace indus ...


Battle bot: the future of war? January 27, 2005 Gregory M. Lamb The Christian Science Monitor Sharpshooting robots evoke 'Terminator.' The more pertinent question is how these automated soldiers will transform military conflict. They've spied on the enemy, sniffed for deadly chemical and radioactive emissions, and sacrificed themselves to detonate terrorist bombs. Now robots are ready to strap on guns and fight the battles too. This spring, the United States armed forces are expected t ...


Battlefield robot could permanently change warfare May 4, 2004 By Bryan Harris / WFAA-TV WFAA.com Urban warfare continues to be what American troops fear the most in Iraq, but a Grand Prairie company is working on a a battlefield robot that could change the pattern of infantry battle forever. In Iraqi cities, Marines brave streams of gunfire without knowing where it's coming from. They know that what's around the next corner could kill them. "The Mule" will change that. It's a sophistica ...


Battlefield robots keep on rollin’ July 1, 2004 C4ISR Journal The company iRobot Corp. of Burlington, Mass., recently announced that it had finalized a contract worth about $32 million to develop a next-generation Small Unmanned Ground Vehicle (SUGV) for the U.S. Army’s networked Future Combat Systems (FCS) program. The vehicle will be a portable, reconnaissance and tactical robot that can enter and secure areas that are either inaccessible to or too dangerous for humans. The SUGV will be ...


Battlefield Robots Leap From Science Fiction to Reality July 1, 2004 By Brian Handwerk National Geographic News Once the fantasy of science fiction, battlefield robots are now a reality. "The whole idea is to take the war fighter out of harm's way," Robin Laird said. Laird is supervisor of the Unmanned Systems Branch of the U.S. Navy's Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center (SPAWAR) in San Diego. "In my mind, someday we'll be doing battle with robots—not killing people," said Laird, whos ...


Battlefield robots saving lives, proving their worth in Iraq June 9, 2005 By Byron Spice Pittsburgh Post-Gazette One measure of how effective battlefield robots have become, says a top Pentagon robotics official, is that the enemy has begun to target them. "The enemy realizes that if they take out [the robot], they can really hurt our capabilities," said Cliff Hudson, who directs the Joint Robotics Program for the Department of Defense. Reconnaissance robots, such as the backpackable Drago ...


Battlefield robots: science fiction becomes reality December 10, 2004 by Lorie Jewell Army News Service Soldiers may have armed robots as battle buddies by early next year, according to industry and military officials attending the biennial Army Science Conference. The Special Weapons Observation Reconnaissance Detection System, or SWORDS, will be joining Stryker Brigade Soldiers in Iraq when it finishes final testing, said Staff Sgt. Santiago Tordillos, a bomb disposal test and evaluatio ...


Battlefield Robots: to Iraq, and Beyond June 20, 2005 Defense Industry Daily The Joint Robotics Program Working Group meeting at the Sheraton Station Square Hotel in Pittsburgh, PA offered a window into current progress in robotics. EOD robots and reconnaissance robots such as the backpackable Dragon Runner "throwbot" are performing in Iraq, where they're affecting the direction of future military robotics and saving soldiers' lives. The U.S. Marines deployed a dozen Dragon Runners to Iraq a ...


Bayesian Programming Multi-Target Tracking : an Automotive Application June 5, 2003 C. Cou´e, C. Pradalier, C. Laugier, Inriaa Rh?one-Alpes & Gravirb-CNRSc, 655 av. de l'Europe, Montbonnot, 38334 St Ismier Cedex, France Int. Conf. on Field and Service Robotics July 14-16, 2003. Lake Yamanaka (Japan) Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract A prerequisite to the design of future Advanced Driver Assistance Systems for cars is a sensing system providing all the ...


PilotOnline.com November 3, 2004 By MATTHEW JONES VIRGINIA BEACH — There will be bombs in the future, but Tuesday morning the robot focused on a running shoe. It lay there, laces up, in the front seat of an unmarked police car, waiting to be plucked by the MR-5’s mechanical claw. Police Officer Don Noha stood nearby, watching the new bomb robot in action. Officer Dave Cook sat out of sight in the bomb squad’s office, working the robot remotely via a length of fiber-optic cable. Watchi ...


Behavior-Based Early Language Development on a Humanoid Robot By Paulina (Varshavskaya) Varchavskaia, Artificial Intelligence Lab, MIT, NE43 937, 200 Technology Square, Cambridge, MA, 02139 US Second International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics, Edinburgh, UK, August 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We are exploring the idea that early language acquisition could be better modelled on an artificial creature by considering the pragmatic aspect of ...


Best and brightest vie in robot games 7/13/2005 By TARO KARASAKI asahi.com OSAKA--Sports have a long connection with national pride, but robots? How about soccer-playing robots? The "beautiful game" is just one of the events in a weeklong international robot competition that kicks off today. More than 330 teams of automatons from 31 countries will be trying to outdo and outfox one another in soccer matches, search-and-rescue exercises and even dance at the RoboCup 2005 Osaka. While the ...


Better Vision through Experimental Manipulation By Giorgio Metta 1, Paul Fitzpatrick 2 1 LIRA Lab, DIST, University of Genova Viale F Causa 13 16145 Genova Italy 2 MIT AI Lab, 200 Technology Square, Cambridge, MA 02139 US In EPSRC/BBSRC International Workshop, Biologically-Inspired Robotics: The Legacy of W. Grey Walter, Bristol, UK, August 2002. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Experimentation is crucial to human progress at all scales, from so ...


Beyond Gazing, Pointing, and Reaching: A Survey of Developmental Robotics 2003 Max Lungarella, Neuroscience Research Institute, Tsukuba AIST Central 2, Tsukuba 305-8568, Japan and Giorgio Metta, LIRA-Lab, DIST, Univ. of Genova, 16145 Genova, Italy Proceedings Third International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics: Modeling Cognitive Development in Robotic Systems 101, pages pp. 81-89, Boston, MA, USA. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Developmental robot ...


Beyond Science Fiction - NASA Tests Human-Robot Cooperation In Utah Desert April 28, 2005 SpaceWar.com Designing, then teaching robots to converse and to work in teams with human beings seems like the stuff of science fiction. Yet, NASA already has been taking steps in a Utah desert that may lead the space agency even beyond the creative imagination of science fiction writers. "One of our biggest problems is to break out of preconceived notions rooted in science fiction or existing robotic ...


BIG BOOST FOR PREDATOR FLEET March 21, 2005 DefenseTech The U.S. Air Force is looking to expand its fleet of flying drones, big time. Right now, the service has three active squadrons of Predator unmanned aerial vehicles, or UAVs. But that could expand to 15 squadrons of the robotic planes under a $5.7 billion plan just introduced by the Air Force. In recent years, the Air Force and CIA have used the bulbous-nosed, propeller-driven Predator UAVs to blast insurgents in Iraq, take out Al Qaeda ...


Bilateral time-scaling for control of task freedoms of a constrained nonholonomic system By Siddhartha S. Srinivasa, Michael A. Erdmann, and Matthew T. Mason, The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA - 15213 2003 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA '03) Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We explore the control of a nonholonomic robot subject to additional constraints on the state variables. In our pro ...


Binding tactile and visual sensations via unique association by cross-anchoring between double-touching and self-occlusion 2004 Yuichiro Yoshikawa 1, Koh Hosoda 2 and Minoru Asada 3 1 Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Yamada-Oka 2-1, Suita, Osaka Japan 2 Graduate School of Engineering, 3 HANDAI Frontier Research Center, Osaka University Yamada-Oka 2-1, Suita, Osaka Japan Proceedings Fourth International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics: Modeling Cognitive Development in Robo ...


Bio-inspired modules open new horizons for robotics IST Results November 17, 2004 Inspired by cell biology, European researchers have created the world’s first shape-shifting robot made of many modules, which could lead to new applications in fields ranging from medicine and space exploration to education and entertainment. On display at IST 2004 in The Hague and being showcased on 17 November in Tokyo, the HYDRA project’s robots have broken new ground in robotics and artificial intelligen ...


Once the neural network has learned to fly level by growing its weights, it makes the classic novice's mistake of going for too much of a good thing: It keeps on increasing its weights until it starts veering off course in the other direction. That's when the feedback loop kicks in again. DeMarse's computer translates the data on the errant overcompensation maneuver and decreases the frequency of the feedback in the attendant channel, attenuating its effect until the aircraft is again level. De ...


Biologically Inspired Joint Control for a Humanoid Robot November 2004 DAMIEN KEE, School of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia, 4072 GORDON WYETH and JONATHON ROBERTS, School of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia, 4072 IEEE Conference on Humanoid Robotics (Humanoids2004) November 10-12, Los Angeles, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ...


Somerville Journal May 27, 2004 By Auditi Guha Caterpillars' nervous systems studied by Tufts tech builders Barry Trimmer has been playing with caterpillars since he was a boy. Now his interest is literally worth a million dollars. The Tufts University neurobiologist has had a fascination for the creepy crawlies since he was 6, but now he is studying their motion to create the world's first flexible robot. Why caterpillars? "They are very popular for people who want to learn how the nervo ...


Computer September 2004 Linda Dailey Paulson From the ominous Klaatu of The Day the Earth Stood Still to the Terminator, we've seen robots typically portrayed on screen as stiff, humanoid machines. But it's not just Hollywood that has locked robots to the human form. "A lot of conventional thinking pervades the field of robotics," says Morley Stone, a program manager in the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency's defense sciences office. "They still look very much like they are depict ...


Biomimetic sensor suite for flight control of a micromechanical flying insect: design and experimental results September 2003 By Wei-Chung Wu Schenato, L. Wood, R.J. Fearing, R.S.; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., California Univ., Berkeley, CA, USA Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract Four prototypes of bio ...


Bionic suit offers wearers super-strength 09 April 2005 John Boyd Exclusive from New Scientist Print Edition A ROBOT suit has been developed that could help older people or those with disabilities to walk or lift heavy objects. Dubbed HAL, or hybrid assistive limb, the latest versions of the suit will be unveiled this June at the 2005 World Expo in Aichi, Japan, which opened last month. A commercial product is slated for release by the end of the year. HAL is the result of 10 years' work b ...


Bipedal robot learns to run December 16, 2004 By Will Knight NewScientist.com The latest version of Honda's humanoid robot Asimo can perform several new tricks thanks to a hardware overhaul. In a demonstration in Japan, the robot impressed onlookers by showing off the ability to run for the first time. A short video released by the Japanese car manufacturer shows Asimo jogging along. Its gait is rather comical and resembles that of a person trying to creep up quietly. The robot can be s ...


TheFeature September 2 2004 By David Pescovitz Bluetooth is finally taking off. Literally. A small robotic blimp floats gently through the Autonomous Systems Laboratory at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, wirelessly interacting with a desktop computer to literally evolve its own navigation software without human intervention. What the blimp sees via its onboard sensors is Bluetoothed to the PC for processing. The artificially evolved "brains" are then transmitted back to the mylar b ...


Boeing project takes aim at wars of the future 12 July 2005 THE ASSOCIATED PRESS TACOMA, Wash. -- Already, more than 600 workers at Boeing facilities in Kent are employed by the Army's biggest, most complicated acquisition project ever. And Kent is expected to get 100 more jobs by the end of next year because of the Army's Future Combat System. At a media briefing Monday, project officials said the 700 jobs are a tenth of the total number of engineers, software developers and others across t ...


Boeing says robotic craft is gathering data in Iraq katu.com November 28, 2004 ST. LOUIS - Boeing developers say a robotic airplane called Scan-Eagle has done more than a thousand hours of intelligence and reconnaissance work for the Marines in Iraq. The unmanned aircraft was developed and built by the St. Louis-based defense unit of Boeing Co. and the Washington-based Insitu Group. Boeing officials said they could not comment on specific Scan-Eagle missions. But they spoke generally of ...


Boeing supports space education for teachers at Space Foundation's Summer Institute 21 July 2005 SpaceRef.com Demonstrating its commitment to education, teachers, and future generations, The Boeing Company has fully sponsored one of the Space Foundation's Summer Institute programs. Boeing supported 40 teachers who participated in "Space Technologies in the Classroom," in which they learned about the use and applications of satellites and the function of the Global Positioning System, built t ...


Boeing's Little Bird flys high by remote control The Business Journal January 28, 2005 Adam Kress The Boeing Co. is developing an unmanned helicopter at its Mesa location that could provide the company with a new, locally produced product line while changing the way wars in Iraq and Afghanistan are fought. The Unmanned Little Bird is a modified MD 530F helicopter that's been in military service for 30 years. The small, agile aircraft is similar to those used by police departments aroun ...


Bomb disposal robot unveiled February 17, 2004 By Paul Adams BBC Defence Correspondent BBC News Two children are killed in Baghdad when an improvised explosive device detonates in their playground. A bomb disposal team sent to investigate finds and defuses a second bomb. Another roadside bomb explodes in the capital, killing no-one and causing little damage. Such events are sadly commonplace in Iraq, a constant headache for coalition troops and local policemen alike. When they can, ...


Bomb Disposal Robot Used to End Standoff October 14, 2004 By Ken Speake KARE 11 News A standoff in a high rise Minneapolis apartment building has ended through the use of a bomb disposal robot. The standoff started when a man shot a gun through the wall of his third floor apartment into the apartment of his neighbor. She was not injured. When police contacted him for questioning, he challenged them to come in and get him. They retreated, evacuating the second, third and fourth floors of t ...


Bomb robot newest addition to Leavenworth Police Department 7-5-05 By JOHN RICHMEIER, Times Staff Writer Officially, it's an Andros F6A, but the new bomb robot used by the local bomb team has been nicknamed "Jimmy." The $158,000 robot arrived in Leavenworth Thursday, and officers had it on display Friday afternoon at the Justice Center. The robot, which sports a long mechanical arm, four cameras, and two-way communication equipment, will be used by the bomb team made up of members of the Le ...


Bomb robot set to serve BPD February 27, 2004 by Kelseyanne johnson Western Front Online The robot inched forward, stretched out its arm and clamped down on a grenade. With painstaking deliberation, it lifted the device and deposited it into a box a few inches away. If the grenade had been active, Bellingham Police Department's new hazardous devices ANDROS F6A robot would have successfully completed its mission. The BPD's Hazardous Devices Team showed off its new addition to the public dur ...


Bone-mounted miniature robot for surgical procedures: Concept and clinical applications October 2003 Shoham, M. Burman, M. Zehavi, E. Joskowicz, L. Batkilin, E. Kunicher, Y., Fac. of Mech. Eng., Technion-Israel Inst. of Technol., Haifa, Israel IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 19, Issue: 5 On page(s): 893- 901 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper presents a ne ...


FCW.com May 14, 2004 BY Frank Tiboni Officials at the Border Patrol, part of the Homeland Security Department's Bureau of Customs and Border Protection, will start using two leased unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) on the Arizona/Mexico border next month, an agency official said. The vehicles will be the first UAVs used outside of the military and in operational missions within the country by DHS. They will support the department's Arizona Border Control Initiative announced in March to comba ...


Bowling robots into battle June 24, 2004 By Anne Watzman e4engineering.com Carnegie Mellon University robotics researchers, in conjunction with the US Marine Corps' Warfighting Laboratory, have developed a small, throwable, remote-controlled prototype robot designed for surveillance in urban settings. Several of the robots are being sent to Iraq for testing. The robot, known as Dragon Runner, has the ability to see around corners and deliver information to Marines while keeping them out of ...


Brain in a Dish Flies Plane Oct. 22, 2004 By Jennifer Viegas, Discovery News A University of Florida scientist has created a living "brain" of cultured rat cells that now controls an F-22 fighter jet flight simulator. Scientists say the research could lead to tiny, brain-controlled prosthetic devices and unmanned airplanes flown by living computers. And if scientists can decipher the ground rules of how such neural networks function, the research also may result in novel computing systems ...


Brain-controlled 'robo-arm' hope February 18, 2005 By Michelle Roberts BBC News Scientists in the US have created a robotic arm that can be controlled by thought alone. Developed at the University of Pittsburgh, it has a fully mobile shoulder and elbow and a gripper that works like a hand. In early tests, monkeys had tiny probes inserted into their brains and had their limbs restrained - but were then able to manipulate the robotic arm. The inventors believe it could help people who ...


By Charles Choi United Press International Published 6/7/2004 11:00 AM NEW YORK, June 7 (UPI) -- Researchers in New York City are teaming with the U.S. Navy and scientists in Russia to build electronic circuits that mimic the brain, producing an agile controller that can maneuver robot vehicles with speed and precision. The devices are based on a circuit in the cerebellum, the part of the brain that helps organize the body's motions. Specifically, the new technology imitates the olivocerebel ...


Brainy PCs on Wheels April 10, 2005 Steve Hamm BusinessWeek Most robots you hear about are welding cars on assembly lines, crawling into volcanoes, or waiting on rich Japanese. Most of them are pretty expensive and not very smart. Now comes the merger of two tiny robot companies that promises to deliver smart robots at affordable prices. The "brains" in this union are provided by Frontline Robotics, an Ottawa outfit with just 11 employees that has designed Robot Open Control, a robot operat ...


Brazil to Have World's First Robotic-Arm Surgery Controlled by Patient's Brain June 16, 2005 Newsroom Brazil News Miguel Nicolelis, a world-renowned Brazilian neuroscientist will perform the world's first operation on a human that will allow the brain of the patient being operated on to control robotic arms. The Teaching and Research Institute of the Syrian-Lebanese Hospital in São Paulo (Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa do Hospital Sirio-Libanes), announced today a unique scientific agreeme ...


Breakthrough in artificial muscles promises to revolutionize the robotics industry 10 June 2004 Mike Adams News Target Network How do you a build the musculoskeletal system a humanoid robot? If you're Sony, you use a system of servo motors, gears, metal rods and cables. But that's a poor imitation of the human body where the movement of limbs is dictated by the smooth, coordinated contraction of muscle fibers. Enter the breakthrough: electroactive polymers, also called artificial muscles. Re ...


Bridging into the future December 5, 2004 By Mike Wereschagin TRIBUNE-REVIEW A tiny, four-wheeled robot zipped across the table Saturday toward the pair of eye glasses it had been programmed to retrieve. Five engineers watched anxiously to see what would come of their two months of design and programming work. When the robot's recovery arm crashed down, missing the glasses and sending the robot into an empty-handed retreat, 10 small hands shot out towards it, tweaking this and reattaching ...


Bright Idea: NMSU aim: self-thinking helicopter The Albuquerque Tribune April 4 , 2005 By Sue Vorenberg Gadgets are getting smarter at New Mexico State University. It isn't quite the evil robot from the film "Terminator" - not yet, he laughed - but Ram Prasad, an associate engineering professor, and about 30 students have spent the past year developing a helicopter that can think and act on its own. The machine, which should be finished this year, will be able to fly to a destination and ...


Brit flying car earns its wings The Register February 3 , 2005 By Lester Haines UK flying car outfit Avcen (beware: Flashtastic site) - the hopeful future manufacturer of the Jetpod city-hopping airborne taxi - has been in touch to keep El Reg up to speed on the project's progress. To recap, we reported back in November that Avcen was hoping to fill the skies above Blighty with its $1m Jetpod by 2010, funding permitting. We noted that the said vehicle comes in a range of flavours: the T-10 ...


Brooks Forecasts Future of Robotic Technology April 13, 2005 by Maya Rao The Cornell Daily Sun Artificial intelligence and robotics expert Rod Brooks forecasts major changes in the next 50 years. Much in the way that computers have revolutionized society, robots may take on an increasingly significant role in people's lives. As part of the Gerard Salton Lecture Series, Brooks delivered a talk yesterday entitled "Flesh and Machines: Robots and People" to discuss potential applications of int ...


BUFFALO SOLDIER: Protecting Troops From IEDs 2005 By Jason Chudy, Stars and Stripes, Mideast edition SUV ON STEROIDS: Task Force Iron Claw's Buffalo -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- On the dangerous, bomb-ridden streets of Abu Ghraib, the Buffalo is the only thing that will survive the blast of a hidden IED. Part indestructible robot and part bloodhound, the Buffalo allows troops to safely scrutinize the roads and clear deadly IEDs out ...


Building a better robot December 2, 2004 By Charla Brautigam The Herald News Lincoln-Way Central: Students' device wins national competition NEW LENOX — As he sifted through the odd assortment of plywood, PVC pipe and duct tape, Lincoln-Way Central High School senior Mike Sucich wondered how he and his classmates were supposed to build a working robot from such scraps. "What are we supposed to do with all this garbage?" he asked himself as he brainstormed with 25 other students in his e ...


BUILDING AN AUTONOMOUS HUMANOID TOOL USER By WILLIAM BLUETHMANN, NASA Johnson Space Center, 2101 NASA Parkway, M/C ER3 Houston, TX 77058 USA ROBERT AMBROSE, MYRON DIFTLER, ERIC HUBER, Dexterous Robotic Laboratory, NASA JSC, 2101 NASA Parkway Houston, TX 77058 USA ANDY FAGG, MICHAEL ROSENSTEIN, ROBERT PLATT, RODERIC GRUPEN, Computer Science Department, University of Massachusetts CYNTHIA BREAZEAL, ANDREW BROOKS, ANDREA LOCKERD, MIT Media Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, ...


Building Grounded Abstractions for Artificial Intelligence Programming by Robert A. Hearn, Submitted to the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science at the MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AI Technical Report 2004-004 June 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Most Artificial Intelligence (AI) work can be characterized as either "high-level" (e.g., logi ...


Building One-of-a-Kind Robot to Test in Zero-Gravity July 8, 2004 SpaceDaily.com Springfield MO (SPX) Will a cat still land on its feet in zero gravity? That's the question four Drury students are attempting to answer when they travel to the Johnson Space Center as part of NASA's Reduced Gravity Student Flight Opportunity Program this July. The idea began as a class project in Dr. Greg Ojakangas' Mechanics II course in the fall of 2003, but student interest in angular momentum in microgravit ...


Building Robot Soldiers MSNBC News June 24, 2003 Last November, an unmanned Predator aircraft flying high over Yemen killed six suspected Al Qaeda terrorists with a Hellfire missile, leaving little more than scorch marks on a desert highway. The mission was nothing less than robotic warfare: a tactical success with zero risk to American personnel. Today, as casualties continue in Iraq, it’s hard not to ask the question: when will similar robot warriors relieve our foot soldiers as well? THE ...


Building robots for all budgets July 4, 2005 MATHEW INGRAM The Globe and Mail One can juggle gigantic space satellites as though they were tennis balls. The other can pick up a paper cup, if you have a lot of time on your hands and know what you're doing. One is the length of a school bus and cost about $100-million to build. The other is about 10 centimetres long and costs less than $100, and so far there are about a million and a half of them, with more on the way. The giant arm is kno ...


Building Terrain-Covering Ant Robots: A Feasibility Study Year of Publication: 2004 Authors Jonas Svennebring Opto Division, Zarlink Semiconductor, Bruttovagen 1, Box 520, 175 26 Jarfalla, Sweden. jonas.svennebring@zarlink.com Sven Koenig Computer Science Department, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781,USA. skoenig@almaak.usc.edu Publisher Kluwer Academic Publishers Hingham, MA, USA ABSTRACT Robotics researchers have studied robots that can follow t ...


C-Space Entropy: A Measure for View Planning and Exploration for General Robot-_sensor Systems in Unknown Environments December 2004 Y. Yu Broadcom Corporation, 200 Brickstone Square, Andover, MA, 01810, USA and K. Gupta School of Engineering Science, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, V5A1S6, Canada International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 12 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. Abstract We consider the view planning ...


Call and Response: Experiments in Sampling the Environment By Maxim A. Batalin1;2, Mohammad Rahimi1;3, Yan Yu1;3, Duo Liu1;4, Aman Kansal1;4, Gaurav S. Sukhatme1;2, William J. Kaiser1;4, Mark Hansen1;5, Gregory J. Pottie1;4, Mani Srivastava1;4, Deborah Estrin1;3 1Center for Embedded Networked Sensing, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 2Department of Computer Science, USC, Los Angeles, CA 90089 3Department of Computer Science, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 4Department of Electrical Engineering, UCLA ...


Call me HAL: Japan looks to robots for elderly care 19 Jul 2005 By Masayuki Kitano Source: Reuters TOKYO, (Reuters) - They won't be leaping tall buildings in a single bound, but Japan's growing number of elderly may someday have a new lease of life that allows them to care for themselves -- and maybe even pump a little iron. As the country's population ages rapidly and its workforce shrinks, care workers may be hard to come by, so researchers are trying to develop the ultimate personal car ...


Can Roomba maker iRobot clean up on Wall Street? July 27, 2005 By Michael Kanellos, CNET News.com iRobot, maker of the Roomba, has filed papers for an initial public offering, and they demonstrate all the promise and peril of the robotics market. Rather than try to sell humanoid companion robots, the company designs and sells robots for jobs that are, in iRobot's own description, "dull, dirty or dangerous." The Burlington, Mass.-based company makes the Roomba, a robotic vacuum cleaner, as ...


bllingsgazette.com August 11, 2004 It's not exactly a Mountie in a red coat, but the most-likely rescuer for the imperiled Hubble Space Telescope does appear to be a Canadian - a gawky robot named Dextre. NASA officials said Tuesday that Dextre - formally the Special Purpose Dextrous Manipulator - has demonstrated to engineers that it's fully capable of replacing Hubble's failing hardware and installing two new scientific instruments. Unless an engineering show-stopper emerges between now ...


Carl Hayden robotics students beat MIT - again Jun. 20, 2005 Karina Bland The Arizona Republic azcentral A group of inner-city kids from Carl Hayden High School in Phoenix placed third in a national underwater robotics competition in Texas - not as good as last year's first place finish but, hey, they still beat Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Last year, four students from Carl Hayden stunned educators and scientists when they won a national underwater robotics competition in Cal ...


Carnegie Mellon's Sandstorm Robot Makes Unprecedented 200-mile Autonomous Run 2005-07-13 Science Daily PITTSBURGH-Carnegie Mellon University's autonomous robotic HUMMER Sandstorm drove an unprecedented 200 miles in seven hours without human guidance last week in preparation for the 2005 DARPA Grand Challenge, a 175-mile driverless desert race with a $2 million winner-take-all prize. Sandstorm uses sensors to "see" and computers to "drive." It drove 131 laps on the 1.5-mile racecourse at ...


Technology India Sydney, Aug.25 The wheels in your car might soon be replaced by cockroach legs, with ongoing research revealing that replacing wheels with legs that replicate the speed and spryness of the cockroach will make it easier for vehicles to traverse rough terrain. American scientists Roy Ritzmann of Case Western University in Cleveland along with Roger Quinn, professor of engineering at Case Western have been working on 'cockroach vehicles for almost 50 years now and recently rev ...


Case Studies of a Borehole Deployable Robot for Limestone Mine Profiling and Mapping By A. Morris, D. Kurth, D. Huber, C. Whittaker 1, and S. Thayer Robotics Institute: Field Robotics Center, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 1 Workhorse Technologies, LLC., 484 West 7th Avenue, Homestead, PA 15120 International Conference on Field and Service Robotics (FSR), July, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Inherent dangers in mining operat ...


Centibots: Very large scale distributed robotic teams By K. Konolige, D. Fox, C. Ortiz, A. Agno, M. Eriksen, B. Limketkai, J. Ko, B. Morisset, D. Schulz, B. Stewart, and R. Vincent, University of Washington Department of Computer Science & Engineering Proc. of the International Symposium on Experimental Robotics (ISER-04) Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We describe the development of Centibots, a framework for very large teams of robots that are able ...


Central air conditioner-cleaning robot developed June 21, 2005 Peoples' Daily Shanghai-based Donghua University has developed a robot specially for cleaning central air conditioners. It is the first air duct-cleaning robot for which China has its own intellectual property rights and has applied for four patents. Currently dozens of cleaning companies have contacted with the university for commercialization, according to report by Shanghai's Oriental Morning Post. 32 centimeters long, 16 cen ...


Cerebellar Augmented Joint Control for a Humanoid Robot June 2004 Damien Kee and Gordon Wyeth, School of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, University of Queensland, Australia Robocup-2004: Robot Soccer World Cup Symposium, Lisbon, June 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract. The joints of a humanoid robot experience disturbances of markedly di®erent magnitudes during the course of a walking gait. Consequently, simple feedback control ...


Chain-whipping Robot's a Mine-Blower in Afghanistan May 14, 2002 By Gerry J. Gilmore American Forces Press Service dcmilitary.com WASHINGTON, May 14, 2002 -- The hard case, dressed in olive drab, sat sullenly on the floor. The nickname, "mini," seems a misnomer; there are stories about chains being whipped about to explosive effect. The dangerous job of blowing up anti-personnel land mines is the remote-controlled mini flail's specialty. Co- developed by the Army and Marine Corps, the rob ...


Chennai engineer ‘mapping’ brain of home robot June 20, 2005 Siliconindia LAUSANNE: Chennai-born engineer Shrihari Vasudevan's claim to fame may not be a long walk when he completes the "brain mapping" of a "home companion" robot, a prestigious project of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, expected to be accomplished by 2008. "Yes, it will be a dream come true for me. I am giving it my best shot," says Vasudevan, who is pursuing doctorate in robot technology at the institute here, 8 ...


Children, Humanoid Robots and Caregivers 2004 Artur Arsenio, Computer Science and Arti¯cial Intelligence Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA Proceedings Fourth International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics: Modeling Cognitive Development in Robotic Systems 117, pages pp. 19-26, Genoa, Italy. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. This paper presents developmental learning on a humanoid robot from human-robot interactions. ...


China develops anti-terrorism robot Team India Dec 7, 2004 Chinese scientists have developed a remote-controlled anti-terrorism robot to help defuse explosives in public venues. The one-armed robot, code named 'Super-D', is expected to serve at airports and in other public places. The robot is controlled via a remote controller. It is 120 cm tall, weighs 200 kilograms, can move 40 meters per minute and can climb ladders or slopes above 40 degrees in gradient, Xinhua news agency reported. ...


China develops spherical robot July 26, 2005 By People's Daily Online After years' arduous efforts, the research group led by Professor Sun Hanxu from Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications have developed China's first spherical robot to which the country enjoys intellectual property rights. The robot, a project under the National Natural Science Foundation, has reached world advanced level and passed the appraisal by experts. Beijing University, as asked by the appraisal pane ...


CHQ: A Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning Scheme CHQ: A Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning Scheme September 2004 By Hiroshi Osada, Satoshi Fujita, Hiroshima University, Japan Intelligent Agent Technology, IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on (IAT'04) You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In this paper, we propose a new reinforcement learning scheme called CHQ that could efficiently acquire appropria ...


CIA DRONES FLYING OVER IRAN March 1, 2005 Defense Tech Usually, hunting for missiles and reactors from the sky would be a job for the Air Force. But those spy drones that are flying over Iran, looking for nukes -- they belong to the CIA, according to Aviation Week. "They are using the I-Gnat and Predator [drones that the CIA] used early in the Afghanistan war... They focus on small areas, and that's what they need to find those dispersed [nuclear weapons development] sites," a senior Air For ...


Classifier Fusion for Outdoor Obstacle Detection By Cristian S. Dima, Nicolas Vandapel and Martial Hebert, Carnegie Mellon University, The Robotics Institute, Pittsburgh, PA 15217, USA International Conference on Robotics and Automation, IEEE, April, 2004. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper describes an approach for using several levels of data fusion in the domain of autonomous off-road navigation. We are focusing on outdoor obstacle detectio ...


CLAWAR Modularity for Robotic Systems 1 March 2003 Gurvinder S. Virk School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, West Yorkshire LS2 9JT, UK International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 22 Issue 3 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. This paper presents the activities of the CLAWAR TN project to identify the status for the area of applied robotics and how the traditional robotics industry can evolve to meet the w ...


Birmingham Post October 1 2004 Climbing robots are the latest weapon in the fight against arson in the West Midlands. CCTV cameras which can climb up lampposts are to be deployed in arson hotspots in a bid to catch the culprits in the act. The devices were unveiled at an Arson Task Force seminar in Birmingham. Police and fire brigades from across the country gathered at Handsworth fire station for the conference to discuss the best ways of tackling the menace. They were given a demonstrati ...


Closure and Quality Equivalence for Efficient Synthesis of Grasps from Examples June 2004 N. S. Pollard Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890, USA and ATR Computational Neuroscience Laboratories, Kyoto, Japan International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 6 - Publication Date: 1 June 2004 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. One goal of grasp selection for robotics is to choose contact points tha ...


Club goes high-tech 07.12.05 By Sarah Berkley Sonoma Index-Tribune In the middle of bustling summer camp - basketball games, juice boxes, arts and crafts - a technological renaissance is happening at the Boys & Girls Club Valley of the Moon. As construction crews hammer away, a techno-geek's dream - flat screen monitors, advanced digital recording and editing equipment, all the latest design software - are waiting quietly in the wings. Only they're not for geeks. They're for kids of all ...


CMU Robot finds life 'all by itself' Pittsburgh Post-Gazette March 15, 2005 By Byron Spice A Carnegie Mellon University rover called Zoe is the first robot to remotely detect life, finding fluorescent signals from both visible lichens and microscopic bacteria in Chile's barren Atacama Desert. The NASA-sponsored field test last fall thus demonstrated that scientists can use robots to identify life in harsh regions, a critical technology as automated exploration on Mars shifts from a search f ...


CMU Robotics Institute celebrates 25 years October 11, 2004 By Byron Spice, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Tomorrow night's induction ceremony for the five newest members of the Robot Hall of Fame will kick off three days of activities celebrating the 25th anniversary of Carnegie Mellon University's Robotics Institute. The celebration, Robots and Thought, will include a daylong series of presentations on campus by institute researchers on Tuesday and an international symposium on the grand challeng ...


CMU's snooping robot going to Iraq May 21, 2004 By Byron Spice Pittsburgh Post-Gazette A robot designed for urban warfare will soon be on its way to assist U.S. Marines in Iraq, where the scrappy machine can peer around corners and snoop in areas too dangerous or inaccessible for human soldiers. Called Dragon Runner, the four-wheeled device is small and light enough to be carried in a soldier's backpack and rugged enough to be tossed over fences and up or down stairwells. "We've thrown it ...


Pittsburgh Post-Gazette October 11, 2004 Scientists in Pittsburgh who are evaluating data being gathered in Chile by the robot called Zoe are using a computer interface called EventScope developed at Carnegie Mellon University. EventScope was originally developed as an educational tool to display scientific data from missions such as NASA's Mars Exploration Rover. But scientists in NASA's Life in the Atacama project last week were using it not only to look at data downlinked from Zoe, but to ...


Co-evolution of morphology and walking pattern of biped humanoid robot using evolutionary computation:designing the real robot September 2003 By Endo, K. Maeno, T. Kitano, H.; Kitano Symbiotic Syst. Project, Japan Sci. & Technol. Corp., Tokyo, Japan Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In this paper, a method for c ...


Courier-journal.com October 11, 2004 By Roger Alford BELFRY, Ky. — Every day when Leck Puckett goes to work operating a bulldozer on mountain-size stockpiles of coal, he has to worry about being swallowed up by the voids that sometimes form beneath the surface. "It can happen at any time," he said. "That's just something that everybody watches for." But thanks to borrowed technology that toughens bulldozers with super-strong windows similar to those used in fighter jets, there is a great ...


Coast Guard’s Unmanned Aircraft Set for Testing February 2005 by Joe Pappalardo National Defense Prototypes of the Coast Guard’s unmanned tilt-rotor aircraft are to be flown in February, according to officials, who add that a number of operational questions remain outstanding. Future use of the system, called Eagle Eye, depends on drafting rules to operate in airspace used by commercial air traffic and ensuring that sensors perform at high altitude, said Cmdr. Melissa Bulkley, who was detac ...


UCBerkeley News September 16 2004 Robert Sanders BERKELEY – A cockroach-like robot named RHex is the starting point for a major project to understand animals' most distinguishing trait - how they move without falling over. The National Science Foundation (NSF) announced today (Thursday, Sept. 16) a $5 million, five-year grant to the University of California, Berkeley, that will fund an all-star team of biologists, engineers and mathematicians from universities across the country to try to un ...


Cockroaches Inspire Robot Antenna Design April 8, 2005 Stefan Lovgren National Geographic News To most of us, cockroaches are a nasty nuisance. But to a team of engineers at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, the pesky critters are excellent role models. So when the scientists set out to build an antenna for a robot, they turned to cockroach biology. The sensor-laden antenna they built resembles a cockroach's navigational appendage. The antenna sends signals to the robot's el ...


NewScientist.com 17 September 04 Will Knight Robots that change shape and even split into smaller parts to explore unfamiliar terrain could soon be feasible thanks to new algorithms designed to enable such metamorphic tricks. Zack Butler and colleagues at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire, US, developed algorithms to control robots made from identical components, each capable of moving on their own but also able to attach to one another. As this is beyond current hardware, they constructed ...


COGNITIVE TOOLS FOR HUMANOID ROBOTS IN SPACE 2004 By Donald Sofge1, Dennis Perzanowski1, Marjorie Skubic2, Magdalena Bugajska1, J. Gregory Trafton1, Nicholas Cassimatis1, Derek Brock1, William Adams1, and Alan Schultz1 1Navy Center for Applied Research in Artificial Intelligence, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 2Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211 Proceedings of the16th IFAC Symposium on Automatic Control in Aer ...


Collaboration Development through Interactive Learning between Human and Robot 2003 Ogata, Tetsuya and Masago, Noritaka and Sugano, Shigeki and Tani, Jun Proceedings Third International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics: Modeling Cognitive Development in Robotic Systems 101, pages pp. 99-106, Boston, MA, USA. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In this paper, we investigated interactive learning between human subjects and robot experimentally, and its esse ...


Collective Construction with Multiple Robots By Jens Wawerla, Gaurav S. Sukhatme, and Maja J. Mataric´ Robotics Research Laboratory, Computer Science Department, University of Southern California IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IROS), Lausanne, Switzerland, Oct 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract: We study the problem of construction by autonomous mobile robots focusing on the coordination strategy employed by ...


Newscientist.com 16 August 04 Will Knight A robot fighting contest that draws huge crowds in Japan each year has highlighted sophisticated technological trends in robotics, experts say. The 2004 Robo-One contest, held in Kawasaki, central Japan on 8 August, drew hundreds of spectators. The event is inspired by the sport K-1, a combination of kick-boxing other martial arts that is popular in Japan. But the contestants are remote controlled robots constructed and operated by robotics enthusi ...


Combined Optic-Flow and Stereo-Based Navigation of Urban Canyons for a UAV By Stefan Hrabar and Gaurav S. Sukhatme, Robotic Embedded Systems Laboratory, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA and Peter Corke, Kane Usher and Jonathan Roberts, CSIRO ICT Center, P.O. Box 883 Kenmore 4069, Queensland, Australia Submitted to IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, 2005. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract ...


Combining Laser Range, Color, Texture Cues for Autonomous Road Following By Christopher Rasmussen, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899 Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Washington, DC, May 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We describe results on combining depth informa tion from a laser range-finder and color and texture image cues to segment ill-structured dirt, gravel ...


Command and Control for Mixed Manned and Unmanned Security Forces By Daniel Carroll, Gary Gilbreath, Kelly Grant (CSC), Laura Day, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center San Diego (SSC San Diego), Code 2371, 53406 Woodward Road, San Diego, CA 92152-7383 AUVSI Unmanned Systems in International Security 2003 (USIS 03), London, England, September 9-12, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT The Multiple Resource Host Architecture (MRHA) performs Command an ...


COMMERCIALIZATION OF A JAUGS AUTONOMOUS DEVELOPMENT VEHICLE By Mel W. Torrie, Paul Lewis, Don L. Cripps - Autonomous Solutions, Inc. SPIE Conference on Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology IV, 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT Autonomous systems have not become mainstream because of the shortcomings in the sensing of the environment and the required intelligence to react to it appropriately. Another hindrance to its maturity is the lack of a stand ...


Common platform sought for service robots March 29, 2004 By Yoshiko Hara EE Times Tokyo — Looking to build a larger market for robotic services, three Japanese companies that develop robots have proposed the formation of the Robot Service Initiative. Fujitsu, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Sony aim to use the initiative, announced at the second Robodex Forum last week, to create a common platform that will allow networked robots to be controlled by the same commands. The three companie ...


Jewish World Review In 2035, sleek humanoid robots that walk, talk and think will be as common as iPods. At least they are in "I, Robot." When the big-budget thriller hits movie screens, it will be hard not to notice the gap between the clunky robots of today and those doing battle with Will Smith's Detective Del Spooner. Yet the future is arriving, one bot at a time. Robots today conduct surgery, build cars and explore other planets. They're even living in our homes. The Roomba robotic vacuu ...


Communication and Mobility Enhancements to the Scout Robot By Andrew Drennery, Ian Burtz, Brad Kratochvily, Bradley J Nelson, Nikolaos Papanikolopoulosy, Kemal Berk Yesinz, Center for Distributed Robotics Department of Computer Science and Engineering University of Minnesota Proceedings of the 2002 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Small scale distributed robotic systems are ideal for t ...


Communication Efficiency in Multi-Agent Systems By Mary Berna-Koes, Illah Nourbakhsh and Katia Sycara, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University In Proceedings of ICRA 2004, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Despite the growing number of multi-agent software systems, relatively few physical systems have adopted multi-agent systems technology. Agents that interact with a dynamic physical environment have requirements not shared by virtual agent ...


DenverPost.com July 21, 2004 By Julie Dunn In last weekend's $52 million box-office smash "I, Robot," robots are employed to do all sorts of menial jobs, including walking dogs and picking up garbage. Bernd Liepert, chief executive of Kuka Roboter, Europe's largest manufacturer of industrial robots, envisions a higher calling for robots - from protecting America's borders to performing emergency surgery. Liepert is in Denver this week - along with a Kuka robot that was featured in the ...


Comparing cockroach and Whegs robot body motions May 2004 Schroer, R.T. Boggess, M.J. Bachmann, R.J. Quinn, R.D. Ritzmann, R.E., Dept. of Mech. & Aerosp. Eng., Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH, USA; ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract Abstracting cockroach locomotion principles with reduced actuation can lead to a s ...


Comparison of Control Strategies for an EMG Controlled Orthotic Exoskeleton for the Hand May 2004 By Matthew DiCicco*, 1, Lenny Lucas*, Yoky Matsuoka*, **; *Mechanical Engineering, **Robotics Institute Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA Proceedings of the 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA '04) Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract To restore dexterity to paralyzed hands, we have designed and constructed ...


Complete path planning for a planar 2-R manipulator with point obstacles May 2004 Liu, G.F. Trinkle, J.C. Milgram, R.J., Dept. of Comput. Sci., Rensselaer Polytech. Inst., Troy, NY, USA ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Volume 4 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In this paper we develop a systematic topological approach to motion planning for a planar 2-R man ...


Complex Task Allocation For Multiple Robots April 2005 Robert Zlot and Anthony Stentz, The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213 USA Proceedings of the International Conference on Robotics and Automation Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Recent research trends and technology developments are bringing us closer to the realization of autonomous multirobot systems performing increasingly complex missions. However, existing ...


Composition of Local Potential Functions for Global Robot Control and Navigation By David C. Conner, Alfred A. Rizzi, and H. Choset, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA In Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE/RSJ Intl. Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA October 2003, Volume 4, Pages 3546-3551. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper develops a method of composing simple control policies, applicable over a limited ...


Computation of multi-rigid-body contact dynamics May 2004 Tong Liu Michael Yu Wang, Dept. of Autom. & Comput.-Aided Eng., Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, China ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Volume 4 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract A system of rigid bodies with multiple simultaneous contacts is considered in this paper. The problem is to predict the velocities ...


Computation on Parametric Curves with an Application in Grasping July-August 2004 Y.-B. Jia Department of Computer Science, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011-1040, USA International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 7/8- Publication Date: 1 July-August 2004 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. Curved shapes are frequent subjects of maneuvers by the human hand. In robotics, it is well known that antipodal grasps exist on curve ...


Concept Acquisition Using Isomap on Sensorimotor Experiences of a Mobile Robot 2003 Poelz, Patrick M. and Prem, Erich Proceedings Third International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics: Modeling Cognitive Development in Robotic Systems 101, pages pp. 175-176, Boston, MA, USA. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We present results about the application of a novel method for multi dimensional scaling (Isomap) for concept acquisition in mobile robotics. The a ...


Conceptual Spaces and Robotic Emotions 2003 Antonio Chella, Department of Computer Engineering, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90128 Palermo, Italy Proceedings Third International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics: Modeling Cognitive Development in Robotic Systems 101, pages pp. 161-162, Boston, MA, USA. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In recent years, there has been a growing interest in modelling emotional responses inside the perception ...


Conductive Polymer “Molecular Wires” For Neuro-Robotic Interfaces By Alik Widge 1, Malika Jeffries-El 2, Carl F. Lagenaur 3, Victor W. Weedn 3 and Yoky Matsuoka 5 1The Robotics Institute 2 Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition 3 Department of Mechanical Engineering 4 Department of Chemistry 5 Molecular Biosensors and Imaging Center, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 15213 Proceedings of the 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA '04), Ma ...


Conflict Metric as a Measure of Sensing Quality By Jennifer Carlson, Robin R. Murphy, Svetlana Christopher, Jennifer Casper; Center for Robot-Assisted Search and Rescue, University of South Florida 2005 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA) Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper shows that the Con metric from Dempster-Shafer theory is a good indicator of sensing quality, where an increase in the conflict metric value corr ...


Consistency verification in modeling of real-time systems February 2004 Yi Deng Jiacun Wang Mengchu Zhou, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Florida Int. Univ., Miami, FL, USA IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 1 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract To real-time system designers, end-to-end time delay between external inputs and outputs is among the most important constraints. To e ...


Constrained Coverage for Mobile Sensor Networks By Sameera Poduri and Gaurav S. Sukhatme, Robotic Embedded Systems Laboratory, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, Department of Computer Science, University of Southern California Los Angeles IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pages 165-172, New Orleans, LA, May 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We consider the problem of self-deployment of a mobile sensor network. ...


Constrained Initialization of the Simultaneous Localization and Mapping Algorithm July/August 2003 S. B. Williams, H. Durrant-Whyte Australian Centre for Field Robotics, J04, The University of Sydney, 2006, Australia and G. Dissanayake Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Technology Sydney, 2006, Australia International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 22 Issue 7/8 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. In th ...


Constructing Radio Signal Strength Maps with Multiple Robots 2004 By Mong-ying A. Hsieh, Vijay Kumar and Camillo J. Taylor; GRASP Laboratory, University of Pennsylvania Int. Conf. Robotics and Automation, New Orleans Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Communication is essential for coordination in most cooperative control and sensing paradigms. In this paper, we investigate the construction of a map of radio signal strength that can be used to plan multirobot tasks and also serve as useful perceptual information. We show how nominal models of an urban environment, such as those obtained by aerial surveillance, can be used to generate strategies for exploration and present preliminary experimental results with our multi-robot testbed.


Construction and Automated Deployment of Local Potential Functions for Global Robot Control and Navigation By D.C. Conner, A. Rizzi, and H. Choset Tech. report CMU-RI-TR-03-22, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, November, 2003. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This report presents a method for addressing integrated navigation and control tasks for constrained dynamical systems. Specifically, we focus on solving this problem for an ideali ...


Construction by Robot Swarms Using Extended Stigmergy April 2005 Justin Werfel, Yaneer Bar-Yam & Radhika Nagpal Massachuseetts Institute of Technology, Camridge, MA Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We describe a system in which simple, identical, autonomous robots assemble two-dimensional structures out of identical building blocks. We show that, in a system divided in this way into mobile units and structural units, giving the blocks limited communic ...


Contact State Estimation using Multiple Model Estimation and Hidden Markov Models April-May 2004 T.J. Debus, P.E. Dupont Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, Boston University, Boston, MA 02445, USA and R.D. Howe Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 4/5- Publication Date: 1 April-May 2004 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full ...


Contention Scheduling: A Viable Action-Selection Mechanism for Robotics? By Virgil Andronache and Matthias Scheutz, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Notre Dame 2002 Proceedings of the Thirteenth Midwest AI and Cognitive Science Conference Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Contention scheduling Cooper Shallice 2000 is a wellknown action selection mechanism in cognitive science. It can account for normal action sequencing o ...


Continuous-time restless bandit and dynamic scheduling for make-to-stock production December 2003 Dusonchet, F. Hongler, M.-O., Inst. de Production et Robotique, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Switzerland IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 19, Issue: 6 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract We study the "Whittle relaxation" version of the continuous time, discrete, and con ...


Control of Flexible Robot Arm By J. D. Lee, L. S. Hayna, Ben Li Wang, and Kwang-Horng Tsia, Robot Systems Division, National Bureau of Srandard, Gaithersburg, Maryland Modelings and Control of Robotic Manipulators and Manufacturing Processes, SME, pgs 241-251, 1987 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT This work is a computer simulation of the control of flexible robot arm. The dynamic equations for a single-link flexible robot arm have been derived rigo ...


Control of Robotic Vehicles with Actively Articulated Suspensions in Rough Terrain By KARL IAGNEMMA, ADAM RZEPNIEWSKI AND STEVEN DUBOWSKY Department of Mechanical Engineering Massachusetts Institute of Technology Autonomous Robots, Vol. 14, No. 1, January 2003. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Future robotic vehicles will perform challenging tasks in rough terrain, such as planetary exploration and military missions. Rovers with actively articulated ...


Control Synthesis for Dynamic Contact Manipulation By Siddhartha S. Srinivasa, Michael A. Erdmann and Matthew T. Mason; The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA - 15213 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, IEEE, April, 2005. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We explore the control synthesis problem for a robot dynamically manipulating an object in the presence of multiple frictional cont ...


Controlling Hopping Height of a Pneumatic Monopod By Kale Harbick and Gaurav S. Sukhatme, Robotic Embedded Systems Laboratory, Robotics Research Laboratories, Department of Computer Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781 In Proceedings of the IEEE Intl. Conf. on Robotics and Automation vol. 4, pp. 3998-4003, Washington, D.C., May 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We describe a model-based height controller for a ho ...


Conversational interface aids robot navigation EE Times March 31, 2004 By Chappell Brown HANCOCK, N.H. — Inching across the surface of Mars or racing through the Mohave desert, autonomous vehicles are breaking new ground in hands-free navigation. At the same time, the difficulties and deficiencies of such machines are all too evident. Despite supercomputer level control systems and pin-point GPS data, the lead vehicle in last month's Grand Challenge race was only able to complete 7.4 mil ...


Converting Sequences of Human Volumes into Kinematic Motion By Chi-Wei Chu, Odest Chadwicke Jenkins, Maja J Matari´c, Robotics Research Laboratories, Department of Computer Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781 Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems (CRES) Technical Report CRES-02-003, 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We present an approach for producing articulated motion for human from a sequence of 3D points f ...


COOL TECH THIS WEEK: Ray Gun Plans, Robotic Fish, Powered Exoskeleton Suits 2004 By Noah Shachtman and Dr. Jeffrey Lewis, DefenseTech.org Military.com A step closer to working ray guns, RoboPike and RoboTuna, and Starship Troopers for real -- keep up with the cutting-edge military tech news from the past week. Industry Bigs Team Up on Ray Guns Two of the heavyweights of the defense industry are teaming up to develop "a laser armed combat vehicle," Baltimore Business Journal says. No ...


Cooperative task excecution of a search and rescue mission by a multi-robot team March 2005 Authors: Shiroma, Naoji; Chiu, Yu-Huan; Sato, Noritaka; Matsuno, Fumitoshi Publisher: VSP Abstract: Rescue robots have proved to be an extremely useful work partner for urban search and rescue (USAR) missions. Human rescuers who carry out these missions frequently enter dangerous zones to search for survivors; however, due to the unstable nature of collapsed buildings or objects, their lives may al ...


COORDINATED FLOCKING OF UAVS FOR IMPROVED CONNECTIVITY OF MOBILE GROUND NODES By Prithwish Basu, Jason Redi and Vladimir Shurbanov BBN Technologies, 10 Moulton St., Cambridge, MA 02138 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) have been used by the military for surveillance and reconnaissance operations for the past few decades. The recent proliferation of wireless networking technologies enables the equipment of UAVs with wirele ...


Corps May Buy New UAV UV Online March 2005 The capabilities of this new air vehicle, intended for use at the regimental level, would fill the gap in range and payload capability between the two current UAVs. An acquisition plan was working its way up the approval chain as of late February. ‘There is a gap between the short-range, backpacked Dragon Eye and the Pioneer, which has a 110 nautical mile range, five hours of [flight time] and 75-pound payload capability,’ said Major John Giscard ...


Correction of shading effects in vision-based UUV localization Sept. 2003 By Garcia, R. Cufi, X. Carreras, M. Ridao, P., Comput. Vision & Robotics Group, Girona Univ., Spain Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper describes the improvements achieved in our mosaicking system to assist unmanned underwater v ...


The Register By Ashlee Vance in Chicago Published Monday 8th December 2003 14:28 GMT Aided by backing from the U.S. Department of Defense, the Segway Human Transporter may well be the first scooter of mass destruction. The enchanted minds at DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) - an arm of the DoD - have funded the Segway Robotic Mobility Platform (SRMP), which is a modified version of the fabled scooter designed for more military pursuits. At present, researchers scattered thro ...


Couple receive grant to develop robots May 17, 2005 USA Today LARAMIE, Wyo. (AP) — A couple who work in the University of Wyoming's Computer Science Department have received a $100,000 National Science Foundation grant to further develop tiny robots that could help clean up oil spills or respond to a terrorist attack. The robots would zero in on the source of chemical or biological hazards. "Somebody from the National Science Foundation came out here and said we had the best robotics work h ...


Courier robots get traction in hospitals after fits and starts July 6, 2004 By Mike Crissey, Associated Press USAToday.com PITTSBURGH — Near a pair of swinging doors at a local hospital, a cart sits apparently abandoned. Yet at the push of a button, it perks up to say, "thank you" and rolls itself out the door toward the pharmacy. The 50-pound machine, which looks like a vacuum cleaner mated to a cabinet, is designed to autonomously ferry loads of linens, medical supplies, X-rays, food and ...


Coverage control for mobile sensing networks April 2004 Cortes, J. Martinez, S. Karatas, T. Bullo, F. Coordinated Sci. Lab., Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 2 On page(s): 243- 255 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper presents control and coordination algorithms for groups of vehicles. The focus is on autonomous vehic ...


Coverage, Exploration and Deployment by a Mobile Robot and Communication Network By Maxim A. Batalin and Gaurav S. Sukhatme; Robotic Embedded Systems Lab, Computer Science Department, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, University of Southern California, Los Angeles Telecommunication Systems Journal, Special Issue on Wireless Sensor Networks, 26(2):181-196, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We consider the problem of coverage and exploration ...


ScienceDaily 2003-07-07 It can follow a search instruction plan, classify, and map underwater mines in turbulent ocean surf zones. It travels about 6 feet per second on land, and about 2 feet per second in the water. It avoids obstacles. These 90-lb, fully autonomous amphibious reconnaissance vehicles may look like no more than overgrown remotely operated toy tanks, but they have been used to search under the World Trade Center after 9/11, to search Afghan caves, to look at underwater wreckage ...


Crawling on the Heart: A Mobile Robotic Device for Minimally Invasive Cardiac Interventions By Nicholas A. Patronik1, Marco A. Zenati2, and Cameron N. Riviere1 1The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA 2Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, Springer, September, 2004. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper descri ...


Charlotte Observer Sep. 29, 2004 MELINDA JOHNSTON UNC Charlotte professor James Conrad's office is crawling with robotic bugs. Conrad, who teaches computer engineering, has a special affinity for "Stiquito", a robot bug that bears a strong resemblance to the real six-legged stick bug. What good is a robot bug? Stiquito is used to introduce high school and college students to robotics and the fields of mechanical, electrical, and computer engineering. Conrad has sold Stiquito books, kits, a ...


Crucial Factors Affecting Cooperative Multirobot Learning By Poj Tangamchit 1 John M. Dolan 2 Pradeep K. Khosla 1,2 Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering 1, The Robotics Institute 2 Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave. Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems 2003, October, 2003. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract The effectiveness of multirobot learning in achieving optimal, cooperati ...


Crucial Factors Affecting Decentralized Multirobot Learning in an Object Manipulation Task By Poj Tangamchit 1 John M. Dolan 2 Pradeep K. Khosla 1,2 Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering 1, The Robotics Institute 2 Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave. Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA ACM/SIGART Workshop on Agent Swarm Programming 2003 (WASP'03), September, 2003. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Decentralized multirobot learning refers to the ...


CSIRO robots in MIT deal May 26, 2005 Chris Jenkins The Australian AUSTRALIAN-designed robots may soon be doing the dirty work at mines around the world, thanks to a new partnership between the CSIRO and the prestigious Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the US, better known as MIT. The agreement, announced yesterday at the CeBIT technology trade show in Sydney, had formalised the friendly relations between the two institutions, said Peter Corke, research director for the CSIRO's aut ...


Cutting-edge robotics head for battle May 19, 2005 By Kristin Wilson The Sentinel Robots are changing the way today's military forces fight wars, provide medical attention to soldiers in the field and develop intelligence against the enemy. Examples of just some of the cutting-edge technologies that are making their way onto today's battlefields were on display Wednesday at Carlisle Barracks. The aerial, ground and bunker-hole devices all have similar missions — to defeat enemy forces whil ...


Cyclops first to enter eye of storm By Ben Caddaye Australian Department of Defense News WHEN No. 382 Expeditionary Combat Support Squadron’s Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Section is called on to cope with a potentially hazardous situation, one member of the team is often sent in first to do the dirty work. But you’ll never hear any complaints. The EOD Section’s Mark 4D “Cyclops” EOD robot is specifically designed for circumstances where the risk to personnel may be too great. The EOD ...


Dances With Robots May 9, 2005 By Christian Caryl, Newsweek International MSNBC News Norihiro Hagita recently put a 3-year-old girl and her mother into a room with a robot and kept them there for two hours. At first, the girl and the robot chatted and played. When the robot asked her to give him a hug, she happily complied. But after a time the two of them ran out of new things to do, and the little girl plopped down on the floor for a nap. The robot waited to make sure the girl had truly lo ...


FCW.com Aug. 19, 2004 BY Frank Tiboni Officials at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) awarded a $1 billion contract to an industry team led by Northrop Grumman Corp. to build three robotic reconnaissance aircraft and a computer operating system to help fly them for the Air Force and the Navy. The Joint Unmanned Combat Air System (J-UCAS) marks the first program to develop an unmanned aerial vehicle flown by both services. The X-47B will fly 1,500 nautical miles carrying 4 ...


The Register By Ashlee Vance in Chicago Published Monday 17th May 2004 19:04 GMT Fresh off the failure of the first Grand Challenge robot race, DARPA has decided to double the prize money for a second event to be held next year. DARPA quietly slipped word of the now $2m prize on the Grand Challenge web site. At present, the cash award is the only definite detail for the second running of the robots. DARPA is expected to begin rolling out more information on how long the course will be and ho ...


FCW.com October 13, 2004 BY Frank Tiboni Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency officials awarded a $766.7 million contract to Boeing Co. to continue work on the X-45C Joint Unmanned Combat Air Systems (J-UCAS) that will fly in demonstration tests in 2007. J-UCAS will consist of communications, navigation and sensor systems designed to evade enemy radar. Air Force and Navy warfighters will use the robotic aircraft to spy in enemies' airspace and jam their air defense systems. The contr ...


Gizmo One of the most interesting entries in the recent DARPA GRAND CHALLENGE was an autonomous motorcycle entered by the GhostRider Robot team, headed by 23 year old Anthony Levandowski and is Berkeley University’s official entry. Levandowski, is a serial entrepreneur at just 23 years of age and has invested a lot of his own money in getting the project up. We spoke with Anthony prior to the event and subsequent to the event to see what he’d learned. Gizmo: What did you learn? We learned a ...


FCW.com April 19, 2004 By Frank Tiboni Ron Brachman's curiosity about robots programmed to think on their own dates back to his childhood in New Jersey. It was the 1960s, "Star Trek" first appeared on television and putting a man on the moon became a remarkable reality. When he was in high school, Brachman and his father, an electrical engineer, built a robot equipped with a light and photo sensor that allowed it to follow a taped line on the floor of his basement, even in darkness. He beca ...


DARPA's Debacle in the Desert June 2004 By Joseph Hooper Popular Science Behind the scenes at the DARPA Grand Challenge, the 142-mile robot race that died at mile 7 When last we visited with the men and women, the boys and girls, the Red Teams and Blue Teams and Road Warriors of the DARPA Grand Challenge off-road robotics race, back in March, we signed off on a note of authentic ambivalence. The teams themselves were all over the map, from rehearsing victory speeches to praying the ...


The Register By Ashlee Vance in Chicago Published Saturday 13th March 2004 23:14 GMT The $1 million Grand Challenge ended with a dull thud on Saturday as not one robot vehicle came close to completing the 142 mile course in the Mojave Desert. Seven miles was the best any team could muster with both the Red Team out of Carnegie Mellon University and SciAutonics II out of Thousand Oaks, California reaching that distance. Most of the 15 teams in the field failed to go more than a few hundred ya ...


DARPA's Grand Challenge... Robotics Race or Components Race? May 10, 2004 By David Duke Robotics Trends Sensors are key enabling components for advanced robotics applications. In many ways, sensor component technology is driving the robotics market, especially as the demands on robotics applications become greater and the "reach" robotics applications extends beyond manufacturing and assembly environments. But are sensors driving the robotics market, or is it the other way around? The DARP ...


Data-mining approach to production control in the computer-integrated testing cell February 2004 Choonjong Kwak Yuehwem Yih, Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, USA IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 1 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper presents a data-mining-based production control approach for the testing and rework cell in a dynamic computer-integrated man ...


DAYTIME WATER DETECTION BY FUSING MULTIPLE CUES FOR AUTONOMOUS OFF-ROAD NAVIGATION 2004 A. L. Rankin*, L. H. Matthies, and A. Huertas ASC ABSTRACT Detecting water hazards is a significant challenge to unmanned ground vehicle autonomous off-road navigation. This paper focuses on detecting the presence of water during the daytime using color cameras. A multi-cue approach is taken. Evidence of the presence of water is generated from color, texture, and the detection of reflections in stereo ran ...


Decentralized Algorithms for Multi-Robot Manipulation via Caging July-August 2004 G.A.S. Pereira, M.F.M. Campos, VERLab–Vision and Robotics Laboratory, DCC, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG 31270-010 Brazil and V. Kumar GRASP Laboratory, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6228, USA International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 7/8- Publication Date: 1 July-August 2004 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view th ...


Deep-Sea HD TV LieScience.com January 18, 2005 Robert Roy Britt The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is converting a 224-foot Navy ship into a science research vessel that will produce high-definition video from the bottom of the sea. The USNS Capable will be the only ship with a dedicated science-class deep-ocean robot, or remotely-operated vehicle, or ROV, officials said this week. In the image above, a similar ROV inspects the Titanic. In the new setup, a tow sle ...


Quad-City Times October 30, 2004 By Craig Cooper . Science fiction writers have long been fascinated by the idea of wars being waged by machines rather than humans. . That isn’t possible yet, but machines are taking over some hazardous and mundane duties in Iraq and a joint agreement between Deere & Co. and iRobot could further eliminate some of the fiction and leave the science in the future. . In the next three years, the heavy duty M-Gator military version of Deere’s versatile Gator ...


Defence robotic submarine applies data to mines Computerworld 25/11/2004 Julian Bajkowski, Datamining of a different kind got a more than a dry run this week, with the Defence Science and Technology Organization (DSTO) pitting the skills of programmers guiding an unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV) against a series of dummy sea mines. Conducted in waters off the Victorian town of Portland, the series of trials tested a range of technology applications of DSTO's UUV Wayamba. These included ...


Defense contractors pin hopes on pilotless aircraft June 19, 2005 BY KATIE FAIRBANK projo.com PARIS -- Unmanned aircraft just keep getting more popular. They can be cheap. They don't risk life and limb of flight crews. And they seem to get the job done. As the darling of the reconnaissance and intelligence-gathering world, unmanned aerial vehicles, known as UAVs, are on everyone's wish list. The U.S. Army, Air Force, Marines, Coast Guard and spy agencies are looking at different UAV progr ...


Defense Dept. funds Carnegie Mellon battle robot ZDNet February 14, 2005 By Michael Kanellos The U.S. Department of Defense has awarded $26.4 million to Carnegie Mellon University and United Defense Industries to more fully develop their robotic military vehicle prototype, code-named Gladiator. The Defense Department wants a third of all battle vehicles to be unmanned by 2010. The robot is primarily designed for reconnaissance missions, and thus is similar to a robot being developed by John Deere and iRobot. Other robots, such as the Talon which will be soon deployed in Iraq, is used in a more offensive capacity. It comes with a machine gun. The Talon drives itself, but a human (in a remote location) operates the gun.


Demand for Predators soars February 16, 2005 By Bruce V. Bigelow Sign On San Diego Sharply increased military demand for robotic aircraft has spurred San Diego's General Atomics Aeronautical Systems to significantly expand its ability to make the Predator unmanned plane. The company is obligated to build seven Predators this year under its current Pentagon contract, said Thomas Cassidy, Aeronautical Systems' president and chief executive. But in recent weeks, the Air Force has sought a ...


Technology Review By Gregory T. Huang July/August 2004 Stories about superhuman strength permeate popular culture from Atlas to Zeus, Superman to Schwarzenegger. But now, says University of Utah robotics expert Stephen Jacobsen, it’s time to deliver in the real world. With funding from the U.S. Department of Defense, Jacobsen’s Salt Lake City-based company, Sarcos, has built a robotic suit that does just that. A person wearing this powered “exoskeleton” on his or her legs can carry massive lo ...


DEPLOYING AIR-GROUND MULTI-ROBOT TEAMS IN URBAN ENVIRONMENTS By L. Chaimowicz, A. Cowley, D. Gomez-Ibanez, B. Grocholsky, M. A.Hsieh, H. Hsu, J. F. Keller, V. Kumar, R. waminathan, C. J. Taylor; GRASP Laboratory – University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia – PA – USA 2005 Multirobot Workshop, Washington DC Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We present some of the work performed in the GRASP Laboratory with the objective of deploying multi-robot teams in u ...


Deployment and Connectivity Repair of a Sensor Net with a Flying Robot P. Corke1 and S. Hrabar2 and R. Peterson3 and D. Rus4 and S. Saripalli2 and G. Sukhatme2 1 CSIRO ICT Centre Australia 2 Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA 3 Dartmouth Computer Science Department, Hanover, NH 03755 USA, 4 Computer Science and Articial Intelligence Laboratory, MIT, Cambridge MA 02139, USA 9th International Symposium on Experimental Ro ...


Policeone.com 04/23/2004 Art Campos, He stands 4 feet tall, weighs 450 pounds and has one arm and four "eyes." He has no fear of bombs, guns, knives or poisons. This unnamed character is the Placer County Sheriff Department's new bomb robot, designed to approach explosives, roll into houses where an armed suspect might be hiding and send clear visual images to deputies monitoring a television screen. A $170,000 federal grant awarded for homeland security allowed Placer to buy the mechanical ...


Deriving Action and Behavior Primitives from Human Motion Data By Odest C. Jenkins and Maja J. Mataric´ Robotics Research Lab, University of California, Los Angeles IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IROS), Lausanne, Switzerland, Oct 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract: We address the problem of creating basis behaviors for modularizing humanoid robot control and representing human activity. These behaviors, call ...


Dermarob: A safe robot for reconstructive surgery October 2003 Dombre, E. Duchemin, G. Poignet, P. Pierrot, F., LIRMM, Montpellier, France IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 19, Issue: 5 On page(s): 876- 884 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper presents a novel and safe robotic system for skin harvesting, the first one in reconstructive surgery. It is intended to s ...


Desert derby to find top battlefield bot March 10, 2004 By Marsha Walton CNN $1 million at end of 210- mile race of unmanned vehicles CNN) -- A million bucks. That's the prize waiting at the finish line of a race fueled by stiff competition and the government's search for a better robot. Out of 25 teams invited to build unmanned vehicles for this week's race, only 20 made it to a qualifying racetrack in Fontana, California. The teams will be put through the paces, making sure they mee ...


Desert Hawk - Mini UAV Goes Operational April 2003 By Eric Hehs Code One Magazine The Desert Hawk, a small unmanned aerial vehicle, could pass as something pulled off the shelf at your local Toys-R-Us. The seven-pound airplane is constructed of a white Styrofoam-like material. Velcro tabs secure the tail to the fuselage. The aircraft launches into the air with a long bungee cord. A top speed of fifty knots, maximum altitude of 500 feet, range of ten kilometers, and endurance of about one hou ...


Desert Hawk aids deployed members Jul. 30, 2003 By Jeanne Grimes AFMC News Service TINKER AIR FORCE BASE, Okla. (AFMCNS) — It launches with a bungee cord and looks like it’s made of Styrofoam, but security force pilots using it say its ability to transmit real-time images is critical for base security. In fact, three deployed members of the 72nd Security Forces Squadron swear by their “Desert Hawk” and the technology behind it. “It’s a force multiplier,” said Master Sgt. Randy Morningstar, ...


Desert Hawk UAV patrols Tallil Air Force Link 2/07/05 by Master Sgt. Terry J. Nelson Airmen of the 407th Expeditionary Security Forces Squadron here are using a miniature UAV called a “Desert Hawk” that provides an extra set of eyes in the sky, gathering information and identifying threats. The small, 7-pound remote control-led aircraft is used by security forces Airmen and is currently part of the Air Force’s force protection airborne surveillance system. It has a four-foot wingspan and ca ...


Design and control of a mobile hyper-redundant urban search and rescue robot Authors: Wolf, Alon; Choset, Howard H.; Brown, Benjamin H.; Casciola, Randall W. Source: Advanced Robotics, Volume 19, Number 3, March 2005, pp. 221-248(28) Publisher: VSP Abstract: In this work we introduce a new concept of a search and rescue robotic system that is composed of a hyper-redundant robot (HRR) which is mounted on a mobile base. This system is capable not only of inspecting areas reachable by the m ...


Design and control of a novel 4-DOFs parallel robot H4 September 2003 By Choi, H.B. Company, O. Pierrot, F. Konno, A. Shibukawa, T. Uchiyama, M.; Dept. of Aeronaut. & Space Eng., Tohoku Univ., Sendai, Japan Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper deals with the design and dynamic control simulation of ...


Design and Implementation of the Robotic Platform January 2004 Authors: Loffler M.S.1; Chitrakaran V.2; Dawson D.M Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers Abstract: The diversity of robotic research areas along with the complex requirements of hardware and software for robotic systems have always presented a challenge for system developers. Many past robot control platforms were complex, expensive, and not very user friendly. Even though several of the previous platforms were designed to pro ...


Design and Use Paradigms for Gazebo, An Open-Source Multi-Robot Simulator By Nathan Koenig, Andrew Howard, Robotics Research Labs, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0721, USA IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), Sendai, Japan, Sep 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract—Simulators have played a critical role in robotics research as tools for quickly and efficiently testing new concepts, strateg ...


Design for robust component synthesis vibration suppression of flexible structures with on-off actuators June 2004 Jinjun Shan Dong Sun Dun Liu, Dept. of Manuf. Eng. & Eng. Manage., City Univ. of Hong Kong, China IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 3 On page(s): 512- 525 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper presents a development of component synthesis vibrat ...


DESIGN OF A HIGH IMPACT SURVIVABLE ROBOT By Daniel O'Halloran Carnegie & Howie Choset Ph D Carnegie Mellon University Mechanical Engineering Bennett Conference April 11 2003 Pittsburgh PA Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT This paper presents a design for a two wheeled mobile robot platform that has high survivability when subjected to large impact forces and general rough handling The design of the drive transmission system and integrated suspension ...


Design of the continuous symbol space for the intelligent robots using the dynamics-based information processing May 2004 Okada, M. Nakamura, Y., Dept. of Mechano-Inf., Tokyo Univ., Japan ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Volume 4 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In this paper, we design a continuous symbol space using a dynamics-based information processing s ...


Design Your Own Robot May 2005 By Joe Brown Popular Science Accompanying the Vex Robotics kit, featured in this month’s What’s New section [page 24], is the Vex Robotics Design System’s Inventor’s Guide. The guide is more than just a stapled pamphlet with instructions on how to build a cookie-cutter robot. It introduces and explains basic engineering concepts relating to the Vex system, penned under direction from the Carnegie Mellon University’s Robotics Institute. Follow the link to ch ...


DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND FIELD DEMONSTRATION OF EXPLORER: A LONG-RANGE UNTETHERED LIVE GASLINE INSPECTION ROBOT SYSTEM October 1, 2003 By Hagen Schempf Office of Scientific & Technical Information Abstract This program is undertaken in order to construct and field-demonstrate 'EXPLORER', a modular, remotely controllable, self-powered, untethered robot system for the inspection of live gas distribution 150 mm (6- inch) to 200 mm (8-inch) diameter mains. The modular design of the system all ...


Designers ruthless in bid for competitive edge March 5, 2004 by Martha Thorn dcmilitary.com It has the strength of a weight lifter, the build of a linebacker and it loves to play ball. A cooperative effort between eight midshipmen and about 25 students from Severn School, Broadneck High School and Severna Park High School, the robot, Das Goat 165, will be competing against other robots at the academy March 18 - 20. In the two-minute competition, the Das Goat team has everything timed do ...


Designing A Flexible Robot Cover All Oct 23, 2003 SpaceDaily.com The skin of a robot has to fulfil two apparently opposing needs: it must be elastic enough to lend the robot human-like dexterity, and yet carry enough wiring to allow it to sense its environment. If engineers connect the robot's sensors to metal wires these will break when the skin stretches. An emerging answer might be to embed a broad corrugated metal film in an elastic covering instead. In an article appearing in this week ...


Designing a Low-cost, Expressive Educational Robot By Thomas Hsiu, Steve Richards, Ajinkya Bhave§, Andres Perez-Bergquist§, Illah Nourbakhsh, The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 In Proceedings of IROS 2003, Las Vegas Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract The Trikebot is the result of a ground-up design effort chartered to develop an effective and low-cost educational robot for secondary level education and home use. This ...


Designs of the Future In future designs the team plans to use optic flow, which detects changes in the robot's field of view image. Optic flow works by comparing these changes from one video frame to another. For example, if an object is seen to be getting larger from frame to frame, the robot can deduce that it is getting closer to the object. "Another thing we can do with vision is motion detection," says Dave Smith, a lead artificial intelligence engineer. "We keep the robot still for a few ...


Designing Robots That can Reason and React May 26, 2003 SpaceDaily.com In a large room in Georgia Tech's College of Computing, Thomas Collins is tweaking the behavior of a machine. Around him stand a gaggle of robots, some with trash can figures, others resembling miniature all-terrain vehicles. They appear to be merely functional, plodding pieces of equipment. But these unlikely contraptions can "think" in the sense that they can react to and reason about their environment. Collins, a seni ...


Detecting Moving Objects using a Single Camera on a Mobile Robot in an Outdoor Environment By Boyoon Jung and Gaurav S. Sukhatme, Robotic Embedded Systems Laboratory, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, Department of Computer Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781 International Conference on Intelligent Autonomous Systems (IAS), pages 980-987, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Mar 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract. ...


Detection and Tracking of External Features in an Urban Environment Using an Autonomous Helicopter By Luis O. Mej´as 1, Srikanth Saripalli 2, Gaurav S. Sukhatme 2 and Pascual Campoy Cervera 1. 1 DISAM-Universidad Polit´ecnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain 2 Robotic Embedded Systems Laboratory, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA To appear in IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2005. Please visit the web ...


Determination of Singularities in Delta-Like Manipulators January 2004 Raffaele Di Gregorio Department of Engineering, University of Ferrara, Via Saragat,1, 44100 Ferrara, Italy International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 01 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. The DELTA robot and the manipulators derived from the DELTA robot are a relevant class of translational manipulators. In this paper, the mobility analysis of these parall ...


Determination of the optimal geometry of modular parallel robots September 2003 By Merlet, J.-P. , INRIA, France Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract Modular parallel robots are mechanisms which can adapt their geometry according to the task to be performed, usually by changing the location of the attachment points of ...


Determining the bodily motion of a biomimetic underwater vehicle under oscillating propulsion Sept. 2003 By Jenhwa Guo Forng-Chen Chiu Chih-Chieh Chen Yueh-Sheng Ho; Dept. of Eng. Sci. & Ocean Eng., Nat. Taiwan Univ., Taipei, Taiwan Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract The paper describes a biomimetic autono ...


Developing detailed a priori 3D models of large environments to aid in robotic navigation tasks April 2004 Brad Grinstead*, Andreas Koschan, Mongi A. Abidi Imaging, Robotics, and Intelligent Systems Laboratory 334 Ferris Hall Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering The University of Tennessee Proc. SPIE Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology VI, vol. 5422, Orlando, FL, USA, pp. 561-568, April 2004. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT In order to ef ...


Development and control of autonomous, biped locomotion using efficient modeling, simulation, and optimization techniques September 2003 By Hardt, M. von Stryk, O. Wollherr, D. Buss, M.; Simulation & Syst. Optimization Group, Technische Univ. Darmstadt, Germany Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract Methods for mod ...


Development and Deployment of a Line of Sight Virtual Sensor for Heterogeneous Teams By Robert Grabowski, Pradeep Khosla, and Howie Choset; Carnegie Mellon University, Electrical and Computer Engineering and Mechanical Engineering Department 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics & Automation, New Orleans, LA April 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract For a team of cooperating robots, geometry plays a vital role in operation. Knowledge of ...


Development of a Robot with a Sense of Self June 27-30, 2005 By K. Kawamura, W. Dodd, P. Ratanaswasd and R. A. Gutierrez Center for Intelligent Systems, Vanderbilt University 6th IEEE International Symposium on Computational Intelligence in Robotics and Automation (CIRA), Espoo, Finland Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper describes our efforts to develop a robot with a sense of self using a multiagent-based cognitive architecture and control w ...


Development of a Soccer-Playing Dynamically-Balancing Mobile Robot By Brett Browning, Paul Rybski, Jeremy Searock, and Manuela Veloso, Carnegie Mellon University, School of Computer Science, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, USA Proceedings of International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA'04), May, 2004. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In this paper, we make two contributions. First, we present a new domain, called Segway Soccer, for invest ...


Development of a Tethered Epicardial Crawler for Minimally Invasive Cardiac Therapies By Nicholas A. Patronik1, Marco A. Zenati2, and Cameron N. Riviere1 The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA1, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA2 IEEE 30th Annual Northeast Bioengineering Conference, IEEE, April, 2004, pp. 239-240 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper describes the developmen ...


DEVELOPMENT OF AN INSPECTION PLATFORM AND A SUITE OR SENSORS FOR ASSESSING CORROSION AND MECHANICAL DAMAGE ON UNPIGGABLE TRANSMISSION MAINS February 1, 2004 By George C. Vradis Office of Scientific and Technical Information Description/Abstract This development program is a joint effort among the Northeast Gas Association (formerly New York Gas Group), Foster-Miller, Inc., GE Oil& Gas (PII), and the US Department of Energy (DOE) through the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). Th ...


Development of Mine Hands: Extended Prodder for Protected Demining Operation May 2005 Authors: Furihata, Naota 1; Hirose, Shigeo Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers Abstract: The over 100 million landmines and unexploded ordnance (UXO) are buried in disaster-affected countries. Although significant efforts have been made at addressing this problem, few have resulted in practical removal tools, especially in the hazardous, yet essential, LV-3 survey. We propose a mechanical master-slave ...


Development of remote microsurgery robot and new surgical procedure for deep and narrow space September 2003 By Ikuta, K. Yamamoto, K. Sasaki, K.; Dept. of Micro Syst. Eng., Nagoya Univ., Japan Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract We developed both new operation procedure and new robot system for remote micro surge ...


Developmental Learning: A Case Study in Understanding “Object Permanence” 2004 Yi Chen and JuyangWeng, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Michigan State University Proceedings Fourth International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics: Modeling Cognitive Development in Robotic Systems 117, pages pp. 35-42, Genoa, Italy. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract The concepts of muddy environment and muddy tasks set the ground for us to understand the ess ...


Developmental Stages of Perception and Language Acquisition in a Perceptually Grounded Robot 2004 Peter Ford Dominey and Jean-David Boucher, Institut des Sciences Cognitives, CNRS, 67 Blvd. Pinel, 69675 Bron Cedex, France Proceedings Fourth International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics: Modeling Cognitive Development in Robotic Systems 117, pages pp. 43-50, Genoa, Italy. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract The objective of this research is to develop a s ...


Dexterous robot conquers art of origami May 25, 2004 By Will Knight NewScientist A robot that can make delicate paper models using the ancient Japanese art of origami has been developed by a US student. Origami involves folding and sometimes tearing paper to build three dimensional models of animals, people and other objects. It may be relatively simple for a skilled human to make such paper structures, but origami is a new challenge for robots. This is because robots are normally require ...


Differential GPS and odometry-based outdoor navigation of a mobile robot July 2004 Authors: Ohno K.; Tsubouchi T.; Shigematsu B.; Yuta S. Publisher: VSP Abstract: This paper describes outdoor navigation for a mobile robot by using differential GPS (DGPS) and odometry in a campus walkway environment. The robot position is estimated by fusion of DGPS and odometry. The GPS receiver measures its position by radio waves from GPS satellites. The error of GPS measurement data increases near high ...


Digital Advances Produce Improved Unmanned Aerial Vehicles May 2, 2005 By Gerry J. Gilmore DefenseLINK News WASHINGTON, May 2, 2005 – One day on a gray-painted aircraft carrier tossed by turbulent seas, a grizzled Navy commander awaits the arrival of a new pilot. A teeny knock pings from the outside of the officer's watertight steel door. "Come in," the commander growls. The door swings open and a squat, cylindrical object negotiates itself over the threshold and then trundles into the o ...


Direct Plane Tracking in Stereo Image for Mobile Navigation By Jason Corso, Darius Burschka, and Gregory D. Hager; Computational Interaction and Robotics Laboratory The Johns Hopkins University Baltimore MD Proceedings of International Conference on Robotics and Automation, pages 875-880, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We present a novel plane tracking algorithm based on the direct update of surface parameters from two stereo images. The plane ...


Directional Audio Beacon Deployment: an Assistive Multi-Robot Application April 2004 By Dylan A. Shell and Maja J. Mataric; Interaction Laboratory Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, Department of Computer Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), New Orleans, LA Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper addresses the problem of directional audio beacon deplo ...


Dispersion behaviors for a team of multiple miniature robots September 2003 By Pearce, J.L. Rybski, P.E. Stoeter, S.A. Papanikolopoulos, N.; Dept. of Comput. Sci.and Engineering, Minnesota Univ., Duluth, MN, USA Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract To safely and efficiently guide search and rescue operations in d ...


Distributed Control of Multi-Robot Systems Engaged in Tightly Coupled Tasks Year of Publication: 2004 Authors Terry L. Huntsberger Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA. Terry.Huntsberger@jpl.nasa.gov Ashitey Trebi-Ollennu Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA Hrand Aghazarian Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA Paul S. Schenker Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 4800 Oak Grove ...


Distributed Cooperative Outdoor Multirobot Localization and Mapping By RAJ MADHAVAN, Intelligent Systems Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD; KINGSLEY FREGENE, Honeywell Laboratories, 3660 Technology Drive, Minneapolis, MN 55418, USA; and LYNNE E. PARKER, Department of Computer Science, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-3450, USA Autonomous Robots 17, 23–39, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract. The ...


B. Zimmel, M. Long, J. Carlson, R. Murphy, also to appear in 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2004. Abstract The implementations of a distributed, autonomous error handler (EH) and a human-robot interface (HRI) are presented. The interface is combined with the EH to allow a human operator to see that a failure has occurred on a robot and whether or not it has been served by the EH. An experiment was run to test how well the EH and the interface work together, as well as the usefulness of the EH. The results were inconclusive, although the EH and interface worked together successfully. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety.


Distributed Multi-Agent Diagnosis and Recovery from Sensor Failures By Matthew T Long and Robin R Murphy, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of South Florida Lynne E Parker. Department of Computer Science University of Tennessee Center for Robot Assisted Search & Rescue, University of South Florida Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper presents work extending previous research in sensor fault, tolerance, classification, ...


Distributed Multi-Robot Localization By S.I. Roumeliotis and G.A. Bekey IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Oct. 2002 Abstract In this paper we present a new approach to the problem of simultaneously localizing a group of mobile robots capable of sensing each other. Each of the robots collects sensor data regarding its own motion and shares this information with the rest of the team during the update cycles. A single estimator, in the form of a Kalman filter, processes the availabl ...


Distributed Multi-Robot Task Allocation through Vacancy Chains March 2004 By Torbjrn S. Dahl, Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI), Postboks 25, 2027 Kjeller, Norway; Maja J. Mataric and Gaurav S. Sukhatme, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, University of Southern California 941 West 37th Place, Los Angeles, California 90089-0781 Submitted to Autonomous Robots Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Existing multi-robot task allocation ...


Distributed Planning and Control for Modular Robots with Unit-Compressible Modules September 2003 Z. Butler and D. Rus Department of Computer Science, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755-3510, USA International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 22 Issue 9 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. Self-reconfigurable robots are versatile systems consisting of large numbers of independent modules. Effective use of these systems requires parallel a ...


PR Newswire - National Center for Defense Robotics selects first six projects for funding - Projects made possible by federal funding supported by Congressman Doyle PITTSBURGH, Oct. 6 /PRNewswire/ -- The Robotics Foundry, an independent, non-profit economic development organization, today announced that its National Center for Defense Robotics (NCDR) operation has awarded $800,000 to several regional companies and universities to execute six, defense-related, "agile robotics" techno ...


DNA robot takes its first steps 06 May 2004 Jenny Hogan, Boston Exclusive from New Scientist Print Edition A microscopic biped with legs just 10 nanometres long and fashioned from fragments of DNA has taken its first steps. The nanowalker is being hailed as a major breakthrough by nanotechnologists. The biped's inventors, chemists Nadrian Seeman and William Sherman of New York University, say that while many scientists have been trying to build nanoscale devices capable of bipedal motion, t ...


Do Androids Dream of First Amendment Rights? February 2002 By Brad Wieners AlterNet A Net-controlled robot reporter from MIT may be headed for Afghanistan -- to get the kind of scoop Pentagon doesn't want human journalists to have. "Have you seen Rambo III?" Chris Csikszentmihalyi asks over the phone from his office at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "I went to Blockbuster to see what movies they had on Afghanistan, and it was the only one I could find. It's amazing to watch now ...


RT: How did you come to the idea of developing a robotic vacuum cleaner? CA: Actually it was pretty easy. For example, when we formed the company and spoke to people, the response was invariably “When are you going to build a robot that can clean my floor?” To the average person faced with robots, they think of Rosie the Robot from the Jetsons. They want robots that can do work around the house. The problem was that we did not know how to make a floor vacuuming robot for anywhere near the cost ...


Government Computer News 04/29/04 By Susan M. Menke GCN Staff The Defense Department already has about 70 robots on bomb disposal duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, and the Joint Robotics Office in the Office of the Secretary is preparing to buy 163 more for about $18 million, at the request of Central Command. Cliff Hudson, head of the joint office, said today that DOD will “down-select from five models to one or two for the field, based on operational assessments” by soldiers. Speaking at ...


E-Health Insider 11 Jun 2004 From automated call-centre systems to car assembly factories, it seems that wherever you look, a robot is waiting to take a human's job. Now, in Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, a robot does the rounds instead of a doctor. Charmingly, with its beige frontage, retro TV screen and pointy antennae, Dr Robot (pictured) wouldn't look completely out of place in a second-hand electrical store. The project is the brainchild of Dr Louis Kavoussi, professor of urology ...


Dogs And Robots Share NIST Special Test Arena April 21, 2005 ScienceDaily.com Bomb and drug sniffing dogs are regular visitors to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) for training, not for emergency work. Every month as many as 10 to 20 dogs and their handlers from federal agencies as well as from local county and municipal police departments visit the arenas that NIST uses to test and evaluate urban search and rescue and explosive ordnance disposal robots. The arenas re ...


Doing it with robots e4engineering.com April 29, 2004 By Christopher Sell Earlier this month, Warwick University hosted the first- ever UK Robot Football Championships where, ahead of thissummer's European Robot Football Championships in Munich, rival robots equipped with cutting edge technology were pitted against each other. While an entertaining application of a technology, this competition clearly demonstrates the progress made in the field of intelligent systems. Robotic ability in rea ...


Domo Arigato, Doctor Roboto February 14, 2005 By Karen Epper Hoffman TechnologyReview.com It's a routine that anyone who's been hospitalized will be familiar: the doctor rounds. But for a smattering of patients recovering at a handful of hospitals across the country, including Johns Hopkins Medical Center in Baltimore and the University of California at Davis Medical Center in Sacramento, the experience is taking a decidedly high-tech turn as the patients come face to face with the brave ne ...


Dr Robot is a total success November 17, 2004 News.com.au SURGERY became art this month when doctors at the Royal Adelaide Hospital used the $3 million da Vinci robot for the first time. In a complex procedure, the director of urology, Dr Peter Sutherland used the robot to remove a cancerous prostate from patient Robert Hogan. The da Vinci robot, guided by Dr Sutherland, conducted the keyhole surgery perfectly – and for Mr Hogan that meant less blood loss, less post-operative pain, a swifte ...


Dragon Runner Mobile Ground Sensor U.S. Joint Forces Command Dragon Runner is a small, four-wheeled, rear-wheel drive, front-wheel steer, man-portable mobile ground sensor designed to increase situational awareness. It will give tactical Marine units the capability to “see around the corner” in an urban environment. Dragon Runner is part of the Marine Corps Warfighting Lab's Project RSTA, an effort to develop a reconnaissance, surveillance and target acquisition network of sensors that portray ...


Driverless Car July 7, 2005 By Blair Johnson KVAL 13 A group from Oregon State University has developed a driver-less car that could help the school win a $2 million prize. At first glance, it looks like a dune buggy. "We felt like we had an ideal platform because of this mini-baja car which was an award winner in off-road manned competition," said Dr. Belinda Batten from OSU's School of Engineering. But the Oregon "Willamette Autonomous Vehicles Enterprise" or WAVE Runner is different. ...


Driverless Hummer struts its stuff May 06, 2005 By Byron Spice Pittsburgh Post-Gazette The red Hummer drove forward about 50 yards, cut left, then right and drove straight for another hundred yards or so, avoiding a couple of plastic garbage cans in its path. Fancier, death-defying driving no doubt was then being displayed on the Parkway West, but for more than 100 people gathered at the former LTV site in Hazelwood yesterday morning, this simple maneuver merited a round of applause. This ...


Driving Rovers a Very Slow Task for Engineers February 17, 2004 Copyright 2004 Marin Independent Journal, a MediaNews Group Publication John Wright, a member of the technical staff at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, uses 3-D liquid crystal goggles while planning the day's activities for Spirit. Each six-wheel-drive rover travels at less than one-tenth of a mile per hour - hardly a fast clip. Regardless, driving Spirit and Opportunity is as racy a job as any on the $820 million mission, say ...


Drone School, a Ground's-Eye View May 27, 2005 By Noah Shachtman Wired News FORT HUACHUCA, Arizona -- The loping, wooden barracks here look pretty much the same as they did in the 1880s, when soldiers marched off to chase Geronimo and his Apache guerillas. From the open, double-story porches, you can still see the adobe home where commanders planned one of the U.S. Army's final cavalry charges on horseback, 30 years after that. Just five miles away, on a lonely airstrip on the base's northw ...


Drones See, Smell Evil From Above Mar. 24, 2003 By Noah Shachtman Wired News The generals have their drones. Now soldiers in the field are getting robotic spies of their own. The newest drone in the U.S. military's growing robotic arsenal looks like an Apollo-era model rocket, and is small enough to fit in a golf bag. So it probably isn't going to make Saddam Hussein quiver in his bunker. But the Silver Fox unmanned aircraft could prove useful to military commanders on the ground in Ir ...


Drugs delivered by robots in the blood October 1, 2004 By Will Knight, Sendai NewScientist.com A microscopic swimming robot unveiled by Chinese scientists could eventually be used for drug delivery or to clear arteries in humans, say researchers. The 3 millimetre-long triangular machine was constructed by Tao Mei of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, and colleagues from the University of Science and Technology of China. The craft is propelled using an external magnetic field which ...


Duke Robot Climbs to Victory in Madrid November 4, 2004 PhysOrg.com A wall-climbing, book-sized autonomous vehicle made by a Duke University team drove up a challenging vertical course to win first prize in an international competition Sept. 22-24 in Madrid. The student competition was part of the seventh annual International Conference on Climbing and Walking Robots. Jason Janet, an adjunct professor in Duke’s electrical and computer engineering department and faculty advisor on the robo ...


Dynamic behaviors for a hybrid leg-wheel mobile platform By C. Steeves1, M. Buehler1, S.G. Penzes2 1McGill University, Center for Intelligent Machines, Ambulatory Robotics Lab, 3480 University Street, Montreal, QC, Canada, H3A 2A7 2Defence R&D Canada, Defence Research Establishment Suffield (DRES), Box 4000 Medicine Hat, AB, Canada T1A 8K6 Proc. SPIE, 2002, Vol. 4715, pp 75-86, Orlando, April 2-3, 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT A hybrid platfo ...


Dynamic preshaping for a robot driven by a single wire September 2003 By Higashimori, M. Kaneko, M. Ishikawa, M.; Graduate Sch. of Eng., Hiroshima Univ., Japan Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract Dynamic preshaping is important for high speed capturing robot to catch a moving object successfully. This paper discus ...


Dynamic Proxies and Haptic Constraints By G¨unter Niemeyer and Probal Mitra, Telerobotics Lab, Stanford University Presented at ICRA: Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation, April 26 - May 1, 2004, New Orleans, Louisiana Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Summary Haptic simulations strive to provide users with realistic renditions of virtual environments but often struggle to display convincing rigid constraints or impacts. They generally utilize a proxy represent ...


Dynamic Proxy Objects in Haptic Simulations By Probal Mitra and Gunter Niemeyer, Telerobotics Lab, Stanford University Presented at IEEE Conference on Robotics, Automation, and Mechatronics (RAM), December 1 - 3, 2004, Singapore. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Haptic simulations aim to provide users with realistic renditions of increasingly complex virtual environments. These may involve multiple users, multiple hands, and complex virtual tools. For ...


Dynamic sliding PID control for tracking of robot manipulators: theory and experiments December 2003 Parra-Vega, V. Arimoto, S. Yun-Hui Liu Hirzinger, G. Akella, P., Mechatronics Div.-CINVESTAV, Mexico City, Mexico IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 19, Issue: 6 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract For a class of robot arms, a proportional-derivative (PD) controller plus grav ...


DYNAMIC WAYPOINT NAVIGATION USING VORONOI CLASSIFIER METHODS 2004 J. Overholt*, G. Hudas, G. Fiorani, M. Skalny, A. Tucker U.S. Army RDECOM-TARDEC Robotics Mobility Laboratory Warren, MI 48397-5000 ASC ABSTRACT This paper details the development of a dynamic waypoint navigation method which introduces and utilizes Voronoi classifiers as the control mechanism for an autonomous mobile robot. A Voronoi diagram may be generated by any finite set of points in a plane. For mobile robot control eac ...


Eat Your Heart Out, AIBO July 2004 By Jonathan Coulton| Popular Science Why buy a robot that follows a colored ball when you can spend hundreds of hours building your own? Dept.: You Built What?! Tech: Robot vision Cost: $200 Time: Many long nights It's midnight and I'm exhausted. For 200 hours, I've been caught in a mind-numbing loop: unplug, tweak code, compile, load, plug in, pause for sigh and brief prayer. Once again, I crouch on the floor and wave a pink ball in front of ...


Ecobot Eats Dead Flies for Fuel Dec. 15, 2004 By Lakshmi Sandhana Wired News Robots walk, robots talk and, soon, robots will eat, too. Researchers at the University of the West of England, Bristol, are working on creating autonomous robots that power themselves using substances found in the environment. Professors Chris Melhuish and John Greenman plan to give robots their very own guts -- artificial digestive systems and the corresponding metabolisms that will allow robots to digest food ...


Educational Results of the Personal Exploration Rover Museum Exhibit By Illah Nourbakhsh, Emily Hamner, and Brian Dunlavey, The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA, USA; Debra Bernstein and Kevin Crowley, Learning Research and Development Center University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA Submitted to ICRA-2005 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract The project described here is the third stage of the Personal Rover Project, whi ...


Effective Sampling and Distance Metrics for 3D Rigid Body Path Planning By James J. Kuffner, The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave., Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA & Digital Human Research Center, National Institute of Advanced, Science and Technology (AIST), 2-41-6 Aomi, Koto-ku, Tokyo, Japan 135-0064 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Important implementation issues in rigid body path planning are often overlooked. In particula ...


Effects of Visual Feedback Distortion for the Elderly and the Motor-Impaired in a Robotic Rehabilitation Environment May 2004 By Bambi R. Brewer*, Roberta Klatzky**, Yoky Matsuoka*,*** *Robotics Institute, **Psychology Department, ***Mechanical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA Proceedings of the 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA '04) Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In order to design a ro ...


Efficient Algorithms for the Identification of Potential Track/Observation Associations in Continuous Time Data February, 2005 By J.M. Kubica, A. Moore, A.J. Connolly, and R. Jedicke, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University tech. report CMU-RI-TR-05-10 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In this paper we examine the problem of spatial data association - identifying which track/observations pairs could feasibly be associated. Efficiently and accur ...


Efficient Construction of Globally Consistent Ladar Maps using Pose Network Topology and Nonlinear Programming By Alonzo Kelly and Ranjith Unnikrishnan, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 152133890 Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium of Robotics Research (ISRR '03), November, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Many instances of the mobile robot guidance mapping problem exhibit a topology that can be represente ...


Efficient Exploration Without Localization By Maxim A. Batalin and Gaurav S. Sukhatme, Robotic Embedded Systems Laboratory, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, Computer Science Department, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pages 2714-2719, Taipei, Taiwan, Sep 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract— We study the problem of exploring an unknown environment u ...


Simhon, S., and Dudek, G. 1998. Selecting targets for local reference frames. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), Leuven, Belgium, Vol. 4, pp. 2840–2845. Smith, R. C., and Cheeseman, P. 1986. On the representation and estimation of spatial uncertainty. International Journal of Robotics Research 5(4):56–68. Stroupe,A.W., Martin, M., and Balch,T. 2000. Merging Gaussian distributions for object localization in multi-robot systems. Proceedings of the ...


Efficient Monitoring for Planetary Rovers By Vandi Verma, Geoff Gordon, and Reid Simmons; Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 International Symposium on Artificial Intelligenceand Robotics in Space, May, 2003. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Planetary rovers operate in environments where human intervention is expensive, slow, unreliable, or impossible. It is therefore essential to monitor the behavior of these robots so that contingencies ...


Efficient Optimal Search of Euclidean-Cost Grids and Lattices By James J. Kuffner, The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave., Pittsburgh, PA 15213 and Digital Human Research Center, National Institute of Advanced, USA Science and Technology (AIST) Proc. IEEE/RSJ Int. Conf. on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS'04), IEEE, September, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We describe a simple technique to speed up optimal p ...


Efficient Optimal Search of Uniform-Cost Grids and Lattices By James J. Kuffner The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave., Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA & Digital Human Research Center, National Institute of Advanced, Science and Technology (AIST), 2-41-6 Aomi, Koto-ku, Tokyo, Japan 135-0064 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract A simple technique is described to speed up optimal path planning on Euclidean-cost grids and lattices. Man ...


Spectrum October 5 2004 By Yoseph Bar-Cohen I ISSUED A CHALLENGE a few years ago to my fellow researchers: build a robot using muscles of electrically activated polymers that could arm-wrestle a human. I was trying to jump-start research in the field of electroactive polymers, or artificial muscles, and given the state of the art at the time, I didn't really expect to see the challenge fulfilled for a couple of decades. I was wrong. A little over a year ago, researchers from SRI Internatio ...


Electro-Oculographic Guidance of a Wheelchair Using Eye Movements Codification July/August 2003 R. Barea, L. Boquete , L. M. Bergasa, E. López and M. Mazo Electronics Department, University of Alcala, Campus Universitario s/n, 28871 Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 22 Issue 7/8 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. In this paper we present a new method to guide mobile robots. An eye-control dev ...


Electronic eye outsmarts speedsters April 18, 2005 Jennifer Viegas Discovery News A smarter speed trap that drivers can't detect is being developed and its inventors say it could render radar detectors useless. The inventors, from the University of Florida, will outline the research in a paper in an upcoming issue of the journal Transactions on Robotics and Automation, published by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. The technology is so new that police are not yet equi ...


Elevate your hands or I ignite Aug 26th 2004 Economist.com high-tech weapon for the war to win Iraqi hearts and minds AMONG the many fields in which Americans excel are technological wizardry and not speaking foreign languages. So it was only a matter of time before someone invented a robot that can translate spoken English into other tongues. Enter the “Phraselator”, a palm-held electronic polyglot built by a firm in Maryland called VoxTec. Its most immediate application is military. Fle ...


Embedded Linux drives PatrolBot surveillance robot Sep. 11, 2003 Ziff Davis Publishing Holdings Inc. Embedded Linux and a high-end Versalogic single board computer (SBC) form the brain behind ActivMedia's new $30K "PatrolBot," which ActivMedia calls "the first fully autonomous robotic surveillance and monitoring system available off-the shelf." VersaLogic will demo PatrolBot at the Embedded Systems Conference in Boston next month. The device runs an unspecified version of embedded Linux on ...


Embodied cognition through cultural interaction 2004 Bart De Vylder, Bart Jansen, and Tony Belpaeme, Artifcial Intelligence Lab, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium Proceedings Fourth International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics: Modeling Cognitive Development in Robotic Systems 117, pages pp. 141-142, Genoa, Italy. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In this short paper we describe a robotic setup to study the self-organiz ...


Emergent Robot Differentiation in Distributed Multi-Robot Task Allocation By Torbjørn S. Dahl 1, Maja J. Mataric´ 2, and Gaurav S. Sukhatme 2 1 Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI) 2 Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, University of California, Los Angeles 7th International Symposium on Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems (DARS'04) Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract: We present a distributed mechanism for automatically allocating tas ...


Emotion-Based Control of Cooperating Heterogeneous Mobile Robots Authors: Robin R Murphy, Christine Lisetti, Russ Tardif, Liam Irish, Aaron Gage Corresponding Author: Dr Robin R Murphy Computer Science and Engineering, University of South Florida Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Previous experiences show that it is possible for agents such as robots cooperating asynchronously on a sequential task to enter deadlock, where one robot does not fulfill ...


Enabling Learning From Large Datasets: Applying Active Learning to Mobile Robotics By Cristian Dima, Martial Hebert and Anthony Stentz, The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 International Conference on Robotics and Automation, IEEE, April, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Autonomous navigation in outdoor, off-road environments requires solving complex classification problems. Obstacle detection, road following an ...


Endurance test for robot Humvee July 13, 2005 BBC News Last Updated: Wednesday, 13 July, 2005, 10:17 GMT 11:17 UK E-mail this to a friend Printable version Endurance test for robot Humvee Sandstorm completed the trial race in seven hours A robotic Humvee has managed to drive itself for seven hours without crashing on a race course in the US. The robotic vehicle built by Red Team Robot Racing from Carnegie Mellon University covered 200 miles (322 kilometres) during the ...


Energy-time-efficient adaptive dispatching algorithms for ant-like robot systems May 2004 Chang, H.J. George Lee, C.S. Yung-Hsiang Lu Charlie Hu, Y., Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, USA ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In this paper, we investigate energy-time-efficient dispatching methods ...


Engineer builds prototype of water-walking robot September 13, 2004 By ASSOCIATED PRESS MSNBC.com PITTSBURGHUSA - It could be called a mechanical miracle -- a robot that walks on water. With inspiration from nature and some help from research at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, a team led by Carnegie Mellon engineering professor Metin Sitti built a tiny robot that can walk on water, much like the insects known as water skimmers or Jesus bugs. It's only a prototype, but some res ...


Engineering students construct mine rover November 23, 2004 By Georgeanne Barrett Arizona Daily Wildcat Two UA engineering students have built a radio-controlled rover to explore the mysteries inside old mines in the Arizona desert. Keith Brock and Jessica Dooley, both aerospace engineering seniors, were curious about what was inside a mine northeast of Phoenix near Congress, Ariz., but were not willing to risk their lives to find out. Brock and Dooley, members of the UA's Aerial Robot ...


Engineering Test Satellite VII Flight Experiments For Space Robot Dynamics and Control: Theories on Laboratory Test Beds Ten Years Ago, Now in Orbit May 2003 Kazuya Yoshida Department of Aeronautics and Space Engineering, Tohoku University, Sendai, 980-8579, Japan International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 22 Issue 5 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. The Engineering Test Satellite VII (ETS-VII), an unmanned spacecraft equipped with ...


Engineers Deliver Robot To Neutralize Remote Explosives June 30, 2005 by Timothy R. Anderl, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate Tyndall AFB SpaceWar Engineers from the Air Force Research Laboratory Materials and Manufacturing Directorate have rapidly prototyped, developed, and delivered low-cost expendable robots to disable and dispose of improvised explosive devices. The BomBot, which has already established its value during a variety of mission profiles in Haiti, Afghanistan and Iraq, ...


Engineers fabricate robot bumper mounts January 13, 2004 by Timothy R. Anderl Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory WRIGHT-PATTERSON AIR FORCE BASE, Ohio (AFPN) -- A ramp and bumper mount for carrying small robots on armored Humvees was fabricated by engineers at the Air Force Research Laboratory materials and manufacturing directorate here. Explosive ordnance disposal crews needed the items to transport and operate robots without having to use a trailer. EO ...


Engineers to Develop Robot Swarms from MARS May 17, 2005 PhysOrg.com Engineers at the University of Pennsylvania have received a $5 million grant from the Department of Defense to develop large-scale "swarms" of robots that could work together to thoroughly search large areas from the ground and sky. The Scalable Swarms of Autonomous Robots and Sensors or the Swarms Project, as it is known takes organizational cues from the natural world where tens or even hundreds of small, independent robo ...


Enhanced Modelling and Performance in Braided Pneumatic Muscle Actuators 1 March 2003 International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 22 Issue 3 Steve Davis, N. Tsagarakis, J. Canderle and Darwin G. Caldwell Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Salford, Salford, Lancashire M5 4WT, UK You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. Pneumatic technology has been successfully applied for over two millennia. Even today, pneumatic cylind ...


Enhancing Functionality and Autonomy in Man-Portable Robots April 13-15, 2004 By E. Biagtan Pacis a , H. R. Everett a , N. Farrington a , D. Bruemmer b a Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center, San Diego b Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory Please visit the web site to view the whole article. ABSTRACT Current man-portable robotic systems are too heavy for troops to pack during extended missions in rugged terrain and typically require more user support than can be ...


Enhancing Multi-Robot Coordinated Teams with Sliding Autonomy July 2004 By Jonathan D. Brookshire, The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15232 Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science TR-04-40 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Introduction The combination of human intelligence, autonomous precision, and robotic strength has the potential to bridge the gap which leaves ...


Enlisting robots for day care June 23, 2005 By Michael Kanellos CNet News Rubi, a teacher's assistant at the Early Childhood Education Center in San Diego, has eyes sometimes in back of her head, along with antennas and a couple of microprocessors. The robot is part of an experiment at the University of California San Diego to study how robots and humans interact. Rubi is capable of tracking heads, detecting faces and interpreting basic expressions. Additionally, it can teach songs and--t ...


Entries for robotic ground vehicle competition due by Feb. 11 Air Force Times January 25, 2005 Einsteins and Edisons aiming to create an unmanned, robotic ground vehicle that can navigate a course across the southwestern United States have until Feb. 11 to file their applications for the 2005 DARPA Grand Challenge, which carries a $2 million winner’s purse. At least 95 new teams and 34 teams returning from the 2004 competition had submitted applications as of Tuesday, according to the event ...


Entry in Pentagon contest goes wide right May 3, 2005 By THOMAS J. PROHASKA The Buffalo News LOCKPORT - The robot all-terrain vehicle lurched over the starting line, hesitated, veered right and went into reverse, chasing a man with a camcorder across the yard. Oh, well. The light bulb didn't work the first time Thomas Edison turned on the juice, either. Two local inventors came up short Monday in their efforts to win $2 million from the Department of Defense by creating technology that ...


EOD adds high-tech tool to their arsenal September 23, 2004 MarineCorpsNews CAMP LEMONIER, Djibouti (Sept. 23, 2004) -- For the last month, Detachment 20, Explosive Ordnance Disposal Mobile Unit 8 has been testing the capabilities of a versatile tool that has recently been added to their arsenal. The Vanguard MK II, a mere two-foot tall remote operated robot, may not be the biggest weapon the EOD technicians have, but it’s a potential lifesaver, says Petty Officer 1st Class Taylor Hatcher, E ...


EOD robots performing tech wonders in Iraq Army News Service January 10, 2005 By Spc. Jonathan Montgomery BAGHDAD, Iraq (Army News Service, Jan. 10, 2004) – Whenever an Explosive Ordnance Disposal technician heads downrange, one thing is certain: the robot goes first. “The cost of losing a robot is not nearly as close as losing a trained EOD person,” said Sgt. 1st Class Gregory Carroll, noncommissioned officer in charge of the 184th Ordnance Battalion, an EOD Robotics team from Fort Gillem, ...


ERGODIC DYNAMICS BY DESIGN: A ROUTE TO PREDICTABLE MULTIROBOT SYSTEMS By Dylan A. Shell, Chris V. Jones, Maja J. Mataric´, Computer Science Department, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089-0781, USA To appear as a poster paper in The Third International Naval Research Laboratory Multi-Robot Systems Workshop, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC, Mar 2005 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We define and discuss a class of ...


ESA astronaut goes underwater to test European Robotic Arm SpaceRef/com. December 04, 2004 The WET model of the European Robotic Arm (ERA) was comprehensively inspected and tested at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre near Moscow last week. ESA astronaut AndrÈ Kuipers donned a Russian Orlan spacesuit for the occasion. He spent over three hours underwater with the model of the robotic arm, which was built in 1998, but is nevertheless in perfect condition. Impressive The impressive r ...


Estimating Articulated Human Motion With Covariance Scaled Sampling June 2003 C. Sminchisescu and B. Triggs INRIA Rhône-Alpes, GRAVIR-CNRS, 655 avenue de l'Europe, 38330 Montbonnot, France International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 22 Issue 6 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. We present a method for recovering three-dimensional (3D) human body motion from monocular video sequences based on a robust image matching metric, incorporatio ...


Ethics for the Robot Age Wired January 2005 By Jordan Pollack Most people's expectations of robots are driven by fantasy. These marvelous machines, optimists hope, will follow Moore's law, doubling in quality every 18 months, and lead to a Jetsonian utopia. Or, as pessimists fear, humanoid bots will reproduce, increase their intelligence, and wipe out humanity. Both visions are wrong. The artificial intelligence to animate robots remains several orders of magnitude less than what's neede ...


EU funds project on humanoid technology and cognitive neuroscience Cordis News January 7, 2005 As it becomes increasingly clear that mental processes are profoundly shaped by the physical structure of the body and by its interaction with the environment, so the study of cognition and intelligence is becoming more and more dependent on the use of physical bodies and ultimately on the use of humanoid robots. The European Commission is therefore funding a new project, RobotCub, aimed at moving ...


Evaluation of Control Strategies for Multi-Robot Search and Retrieval By P. E. Rybski, A. Larson, A. Schoolcraft, S. Osentoski and M. Gini, University of Minnesota Department of Computer Science and Engineering 7th International Conference on Intelligent Autonomous Systems (IAS-7), pp. 281-288, Marina del Rey, CA, March 2002. Abstract We are interested in studying how environmental and control factors affect the performance of homogeneous multi-robot team doing a search and rescue task. In ...


MCAD Cafe Oct. 5, 2004— PASADENA, Calif.—(BUSINESS WIRE)—Oct. 5, 2004— Evolution Robotics, a leading provider of next-generation robotics technologies and component solutions, today introduced NorthStar(TM), a new, low-cost, hardware and software localization solution that enables mobile devices to navigate more intelligently in indoor environments. Similar to global positioning systems (GPS), the NorthStar system measures a device's exact coordinates and heading using harmless and invisible ...


Technology Review May 19/26, 2004 By Kimberly Patch Evolution has worked pretty well for biological systems, so why not apply it to the systems that control robots? Evolutionary computing has been tapped to produce coherent robot behavior in simulation, and real robots have been used to evolve simple behavior like moving toward light sources and avoiding objects. Researchers from North Carolina State University and the University of Utah have advanced the field by combining artificial neu ...


Evolution-Based Deliberative Planning for Cooperating Unmanned Ground Vehicles in a Dynamic Environment By Talib Hussain, David Montana, Gordon Vidaver, Department of Distributed Systems and Logistics, BBN Technologies, Cambridge MA, USA, 02138 BBN Technologies Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract. Many challenges remain in the development of tactical planning systems that will enable automated, cooperative replanning of routes and ...


Evolving Robocode Tank Fighters By Jacob Eisenstein October 28, 2003 AIM-2003-023 MIT AI Lab Publication Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In this paper, I describe the application of genetic programming to evolve a controller for a robotic tank in a simulated environment. The purpose is to explore how genetic techniques can best be applied to produce controllers based on subsumption and behavior oriented languages such as REX. As part of my implementation, I developed TableRex, a modification of REX that can be expressed on a fixed-length genome. Using a fixed subsumption architecture of TableRex modules, I evolved robots that beat some of the most competitive hand-coded adversaries.


Roam if You Want To If you have more than one robot in an office, the robots might cooperate with each other depending on the way they are built and the degree of sophistication of their pre-programmed learning behaviors. All robotic office assistants are equipped with wireless technologies to relieve roaming workers and business travelers of repetitive tasks. The following describes how you can use wireless technology to communicate with or even call up a robotic office assistant (the one wh ...


Exact solution and infinite-dimensional stability analysis of a single flexible link in collision December 2003 Ching, F.M.C. Wang, D. IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 19, Issue: 6 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract There is an increasing interest in examining the use of flexible link manipulators in tasks where there is contact with the environment. Presently, there has been ...


Executive Overview: Jane’s Electro-Optic Systems June 5, 2005 By Michael J Gething Janes Iraq, and to a lesser degree Afghanistan, continue to attract the headlines and the explosive demand for night vision in all formats. As noted last year, the production and deployment of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) continues unabated with a corresponding increase in the need for and refinement of TI sensor turrets. Naval systems Work continues to refine and develop Infra-Red Search and Track (IRS ...


Exemplar-Based Primitives for Humanoid Movement Classification and Control By Evan Drumwright, Odest Chadwicke Jenkins, and Maja J Matari´c; Interaction Lab/USC Robotics Research Labs 941 West 37th Place, SAL 300, Mailcode 0781, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pages 140-145, Apr 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We present a unified methodology for human ...


Exercising a Native Intelligence Metric on an Autonomous On-Road Driving System By John A Horst, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 100 Bureau Drive MS 8230, Gaithersburg, Maryland Proceedings of the Performance Metrics for Intelligent Systems (PerMIS) Workshop, September 16-18, 2003, Gaithersburg, MD Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract The intelligence of artificial systems is well quantified by the amount of specified complexity inh ...


Expected Shortest Paths for Landmark-Based Robot Navigation July-August 2004 A.J. Briggs, C. Detweiler, D. Scharstein, Middlebury College, Middlebury, VT 05753, USA and A. Vandenberg-Rodes Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 7/8- Publication Date: 1 July-August 2004 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. In this paper we address the problem of planning reliable landmarkbased r ...


Experimental Analysis and Control of a Chaotic Pendubot September 2004 H.G. González-Hernández, J. Alvarez, Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación, Superior de Ensenada CICESE, Depto. de Electrónica y Telecomunicaciones, Km. 107 Carr., Tijuana-Ensenada, 22860 Ensenada, B.C., México and J. Alvarez-Gallegos Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados, CINVESTAV-I.P.N. Depto. de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Sección de Mecatrónica Ap. Postal 14-740. 07000, México, D.F. México Internatio ...


Experimental Study of Dynamic Based Feedback Linearization for Trajectory Tracking of a Four-Wheel Autonomous Ground Vehicle July 2005 Authors: Javid, S. 1; Eghtesad, M. 2; Khayatian, A. 3; Asadi, H Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers Abstract: In this paper, experimental study of dynamic based trajectory tracking of an autonomous ground vehicle is presented. The vehicle with two front (steering) and two rear (driving) wheels and also an on-board computer, two DC motors, two batteries ...


Experimental Study of Humanoid Robot HRP-1S April-May 2004 K. Yokoi, F. Kanehiro, K. Kaneko, S. Kajita, K. Fujiwara and Hirohisa Hirukawa Intelligent Systems Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science, and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8568, Japan International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 4/5- Publication Date: 1 April-May 2004 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. We have developed a ...


Experimental study on fine motion control of underwater robots December 2004 Authors: A. Hanai; H.T. Choi; S.K. Choi; J. Yuh Publisher: VSP Abstract: This paper considers thruster dead zones and saturation limits, which are nonlinear elements that complicate fine motion control of underwater robots. If the vehicle is configured with redundant thrusters, the respective dead zones and their surrounding nonlinear regions could be avoided by implementing a null motion solution for the command ...


Experimental Validation of a Framework for the Design of Controllers that Induce Stable Walking in Planar Bipeds June 2004 E. R.Westervelt Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA, G. Buche Laboratoire d’Automatique de Grenoble, Ecole Nationale d’Ingénieurs Electriciens de Grenoble, BP 46, 38402 St Martin d’Hères, France and J.W. Grizzle Control Systems Laboratory, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department, University of Michig ...


Experimentally Validated Bounding Models for the Scout II Quadrupedal Robot By Ioannis Poulakakis and James A. Smith, Centre for Intelligent Machines, McGill University, Montreal, H3A 2A7, Canada AND Martin Buehler1, Boston Dynamics, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA International Conference on Robotics and Automation, New Orleans, LA, USA, April 2004, Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In this paper the authors discuss control and modeling issues significant fo ...


Experiments in Multirobot Air-Ground Coordination By Luiz Chaimowicz, Ben Grocholsky, James F. Keller, Vijay Kumar, Camillo J. Taylor; GRASP Laboratory - University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 19104 Int. Conf. Robotics and Automation, New Orleans, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper addresses the problem of coordinating aerial and ground vehicles in tasks that involve exploration, identification of targets and maintaining a connecte ...


By SOREN ANDERSON THE TACOMA NEWS TRIBUNE Jul 16, 2004 SMW) - Here they come again, mechanical men out to do us humans harm. Here they come in "I, Robot," the Will Smith blockbuster - opening Friday - based loosely on the late Isaac Asimov's famed collection of sci-fi stories of the same name. They come, intending to do some serious damage to Smith, who plays a cop out to stop a bunch of ominous-looking robonasties in their metallic tracks. Once more, our technology rises up to bite us in t ...


JS Online July 24, 2004 By GINA BARTON Bomb experts rely on smarts, not wire cutters The glowing numbers counted down the seconds before detonation: 10, nine, eight . . . The FBI agent wiped the sweat from his brow. He stared at the rapidly changing numbers, then switched his focus to the curly wires. He fumbled with the wire cutters. Red or blue? Red or blue? If he chose the wrong one, the whole house could go up. Maybe the whole block. The agent inhaled deeply as instinct took over. R ...


Exploiting Critical Points to Reduce Positioning Error for Sensor-based Navigation By Ercan U. Acar, Howie Choset, Carnegie Mellon University Proc. 2002 IEEE International Conference on Robotics & Automation, Washington DC May 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper presents a planner that determines a path such that the robot does not have to heavily rely on odometry to reach its goal. The planner determines a sequence of obstacle boundarie ...


Exploiting physical dynamics for concurrent control of a mobile robot By Brian P. Gerkey, Maja J. Mataric´, and Gaurav S. Sukhatme; Computer Science Department, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781, USA Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA 2002) pages 3467 - 3472, Washington, DC, May 11 - 15, 2002. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Conventionally, mobile robots are controlled through ...


EXPLOITING THE INTERACTIONS BETWEEN ROBOTIC AUTONOMY AND NETWORKS March 2003 Jason Redi and Joshua Bers, BBN Technologies* 2003 NRL Symposium on Multi-Robot Systems, Arlington, VA Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract For teams of autonomous robots to fully utilize their distributed problem solving and collaboration capabilities, they require a self-organizing, self-healing, multi-hop communication network. Robot teams compose a unique kind of multi-hop n ...


Exploring Caves Safely With Fester the Robot August 2002 By Spc. Erica Leigh Foley, 28th Public Affairs Detachment Defend America When a soldier clears a cave, he has to look for booby-traps and trip wires, making all the dangers inherent to him personally, said U.S. Army Col. Bruce Jette of the robotics team. So Jette had his work cut out for him. After being hand-picked by the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army, he rounded up the best people he could find for the job and set out to help soldi ...


HB: So in Phase I, did any of these actually get built? PB: No. Phase I, with NIAC, is a six-months-long brain-straining, pencil-pushing study, to scope out the state of the art of the relevant technologies. In Phase II, we're going to do a limited amount of prototyping and field-testing, over a two-year period. This is far less than what one might need for an actual mission. But, of course, that is NIAC's mandate, to examine technology 10 to 40 years out. We're thinking this is probably in th ...


Explosive Ordnance Disposal Robots Outfitted With Weapons August 2003 by Frank Colucci National Defense Magazine In a live demonstration last month, the U.S. Army Armament Research Development and Engineering Center tested the performance of an armed robot, called Talon. Explosive ordnance disposal experts at the New Jersey facility operated the robot with a remotely-aimed weapons mount and a new fire control system. The Talon has attracted the attention of several potential users looking ...


Exposing the Spy Sub of the Future 30 June 2005 By Bill Sweetman Popular Science Robot mini subs, navy seal launches, high-tech espionage: the submarine of the 21st century has arrived Common wisdom in this age of door-to-door combat dictates that the U.S. submarine fleet is of diminishing utility—after all, there are no terrorists hiding underwater. But common wisdom does not so easily apply to the USS Jimmy Carter, a giant Seawolf-class nuclear submarine modified into a spy ship. The submarine, commissioned in February, will serve as a stealthy weapon near enemy shores: tapping into undersea fiber-optic cables, covertly delivering Navy Seals into enemy ports, and, if necessary, directly attacking enemy ships and land-based targets.


Expressing Bayesian Fusion as a Product of Distributions: Application in Robotics March 2, 2003 C´edric Pradalier and Francis Colas, Inriaa Rhˆone-Alpes & Gravirb, 655 av. de l’Europe, Montbonnot, 38334 St Ismier Cedex, France Proceedings IEEE-RSJ Int. Conf. on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), Las Vegas, USA. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract More and more fields of applied computer science involve fusion of multiple data sources, such as sensor ...


Extending Mobile Security Robots to Force Protection Missions By Daniel Carroll, H. R. Everett, Gary Gilbreath, Katherine Mullens, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center, San Diego (SSC San Diego), Code 2371, 53406 Woodward Road, San Diego, CA 92152-7383 AUVSI Unmanned Systems 2002, Lake Buena Vista, FL, July 9-11, 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT The Mobile Detection Assessment Response System (MDARS) is a joint Army-Navy development effort to fi ...


EYE IN THE SKY: The Raven Unmanned Aerial Vehicle By Staff Sgt. Raymond Piper, Army News Service Military.com For troops raised with a Playstation in their hands, the Raven UAV is as easy to control as moving a joystick and looking at a screen. But it's the Raven's powerful features and neat little package that are making it a favorite in the field. The Raven could very well be "the little engine that could" of the unmanned aerial vehicle fleet. Weighing in at four and a half pounds wit ...


Eye Robot: Startup Offers Vision to Machines August 9, 2004 By Michael Kanellos CNet News Some work to bring eyesight to blind people. Canesta works to bring it to cars and automatic doors. The San Jose, Calif.-based start-up, mostly known for its virtual keyboard, will release on Tuesday a developer kit that will let other manufacturers build machine vision into their products. For example, a factory robot equipped with Canesta's Equinox chip, on which the developer kit is based, could d ...


Mechanical Engineering Paul Sharke A video clip on a University of Notre Dame Web site depicts an industrial robot picking pallets from one haphazardly arranged stack and placing them neatly atop each other on the bed of a miniature truck. To complete each placement, the robot identifies the position of the starting pallet, the location of the receiving pallet, and the orientation of the lifting fork. It does so by observing the dimensions of several elliptical cues that have been attached to ...


FAce MOUSe: A novel human-machine interface for controlling the position of a laparoscope October 2003 Nishikawa, A. Hosoi, T. Koara, K. Negoro, D. Hikita, A. Asano, S. Kakutani, H. Miyazaki, F. Sekimoto, M. Yasui, M. Miyake, Y. Takiguchi, S. Monden, M., Dept. of Mech. Sci. & Bioeng., Osaka Univ., Toyonaka, Japan IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 19, Issue: 5 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or ...


Face recognition: evaluation report for FaceIt® Identification and Surveillance May 2003 Jingu Heo*, Besma Abidi, Joonki Paik, and Mongi Abidi., Imaging, Robotics, and Intelligent Systems Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville Proc. of SPIE 6th International Conference on Quality Control by Artificial Vision, Vol. 5132, pp. 551-558, Gatlinburg, TN, May 2003. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT ...


Fan-out: measuring human control of multiple robots By Dan R. Olsen, Jr. and Stephen Bart Wood Brigham Young University, Provo, UT Proceedings of the 2004 conference on Human factors in computing systems You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. ABSTRACT A goal of human-robot interaction is to allow one user to operate multiple robots simultaneously. In such a scenario the robots provide leverage to the user's att ...


In some ways, there is a U.S.-Japan divide on where the opportunities lie. Most U.S. companies specialize in robots for jobs that are dirty, dull or dangerous and have put little effort into humanoid robots. The Japanese, by contrast, have developed many of the humanoid machines. Another place to look for robot thinking is the large research universities and even some of the large industrial conglomerates like Honeywell. The military also plans to be a big robot consumer. Where will Robot Va ...


Farmer Droids July 12, 2004 by Astrobiology Magazine SpaceDaily.com Moffet Field CA (SPX) Farm equipment in the future might very well resemble the robot R2D2 of Star Wars fame. But instead of careening through a galaxy far, far away, these ag robots might be wobbling down a corn row, scouting for insects, blasting weeds and taking soil tests. University of Illinois agricultural engineers have developed several ag robots, one of which actually resembles R2D2, except that it's square instea ...


Fast and Accurate Vision-Based Pattern Detection and Identification By James Bruce and Manuela Veloso, Computer Science Department, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh PA 15213, USA Proceedings of ICRA-03, the 2003 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA '03), May, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Fast pattern detection and identification is a fundamental problem for many applications of real-time visi ...


Fast Digitization of Large-Scale Hazardous Facilities March 2004 Brad Grinstead, Andreas Koschan, Mongi A. Abidi, Imaging, Robotics, and Intelligent Systems Laboratory, 334 Ferris Hall Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, The University of Tennessee Proc. of 10th Int. Conf. on Robotics & Remote Systems for Hazardous Environments, pp. 521-525, Gainesville, FL, March 2004. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Robotics technology has become a ma ...


Fault tolerant kinematic control of platoons of autonomous vehicles May 2004 Antonelli, G. Chiaverini, S., Dipt. di Automazione, Univ. degli Studi di Cassino, Italy ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In this paper the fault tolerance capabilities of a kinematic control technique for platoons of autonomous vehicles are investigate ...


Martin Proetzsch†, Tobias Luksch‡ and Karsten Berns AG Robotersysteme, Fachbereich Informatik University of Kaiserslautern Gottlieb-Daimler-Straße, 67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany †proetzsch@informatik.uni-kl.de ‡luksch@informatik.uni-kl.de Abstract—Many tasks examined for robotic application like rescue missions or humanitarian demining require a robotic vehicle to navigate in unstructured natural terrain. This paper introduces a motion control for a four-wheeled offroad vehicle trying t ...


Feasibility Study on an Excavation-Type Demining Robot Year of Publication: 2005 Authors Yoshikazu Mori Department of Systems Engineering, Ibaraki University, Ibaraki, Japan 316-8511 Kazuhiro Takayama Graduate School of Engineering, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo, Japan 192-0397 Takeshi Adachi Graduate School of Engineering, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo, Japan 192-0397 Shintaro Omote Graduate School of Engineering, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo, Japan 19 ...


Feature Extraction for Topological Mine Maps By David Silver, Dave Ferguson, Aaron Morris, and Scott Thayer, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), September, 2004. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We present a robust method for detecting and recognizing topological features in underground mines. Our method involves performing Delauna ...


Feed-forward Control Algorithm based on Fuzzy Logic October 2004 Christopher Myatt, Undergraduate Honours Theses The University of Queensland Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT The purpose of this thesis is to develop a self-supervised, learning, feed-forward control algorithm. The motivation to develop such an algorithm is the University of Queensland’s GuRoo robot. The GuRoo has significant errors in the control of the motors, due to such forces as gr ...


Feedback Control and Sensor Fusion of Vision and Force By Tomas Olsson 2004 Thesis Lund Institute of Technology Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This thesis deals with feedback control using two different sensor types, force sensors and cameras. In many tasks robotics compliance is required in order to avoid damage to the workpiece. Force and vision are the most useful sensing capabilities for a robot system operating in an unknown or uncalibrated env ...


Feedback Control of an Underactuated Planar Bipedal Robot with Impulsive Foot Action June 2004 Jun Ho Choi and J. W. Grizzle, Colllege of Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI Submitted to ACC Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract A planar underactuated bipedal robot with an impulsive foot model is considered. The analysis extends previous work on a model with unactuated point feet of Westervelt et al. 1 to include the actuator model of Kuo ...


Feedback Distortion to Increase Strength and Mobility By Bambi R. Brewer1, Roberta Klatzky2, and Yoky Matsuoka1 1Robotics Institute, 2Psychology Department, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics (ICORR 2003), April, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract A method for using visual distortion to overcome Learned Nonuse in stroke victims is described, and results from ...


Feedback Strategies for Shared Control in Dexterous Telemanipulation By Weston B. Griffin, William R. Provancher, and Mark R. Cutkosky, Dexterous Manipulation Laboratory, Stanford University, Bldg. 560, 424 Panama Mall, Stanford, CA 94305-2232 Accepted to the 2003 International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS '03). Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT Shared control represents a middle ground between supervisory control and traditional ...


Feel the beat: using cross-modal rhythm to integrate perception of objects, others, and self 2004 Paul Fitzpatrick Artur Arsenio, Computer Science and Arti cial Intelligence Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics Lund University Cognitive Studies, 117, ISBN 91-974741-3-4 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract For a robot to be capable of develop ...


Feelers for insect robots June 3, 2005 PhysOrg.com Many insects sense their way around their immediate surroundings by means of moving feelers. Now research scientists have applied this active spatial recognition of objects to create a new mechatronic type of sensor. It could soon be in use as an orientation aid for mobile robots. When people have to walk through an unfamiliar room in the dark they automatically stretch out their arms and rely on their sense of touch. They can reduce the ris ...


Field Experiments in Mission-Level Path Execution and Re-Planning By Paul TOMPKINS, Anthony STENTZ, William WHITTAKER; The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 8th Conference on Intelligent Autonomous Systems (IAS-8), March, 2004. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract A new project called Life in the Atacama (LITA) motivates navigational autonomy over 100 kilometers and over days or weeks. LITA is charter ...


Burke, J., Murphy, R.R., Rogers, E., Scholtz, J., and Lumelsky, V., also appears as IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Part A, Vol. 34, No. 2, May 2004 Abstract As part of a DARPA/NSF Study on Human-Robot Interaction, over sixty representatives from academia, government and industry participated in an interdisciplinary workshop, which allowed roboticists to interact with psychologists, sociologists, cognitive scientists, communication experts and human-computer interaction specialists to discus ...


Finding Organized Structures in 3-D LADAR Data By Nicolas Vandapel and Martial Hebert, The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA Army Science Conference, November, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In this paper, we address the problem of nding concertina wire in three-dimensional (3-D) data. Wire entanglements constitute a major obstacle to the mobility of Unmanned Ground Vehicle because of their widespread use and t ...


Finding the bomb before it finds you March 10, 2005 By Vince Little Stars and Stripes In Iraq, it’s rarely the bomb you see that will kill you. A group of engineers and armor soldiers patrolling near Camp Taji, Iraq, on Monday proved how valuable a keen eye and healthy skepticism can be. Insurgents wanted the soldiers to find only one roadside bomb, but instead they found three planted in a deadly pattern. Apparently, one of the devices was a decoy, designed to lure the 1st Armored Divisi ...


Washington, DC Why should I attend? Battlefield supremacy depends on the lethality of the U.S. arsenal. In an ever changing war environment the Pentagon must continue to mechanize and modernize the guns, rockets, missiles, and ammunition to meet future requirements. This conference is the starting point for arming our military with firepower that is unmatched in quality and quantity. Who will I meet and who is speaking? Network with... Dr. Terry Little, Executive Director, Missile Defense A ...


Firm cheers loss of robot in Iraq The Command Post April 13, 2004 A U.S. robot manufacturer Monday hailed the destruction of one of its units in Iraq and said it showed how valuable the machines have become for the U.S. military. iRobot Corporation learned last week from the Pentagon that one of its units, called a PackBot, was “destroyed in action” for the first time. Its destruction meant the life of a U.S. soldier may well have been saved, the company said. “It was a special moment — a robot got blown up instead of a person,” said iRobot CEO Colin Angle. The company, based in Burlington, Massachusetts, declined to provide further details on how the PackBot was destroyed in Iraq.


Firm wins grant for robotic vehicle August 15, 2003 By Maria Guzzo Pittsburgh Business Times WEXFORD -- Applied Perception Inc. has landed a $750,000 federal grant to continue work on a robot that can retrieve injured soldiers from the battlefield. Just as kangaroos and koalas tuck their young into protective pockets, this robotic vehicle would tuck the wounded into its belly and transport them to safety. The U.S. Army Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center chose Applie ...


And what does it mean to the institutions we cherish - like democracy - if it is no longer clear that all men and women are created equal? The measure of success in the "prevail" scenario that I hope for would not be how many transistors we can get to talk to each other. That way merely leads to the other two scenarios, in which our future is technologically determined and we are just along for the ride. Rather, "prevailing" in the midst of such radical evolution would be measured by the richness, depth, variety and ease of the most important connections - the ones among unpredictably clever humans like ourselves. Joel Garreau is a Washington Post reporter and editor. This article first appeared in the Los Angeles Times.


First Contact an Active Vision Approach to Segmentation By Paul Fitzpatrick, Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 Accepted for publication at the IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), Las Vagas, Nevada, October 27 - 31, 2003. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract How a robot should grasp an object depends on its size and shape. Such parameters can be estimated ...


First Experiments in the Robotic Investigation of Life in the Atacama Desert of Chile April 2005 By David Wettergreen, Nathalie Cabrol, James Teza, Paul Tompkins, Chris Urmson, Vandi Verma, , Michael Wagner, William Whittaker, The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3891 USA International Conference on Robotics and Automation, IEEE Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract The Atacama Desert of northern Chile may be the most l ...


First humanoid personal assistant will open doors November 5, 2003 Elizabeth A. Thomson, News Office Massachusetts Institute of Technology The Roman goddess of thresholds is getting 21st-century attention as the namesake for an MIT robot that could become the world's first humanoid personal assistant. Among many other things, Cardea the robot can open doors--literally and perhaps figuratively. "Just as personal computers have enabled tremendous information-processing productivity gains for ...


First robot moved by muscle power 27 February 2004 Anil Ananthaswamy Exclusive from New Scientist Print Edition A silicon microrobot just half the width of a human hair has begun to crawl around in a Los Angeles lab, using legs powered by the pulsing of living heart muscle. It is the first time muscle tissue has been used to propel a micromachine. This distinctly futuristic development could lead to muscle-based nerve stimulators that would allow paralysed people to breathe without the help ...


Fish-shaped robot for underwater research December 16, 2004 PhysOrg.com The project of underwater bionic robotic fish co-developed by the Institute of Robot under Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (BUAA) and the Institute of Automation under Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) has passed the relevant check and test on 5 Dec. Featuring outstanding creativeness the achievement of the project has laid an important theoretic and practical basis for the engineering of underwater n ...


Five hour stand-off ends in surrender Stuff January 26, 2005 A man threatening to blow up a South Auckland service station with a bomb has surrendered to armed police after stumbling out of a tear gas-filled room. The man was gassed five hours after he took over the Shell Roselands Service Station in Papakura about 9am, telling police he had a bomb. The 52-year-old local man has now been taken to hospital, Radio New Zealand reported. The man was taken into custody about 2.35pm after arm ...


philly.com Aug. 05, 2004 Fleshing out the potential of robots Right now, the androids are expensive, clumsy and easily confused. But researchers are working to change that. By Caren M. Penland Knight Ridder News Service Filmmakers have long had a fascination with robots: Robby in Forbidden Planet. B-9 in Lost in Space. C-3PO, among others, in Star Wars. Sonny in I, Robot. Futurists have not ignored the pop-culture obsession, and the race is on to produce the first affordable android, or hu ...


Flexible Camera Calibration Using a New Analytical Radial Undistortion Formula with Application to Mobile Robot Localization By Lili Ma, YangQuan Chen, and Kevin L. Moore, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Utah State University Proceedings of the 18th IEEE International Symposium on Intelligent Control, IEEE ISIC'03 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Most algorithms in 3D computer vision rely on the pinhole camera model because of its ...


Flexible robot can crawl through gas lines, searching for problems July 19, 2004 By Byron Spice Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Plumbing the depths You might assume that a robot with a heroic name like Explorer would be designed to orbit a distant planet, probe the interior of a volcano or roll over the rock-strewn surface of Mars. But the Explorer robot developed by Hagen Schempf probes a less exotic, but similarly difficult-to-access world -- the natural gas pipelines buried beneath us. Shaped ...


Technology Research News September 22/29, 2004 By Eric Smalley Skin is very useful. In addition to neatly separating self from other, it provides all kinds of feedback. Researchers from the University of Tokyo have devised pressure-sensor arrays that promise to give objects like rugs and robots the equivalent of one aspect of skin -- pressure sensitivity. The researchers' pressure sensor arrays are built from inexpensive organic, or plastic, transistors on a flexible material. This allows ...


Flexible tactile sensors could boost robots sensitivity to touch May 23, 2005 M & C Science and Nature CHAMPAIGN, IL, UNITED STATES (UPI) -- A robot`s sensitivity to touch could be vastly improved by an array of polymer-based tactile sensors that has been combined with a robust signal-processing algorithm to classify surface textures. The work, performed by a team of researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, is an essential step in the development of robots that can iden ...


FLIGHT EVALUATION OF AN ADAPTIVE VELOCITY COMMAND SYSTEM FOR UNMANNED HELICOPTERS August 2003 By J. Eric Corban, Guided Systems Technologies, Inc., P.O. Box 1453, McDonough, GA 30253 and Anthony J. Calise, J. V. R. Prasad, Gerhard Heynen, Benedikt Koenig, and Jeong Hur, Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Aerospace Engineering, Atlanta, GA 30332-0150 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT This paper examines the general requirements for fully-autonomo ...


Flocking Together: Study Shows How Animal Groups Find Their Way Science Daily February 5, 2005 A study led by Princeton biologists has revealed a remarkably simple mechanism that allows flocking birds, schooling fish or running herds to travel in unison without any recognized leaders or signaling system. The finding, published in the Feb. 3 issue of Nature, helps settle age-old questions about how animals coordinate their actions. Previously, scientists had looked for subtle signals or ot ...


Fly-eating robot powers itself December 29, 2004 CNN.com Scientists at the University of the West of England (UWE) have designed a robot that does not require batteries or electricity to power itself. Instead, it generates energy by catching and eating houseflies. Dr Chris Melhuish and his Bristol-based team hope the robot, called EcoBot II, will one day be sent into zones too dangerous for humans, potentially proving invaluable in military, security and industrial areas. Melhuish, who is ...


Flying eyes The Engineer 10 December 2004 By Helen Knight A fleet of unmanned aerial vehicles will co-operate with a ground robot on surveillance tasks in the Australian Outback, in trials to be held next year by BAE Systems. The series of trials are being organised by researchers at the company's Advanced Technology Centre (ATC), to demonstrate its autonomous systems, data fusion and artificial intelligence technologies. The first of the trials, to be held next month with funding from the ...


UDAily Dec. 19, 2003 As the nation celebrates the 100th anniversary of human flight, an internationally recognized University of Delaware robotics expert has turned his attention to the skies. Sunil K. Agrawal, UD professor of mechanical engineering, is working on the design and construction of small robotic devices that mimic the flight of birds and insects, in particular, the hummingbird and the hawkmoth. Agrawal said that once fully developed, the devices will be able to carry miniature c ...


FNT sees bright future for fiber optics East Valley Tribune January 26, 2005 By Tony Natale Six years ago, "Six A" — a 400-pound robot used by the Department of Public Safety to defuse bombs and unruly people — could only travel about 300 feet. So, his controller/law enforcement officers had to be extremely careful about getting too close to whatever or whomever they were trying to defuse. Today, however, the steel and aluminum robot that is armed with two cameras, a microphone and c ...


Jennifer Carlson, Robin R. Murphy, Andrew Nelson Center for Robot-Assisted Search and Rescue Computer Science and Engineering University of South Florida Tampa Florida 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2004. Abstract This paper extends previous work characterizingmobile robot failures by including recent data and organizing the failures according to a novel taxonomy which includes human failures. Failure type and frequency data were collected from fif ...


Foot Design for a Humanoid Robot October 2004 Michael Davis, Undergraduate Honours Theses, Queensland University, Australia Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This thesis describes the design of sensate feet for a humanoid robot. The robot, GuRoo, is capable of basic walking but lacks the ability to sense its interaction with the surrounding environment. The aim of this thesis is to redesign GuRoo’s feet so they can measure ground reaction forces that ...


Footstep Planning for the Honda ASIMO Humanoid April, 2005 By Joel Chestnutt, Manfred Lau, German Cheung, James Kuffner, Jessica Hodgins, and Takeo Kanade, The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave., Pittsburgh, PA, 15213, USA IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Despite the recent achievements in stable dynamic walking for many humanoid robots, relatively little navigation ...


For risky battlefields, a correspondent on wheels March 23, 2002 Associated Press Augusta Chronicle CAMBRIDGE, Mass. -- Wanted: aggressive war correspondent with interview skills, satellite phone. Mobility required in hostile, rugged terrain. Pay: None. Solar panels a plus. Frustrated by what he considers a dearth of solid news from the Afghan conflict, a Massachusetts Institute of Technology researcher has set about trying to build a roving, multimedia reporter. A remote-controlled robot ...


Force-reflecting bilateral teleoperation with time delay by signal filtering June 2004 Ueda, J. Yoshikawa, T. Graduate Sch. of Inf. Sci., Nara Inst. of Sci. & Technol., Japan IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 3 On page(s): 613- 619 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper presents a force-reflecting teleoperation scheme with time delay. Considering reciprocal s ...


Foresight AutoTaxi R&D project eyes the future of autonomous vehicles 19th April 2005 Auto Industry Cars which automatically avoid other vehicles, pedestrians and obstacles could be a step closer thanks to an SMMT Foresight Vehicle project called AutoTaxi. The aim of the AutoTaxi project is to develop safety-critical sensors and systems to process and interpret critical information about a car's local environment, for example, the path of the road ahead and the presence and movement of vehic ...


Formations for Fast Locomotion of Metamorphic Robotic Systems June 2004 A. Dumitrescu, I Suzuki University ofWisconsin–Milwaukee, Milwaukee,Wisconsin 53201, USA and M. Yamashita Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 6 - Publication Date: 1 June 2004 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. In this paper, we examine the problem of dynamic selfreconfiguration of a modular robotic syst ...


Fort Rucker new center of flying robots July 15, 2005 By Jeffrey McMurray The Montgomery Advertiser WASHINGTON -- With names like Raven, Shadow, and Hunter under its command, it would seem Alabama's Fort Rucker had just inherited a line of action figures. Actually, they're not much larger -- but these certainly aren't toys. The Army announced Thursday that it will consolidate the missions of several military bases -- most in the South -- into a new "center of excellence" for unmanne ...


Forward and backward motion control of Personal riding-type wheeled Mobile Platform May 2004 Sasaki, M. Yanagihara, N. Matsumoto, O. Komoriya, K., Fac. of Eng., Tamagawa Univ., Tokyo, Japan ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract We propose a new concept in personal vehicles called the 'Personal riding-type wheeled Mobile Platform ...


Foster-Miller deploys armed midget robots December 3, 2004 Boston Business Journal The U.S. Army reportedly will begin deploying 18 robots from Foster-Miller Inc. next March armed with machine guns, rockets or grenades and designed to climb stairs. The Pentagon began testing an armed version of the Waltham company's Talon robot last year. The 2-foot, 6-inch unit is armed with the M-240 or M-249 machine gun, or carries as many as four rockets or six grenades. Foster-Miller's robots are n ...


Foster-Miller Secures $25M Robotic Contract from Navy September 24, 2003 Dan Kara Robotics Trends Sept. 23, 2003 – Waltham, Massachusetts based Foster-Miller has been awarded a five-year, $25 million contract from the Naval Air Systems Command, to develop a robotic shipboard weapons loader. The funding is also expected to cover the establishment of a high-tech manufacturing facility that will produce several hundred loaders over a period of several years to satisfy Navy requirements. The aw ...


Foundations for learning and adaptation in a multi degree of freedom unmanned ground vehicle By Michael R Blackburn 1,a and Richard Bailey b a SSC San Diego 53560 Hull Street San Diego CA USA 92152 b ACEi 25133 Avenue Tibbits Unit A Valencia CA USA 91355 SPIE Proc. 5421: Intelligent Computing: Theory and Applications II, Orlando, FL, April 12-13, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT The real-time coordination and control of a many motion degrees ...


Four Generations of Robotic Mapping and Exploration in Extreme Enviroments By S. Thayer International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and Human Centered Technology for Nuclear Applications January, 2002 Abstract An overview of four generations of robotic mapping and exploration systems for operations in extreme environments is presented. Theoretical and empirical insights gained during research, experimentation, and field expeditions with map reconstruction, navigation and o ...


Foveated observation of shape and motion Sept. 2003 By Davis, J. Xing Chen Honda Res. Inst. USA, Inc., Mountain View, CA, USA Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract Robotic navigation and interaction frequently require that the shape and motion of external objects and events be observed. Many interesting events ...


Technology Review Technology Research News June 18, 2004 A sense of internal states is integral to human communications: it's useful to have a sense of when a human is annoyed. In contrast, it's often impossible to determine whether a robot is processing data, awaiting instruction or in need of repair. Researchers from Switzerland and South Africa have designed a visual interface that would give autonomous machines the equivalent of body language. The interface represents a machine's inter ...


Free-flight analysis of flapping flight during turning by fluid-structure interaction finite element analysis based on arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian method May 2004 Hamamoto, M. Ohta, Y. Hara, K. Hisada, T., Devices Technol. Res. Labs., Sharp Corp., Tenri, Japan ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract An insect's flapping flight i ...


French Submarine Robot Makes Test Dive for Plane Wreckage January 14, 2004 By Hassen Zenati Copyright 2004 Agence France Presse A French submarine robot began a test dive Tuesday in a warm-up for a search of the flight recorders of an Egyptian plane that crashed into the Red Sea 10 days ago, killing all 148 people aboard, an official said. The test by the Scorpio robot was to last up to four hours before the real search is launched later Tuesday off Egypt's resort at Sharm el-Sheikh, accor ...


Friction estimation by pressing an elastic finger-shaped sensor against a surface April 2004 Maeno, T. Kawamura, T. Sen-Chieh Cheng Dept. of Mech. Eng., Keio Univ., Yokohama, Japan IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 2 On page(s): 222- 228 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract A method is proposed to estimate the friction coefficient between a planar surface and an el ...


Scientific American August 2004 issue By W. Wayt Gibbs Late this past February, with less than three weeks remaining before the first ever long-distance race for robotic vehicles, William "Red" Whittaker left Carnegie Mellon University to spend a weekend in the Mojave east of Carson City, Nev. Desert testing of the autonomous humvee that Whittaker's "Red Team" was building had begun there 18 days before. "Yesterday the vehicle drove itself at 32 miles per hour for eight miles along the ol ...


From First Contact to Close Encounters: A Developmentally Deep Perceptual System for a Humanoid Robot By Paul Fitzpatrick June 2003 AITR-2003-008 MIT AI Lab Publications Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This thesis presents a perceptual system for a humanoid robot that integrates abilities such as object localization and recognition with the deeper developmental machinery required to forge those competences out of raw physical experiences. It shows t ...


From medicine to military, machines finally arrive March 10, 2004 By Michael Kanellos CNET News.com The robots are coming. And when they get here, they will take out the trash. Mobile, intelligent robots that can perform tasks usually reserved for humans are starting to creep into mainstream society and could become a multibillion-dollar market in a few years. iRobot says it has sold hundreds of thousands of units of the Roomba, a self-guided, self-propelled vacuum cleaner that sells for a ...


Fujitsu Automation Starts Marketing Humanoid Robot July 6, 2005 By Aki Tsukioka JCN Network Tokyo (JCNN) - Fujitsu Automation announced on July 5 that the company, in collaboration with Fujitsu Laboratories, has developed HOAP-3, a humanoid robot which can process and interpret sounds and visual images. Measuring 60cm in height and 8.8kg in weight, HOARP-3 has various sensors to enable high-level kinetic expressions. The robot is powered by an Intel Pentium M Processor 1.1GHz and also has IEEE802.11g wireless LAN capability to support computer-enabled control. Fujitsu Automation plans to ship 100 units over the next three years, targeting researchers in robotics and communication studies.


Functional colonoscope robot system September 2003 By Byungkyu Kim Younkoo Jeong Hyun-young Lim Jong-Oh Park Arianna Menciassi Paolo Dario; Korea Inst. of Sci. & Technol., Seoul, South Korea Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract Colonoscopy is an important medical procedure for the diagnosis of various disease ...


Future and present meet in unmanned ground vehicles By: Capt. Chad Walton Marine Corps News December 3, 2003 Science fiction movies have long used robots as a staple of their regular cast, but even now the Marine Corps is working on a machine that will operate forward of the front lines and provide scouting, flank security, direct attack and other tasks that will decrease risks for combat Marines. The Tactical Unmanned Ground Vehicle, or Gladiator, is designed to support dismounted infantry ...


Fuzzy-Logic Based Navigation of Underwater Vehicles May 2004 Authors: V. Kanakakis1; K. P. Valavanis1; N. C. Tsourveloudis Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers Abstract: A fuzzy logic based general purpose modular control architecture is presented for underwater vehicle autonomous navigation, control and collision avoidance. Three levels of fuzzy controllers comprising the sensor fusion module, the collision avoidance module and the motion control module are derived and implemented. No as ...


G'day Mate. Let me Introduce you to Everyone: An Infrastructure for Scalable Human-System Interaction By Ashley D. Tews, Maja J. Matari, Gaurav S. Sukhatme, Brian P. Gerkey; Robotics Laboratory, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA CRES Technical Report #004. August 2002. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We are exposed to physical and virtual systems every day. They consist of computers, PDAs, wireless devices and increasingly, robots. ...


Gait transitions for walking and running of biped robots September 2003 By Ohung Kwon Jong Hyeon Park; Dept. of Precision Mech. Eng., Hanyang Univ., Seoul, South Korea Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In this paper, we propose a gait transition algorithm between walking and running for fast movement of a biped ro ...


Gaussian Energy Functions for Registration without Correspondences August 2004 Faysal Boughorbel, Andreas Koschan, Besma Abidi, and Mongi Abidi, Imaging Robotics and Intelligent Systems Laboratory The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, 37996 Proc. on IEEE Int. Conf. on Pattern Recognition, Vol. 3, pp. 24-27, August 2004. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract A new criterion based on Gaussian fields is introduced and applied to the task of automati ...


General Dynamics to Develop FCS Autonomous Navigation Capability September 23, 2003 Robotics Trends Sept. 23, 2003 - Boeing and Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), the Lead Systems Integrator tandem for the concept and technology development phase of the U.S. Army's Future Combat Systems (FCS) program, has selected General Dynamics Robotic Systems to enter into negotiations toward an estimated $ 145 million contract to develop an autonomous navigation system (ANS) for unm ...


General Spatial Features for Analysis of Multi-robot and Human Activities from Raw Position Data By Helen Yan and Maja J. Mataric´, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA EEE/RSJ International Conference on Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IROS) Oct 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract: In this paper, we present a method of quantifying ideas from proxemics into a set of spatial features that can be used for recognizing, classifying, and ...


Generating and Recognizing Free-space Movements in Humanoid Robots By Evan Drumwright and Maja J Mataric, USC Robotics Research Labs, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, 941 West 37th Place, Mailcode 0781, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), pages 1672-1678, Las Vegas, Nevada, Oct 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract— We introduce a computationally efficient methodology for gen ...


Generative representations for the automated design of modular physical robots August 2003 Hornby, G.S. Lipson, H. Pollack, J.B., Comput. Sci. Dept., Brandeis Univ., Waltham, MA, USA IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 19, Issue: 4 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract The field of evolutionary robotics has demonstrated the ability to automatically design the morphology and control ...


Generative Temporal Planning with Complex Processes By Jonathan Kennell, Submitted to the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, February 2004 AI Technical Report 2004-002 May 2004 MITt Computer Scienc and Artificial Intelligence Labortory Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Autonomous vehicles are increasingly ...


Generic Decentralized Control for Lattice-Based Self-Reconfigurable Robots September 2004 Z. Butler, K. Kotay, D. Rus, Department of Computer Science, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, USA and K. Tomita National Institute of Advanced Industrial, Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Japan International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 9- Publication Date: 1 September 2004 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. Previous work on self ...


Genetic algorithm based path planning for a mobile robot September 2003 By Jianping Tu Yang, S.X.; Sch. of Eng., Guelph Univ., Ont., Canada Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In this paper, a novel genetic algorithm based approach to path planning of a mobile robot is proposed. The major characteristic of the propo ...


Geometric Design of 3R Robot Manipulators for Reaching Four End-Effector Spatial Poses March 2004 Eric Lee and Constantinos Mavroidis Robotics and Mechatronics Laboratory, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Rutgers University, The State University of New Jersey, 98 Brett Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 3 - Publication Date: 1 March 2004 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full t ...


Geometric motion planning and formation optimization for a fleet of nonholonomic wheeled mobile robots May 2004 Bhatt, R. Chin Pei Tang Krovi, V., Mech. & Aerosp. Eng., State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Volume 4 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In this paper, we present a geometric method for motion planning for a fl ...


German Army to host UGV trials in May 2006 July 27, 2005 shephard Group The German army would like to invite your company to participate in the European Land-Robot Trial 2006 (ELROB 2006). The ELROB is conducted in order to provide an overview of the European state-of-the-art in the field of UGVs with focus on short-term realizable robot systems. With regard to available capabilities, the organisers seek to promote innovative technical approaches that will enable the operation of unmanned gro ...


Get Ready To Take Home A Robot July 15, 2005 Oklahoma.com Several Companies Work On Companions Some people have dreamed about home robots since the old "Jetsons" TV series in the 1960s. The Nuvo robot, developed in Japan, is meant as a $6,000 helper and companion. A Japanese company bills its home robot -- named Nuvo -- as a helper and companion. It's about 15 inches tall and is powered by 15 motors. It has a camera mounted in it, so you can use Nuvo to keep an eye on something in anothe ...


Giant Robot Helps Prevent Landslides Red Nova January 12.2005 ESA -- Fighting landslides is dangerous work, but help from space is on its way. Recent testing in Italy has shown that the four-tonne Roboclimber can secure slopes without endangering human lives, thanks to innovations from Europe's space programs. "It was amazing to see how easily this huge robot managed to operate on a very steep slope to secure a rocky mountain wall,” said Guglielmo Berlasso, Director of the Civil Protectio ...


Giant Robot to Help During Disasters Better Humans March 26, 2004 giant robot has been unveiled that could be rescuing people from earthquakes and other disasters by the end of this year. Called T-52 Enryu HyperRescueRobot and created by Tmsuk of Kitakyushu, Japan, the machine is 3.5 meters tall, weighs five tons and can lift 500 kilograms with each of its arms. "We launched Enryu to help out at disaster scenes," Yoichi Takamoto, president of Tmsuk, recently told the Asahi Shimbun. "We e ...


Giant robots in the backyard December 22, 2004 By John Borland, CNET News.com ZDNet News In the back of Carlos Owens' southern Alaska yard, an 18-foot-tall steel robot is taking shape in the dim light of the winter afternoons. The 26-year-old Owens is an Anchorage-area steelworker by day. In his own time, he's hoping to become the creator of a true "mecha"--not a robot, exactly, but a gigantic exoskeleton that can transform its wearer's motions into eight-foot strides and the devastating ...


Gladiator flexes its muscle on Camp Smith June 25, 2003 Submitted by: Marine Forces Pacific Story by: Computed Name: Cpl. Luis R. Agostini Marine Corps News CAMP H. M. SMITH, Hawaii(June 25, 2003) -- On day 30 of Operation Real Freedom, a group of approximately 600 belligerent activists, still loyal to their overthrown government, have unlawfully assembled at the bridge on the outskirts of the desert town of Intoit. The crowd is blocking the main supply route and preventing the deli ...


Gladiator robot looks to join Marine Corps July 7, 2003 By William Cole, Military Writer Honolulu Advertiser CAMP SMITH — It looks like something out of Robocop, a mini tank-treaded terror bristling with so many cannon and guns that only a Hollywood screenwriter could have dreamed it up. It's designed to be RoboMarine — technically the Gladiator Tactical Unmanned Ground Vehicle — and proponents say it would have come in handy in trouble spots ranging from Somalia, Kosovo and Bosnia to Afgh ...


Gliders scour the deep, propelled by the sea Nov. 23, 2003 MSNBC.com Craft can travel for weeks and go hundreds of miles The Associated Press SAN DIEGO, Nov. 23, 2003 - A century after the Wright Brothers first took to the skies, the world of flight is pushing to new depths. Researchers are perfecting innovative gliders that can swoop and soar on journeys covering hundreds of miles and lasting for weeks — all deep beneath the ocean waves. The feldging technology, barely a decade old, has ...


Global Emerging Technology Institute Joins RoboNexus as Association Co-Sponsor April 03, 2005 Robotics Trends NORTHBORO, MA, AND FRAMINGHAM, MA, MARCH 2, 2005 - Robotics Trends and IDG World Expo today announced that the Global Emerging Technology Institute (GETI), a leading proponent and facilitator of the commercialization of emerging technologies that support university-industry collaboration, regional economic development and industrial growth, has joined the RoboNexus Conference and Ex ...


Global Sequential Control in a Minimalist Distributed System By Chris V. Jones and Maja J. Mataric´ Robotics Research Laboratory, Computer Science Department, University of Southern California Institute for Robotics and Intelligent Systems Technical Report IRIS-02-411, Jan 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract: The collective execution of a single task, such as foraging or clustering, has received considerable research attention in the minimalist dis ...


Globally adaptive decentralized control of time-varying robot manipulators September 2003 By Su-Hau Hsu Li-Chen Fu; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Taiwan Univ., Taipei, Taiwan Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In this paper, we develop a globally adaptive decentralized control scheme of time-varying robot manipulator ...


Go Forth and Multiply, Little Bot May 12, 2005 By Stephen Leahy Wired News It has long been held that self-replication is one of the fundamental processes separating the living from the nonliving. To watch a robot make it happen is a bit spooky. A robot that makes functional copies of itself was announced this week in the journal Nature. Researchers at Cornell University's Computational Synthesis Lab say their robot is a working example of machine self-replication and evidence that self-r ...


Goddard Technologist Proposes Sensitive High-tech Robot Skin June 8, 2005 ScienceDaily.com A ballerina gracefully dances on a small stage. She is followed not by a male partner, but by a robotic arm manipulator that seems to sense her every move. For NASA Goddard technologist Vladimir Lumelsky, the performance shows the future of robotics. It also demonstrates an advanced technology that Lumelsky hopes to develop as part of the push from NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. t ...


Government pushes for research on robotics By Charles Sheehan, Associated Press USA Today Posted 3/13/2004 1:00 AM PITTSBURGH — The success of unmanned drones that have proven their mettle in combat since the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks has prompted an unprecedented push for new research at universities with advanced robotics laboratories. Robotics and mechanical engineering departments report an influx of cash from the Department of Defense to build land vehicles, boats and aircraft that d ...


GRACE and GEORGE: Autonomous Robots for the AAAI Robot Challenge Summer 2004 By Reid Simmons, Allison Bruce, Dani Goldberg, Adam Goode, Michael Montemerlo, Nicholas Roy, Brennan Sellner, Chris Urmson; Carnegie Mellon University Alan Schultz, William Adams, Magda Bugajska, Matt MacMahon, Jessica Mink, Dennis Perzanowski, Stephanie Rosenthal, Scott Thomas, Naval Research Laboratory Ian Horswill, Robert Zubek, Northwestern University David Kortenkamp, Bryn Wolfe, Tod Milam, Metrica, Inc. Bruc ...


Grasp analysis and synthesis based on a new quantitative measure December 2003 Xiangyang Zhu Han Ding Jun Wang, Sch. of Mech. Eng., Shanghai Jiaotong Univ., China IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 19, Issue: 6 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In this paper, we present a quantitative measure of multifingered grasps. The measure quantifies the capability of a grasp in firmly h ...


Grasping-force optimization for multifingered robotic hands using a recurrent neural network June 2004 Youshen Xia Jun Wang Lo-Ming Fok Dept. of Autom. & Comput.-Aided Eng., Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, China IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 3 On page(s): 549- 554 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract Grasping-force optimization of multifingered robotic hands can be f ...


Grenade, robot turn out to be duds HeraldTribune December 21, 2004 By MIKE SAEWITZ SARASOTA COUNTY -- On a perfect day, an $80,000 steel robot would have gently picked up the grenade and placed it in a bomb disposal unit. But when sheriff's deputies found a grenade in the middle of 17th Street on Wednesday, the long-armed robot malfunctioned. So the sheriff's bomb squad improvised, using a much smaller robot, a pulley and a plastic laundry basket. It did not go well. On the first try, th ...


GRISLEE: Gasmain Repair and Inspection System for Live Entry Environments August 2003 H. Schempf, E. Mutschler, V. Goltsberg and W. Crowley Carnegie Mellon University, Robotics Institute, 5000 Forbes Ave., Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 22 Issue 7/8 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. US gas companies spend over $300 million annually detecting and repairing gas leaks in urban and suburban settings. ...


Ground Robots Experience Bumpy Ride September 2002 by Roxana Tiron National Defense Magazine Top technology challenges are mobility, autonomy and communications Army scientists and researchers predict that ground battlefield robots will play a prominent role in the future force, but today’s technology still is not capable of delivering some essential features, such as robots that can navigate autonomously and communicate effectively with operators. A key test for the U.S. Army’s robotics ...


Ground-space bilateral teleoperation of ETS-VII robot arm by direct bilateral coupling under 7-s time delay condition June 2004 Imaida, T. Yokokohji, Y. Doi, T. Oda, M. Yoshikawa, T., Dept. of Mech. Eng., Kyoto Univ., Japan IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 3 On page(s): 499- 511 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract A bilateral teleoperation experiment with Engine ...


Grounding Symbols in Perception with two Interacting Autonomous Robots 2004 Jean-Christophe Baillie, ENSTA / Electronics and Computer Engineering Lab., Paris 75015 France Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics Lund University Cognitive Studies, 117, ISBN 91-974741-3-4 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Grounding symbolic representations in perception is a key and difficult issue for artificial intelligence. The ”Talking ...


Gumstix Ships Small Linux Computer April 6, 2004 (4:31 p.m. EST) TechWeb News Start-up Gumstix Inc. on Tuesday shipped two printed circuit boards and mini-computer cases for building Linux-based handheld devices, peripherals and robotics. The Palo Alto, Calif., company released two boards, the 200x and 400x, each the size of a stick of gum and weighing less than a tablespoon of water. Gumstix also shipped two single board, mini-computer cases, the Waysmall 200x and 400x. The new products ...


Gun robots 'to guard border' 8 Apr 2005 Scotsman.com News GUN-WIELDING robots could soon be patrolling the world’s most heavily fortified border. South Korea’s defence ministry said today it will complete a feasibility study by the end of the year on building surveillance robots to be deployed along the 155-mile frontier with North Korea. Plans call for the robots - along with sensor-activated alarm systems and closed- circuit TV cameras - to be installed by 2011. South Korea deployed two rifle-equipped robots with its 3600 troops in Iraq.


Gun-toting robot still in training June 22, 2005 By Michael Kanellos CNet News The U.S. Army has delayed deployment of a robot equipped with a machine gun, a slight setback in the march of robots into war. The Talon Sword, an autonomous vehicle with a machine gun (or rocket launcher) mounted on top that soldiers can fire from a remote location, was supposed to be deployed in live situations in Iraq by April. The robot, however, required some adjustments, according to Bob Quinn, spokesman ...


Gun-toting robots eyed for Korean border April 8, 2005 CBC News SEOUL - South Korea is working on a plan to send robots equipped with weapons to patrol the demilitarized zone that marks its border with North Korea. The country's defence ministry said Friday that a feasibility study will be completed by the end of this year on a proposal to pull back on human troops in favour of surveillance robots by 2011. The gun-toting robots will be able to capture video of their surroundings along the h ...


Gunslinging Robots Gear Up January 27, 2005 By Michael P. Regan, Associated Press CBS News (AP) The rain is turning to snow on a blustery January morning, and all the men gathered in a parking lot here surely would prefer to be inside. But the weather couldn't matter less to the robotic sharpshooter they are here to watch as it splashes through puddles, the barrel of its machine gun pointing the way like Pinocchio's nose. The Army is preparing to send 18 of these remote-controlled roboti ...


Handheld Aircraft Provides Bird's-Eye View October 18, 2004 By Cpl. Benjamin Cossel, 122nd Mobile Public Affairs Detachment NBC6 News CAMP TAJI, Iraq - “Lift, LIFT!” came the excited cry from the darkness. Slowly the little glider ascended into the night sky. “We’ve got a video feed heading to first location,” confirmed a disembodied voice. Adding another tool to their already impressive arsenal, Soldiers of the 39th Brigade Combat Team’s 239th Military Intelligence Company use the Raven ...


Haptic Control of a Mobile Robot: A User Study By Sangyoon Lee† 1, Gaurav S. Sukhatme 2, Gerard Jounghyun Kim 1, Chan-Mo Park 1 1 Virtual Reality Laboratory, Dept. of Computer Science & Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology(POSTECH), Pohang, Kyoungbuk, 790-784 South Korea 2 Robotic Embedded Systems Laboratory, Dept. of Computer Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781 USA IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Robotics and Intelligent Systems ( ...


Haptic Display of Contact Location By W.R Provancher *, K.J. Kuchenbecker **, G. Niemeyer **, and M.R. Cutkosky * ** Telerobotics Lab and * Dexterous Manipulation Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California Proc. 11th International Symposium on Robotics Research (ISRR '03). Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This work presents a new haptic device that integrates grounded point-force display with the presentation of contact location. The syste ...


Haptic Teleoperation of a Mobile Robot: A User Study By Sangyoon Lee †, Gaurav S. Sukhatme ‡, Gerard Jounghyun †, Kim† Chan-Mo Park† †Virtual Reality Lab. Dept. of Computer Science & Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology(POSTECH) , Pohang, Kyoungbuk, 790-784 South Korea ‡Robotic Embedded Systems Lab., Dept. of Computer Science, University of Southern California Los Angeles, CA 90089-078 Presence, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstr ...


Haptics: Shaking Hands with a Robot February 11, 2005 By Laurie Rowell Informit.com Human beings can be just plain weird on the subject of imitation people. Consider that it was while watching the automata at the palace of Versailles when Descartes decided that the whole canon of Western philosophy needed a rethink. I always imagine him sitting down to ponder the brainless clockwork mannequins of the French court, trying to find some reliable benchmarks that he could use to tell the metal ...


Has anyone seen our submarine? The Guardian February 21, 2005 David Adam Lost: much loved robot submarine, last seen under 200 metres of Antarctic ice last Wednesday, answers to the name Autosub - reward. The £1.5m British unmanned research sub was investigating the waters below the Fimbul ice shelf when it became trapped. Scientists don't know what went wrong, but say the submarine is stuck and unlikely to be recovered. Gwyn Griffiths, an ocean engineer at the Southampton Oceanography ...


Hawk Protection Systems Showcases Detection and Surveillance Robot February 23rd, 2005 Business Wire MADRID, Spain - Hawk Protection Systems, a provider of explosives detection technologies, mobile surveillance systems, and security services is pleased to announce the release of its new Detection and Surveillance Robot demonstration video. This video demonstrates the DSR capabilities and specifications in a real environment. "The DSR video is a part of our new marketing program. We plan on releasing a similar video for the AJETD system and believe these demonstrations will help potential clients to better understand our products." said John Altes, Founder and CEO of Hawk Protection Systems, Inc. To view the new DSR Demonstration Video, visit http://www.hawkps.com/dsrnewsmall.mov.


Help for Hubble November 2004 By Andrew Fazekas Popular Science Fixing the ailing space telescope may be too risky for humans. Solution: hire a robot. The beloved Hubble Space Telescope may get a new lease on life after all. Late last summer, NASA nixed its controversial decision to retire the aging instrument and instead will consider asking Congress for roughly $1 billion to plan and launch a robotic repair mission by late 2007. The leading contender for a Hubble house call: a 3,664-po ...


Helping human and robot firefighters work as a team 4/13/05 innovations report Imagine a firefighter scrambling through a burning building, searching for survivors of a devastating explosion. Injured people on the far side of a brick wall, but out of reach. However, the partner on the other side promptly smashes through the wall, clears a path so both can help the survivors. Science fiction perhaps? No, this is exactly the scenario that partners in the PELOTE project have been working on. L ...


Hi robot November 5, 2004 By Jon Excell The Engineer UK researchers have received 1m Euros (£700,000) to investigate intelligent robots that can understand the ambiguities of natural speech and work more effectively alongside humans. The four-year project forms part of a wider European Commission initiative consisting of seven academic teams from around Europe known as Cosy (Cognitive Systems for Cognitive Assistants). While companies such as Honda and Sony proudly showcase walking, dancin ...


Hierarchical Simultaneous Localization and Mapping October 2003 By Brad Lisien, Deryck Morales, David Silver, George Kantor, Ioannis Rekleitis and Howie Choset; Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15217 Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE/RSJ Intl. Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper presents a novel method of combining topological and feature-based mapping strategies to create a hierarchical approa ...


High Speed Hazard Avoidance for Mobile Robots in Rough Terrain By Matthew Spenko, Karl Iagnemma, Steven Dubowsky Massachusetts Institute of Technology Proceedings of the SPIE Conference on Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology VI, Orlando, FL, Vol. 5422 April 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Mobile robots have important applications in high speed, rough-terrain scenarios. In these scenarios, unexpected and hazardous situations can occur that requi ...


High-flying robot plane may link phone networks April 13, 2005 Howard Breuer Hindustan Times Is it a bird? Is it a plane? No, it's a "Stratellite," and its makers believe it will revolutionise the broadband and wireless industry — if it ever gets off the ground. Wisconsin communications company Sanswire on Tuesday unveiled its almost-finished prototype of a hard-framed, unmanned airship designed to fly in the stratosphere 13 miles above the earth and send broadband and mobile phone signals ...


High-precision task-space sensing and guidance for autonomous robot localization September 2003 By Nejat, G. Benhabib, B.; Dept. of Mech. & Ind. Eng., Toronto Univ., Canada Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper addresses the accurate positioning (localization) of a robotic end-effector, undertaking high-pre ...


High-Tech Robot Skin May 13, 2005 by Lori Keesey PhysOrg.com Goddard Technologist Proposes Sensitive Skin Covering for Robots The ballerina gracefully dances on a small stage. She is followed not by a male partner, but by a robotic arm manipulator that seems to sense her every move. For NASA Goddard technologist Vladimir Lumelsky, the performance captured on the videotape neatly shows the future of robotics. It also demonstrates an advanced technology that Lumelsky hopes to develop as par ...


High-tech tools added to the ordnance disposal aresnal October 7, 2004 BY MARINE CORPS CPL. JEFF M. NAGAN The Flagship CAMP LEMONIER, Djibouti — For the last month, Detachment 20, Explosive Ordnance Disposal Mobile Unit 8 has been testing the capabilities of a versatile tool that has recently been added to their arsenal. The Vanguard MK II, a mere 2-foot tall remote operated robot, may not be the biggest weapon the EOD technicians have, but it’s a potential lifesaver, said Petty Officer 1s ...


Hijacking Your Cute Little Vacuum Bot September 2003 By Paul Wallich Popular Mechanics The Roomba is a tempting hacker target: big payload, multiple onboard sensors. But its cleaning duties get in the way. When artificial intelligence was all the rage in the 1980s, researchers joked that by the turn of the century, smart vacuum cleaners built in Japan would be cleaning smart tanks built in the United States. As it turns out, though, a few years into the new century the vacuum bot that i ...


Hitachi Develops a Robot that has the Capabilities for Daily Life and that Moves in Response to Dialogs with People April 01, 2005 PhysOrg.com Hitachi, Ltd. announced that it has developed a robot - called "EMIEW"* - for supporting people's everyday lives. EMIEW has the physical capabilities, such as agile movement and obstacle avoidance, needed for real life, and can move around while interacting in dialog with humans from a distance of one meter without the need for microphones. The technol ...


Hitachi displays robot on wheels March 20, 2005 By Yuri Kageyama CNews TOKYO (AP) -- Hitachi's robot on wheels avoids obstacles, responds to simple voice commands and reads the weather forecast. But it is very much a work in progress: Reporters invited to a demonstration were warned not to touch the two prototypes for safety's sake. They also were asked not to use a camera flash at certain angles or to cross a white line on the floor. The 150-pound, 51-inch-tall robots, nicknamed Pal and ...


Hitachi unveils 'fastest robot' March 16, 2005 BBC News Japanese electronics firm Hitachi has unveiled its first humanoid robot, called Emiew, to challenge Honda's Asimo and Sony's Qrio robots. Hitachi said the 1.3m (4.2ft) Emiew was the world's quickest-moving robot yet at 6km/h (3.7 miles per hour). Two wheel-based Emiews, Pal and Chum, introduced themselves to reporters at a press conference in Japan. They will be guests at this month's World Expo. Sony and Honda have both built robots ...


Hitachi's humanoid robots can chat, zip around March 25, 2005 Reuters Pal and Chum look a little bit like first-graders on wheels, chatting up a storm and racing around the room. For Hitachi, Japan's biggest electronics conglomerate, they are the next generation of humanoid robots. Hitachi unveiled the "Emiew," its first humanoid robot, on Tuesday, saying it was the world's quickest-moving robot yet. "We aimed to create a robot that could live and coexist with people," Toshihiko Horiuch ...


Hometown favorite under pressure to repeat 07/13/2005 The Asahi Shimbun OSAKA-The heat is on for VisiON. A winner in the RoboCup soccer competition last year is under pressure to repeat, especially since it is the Osaka hometown favorite. The VisiON autonomous bipedal robot, developed by Team Osaka, won the championship with its first entry in the Humanoid League, in which 12 teams vied. Prior to today's opening of RoboCup 2005 Osaka, Team Osaka Director Nobuo Yamato showed strong enthu ...


Honda robot applies for 9-to-5 job December 15, 2004 By Reuters CNET News.com WAKO, Japan--Honda Motor's humanoid robot has been around: He's rung the famed bell at the New York Stock Exchange, met Spain's king and even traveled with Japan's prime minister to Prague as a goodwill ambassador. Now, the Japanese automaker wants to prepare the 4-year-old Asimo for some real work. Office work. Honda, considered one of Japan's most innovative companies and a leader in developing humanoid robot ...


Honda Robot Helps Teach in Classrooms April 6, 2005 Associated Press Forbes.com A walking childlike robot from Japanese automaker Honda Motor Co. is entering classrooms to help teachers demonstrate the wonders of science. The 130-centimeter (51-inch) -tall, bubble-headed robot named Asimo has already shown it can jog, walk up stairs, wave, avoid obstacles and carry on simple conversations. It has worked as a guide in showrooms and visited schools as Honda's ambassador. But this is the fir ...


Honda's robot takes a giant leap forward December 19, 2004 By Yuri Kageyama, The Associated Press Tallahassee Democrat WAKO, Japan - The walking, talking, child-size robot from Honda Motor Co. now manages an easy, although comical, jog - the latest in the Japanese automaker's quest to imitate human movement. The 51-inch-tall, bubble-headed robot added a couple of infrared cameras and a sensor to better absorb shock and keep its balance for a steady, mechanical-looking run at a slow pace of ...


Honda’s new robot able to jog slowly The State 12/16/2004 By YURI KAGEYAMA The walking, talking child-size robot from Honda Motor Co. now manages an easy, although comical, jog — the latest in the Japanese automaker’s quest to imitate human movement. The 51-inch-tall, bubble-headed robot added a couple of infrared cameras and a sensor to better absorb shock and keep its balance for a steady, mechanical-looking run at a slow pace of 1.9 mph in a demonstration Wednesday in Japan. The robot c ...


Honeywell Electronics Debut a Battle Drone The Cranky Consumer April 4 , 2005 David Michael Honeywell Electronics is doing product testing (tethered rope) on a flying robot that has two onboard video cameras; the vehicle is called a Micro Air Vehicle. The robot should aid in the battle field by doing some basic types of reconnaissance work, and basically looking over hills and around corners for bad guys. [via News.com] The vehicle can take off from a standstill and then hover or fly. Unl ...


Hoplites: A Market Framework for Complex Tight Coordination in Multi-Agent Teams By Nidhi Kalra, Tony Stentz and Dave Ferguson Tech. report CMU-RI-TR-04-41, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, August, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In this paper we present a new class of tasks for multi-robot teams: those that require constant complex interaction between teammates. Much research has been done in the area of multi-robot coordination, ...


Hoplites: A Market-Based Framework for Planned Tight Coordination in Multirobot Teams By Nidhi Kalra, Dave Ferguson, and Anthony Stentz, Robotics Institute Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA Proceedings of the International Conference on Robotics and Automation, April, 2005. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In this paper we address tasks for multirobot teams that require solving a distributed multi-agent planning problem in which the actions o ...


In addition to inventing Penelope, he developed a surgical method that uses heat to make incisions without scalpels and then seals the wound when an operation is over. Knives, needles, staples and stitches never come into play. "I am sort of a physicist who is also practicing surgery. I have been trying throughout my career to use physics to improve medicine. I chose surgery because I figured that's where I'd basically apply technology." Along with his M.D., Treat holds undergraduate and master ...


The Age By Nicole Manktelow June 26, 2004 Icon Vacuuming the floor has become something of a spectator sport in the Corke household, where a little disc-shaped device skirts its own way around the lounge. "It's able to avoid the stairs and so on. I stand there and watch the thing, which of course completely defeats the purpose," says the robot's owner, Peter Corke. Chances are, devices like the Roomba iRobot, its Electrolux rival Trilobite or their automated lawnmower cousins will be how ...


Houses built by robot? If scientist gets his way January 2, 2005 By Lew Sichelman, Special to The Times Los Angeles Times WASHINGTON — By this time next year, a California scientist hopes to build a 500-square-foot "house" almost entirely by robot. If his experiment is successful, his next goal is to "print out" a complete one-story, 2,000-square-foot home in a single day with hardly any on-site help from human beings. With federal funding, Behrokh Khoshnevis, a professor of industrial and ...


The Mercury News Oct. 04, 2004 By John Paczkowski It looks like a shoe box with legs, but to Bob Full, ``RHex,'' the Compliant Hexapod Robot, is the harbinger of a new generation of biologically inspired bots. A professor of integrative biology at the University of California-Berkeley, Full's expertise is in the neural and muscular physiology of creatures that most people would rather step on than study. RHex is the culmination of years of his research, a legged robot that likely is one of ...


In Hurricane Katrina's aftermath, Murphy plans to focus on testing the video-equipped aerial vehicles, including a modified Like90 helicopter. Change comes slowly She noted that the pace of technological change in the search-and-rescue field can sometimes seem achingly slow. "There's been no real change in over 15 years," Murphy said. "You don't have a computer that's 15 years old. You probably don't have a television that's 15 years old. ... I'm really frustrated. I want to help get the tech ...


How to trust robots further than we can throw them By David Bruemmer and Douglas Few, Idaho National Laboratory; Michael Goodrich, Brigham Young University; Donald Norman, Nielsen Norman Group; Nilanjan Sarkar, Vanderbilt University; Jean Scholtz, National Institute of Standards and Technology; Bill Smart, Washington University in St. Louis; Mark L. Swinson, US Army Research Office; and Holly Yanco, University of Massachusetts, Lowell, MA 2004 conference on Human factors and computing sys ...


Carlson, J., and Murphy, R.R., also submitted to IEEE Transactions on Robotics Authors: Jennifer Carlson (jcarlso1@csee.usf.edu), corresponding author; Dr. Robin Murphy (murphy@csee.usf.edu) University of South Florida Address: Computer Science and Engineering Rm 342 University of South Florida 4202 E. Fowler Ave. ENB 118 Tampa, FL 33620 Abstract This paper presents a detailed look at how unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) fail in the field using information from ten studies and 15 differe ...


HROV Will Make Deepest Dives Ever March 02, 2004 Copyright 2004 Business Communications Co. For the first time since 1960, U.S. scientists will be able to explore the deepest parts of the world's oceans, up to seven miles below the surface, with a novel underwater vehicle capable of performing multiple tasks in extreme conditions. Researchers at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution [WHOI, Woods Hole, MA 02543-1050 Tel: 508/289-3340] are developing a battery-powered underwater robot to ...


Huey, Dewey, Louie, and GUI— Commanding Robot Formations By Jakob Fredslund (chili@daimi.au.dk) and Maja J Matari´c (mataric@cs.usc.edu)y In Proceedings, IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA-2002), Washington DC, May 11-15, 2002. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We present a graphical user interface (GUI) for easy, intuitive control of a group of mobile robots moving in formation, and we give a short description of the genera ...


Human-Centered Robotics and Interactive Haptic Simulation February 1, 2004 Oussama Khatib Robotics Laboratory, Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA, Oliver Brock Laboratory for Perceptual Robotics, Department of Computer Science, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA, Kyong-Sok Chang, Diego Ruspini, Luis Sentis and Sriram Viji Robotics Laboratory, Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA International Jo ...


SpaceRef August 06, 2004 Source: Johnson Space Center Human-like hands, fingers and even television camera eyes have been hallmarks of NASA's Robonaut, but recent work seeks to give the nimble robot legs, or at least a leg, and even wheels. Robonaut took its first steps recently during tests at the Johnson Space Center in Houston, using a single "space leg" to move around the outside of a simulated Space Station. Other recent tests put the humanoid robot on wheels, a Segway scooter to be ex ...


Human-Like Robot Runs April 20, 2005 By Tracy Staedter Discovery News A new two-legged robot that can walk with a human gait recently demonstrated it has the ability to run. While other robots, such as Honda's Asimo, can also run, the French-based Rabbit relies on a completely different control system that could save researchers months of experimental time and ultimately produce more agile robots. Most human-like robots, such as Asimo, are programmed to learn how to walk using trial-and-er ...


Human-machine cooperative manipulation with vision-based motion constraints Bu Gregory D. Hager, Computational Interaction and Robotics Lab, John Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD Proc. Workshop on Visual Servoing, with IROS, 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper discusses a class of control algorithms that provide enhanced physical dexterity by imposing passive motion constraints. Such motion constraints are often referred to as virtual fix ...


Robin R. Murphy, Member, IEEE (Invited Paper) IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Part C: Applications and Reviews, special issue on Human-Robot Interaction, Vol. 34, No. 2, May 2004 Abstract Rescue robotics has been suggested by a recent DARPA/NSF study as an application domain for the research in human-robot integration (HRI). This article provides a short tutorial on how robots are currently used in urban search and rescue (USAR) and discusses the HRI issues encountered over the past eight ...


Jennifer Casper (jcasper@csee.usf.edu), corresponding author; Dr. Robin Murphy (murphy@csee.usf.edu) University of South Florida IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics Part B , Vol. 33, No. 3, pp. 367-385, June 2003 Abstract The World Trade Center rescue response provided an unfortunate opportunity to study the human robot-interactions (HRIs) during a real unstaged rescue for the ¯rst time. A post-hoc analysis was performed on the data collected during the response which resul ...


Human-Robot Teaming for Search and Rescue January/March 2005 By Illah R. Nourbakhsh, Katia Sycara, Mary Koes, and Mark Yong, The Robotics Institute; Michael Lewis, University of Pittsburgh; Steve Burion, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL) Pervasive Computing Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. This work establishes an architecture for Urban Search and Rescue and a methodology for mixing real-world and simulation-based testing. A sensor suite and sensor ...


Humanoid robot conducts Beethoven symphony April 2004 Will Knight NewScientist.com news service The latest human activity to be mastered by robots was demonstrated recently when Sony's QRIO bot successfully conducted an entire orchestra. The 58-centimetre-tall humanoid robot led the Tokyo Philharmonic Orchestra in a unique rendition of Beethoven's 5th symphony during a concert held at the Bunkamura Orchard Hall in Tokyo on 15 March. A video of the robot conductor in action can be viewed on ...


Windowsfordevices.com September 20 2004 A group at the Institute for Computer Science of the University of Freiburg (Germany) has used a Pocket PC as the "brain" of a small autonomous robot. "NimbRo RS" placed third in the balancing challenge of the Humanoid League competition at RoboCup 2004 in Lisbon, by successfully walking up and down a ramp without falling. The group started with RoboSapien, a commercially available robot with infrared control. "Team NimbRo" replaced the robot's head wit ...


Humanoid robot launched Daily Times January 5, 2005 A humanoid robot which responds to human voices and can speak has been developed by researchers in South Korea. HUBO can walk at speeds of up to 1.25 kilometres per hour and can move five fingers. Professor Oh Joon-ho, the leader of HUBO research group says his team has spent three years and about one million dollars developing the robot. The group is based at Korea Advanced Institutes of Science and Technology in Daejuon City. ananova


Humanoid robots wow Japanese April 4, 2003 By J Mark Lytle BBC News Humanoid robots, some of which can even walk on two legs, dominate the world's largest robot exhibition, held this weekend in Yokohama, southwest of Tokyo. The show brings together more than 90 different types of robot from 38 companies, colleges and other organisations, up from last year's 72 bots. As usual, Honda's Asimo stole the limelight in a way that would have the other automatons hopping mad. Honda's droid is som ...


By MIKE TONER The Atlanta Journal-Constitution Published on: 07/22/04 (A free subscription is required to read online) FORT BENNING — Mental errors and human foibles undercut "encouraging" performances by a field of intelligent flying machines Thursday in the 14th annual International Aerial Robotics Competition. The $40,000 prize awaiting any robotics team that could complete all levels of competition went unclaimed as a day without winners — but no real losers, either — assured that the p ...


Humans not needed here April 14, 2005 By Melissa Allison Seattle Times business reporter If the miniature blimp had been working properly, the future of robotics might have been demonstrated in action yesterday in a Boeing hangar in Everett. Instead, two little robots armed with Dell laptop computers continuously explored a few square feet of factory floor, but were unable to complete their mission: locating and surrounding a target cube, then guiding another robot to pick it up and attac ...


Humans or Robots? UK Ponders Future of Space Flight January 24, 2005 Ian Sample Copyright 2005 Guardian Newspapers Limited British scientists will meet this week to thrash out an answer to a question that has caused argument for decades: is it worth sending humans into space? The Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) has called upon three wise men of science - Professor Frank Close, an Oxford University physicist, Professor Ken Pounds, an astrophysicist from the University of Leicester and Dr J ...


Hybrid autonomous control for multi mobile robots February 2004 Authors: Ito K.; Gofuku A. Publisher: VSP Abstract: Reinforcement learning can be an adaptive and flexible control method for autonomous system. It does not need a priori knowledge; behaviors to accomplish given tasks are obtained automatically by repeating trial and error. However, with increasing complexity of the system, the learning costs are increased exponentially. Thus, application to complex systems, like a many redun ...


Hyper redundant miniature manipulator "Hyper Finger" for remote minimally invasive surgery in deep area September 2003 By uta, K. Hasegawa, T. Daifu, S.; Dept. of Micro Syst. Eng., Nagoya Univ., Aichi, Japan Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract A new robotic system named "Hyper Finger" for minimally invasive surger ...


I Didn't Raise My Robot To Be a Soldier By Erik Baard January 8-14, 2004 MetroActive What's an ethical scientist to do when all the money for really interesting, cutting-edge research in robotics comes from the Department of Defense? AS AMERICAN warfare has shifted from draftees to drones, science and the military in the United States have become inseparable. But some scientists are refusing to let their robots grow up to be killers. Clusters of scientists shut the laboratory door on t ...


I, ROBOT: Rugged Dragon Runner Helps Troops 'See Around the Corner' By Eric Daniel Military.com Chuck it, roll it in, use it to spy on your enemies -- meet the Dragon Runner, the toughest portable surveillance robot in use by U.S. forces. Troops can throw it around a corner, through a window, up the stairs, on the roof or in a cave and the rugged Dragon Runner will land on its feet and continue its mission. The Dragon Runner, a 9-pound rear-wheel drive robot, is designed to save lives by ...


I, Rodent Technology Review December 2004 By Gregory T. Huang At the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology in Japan, neurobiologist Kenji Doya is ankle-deep in rodents. Not real ones, but “cyber rodents” made of plastic and silicon. Two of the critters circle each other in a mating dance. Others forage for fresh batteries on the floor. Another one just sits there. “That one is lazy,” says Doya, who also heads a group at the Advanced Telecommunications Research Institute in Kyoto. “It ...


I, SECURITY GUARD: Robots for Warehouse and Facility Security Eric Daniel Military.com For our manpower-strapped military forces, the MDARS robot may provide some much-needed help -- a mobile robot sentry with a full array of sensors, and the ability to "map" and autonomously move around its environment. If you've been hanging around the San Diego-based Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center, you'll know that the Center has been evaluating the performance of an unusual kind of security guard ...


Pittsburgh Tribune-Review July 11, 2004 By Bill Zlatos Carnegie Mellon University researchers say the sophisticated androids that inhabit the movie "I, Robot" might not be that far-fetched. "I would not be surprised if our technology would advance to that level," said James Osborn, executive director of the Healthcare Robotics Center at CMU. "I also won't be surprised if same thing happens in 20 years instead of 30." In the movie, to be released Friday, a detective played by Will Smith ...


Iconic Memory-Based Omnidirectional Route Panorama Navigation January 2005 By Yasushi Yagi, IEEE; Kousuke Imai, Kentaro Tsuji, Masahiko Yachida Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract A route navigation method for a mobile robot with an omnidirectional image sensor is described. The route is memorized from a series of consecutive omnidirectional images of the hori ...


IEDs in Iraq? Summon a JIN! June 9, 2005 Defense Industry Daily DID has referred to DefenseTech.org's and the New York Post's investigations of Tucson, AZ energy weapon company Ionatron, Inc. in a past article. Today we're reporting on a new technology from Ionatron that's about to be deployed to Iraq in order to counter the improvised explosive devices (IEDs) favored by insurgents and terrorists. The new system, dubbed the Joint IED Neutralizer (JIN), uses a directed-energy-discharge syste ...


IEEE 802.11 Communications Test For Robotic Systems By Narek Manouk, SPAWAR Systems Center San Diego, Adaptive Systems Branch (code 2371) AUVSI Unmanned Systems 2002, Lake Buena Vista, FL, July 9-11, 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Designing a robust communications structure needed in a robotic system often leads to many difficulties and compromises due to design constraints. Some of the capabilities of an 802.11 Ethernet radio modem can suffer a ...


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Illustrating Man-Machine Motion Analogy in Robotics: The Handwriting Problem V. Potkonjak, S. Tzafestas, D. Kostic, G.S. Dordevic, and M. Rasic; Univeristy of Nis, Serbia IEEE Robotics and Automation Magazine, March 2003, pp. 35-46. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. This article deals with the problem of how to control a robot to make it move like a human in order to use the advantages of such behavior. By solving this problem, robot specialists may fi d a way to ...


Impedance control for elastic joints industrial manipulators June 2004 Ferretti, G. Magnani, G. Rocco, P., Dipt. di Elettronica e Informazione, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy; IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 3 On page(s): 488- 498 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract An impedance controller for industrial manipulators is presented in this paper. Special attentio ...


Improved Joint Control using a Genetic Algorithm for a Humanoid Robot December 2003 Jonathan Roberts1, Damien Kee2 & Gordon Wyeth2 1CSIRO Manufacturing Science & Technology, PO Box 883, Kenmore, Qld 4069, Australia 2School of Information Technology & Electrical Engineering, University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Qld 4072, Australia Australian Conference on Robotics and Automation (ACRA2003) December 1- 3 Brisbane 2003. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract ...


Improved mobility in a multi degree of freedom unmanned ground vehicle By Michael R Blackburn 2 a, Richard Bailey b, and Brent Lytle b a a SSC San Diego 53560 Hull Street San Diego CA b ACEi 25133 Avenue Tibbits Unit A Valencia CA 91355 Presented at Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology VI, Orlando, FL, April 13-15, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT Mandelbrot, through his analysis of Fractals Mandelbrot 1977, has shown that the complexity of the ...


Improving HexSight December 16, 2004 e4engineering.com Adept Technology has released HexSight 3.3, an improved version of its PC-based machine vision library used in robot guidance and inspection applications. With HexSight 3.3, Adept's machine vision library is now available either as ActiveX controls (with support for .NET development environment) as well as DLL or static C++ libraries for tighter integration into vision applications. The Locator, an object location tool featuring multi-m ...


In Afghanistan, a new robosoldier goes to war July 31, 2002 By David Buchbinder The Christian Science Monitor NARIZAH, AFGHANISTAN - A squad of heavily armed American soldiers lines up single file outside a mud-walled compound in eastern Afghanistan, ready to burst inside. Just around the corner, technicians boot up Fester, a tank-like robot the size of a suitcase. An order comes over the radio: The soldiers are to hold their positions, but the robot is authorized to enter the building. ...


Wired News By Michelle Delio 02:00 AM Feb. 21, 2003 PT It was, at times, sort of like a nursery school for robots and computer programmers. The robots -- most of which were about the size of a skateboard -- that crawled over, around and under a rubble pile at the University of South Florida were learning how to play well with each other. And so were the geeks who program them. The robots rooting in the rubble are rescue workers. They can go into places too hazardous for human or canine r ...


Inchworm Robot to Use Satellites for Disaster Relief March 10, 2003 Betterhumans Staff Japanese researchers are building an inchworm-shaped robot that can dig through disaster areas and use global positioning system technology to navigate. A group led by Kazuya Yoshida, associate professor of aeronautics and space engineering at Tohoku University, plans to shortly begin remote-control experiments with the robot. The group will use the geostationary Engineering Test Satellite 8 that is sch ...


Incorporating Background Invariance into Feature-Based Object Recognition January 2005 By Andrew Stein and Martial Hebert, The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Seventh IEEE Workshop on Applications of Computer VIsion (WACV) Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Current feature-based object recognition methods use information derived from local image patches. For robustness, features are engineered for invariance to vari ...


Industrial Robot Sales Up 13 Percent For First 9 Months Of 2004 MItechnews.com 11/8/2004 ANN ARBOR – North American robotics companies posted a 13 percent gain in new orders from the North American market through the first nine months of 2004, according to figures released Monday by the Robotic Industries Association, the industry’s trade group. A total of 11,384 robots valued at $745.1 million were ordered through September by North American manufacturing companies, an increase of 13 perce ...


INEEL and NASA launch UAVS to evaluate Earthbound missions Innovations Report December 9, 2004 Hundreds of miles from the legendary California research centers where pioneering aircraft like the supersonic X-1 were put through their paces, National Aeronautics and Space Administration representatives are pushing the envelope in the Idaho desert with a very different, but equally unique aircraft. These space agency specialists are working with engineers from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Ida ...


KIFI October 11, 2004 Robot technologies are continuing to improve at the INEEL. Progress has been made to take some of the human element out of the robot’s navigation. David Bruemmer, research scientist, says, “What’s different about our robots is if you lose communications with the human operator, or if the human operator doesn’t have sufficient situational awareness, such as video, the robot can handle things on its own.” When previous robots lost contact with the operator, it would beco ...


Inertial navigation and visual line following for a dynamical hexapod robot By S. Skaff, G.A. Kantor, D. Maiwand, and A. Rizzi, The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University 2003 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), Vol. 2, October, 2003, pp. 1808-1813. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper presents preliminary development of autonomous sensor-guided behaviors for a six-legged dynamical robot (RHex). These behaviors represent the first exteroceptive closed-loop locomotion strategies for this system. Simple motion models for RHex are described and used to deploy controllers for inertial straight line locomotion and visual line following. Results are experimentally validated on the robot.


National Defense Magazine May 2004 by Frank Colucci The Army 25th Infantry Division will be testing later this year five unmanned air vehicle systems—small UAVs called “micro air vehicles.” Each MAV system contains a ground control station and two air vehicles in a backpack weighing 40 pounds or less. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency oversees the MAV program, and predicts the vehicle could be operational by 2010. DARPA officials foresee that the ducted-fan MAV may compleme ...


INFANTRY: USMC Robot Successful in Combat November 19,2004 Strategy Page November 19, 2004: Several months of combat testing of a new U.S. Marine Corps robot, the nine pound Dragon Runner, have apparently been successful. Built to survive rough handling (like getting tossed out a third story window, or the back of a truck moving at 72 kilometers an hour), the 15 inch long, foot wide and five inch high vehicle runs on four tires. It does this right side up, or upside down. The remotely contro ...


Influencing Robot Learning Through Design and Social Interactions: A Balancing Framework 2004 Yuval Marom 1, and Gillian Haynes 2 1 School of Computer Science & Software Engineering, Monash University, Australia 2 School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics, Lund University Cognitive Studies Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We present a framework for addressing ...


Information-based Intelligent Unmanned Ground Vehicle Navigation By R Madhavan and E Messina, Intelligent Systems Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD Proceedings of the IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, Las Vegas, NE, October 27-31, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Sensor centric navigation of Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs) operating in rugged and expansive terrains requir ...


Infotech Briefs December 2004 Even the most dexterous robots still lack a sense of touch, which could be critical when they’re repairing other machines, preparing food, or caring for humans in, say, hospitals or senior centers. Now researchers at the University of Tokyo have devised a pressure-sensitive array of transistors on a flexible plastic that could be wrapped around a robot’s fingers, forming a kind of skin. Lead researcher Takao Someya says the material could be ready for practical use by 2008.


Infrared Imaging Sensor Brick for Modular Robotics December 2004 Nikhil Arun Naik, PILOT (Project In Lieu of Thesis) Presented for the Master of Science Degree The University of Tennessee, Knoxville Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In this project of “Infrared Imaging Sensor Brick for Modular Robotics” we will design and build a completely packaged thermal sensor brick based on the concept of modular sensor bricks. The thermal sensor brick will house ...


A team of high school students from Palos Verdes, Calif., found inspiration in the optical mouse used with desktop computers. They installed a bright lamp in their Doom Buggy robot and directed the white light onto the ground through optical tubing. A camera aimed at the bright spot picks up motion in any horizontal direction, acting as a two-dimensional odometer accurate to one millimeter. "We call it the GroundMouse," says team member Ashton Larson. The Intelligent Vehicle Safety Technologie ...


In the desert, even human drivers sometimes have difficulty picking out a dirt trail. It takes very clever software indeed to discriminate terrain that is probably road from terrain that is probably not. Such software, Tether says, "is a big part of what I call the 'secret sauce' that makes this technology work." The experience of the Grand Challenge suggests that for robots, laser scanners provide the best view for this task. By rapidly sweeping an infrared laser beam across a swath of the wo ...


North Texas E-News Oct 19, 2004 By Lorraine Pace, COMMERCE, Texas -- You have seen the movies in which robots are self-aware and joked about computer cockroaches, but scientists in their quest to understand intelligence and to develop artificial intelligence in robotics have actually turned to the study of insects and primitive vertebrates. They are looking at how these react to stimuli and how they develop memory, striving to replicate it in robotics for use in applications as diverse as me ...


Integrated motion control for walking, jumping and running on a small bipedal entertainment robot May 2004 Nagasaka, K. Kuroki, Y. Suzuki, S. Itoh, Y. Yamaguchi, J., Sony Corp., Tokyo, Japan ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper proposes the integrated motion control method to make a bipedal humanoid walk, jump and ...


Integrated sensing and filter design for a single-link flexible manipulator June 2004 Wang, G.L. Li, Y.F. Dept. of Manuf. Eng. & Eng. Manage., City Univ. of Hong Kong, China IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 3 On page(s): 559- 564 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper addresses the problem of using different sensors in filter design that can simultaneously s ...


Integrated system software for HRP2 humanoid May 2004 Okada, K. Ogura, T. Haneda, A. Kousaka, D. Nakai, H. Inaba, M. Inoue, H., Graduate Sch. of Inf. Sci. & Technol., Tokyo Univ., Japan ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Volume 4 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper describes the design and development of system software for humanoid robots suc ...


Integrated Task Planning and Control for Mobile Manipulators May 2003 Jindong Tan Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, Ning Xi Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 and Yuechao Wang Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Science, Shenyang, China International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 22 Issue 5 You can view the abstract online. A subs ...


INTEGRATION OF AUTONOMOUS SYSTEM COMPONENTS USING THE JAUS ARCHITECTURE By Shane Hansen, Autonomous Solutions, Inc. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract One of the major factors relating to the commercial success of autonomous vehicles will be ease of component integration. Autonomous vehicles often require multiple components that span languages, nterfaces, and hardware. The difficult task of combining these systems requires an effective architecture tha ...


Intelligence personified OCTOBER 25, 2004 AMIT KR CHANDA TIMES NEWS NETWORK The Times of India An alumnus of St Columba's School, Delhi and a final-year engineering student of Brigham Young University, Hawaii Campus in the US, Anuj Sehgal with the assistance of one of his fellow student has developed a low-cost, autonomous underwater vehicle or LUV. The LUV was selected to participate in the seventh-international, automated-underwater vehicle competition held at San Diego, California, US. ...


Intelligent Adaptive Curiosity: a source of Self-Development Pierre-Yves Oudeyer and Frederic Kaplan, Sony Computer Science Lab, Paris Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics, Lund University Cognitive Studies Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper presents the mechanism of Intelligent Adaptive Curiosity. This is a drive which pushes the robot towards situations in which it maximizes its learning progress. It makes ...


Intelligent behavior generator for autonomous mobile robots using planning-based AI decision making and supervisory control logic By Hitesh Shah, Vikas Bahl, Jason Martin, Nicholas S. Flann, and Kevin L. Moore; Center for Self-Organizing Intelligent Systems, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering April 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In earlier research the Center for Self-Organizing and Intelligent Systems (CSOIS) at Utah State Unive ...


Intelligent Highway Safety Markers November/December 2004 By Shane M. Farritor, Steve Goddard, University of Nebraska-Lincoln IEEE Intelligent Systems You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract A team at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln is developing automated highway safety devices. The devices replace the traditional base of the standard orange-and-white safety barrels with a mobile robot. The barrel robo ...


Intelligent robots save handling costs 14 July 2005 Manufacturing Talk Fanuc robots are claimed to provide perfect ingredients to cover every aspect of automation that are needed for handling finished products in the food industry. Fanuc robots from Micromech have the perfect ingredients, a full menu of 'intelligent' robots which cover every aspect of automation that are needed for handling finished products in the food industry. The pukka recipe which follows should really whet your appeti ...


Because micro robots are similar to small animals and insects, biologically inspired designs (jumping, climbing, crawling, slithering, etc.) coupled with the use of MEMS and smart materials offer possibilities for novel and unique locomotion mechanisms. MEMS technology enables the integration of mechanical and electronic functions on a single silicon chip. Advanced microelectronic packaging using multi-chip modules and incorporating mixed signal electronics allows development of new ideas, integ ...


Interactive Multi-Modal Robot Programming May 3, 2004 By Soshi Iba, Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Robotics, The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 CMU-RI-TR-04-50 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract As robots enter the human environment and come in contact with inexperienced users, they need to be able to interact with users in a multi-modal fashi ...


Interface Lessons for Fully and Semi-Autonomous Mobile Robots By Aaron Steinfeld, The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Experts from the Robotics Institute were individually interviewed for their insight on interface lessons for fully and semi-autonomous mobile robots. Information was collected on four main them ...


Internalized Plans for Communication-Sensitive Robot Team Behaviors 2003 By Alan R.Wagner, Ronald C. Arkin Mobile Robot Laboratory, College of Computing Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA Proc. IEEE Inter. Conf. on Intelligent Robotics and Systems Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Autonomous teams of robots operating in a dynamic, adversarial environment stand to benefit from using all available resources. But how can knowledge be used to c ...


International Federation of Robotics Hosts Groundbreaking Advanced Robotics E-Symposium May 10, 2005 PR Web The Advanced Robotics E-Symposium will be held online on July 6 2005. Its international outreach, cutting edge topics and line-up of world-renowned experts already makes it one of the 'must-attend' fixtures of this year for organizations, academics, industries and government representatives. London, (PRWEB) May 10, 2005 -- The International Federation of Robotics (IFR), in conjunction ...


Interview: Helen Greiner, Chairman and Cofounder of iRobot, Corp. Aug 2, 2004 Phillip Torrone engadget We recently got a chance to chat with Helen Griener, Cofounder and Chairman of iRobot (best known for the Roomba Robot Vacuum). With the launch of new Roomba Discovery, the PackBots as well as I, Robot the movie, we had a few questions she was gracious enough to answer for us. Helen was named the Ernst and Young New England Entrepreneur of the Year for 2003 (with iRobot co-founder Colin A ...


Into harm's way August 8, 2004 By Ross Kerber Boston Globe Combat robot repairman Nathan Desmeule, a Wrentham native, is among the many civilian contractors who have worked in a war zone On his way to deliver mine-clearing robots to battle the Taliban in Afghanistan, Army Special Forces officer John Blitch's heart sank when he met a key member of his team. 'We're going to do this super-secret mission," Blitch recalls, 'and here's this skateboard kid coming with us." Good thing, it turned ...


Invasion of the robots March 10, 4:00 AM By Michael Kanellos, Staff Writer CNET News.com From medicine to military, machines finally arrive The robots are coming. And when they get here, they will take out the trash. Mobile, intelligent robots that can perform tasks usually reserved for humans are starting to creep into mainstream society and could become a multibillion-dollar market in a few years. iRobot says it has sold hundreds of thousands of units of the Roomba, a self-guided, se ...


Invasion of the robots July 13, 2005 By John Weeks, Staff Writer SB Sun Usually, when they have a contest at California Speedway in Fontana, the only thing at stake is a trophy and cash prize for some guy who drives too fast. Later this year, in a Pentagon-sponsored contest at the raceway, the fate of the Free World may be riding on the outcome. OK, that's a stretch, but it's serious stuff what's about to take place at the Fontana track. You could even call it war. The U.S. military wan ...


ZDNet By Michael Kanellos 27 February 2003 Swarming robots that can act in concert and mimic the behaviour of bees have netted James McLurkin, a 30-year-old doctoral candidate in computer science, the annual Lemelson-MIT Student Prize. McLurkin's robots are programmed to cluster, disperse, follow one another and orbit, similar to the way bees work together in a hive. Equipped with sensors and radio equipment, the robots are capable of detecting environmental stimuli and of contacti ...


Inverse dynamics based control system for a three-degree-of-freedom flexible arm December 2003 Feliu, V. Somolinos, J.A. Garcia, A., Univ. de Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 19, Issue: 6 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This article describes a new control scheme designed for a three-degree-of-freedom flexible arm. This arm has been b ...


Inverse kinematics of multilink flexible robots for high-speed applications April 2004 Joono Cheong Wan Kyun Chung Youngil Youm Res. Lab. of Electron., Massachusetts Inst. of Technol., Cambridge, MA, USA IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 2 On page(s): 269- 282 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract A straightforward inverse kinematic algorithm for multilink flexible r ...


Inverse Kinematics Solution to Mobile Manipulators October 2003 Mirosaw Galicki Institute of Organization and Management, University of Zielona Góra, Podgórna 50, 65-246 Zielona Góra, Poland and Institute of Medical Statistics, Computer Science and Documentation, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Jahnstrasse 3, D-07740 Jena, Germany International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 22 Issue 10/11 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. This pap ...


Government Computer News 04/20/04 Iraq war demands faster software deployment By Thomas R. Temin GCN Staff SALT LAKE CITY—Facing an enemy in Iraq that seems to morph daily, military IT leaders say they need speedier deployment of new systems. And they need funding flexibility to get it done. “Five-year development cycles won’t hack it with this kind of enemy,” said Sue Payton, deputy undersecretary of Defense for advanced systems and concepts. Speaking at the annual Systems and Softwa ...


IRaq's Robot Invasion December 31, 2004 By Peter H. Lewis Time Inc. To help keep U.S. soldiers out of harm's way, the Pentagon has put robot R&D on quick march. Just like in the movies, robots are about to start packing heat. In 2005 the U.S. will begin deploying war-fighting SWORDS robots, made by Foster-Miller in Waltham, Mass. The machines, which resemble miniature battle tanks, will come armed with .50-caliber machine guns or rocket launchers. Radio-controlled by a human operator up ...


Iraqi Insurgents Soon To Face Robot Warriors Mens News Daily January 24, 2005 By Mike Minton The United States military recently unveiled its latest weapon for use in Iraq at the recent 24th Army Science Conference in Orlando, Florida. It may seem like something out of a science fiction movie, but the armed/weaponized Talon robot, dubbed Special Weapons Observation Reconnaissance Detection System (SWORDS), is very real, and will soon be battle tested in Iraq. The concept for the mechanical ...


iRobot co-founder's perseverance pays off May 30, 2005 By MARK JEWELL, Associated Press HoustonChronicle.com CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — Watching the original Star Wars movie as a mathematically inclined 11-year-old, Helen Greiner dreamed of someday creating a robot like the heroic R2-D2. After enduring plenty of lean years chasing that elusive vision as a co-founder of iRobot Corp., Greiner can now boast a product that whirs and chirps much like the character she to this day calls her "personal her ...


iRobot enters the FCS matrix 13 April 2004 e4engineering.com Burlington-based iRobot Corp has recently finalised a contract worth an estimated $32 million to develop a next-generation Small Unmanned Ground Vehicle for the US Army's Future Combat Systems (FCS) program. According to iRobot Corp, the Small Unmanned Ground Vehicle (SUGV) is a portable, reconnaissance and tactical robot that can enter and secure areas that are either inaccessible or too dangerous for humans. SUGVs act as eyes and ...


iRobot readies for war--and the household October 24, 2004 By Michael Kanellos CNet News SANTA CLARA, Calif.--Robot specialist iRobot is teaming with John Deere to go to war. The Burlington, Mass.-based iRobot will develop a robot vehicle for combat with the tractor manufacturer, said CEO Colin Angle in an interview at RoboNexus International, a robot conference that took place here last week. The vehicle will be based on Deere's M Gator, which is currently employed by the military, but i ...


IRobot wins new patent for one robot, files infringement suit for another 5/10/05 Mass High Tech Burlington-based iRobot Corp., the maker of robotic vacuum cleaners and robots used by the military, has been awarded a U.S. patent for a modular firing system. According to the company, its new firing system would make its robots’ actions more reliable when it comes to disposing bombs. The company holds 19 patents to date. The technology of this latest patent is incorporated into the company’ ...


IRobot: from sci-fi to practical tools 31 May 2005 By Mark Jewell, Associated Press The Mercury News HOME VACUUM, MILITARY BOT SCORE FOR FIRM CAMBRIDGE, Mass. - Watching the original ``Star Wars' movie as a mathematically inclined 11-year-old, Helen Greiner dreamed of someday creating a robot like the heroic R2-D2. After enduring plenty of lean years chasing that elusive vision as a co-founder of iRobot, Greiner can now boast a product that whirs and chirps much like the character she to t ...


Is Anything Mightier Than This Sword? January 6, 2005 By Michael Fumento Tech Central Station Time Magazine named it "one of the most amazing inventions of 2004," but to terrorists in Iraq it may be the scariest. By April, GIs in Iraq will be deploying 18 robots so small they could almost crawl between your legs. But don't let size fool you; these motorized midgets pack a powerful punch. They can fire anything from a light machine gun to a six-barreled 40 millimeter grenade launcher or multi ...


Is it a cockroach? A robot? The Stanford Daily January 11, 2005 By Jessica Lin When most people imagine artificial intelligence, Star Wars robots and human-like figures come to mind. But rather than staying in the box, Stanford researchers in the Engineering Department are looking at other creatures to model in their artificial intelligence projects, specifically insects. These sprawl robots, as they have been nicknamed, are manufactured using a novel technique, making them more durable, ...


Is this the future of air combat? July 2005 By Bill Sweetman Popular Science A revolution is under way in aerial combat. Tomorrow’s fighter pilots may be ceding the skies to robots For 65 years, the Mojave Desert has spawned the fastest, highest-flying and most agile airplanes in the world. This vast expanse of scrub and Joshua tree forests encompasses the U.S. Air Force’s deadly-secret Area 51 in Nevada, Lockheed Martin’s Skunk Works in Palmdale, California, and, at Mojave airfield it ...


Israel Aircraft Industries unmanned plane in final stretch of US Army tender January 31, 2005 The Shepherd Group UV Online Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) has reached the final stages of a military tender for unmanned aerial vehicles. In this tender, IAI is a subcontractor for Northrop Grumman, which now faces General Atomics in the final stage for the contract worth some $900 million. In choosing between the two, the American army must decide whether it will go with the Hunter 2, the late ...


Israel Proficient at Preventing Attacks July 25, 2005 By RAMIT PLUSHNICK-MASTI, Associated Press Writer Los Angeles Times JERUSALEM -- Israel has become increasingly successful at disarming suicide bombers with help from robots and bombproof rooms. But if all else fails, security forces have shoot-to-kill orders, and experts say London police acted within reason in killing an innocent man. Israel's most recent capture was over the weekend, when high-tech sensors on a security fence signale ...


Israel unveils tiny drone at Indian weapons fair The Jerusalem Post February 9, 2005 By ARIEH O'SULLIVAN Seeking to boost sales of sophisticated weapons, 14 of the country's top defense firms are displaying their best at an arms fair to open near New Delhi Wednesday. Known as Aero India, the four-day fair is one of the largest air shows in South Asia and a showcase for lucrative deals. Israel will be joining some two dozen countries attempting to cash in on India's modernization plans fo ...


BBC News 26 March, 2004, The Israeli military is equipping its forces with a new range of spy drones small enough to fit in a soldier's backpack, the army said on Thursday. The small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and micro UAVs were unveiled at a conference on low intensity conflict. The Israeli air force has often used larger unmanned spy planes to target Palestinian militants in air strikes. The new baby drones would give army forces in the field near instant access to aerial intelli ...


Israeli Bomb Squad Receives Large Explosives Robot Jul 05, '05 Arutz Sheva (IsraelNN.com) Israel police have received a new robot that can destroy larger explosive devices than the current robotic devices in use by the bomb squad. Until now, the bomb squad could only use robots to deal with smaller explosive devices, sending in human sappers to take care of larger bombs. The new robot is able to neutralize even a car bomb without leading to any damage to nearby infrastructure.


Israelis Develop Tiny Needle-Driving Robot Apr 19, '05 Arutz Sheva IsraelNationalNews.com Researchers from Haifa’s Technion University have developed a miniature robot that can navigate a flexible needle in the human body. The new needle will allow a surgeon to bypass obstacles in the needle's path and safely reach its objective within the body. "We are talking about driving a flexible needle," says doctoral student Daniel Glozman. He developed the steering algorithm under the guidance ...


It chews on flies and poo! Wire services AsiaOne Robot produces own energy by baiting insects with sewage A ROBOT built in Britain generates its own power by gobbling flies, but it has a stinky downside - it needs human sewage as bait to catch the insects and then digest them. EcoBot II, made by robotics experts at the University of the West of England in Bristol, tucks into the flies in eight microbial fuel cells which are loaded with human sewage. Bacteria in the sewage munch on the so ...


James Bond-type army gadgets on show The Electric New Paper March 17, 2005 FIREBALL, Eyeball, Mosquito and Corner Shot. Words you'd never hear together unless you were at a weapons fair in Tel Aviv, Israel, last week. The high-tech military parade closed last Wednesday after attracting military delegates from more than 30 countries. Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) proudly presented its new 120/121mm smart mortar bomb, commonly referred to as Fireball, that has global positioning system-gu ...


Japan Develops Snake-Like Robot for Earthquake Searches September 19, 2003 Agence France Presse via ClariNet The Epochtimes TOKYO - Researchers in quake-prone Japan have developed snake-like robots capable of literally worming their way through the rubble of earthquake-destroyed houses to find trapped survivors. A prototype dubbed Kohga -- named after one of the two legendary schools of ninja spycraft -- has been developed by Fumitoshi Matsuno, a professor at Tokyo's University of Electro-C ...


Japan Dreams of Robot Moon Base in 2025 June 20, 2005 Paul Kallender PC World TOKYO -- Japan wants to help build a lunar base and populate it with advanced versions of today's humanoid robots by around 2025, according to the head of the nation's space agency. The idea is more than a pipe-dream; it is part of a 20-year plan, called JAXA Vision 2025, that was drawn up by Keiji Tachikawa, a former president of Japan's largest mobile operator NTT DoCoMo, who is now president of the Japan Ae ...


JAPAN GOVT LAB SPINOFF TO MARKET ROBOT EYE TECHNOLOGY Money Plans 3/12/2005 TOKYO, March 11 Asia Pulse - A group of scientists from the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) has formed a venture company to commercialize the "eye" technology developed for the institute's HRP-2 humanoid robot. The HRP-2 eye is a stereoscopic visual sensor composed of three CCD (charge-coupled device) cameras and an algorithm for processing image data in order to recognize the ...


Japan plans robot to detect Afghan landmines January 15, 2002 Afghan News Network TOKYO (Reuters) - Japan plans to develop a robot to detect landmines and send it to Afghanistan next year, Kyodo news agency reported on Tuesday. Between five million and ten million landmines litter the war-torn nation, with explosions killing or maiming about ten people every day, the United Nations estimates. Kyodo, quoting the Science and Technology Agency, said that seven specialists will try to develop ...


The Washington Times Jul. 22 2004 Tokyo, Japan, Jul. 22 (UPI) -- The Japanese security firm Secom Co. Thursday unveiled Secom Robot X, a robot that can chase trespassers at 6.2 miles (10 kilometers) per hour. The robot is expected to be available commercially by the first half of 2005. The company hopes to use the robot as part of a security system for factories, ports, airports, parking spaces, and other large areas. It has infrared sensors that would contact a human guard when it detects trespassers. Secom plans to rent the robot on a monthly basis for about $3,000 per month.


Japan's Hitachi Wheels Out Fast-Moving Humanoid Reuter's March 15, 2005 TOKYO (Reuters) - Pal and Chum look a little bit like first-graders on wheels, chatting up a storm and racing around the room. For Hitachi Ltd., Japan's biggest electronics conglomerate, they are the next generation of humanoid robots. Hitachi unveiled the "Emiew," its first humanoid robot, on Tuesday, saying it was the world's quickest-moving robot yet. "We aimed to create a robot that could live and coexist with p ...


Japanese firm announces new humanoid robot; plans to mass produce for consumer market 26 Apr 2004 News Target Japanese firm ZMP announced a new humanoid robot and says it plans to make the 'bot available to consumers for several thousand dollars. Once again, we're seeing Japanese innovation leading the pack in terms of humanoid robot technology. This particular robot is called "Nuvo," but does it actually do anything useful? To really make headway in the consumer market, robots need to ...


Japanese firm develops world's first robot powered by fuel cells June 30, 2005 PhysOrg.com TOKYO, June 30 (AFP) - A Japanese company on Thursday said it has developed a humanoid billed as the world's first robot powered by easy-to-replace, environmentally friendly fuel-cell batteries. Speecys Corp, based in Tokyo and headed by former Sony robot engineer Tomoaki Kasuga, will on Friday begin selling the 50-centimeter (20-inch) tall, 4.2-kilogram (9.24-pound) robot carrying a built-in hydrogen ...


Japanese Hospitality Robots Debut At World Expo March 9, 2005 by Yoshikazu Tsuno SpaceDaily.com Japan will welcome the millions of guests at the World Exposition opening this month with hosts trained to greet them in their language, entertain their children and perform rap music with them. The gracious hosts are robots. The World Expo, which runs in the central Aichi region for six months from March 25, will be used by Japan as a way to display its technological might, of which a horde of r ...


Japanese Robot Chats With Elderly December 2, 2004 RedNovaNews.com TOKYO (AFP) -- Japan's growing elderly population from will be able to buy companionship in the form of a 45-centimeter (18-inch) robot, programmed to provide just enough small talk to keep them from going senile. Snuggling Ifbot, who is dressed in an astronaut suit with a glowing face, has the conversation ability of a five-year-old, the language level needed to stimulate the brains of senior citizens, its software designer ...


I Am Woman, Hear Me Beep At first glance, she seems like a typical Japanese office lady -- petite, with brown chin-length hair and demure black spectacles. Dressed in the standard OL uniform of a button-down shirt and shin-length black skirt, if she seems a bit abstracted, her eyes staring out at infinity, it might just be that she's tired from a long day at work. When greeted by an interviewer, she flickers her eyes toward her new acquaintance, and then downward, her lips pursing in a shy hal ...


Japanese Security Robot Patrols Buildings, Fires Paintballs February 17, 2004 Copyright 2004 Asia Pulse Pte Limited Robot venture tmsuk Co. announced Monday that it has developed a new type of security robot that can automatically patrol building interiors and shoots paintballs at intruders. The robot patrols a building by following a route input in advance, adjusting its own position by using radar and ultrasonic sensors. It can even push the buttons in elevators on its own. When an intrud ...


Jellyfish robot practical and 'beautiful' ABC News Online December 9, 2004 A Japanese firm says it has created a jellyfish-shaped robot that can alert homeowners to burglars or housesit for their pets. When it is not at work, it can lounge about and be "beautiful." "Roborior," a transparent robot that can glow blue or red, is equipped with a camera, speaker and hi-tech sensor. Creator Tmsuk says it can transmit information to an owner's mobile phone or sound an alarm. "We want to create ...


John Deere, iRobot Team Up to Make Robot October 24, 2004 RedNova.com BOSTON -- In a trailblazing pairing of robotics and tractor companies, iRobot and John Deere announced plans Monday to build a 9-foot-long semi-autonomous battlefield vehicle. Burlington-based iRobot Corp. will adapt the artificial intelligence technology used in its Roomba vacuums and portable PackBot military robots for a two-seat John Deere utility vehicle similar to ones the Pentagon already uses. The Military Robo ...


Joint agreement could put gator in war zone October 31, 2004 Associated Press The WIchita Eagle DAVENPORT, Iowa - War zones around the world may someday be crawling with Gators. In a move that brings the stuff of science fiction to the real world, Deere & Co. and iRobot have signed a joint agreement that could allow Deere's versatile Gator to patrol perimeters, move supplies and scout potentially dangerous areas without any risk to soldiers in the next three years. Pre-production of the ro ...


Joint Controller Development For A Humanoid Robot October 2004 Simon Hall, Undergraduate Honours Theses University of Queensland Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract The focus of this thesis is the development of DC motor controller boards for UQ’s humanoid robot, “GuRoo”. With the project now in its fourth year of development, the original lower limb DC motor controller boards were in need of an upgrade. A new hardware design was finalised in late 2003. ...


Keeping Combat Robots Under Control Strategy Page February 20, 2005 by James Dunnigan The reports of combat robots headed for Iraq are somewhat misleading. These UGVs (Unmanned Ground Vehicles) are controlled remotely by a human operator. The weapon these UGVs will carry will be fired by the human operator. A truly robotic weapon makes its own decision when to fire. UGVs that operate like this are not far away, even though that’s a scary prospect for many people. But such true combat robots ...


Defensetech.org April 1 2004 By Noah Shachtman They've served, mostly, as spies. Once in a great while, they've moonlighted as assassins. But now, unmanned aircraft are slowly starting to become full-fledged killing machines -- armed to the teeth, and designed for the deadliest parts of war. In just five years, the U.S. military wants a handful of fighting drones ready to take into battle. This week, in a hotel ballroom just a few miles from the Pentagon, a group of a hundred or so Defense ...


Kinestatic analysis of robot manipulators using the Grassmann-Cayley algebra April 2004 Staffetti, E. Spanish Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Barcelona, Spain IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 2 On page(s): 200- 210 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper presents a novel framework for studying the statics and the instantaneous kinematics of rob ...


Kinetostatic analysis of underactuated fingers April 2004 Birglen, L. Gosselin, C.M. Dept. of Mech. Eng., Laval Univ., Que., Canada IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 2 On page(s): 211- 221 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract The aim of this paper is to establish a fundamental basis for the analysis of underactuated fingers with a general approach. A new method to obt ...


Korea Catches Up With Japan in Robotics The Korea Times March 7, 2005 By Kim Tae-gyu Just a couple of years ago, South Korea was no match for Japan in the development of humanoid robotics. Led by private corporations, Japan began pouring money into the technology in the mid 1960s and the world-renowned ``Asimo' of Honda is the latest creation after decades-long efforts. Asimo, which was first unveiled in 2000, is arguably the world's most advanced two-legged automaton as the 1.3-meter-ta ...


Korea Keys On Intelligent Robotics Industry July 21, 2005 Dan Kara Robotics Trends South Korean government and corporate entities are betting on the ‘intelligent’ robotics market, and Korean companies calling on that bet with the release of a slew of new products in Q3 and Q4 2005. Price and performance are considered the keys to market success. An article in the Asian Times Online reveals that South Korean robot manufacturers will be releasing a flurry of new products in the second half ...


Korean Robots to Save Lives in Iraq By Kim Tae-gyu Korean Times Locally-developed remote-controlled robots will help South Korea¡¯s military operation in Iraq, eliminating unnecessary casualties in the conflict-stricken nation. The robot, named ROBHAZ-DT3, is a brainchild of a team from the state-funded Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), headed by senior researcher Kang Sung-chul. ``This robot is not the full-blown combat machine as many imagine, aimlessly wandering battle ...


Lawrence Journal-World By Dave Toplikar, World Online Editor Monday, July 19, 2004 It was a hot weekend afternoon. And I knew the 20 bags of topsoil weren't going to move themselves. So I started loading them from my van onto the wheelbarrow. I grunted and pushed the first 120-pound load up the slope of my front yard, over the pin oak roots and through the bushes to the front porch foundation. Somewhere between the third and fourth load, it struck me that this was the 21st century. I w ...


Lab Robot Aids Technicians September 9, 2004 iHealthBeat.org Baptist Hospital East in Louisville, Ky., has implemented a laboratory robot system to prepare for a time when there are not enough technicians to process the hospital's blood samples, Business First of Louisville reports. The hospital turned to robots because it has a large number of medical technicians nearing retirement age, and there are few training programs in the area, said Gail Burke, lab administrator and director at Baptis ...


Lack of Autonomy Hampering Progress of Battlefield Robots May 2003 by Roxana Tiron National Defense Magazine They scour caves in Afghanistan, drawing gasps of admiration from military and civilians alike. They scout enemy streets, keeping foot soldiers out of harm’s way as much as possible. Years from now, the Pentagon hopes, they could pack a lethal punch equal to that of a combat vehicle. The technological wonders of ground robotics have been sketched for years on Power Point presentatio ...


Landing on a Moving Target using an Autonomous Helicopter By Srikanth Saripalli and Gaurav S. Sukhatme, Robotic Embedded Systems Laboratory, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA Proceedings of the International Conference on Field and Service Robotics (FSR), Jul 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We present a vision-based algorithm designed to enable an autonomous helicopter t ...


Landing Strategies in Honeybees and Applications to Uninhabited Airborne Vehicles February 1, 2004 J. S. Chahl Guidance and Control Group, Weapons Systems Division, Australian Defence Science and Technology Organization, Edinburgh, Australia, M. V. Srinivasan and S. W. Zhang Centre for Visual Science, Research School of Biological Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 2 You can view the abstract online. A sub ...


Landmine robot will save lives October 25, 2004 By Mark Dunn Herald Sun A GEELONG student hopes his robot can help save people becoming victims of landmines, which kill or maim some 25,000 each year. Deakin University student Zoran Najdovski will tomorrow receive the vice-chancellor's prize for his thesis, Autonomous Landmine Detection Robot. The gifted student, who graduates in a double degree of mechatronics and software, has invented an autonomous robot that detects landmines and highl ...


Lateral and Longitudinal Stability for Decentralized Formation Control By David J. Naffin 1, Gaurav S. Sukhatme 2, and Mehmet Akar 1 1 Robotic Embedded Systems Laboratory, Department of Computer Science, University of Southern California Los Angeles CA 2 Communication Sciences Institute, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Southern California Los Angeles CA Proceedings of the International Symposium on Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems (DARS), Jun 2004 Please visit th ...


Post-gazette.com August 12, 2004 By Joyce Gannon, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette In a grassy stretch of field below the 40th Street Bridge in Lawrenceville, Jorgen Pedersen test drives an all-terrain vehicle that has some very sophisticated sensors and cameras attached to its body. Pedersen isn't riding the ATV. He stands to the side and "drives" this remote-powered robot from a set of controls he wears on a belt around his waist. He programs the speed, the steering and shifts the gears so that ...


Layering key to brain function 20 April 2005 by Harry Yeates Electronics Weekly Animals are very good at deciding what to do next. Subjected to a massive amount of data from external sources, and to internal cues about their own physical state, they are able to ignore irrelevant information and act on what is important to them. “It appears instinctual, because we do it with so much facility that we don't think about it,” says Dr Kevin Gurney, a lecturer in the Adaptive Behaviour Research Gr ...


Leader-to-formation stability June 2004 Tanner, H.G. Pappas, G.J. Kumar, V., Dept. of Mech. Eng., New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM, USA; IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, Volume: 20, Issue: 3, On page(s): 443- 455 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract The paper investigates the stability properties of mobile agent formations which are based on leader following. We derive nonlinear gain e ...


Learning Commonsense Categorical Knowledge in a Thread Memory System By Oana L. Stamatoiu, Submitted to the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Engineering in Computer Science and Engineering at the MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY May 2004 AITR-2004-001 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract If we are to understand how we can build machines capable of broad pur ...


LEARNING DECISIONS: ROBUSTNESS, UNCERTAINTY, AND APPROXIMATION By J. Andrew Bagnell, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Doctoral dissertation, tech. report CMU-RI-TR-04-67, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, August, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Decision making under uncertainty is a central problem in robotics and machine learning. This thesis explores three fundamental and intertwined aspects of ...


Learning Mobility: Adaptive control algorithms for the Novel Unmanned Ground Vehicle (NUGV)1 By Mike Blackburn, SSC San Diego Technical Document, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center, San Diego, CA, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. 1. Summary Mobility is a serious limiting factor in the usefulness of unmanned ground vehicles. This paper contains a description of our approach to develop control algorithms for the Novel Unmanned Ground Vehicle (NUGV) to a ...


Learning Motion Patterns of People for Compliant Robot Motion January 2005 M. Bennewitz, W. Burgard Department of Computer Science, University of Freiburg, 79110 Freiburg, Germany, G. Cielniak Department of Technology, Órebro University, 70182 Órebro, Sweden and S. Thrun Computer Science Department, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 24 Issue 1 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. Abs ...


Learning Movement Sequences from Demonstration By R. Amit and Maja Matari´c, Computer Science Department, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 Proceedings of the International Conference on Development and Learning, pages 203-208, MIT, Cambridge, MA, Jun 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This work presents a control and learning architecture for humanoid robots designed for acquiring movement skills in the context of imitation l ...


Learning Predictions of the Load-Bearing Surface for Autonomous Rough-Terrain Navigation in Vegetation By Carl Wellington and Anthony (Tony) Stentz, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15201 USA International Conference on Field and Service Robotics, July, 2003, pp. 49-54. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Current methods for off-road navigation using vehicle and terrain models to predict future vehicle response are limited by ...


Learning self-organizing maps for navigation in dynamic worlds September 2003 By Araujo, R. Gouveia, G. Santos, N.; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Coimbra Univ., Portugal Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract Mobile robots must be able to build their own maps to navigate in unknown worlds. Expanding a previously p ...


Learning to Crawl May 30, 2005 By Karen Epper Hoffman Technology Review By studying how invertebrates such as the California sea slug traverse their environment, Dr. Hillel Chiel, professor of biology at Case Western Reserve in Cleveland, and a group of biologists and engineers were able to create a flexible robot that resembles a worm or slug, imitating the movements of those creatures. Chiel says his initial interest in understanding and replicating these simple biological systems was driv ...


Learning user models of mobility-related activities through instrumented walking aids May 2004 Glover, J. Thrun, S. Matthews, J.T., Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract We present a robotic walking aid capable of learning models of users' walking-related activities. ...


Legless Locomotion for Legged Robots By R. Balasubramanian, A. Rizzi, and M. Mason Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University January, 2004 Abstract Legged robots offer rough terrain mobility, but sometimes conventional legged locomotion may fail, for example, when the robot gets stuck on a rock, and no leg has contact with the environment (the robot is high-centered). We propose a novel locomotion technique for a high-centered legged robot. We hypothesize that by using its legs as rea ...


Lejeune Marines testing tomorrow's battlefield concepts, equipment today August 2, 2002 By Maj. Stephen A. Cox , USMC, Camp Lejeune Public Affairs U.S. Joint Forces Command Millennium Challenge continues to provide Marines in North Carolina unique challenges when it comes to new equipment and tactics. As temperatures soar at Camp Lejeune, live and simulated action is also heating up in the Department of Defense experiment, Millennium Challenge 2002. The scenario, which simulates a milita ...


Limited Communication, Multi-Robot Team Based Coverage By Ioannis Rekleitis 1, Vincent LeeShue 1, Ai Peng New 2, and Howie Choset 2 1 Mechanical Engineering Department, Carnegie Mellon University 2 DSO National Laboratories, Singapore 2004 Conference on Robotics & Automation, New Orleasn, LA, April 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper presents an algorithm for the complete coverage of free space by a team of mobile robots. Our approach ...


Linearized Error Propagation in Odometry February 1, 2004 Alonzo Kelly Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890, USA International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 2 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. The related fields of mobile robotics and ground vehicle localization lack a linearized theory of odometry error propagation. By contrast, the equivalent Schuler dynamics which apply to inertial ...


Linking Perception and Action in a Control Architecture for Human-Robot Domains By Monica N. Nicolescu and Maja J Matari´c, Robotics Research Laboratory, University of Southern California, 941 West 37th Place, MC 0781, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781 Proceedings, Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS), Hawaii, USA, Jan 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Human-robot interaction is a growing research domain; there are many approach ...


Local First-responder Agents, Officers Check Out Picatinny’s Homeland Defense and Readiness Training October 2004 By Eric Basek U.S. Army Armament Research, Development and Engineering Center Training for local first-responder agents and officers may have just gotten a little easier because of Picatinny’s future homeland defense and security training site. Nearly two-dozen police officers and representatives from the Office of Emergency Management visited Picatinny Aug. 26 to tour the ins ...


Local Robocop June 21, 2005 By CLARISSA ALJENTERA Monterey Herald Standing several feet from the newest member of the new Monterey County Sheriff's Office bomb squad, Sgt. Dennis English ordered the rookie to pull a box from the top of a ladder. The rookie used his mechanical arm and wrist to do just that. It is a 4-foot tall robot that will be used to disable bombs and help investigate suspicious packages. It was delivered to the Sheriff's Office in May and will eventually be used alongsi ...


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Localization for Mobile Robot Teams Using Maximum Likelihood Estimation By Andrew Howard, Maja J. Mataric´, and Gaurav S. Sukhatme USC Robotics Lab, Department of Computer Science, University of California, Los Angeles IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IROS), Lausanne, Switzerland, Oct 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract: This paper describes a method for localizing the members of a mobile robot team, using only ...


Localization for Mobile Robot Teams: A Distributed MLE Approach By Andrew Howard, Maja J Matari´c, and Gaurav S Sukhatme; Robotics Research Laboratories, Department of Computer Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781. Experimental Robotics VIII, B. Siciliano and P. Dario, eds., Springer-Verlaag, 2003, 146-155. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract. This paper describes a method for localizing the members of a mobile robot te ...


Localization of a mobile robot using relative bearing measurements February 2004 Briechle, K. Hanebeck, U.D. , Inst. of Autom. Control Eng., Tech. Univ. Munchen, Germany IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 1 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In this paper, the problem of recursive robot localization based on relative bearing measurements is considered, where unknown bu ...


Locally Made Robot Combating Roadside Bombs July 12, 2005 The Boston Channel Each Device Costs $120,000 BURLINGTON, Mass. -- Robots designed and built in the Bay State are helping keep troops safer overseas. NewsCenter 5's David Boeri reported that the dangers of traveling roads in Iraq have created opportunities for a combat line of portable remote robots designed and built by iRobot of Burlington. "It's much like a fighter aircraft in that it has a basic platform that will carry out m ...


Locomotion Velocity Parameters of Biologically Inspired Hexapod Robot G. Dordevic, M. Rasic and R. Shadmehr; University of Nis Intelligent Autonomous Systems, AS-8, F.C. Groen (Ed), Amsterdam, 10-12. March 2004, pp. 11-20. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We propose a key control parameter and a modeling procedure to compile experimental data into velocity model of a cheap and fast hexapod robot. Robot legs were made by Shape Deposition Manufacturing ( ...


Long-Term Human-Robot Interaction: The Personal Exploration Rover and Museum Docents By Kristen N. Stubbs, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University; Debra Bernstein, Learning Research, and Development Center, University of Pittsburgh; Kevin Crowley, Learning Research and Development Center, University of Pittsburgh; and Illah Nourbakhsh, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University Submitted to ICRA-2005 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract As an i ...


The Feature August 5 2004 Mark Frauenfelder How do you get unmanned robots and self-flying airplanes to talk to each other? With an airborne Internet that reconfigures itself on the fly. In the early 1970s, I became obsessed with a comic book series by the late, brilliant cartoonist Vaughn Bodé called "Machines." (Here's a sample page; good luck finding an out-of-print-copy.) "Machines" took place in the future, after humans, and all other animals, had become extinct as a result of global w ...


Looking to Iraq, Military Robots Focus on Lessons of Afghanistan 23 January 2003 By Justin Pope, AP Business Writer Space.com SOMERVILLE, Massachusetts (AP) -- In future wars, robots may drop from the sky by the hundreds from unmanned aircraft, swarming like giant insects over battlefields in coordinated, terrifying assaults. But that is a decades-away scenario. For now, military planners and robot designers are simply trying to improve devices -- some of which could see action soon in I ...


Loop shaping for transparency and stability robustness in bilateral telemanipulation June 2004 Fite, K.B. Liang Shao Goldfarb, M. Dept. of Mech. Eng., Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN, USA IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 3 On page(s): 620- 624 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper presents and experimentally demonstrates a control methodology that provid ...


Losing Weight, Flying High January 2005 By Andrew Fazekas Popular Science The world’s smallest, lightest robotic helicopter demos the future of evershrinking portable gizmos Dangerous, dirty jobs, such as sifting through earthquake rubble and investigating nuclear-waste spills, are best left to ’droids. That’s one reason why the Japanese electronics giant Seiko Epson has built the world’s smallest and smartest autonomous flying microbot. Weighing just 12.3 grams and measuring 3.35 inche ...


LOST: Localization-Space Trails for Robot Teams By Richard T. Vaughan 1, Kasper Stoy 2, Gaurav S. Sukhatme 3, and Maja J. Mataric´ 3 1 HRL Laboratories LLC 2 student, University of Southern Denmark 3 Computer Science Department, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, Special Issue on Multi-Robot Systems October 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract: We describe Localization-Space Trails (LOS ...


Newkerala.com June 11 2004 Four Johns Hopkins undergraduate engineering students have designed a remote-controlled robotic vehicle to find deadly landmines in rugged terrain. The robots will also be able to mark the location of the explosives with a spray of paint. The prototype has been given to professional explosive detection researchers as a model for a low cost robot that humanitarian groups and military troops could use to prevent mine-related deaths and injuries, New York's Daily New ...


Machine learns games 'like a human' January 24, 2005 By Will Knight NewScientist A computer that learns to play a 'scissors, paper, stone' by observing and mimicking human players could lead to machines that automatically learn how to spot an intruder or perform vital maintenance work, say UK researchers. CogVis, developed by scientists at the University of Leeds in Yorkshire, UK, teaches itself how to play the children's game by searching for patterns in video and audio of human players ...


Machines mimic life at Chicago's "NextFest" 25 Jun 2005 By Andrew Stern Reuters CHICAGO, June 25 (Reuters) - Meet the robot lobster and the android that not only smiles, frowns and blinks but also recognizes people and talks back. They're two of the spookier entries at Wired Magazine's annual "NextFest," the high-tech carnival at a Chicago convention hall this weekend showcasing futuristic, sometimes uncannily lifelike technology. "The difference between animals and robots is robots get st ...


Maintaining Communication Link for a Robot Operating in a Hazardous Environment By Hoa G Nguyen, Narek Pezeshkian, Anoop Gupta and Nathan Farrington Unmanned Systems Branch Code 2371 Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center San Diego CA 10th Int. Conf. on Robotics and Remote Systems for Hazardous Environments, Gainesville, FL, March 28 - 31, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We address the problem of maintaining a robust high bandwidth RF communi ...


Makers of ground robots ask for better sensors and communication links July 2004 By Ben Ames Military & Aerospace Electronics Troops in Iraq are calling out for unmanned vehicles, but even more important, they are in desperate need of unmanned ground systems (UGSs) to dispose of land mines and booby traps. Pentagon planners have responded by sending 163 UGS vehicles to Iraq, involving five different robot models. The vehicles range from 50 to 150 pounds, drive on caterpillar treads by re ...


Making Afghanistan a safer place The Holland Sentinel February 6, 2005 By JOHN BURDICK A Holland man has spent the last five months helping make Afghanistan a safer place. Marine Corps Maj. Scott Glennon trains soldiers and Marines to operate robots that can find and disable land mines and homemade bombs. "The people of Afghanistan have had two decades of watching their children and their cattle getting blown up," said Glennon, a 1986 Hamilton High School graduate. "They're pretty happy ...


Making Progress June 20, 2005 By Fernando Diaz Daily Herald Jim Reynolds saw the future four-and-a-half years ago without time machines or flying cars. On December 3, 2001, the owner of Father Time, a vintage clock restoration shop in Chicago, watched inventor Dean Kamen put “Ginger,” the Segway Human Transporter, through its paces on Good Morning America. Ten minutes later, he bought one. “This was a device that was completely different from anything that anybody had ever experienced,” Re ...


Malaysian achieves success in artificial intelligence research April 25, 2005 BY CHOI TUCK WO The Star Online LONDON: A young Malaysian PhD student has achieved a major breakthrough in artificial intelligence which can lead to the creation of “thinking robots” in five to 10 years. After three years of research, Dr M. Sethuraman, 26, has developed an evolutionary technique which has been hailed by the Robert Gordon University as of “world significance.” For his effort, the Klang-born so ...


MALE UAV Prototype Releases Weapon UV Online March 7, 2005 The Proteus, a manned UAV surrogate, dropped the 500-pound inert weapon during the latest in a series of company-funded activities focused on addressing the US Department of Defense's expanding medium-altitude endurance UAV requirements. It also supports an on-going, Northrop Grumman-funded effort to develop a new multi-mission MALE UAV dubbed Model 395. According Chris Hernandez, vice president and general manager of Northrop Grumm ...


Man and machine, part 1 the quest for mechanical man 26 November 2004 by Dheera Sujan Radio Nederland From the myth of Pygmalion down to Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, to films such as Metropolis, Blade Runner and I Robot, we can see a rich vein of creativity sparked by our fascination and our horror at the idea of artificial life. In her book Edison's Eve: A Magical History of the Quest for Mechanical Life, Gaby Wood documents the long history of humanity's fascination with mechanical repre ...


Man vs. Machine December 2004 By Andrew Chaikin WIRED Magazine Some truths take a lifetime to learn; some you know when you're 5 years old. At that age, I knew that human beings were meant to explore space. It was 1961, and the space age had barely begun. I didn't know about President Kennedy's challenge to send people to the moon within the decade, but I knew that humans would go there - after all, my picture books almost always included astronauts exploring alien vistas. Today, decades a ...


Manchester University to develop vision chip for robots 5/24/05 Colin Holland EE Times LONDON — The University of Manchester is to develop a vision chip as part of the REVERB project, which involves BAE Systems and a number of UK Universities, and is aimed at developing new technologies which will enable robots to respond to events and multi-task in similar ways to humans and animals. Dr Piotr Dudek, from the University's School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, said, "The vision ...


Mangalore engineer develops cost-effective unmanned ground vehicle March 18, 2005 newkerala.com [World News] Surthkal (Mangalore), Mar.18 : Prajwal V Kumar, an electronics engineer from Surthkal (Mangalore) has developed a cost effective unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) which works on radio and video signals and can perform critical applications on the field. This UGV, a unique C class prototype, can perform six different operations ranging from handling hazardous material to land mine detect ...


Manipulability of Wheeled Mobile Manipulators: Applications to Motion Generation July / August 2003 B. Bayle LSIIT, Strasbourg, France, J.-Y. Fourquet ENIT, Tarbes, France and M. Renaud LAAS-CNRS, Toulouse, France International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 22 Issue 7/8 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. We propose a systematic modeling of the nonholonomic mobile manipulators built from a robotic arm mounted on a wheeled mobile platfor ...


Manipulation Planning with Probabilistic Roadmaps July-August 2004 T. Siméon, J.-P. Laumond, J. Cortés, and A. Sahbani LAAS-CNRS, Toulouse, France International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 7/8- Publication Date: 1 July-August 2004 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. This paper deals with motion planning for robots manipulating movable objects among obstacles. We propose a general manipulation planning approach capable of a ...


Manufacturers feel the squeeze May 2003 by Jim Pinto Advanced Manufacturing Disintermediation is the elimination of intermediaries in a business process, usually when the cost to do business with them exceeds the value they provide. Today, globalization and e-commerce are forcing everyone to evaluate and reevaluate every link in the business chain to measure value, and to disintermediate if needed. In years past, manufacturers were "upstream in the food chain" - they generated the highest p ...


Marine Gladiator Charges Ahead May 2004 by Roxana Tiron National Defense Magazine After splitting from a joint ground robotics program with the U.S. Army, the Marines decided to build their own unmanned combat vehicle, called the Gladiator. “The Army chose FCS [future combat systems], and the Marines said they can’t wait that long. They needed something sooner, so we settled for much less capability,” said Marine Col. Terry Griffin, program manager for unmanned ground systems. Carnegie M ...


Marine knows science of war mlive.com February 8, 2005 By Shandra Martinez HOLLAND -- Call it revenge of the nerds. Marine Corps Maj. Scott Glennon looks like a Marine on the outside, but inside the Hamilton native is all nerd. Modern warfare has a place for guys like him: a top student in math and science, he went to the Naval Academy and now trains teams using robots in Iraq and Afghanistan to clear bombs and mines more safely -- and much more quickly -- than the old methods. ...


Marines Aided by Robotic Airplane in Iraq Yahoo! News November 29, 2004 ST. LOUIS - A robotic airplane called ScanEagle has done more than 1,000 hours of intelligence and reconnaissance work for the Marines in Iraq, its developers said. It was developed and built by the St. Louis-based defense unit of Boeing Co. and the Washington-based Insitu Group. Boeing officials said they could not comment on specific ScanEagle missions, but spoke generally of its use. It travels above insurgent p ...


Marines ask CMU to develop a few good robots May 27, 2003 By Byron Spice, Editor Post-Gazette Science The first Marine that scrambles to take a hill may someday be a six-wheeled robot. A team led by Carnegie Mellon University's National Robotics Engineering Consortium has won a contract to develop a prototype of such a vehicle, which the U.S. Marines hope to put in the field as early as 2006. Less than 7 feet long and about 4 feet wide, the Tactical Unmanned Ground Vehicle, called Gladiat ...


Marines Deploy Backpack Recon Robots In Iraq Jul 08, 2004 SciScoop The story below is about a rolling ground-based robot called Dragon Runner, but don't miss this other story about a different, airborne Marine backpack robot that flies called Dragon Eye. And just like the Marines have their "Dragon" line of recon robots, so does the Navy has their "Fox" line of seagoing recon machines. From a Carnegie Mellon press release: Carnegie Mellon University robotics researchers, in conjunction wi ...


Market-based Approaches for Coordination of Multi-robot Teams at Different Granularities of Interaction By Anthony Stentz, M. Bernardine Dias, Robert Zlot, Nidhi Kalra, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Proceedings of the ANS 10th International Conference on Robotics and Remote Systems for Hazardous Environments, March, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Multi-robot teams can improve safety and increase human produ ...


MARKET-BASED COMPLEX TASK ALLOCATION FOR MULTIROBOT TEAMS 2004 Robert Zlot* and Anthony Stentz ASC ABSTRACT In order for a team of autonomous robots to perform a complex mission effectively, an efficient assignment of tasks to robots must be determined. Existing multirobot task allocation algorithms treat tasks as simple, indivisible entities. However, when dealing with complex tasks, the structure and semantics of the tasks can be exploited to produce more efficient team plans by giving i ...


Mars Mission Going Strong After a Year January 10, 2005 By Mike Toner Copyright 2005 Cox Enterprises, Inc. NASA's Mars rovers are still going strong as they begin their second year of exploration on the red planet, with neither suffering any mechanical infirmity that seems likely to derail their six-wheeling space odyssey. Both rovers, Spirit and Opportunity, are reported in "amazingly good shape" after a year of arduous travel and intriguing scientific discovery on the fourth rock from t ...


Mars mission rises from the ashes 03 June 2005 Maggie McKee NewScientist.com news service A NASA spacecraft that was shelved in 2000 after the dramatic loss of a related robotic mission is being dusted off for a planned launch to Mars in 2007, the agency announced on Thursday. The spacecraft, which was originally meant to launch in 2001 as part of the Mars Surveyor programme, has been renamed Phoenix. It will include many instruments designed for that mission and for the agency's ill-fated ...


Mars rover approaches heat shield December 21, 2004 By Leonard David, SPACE.com CNN.com (SPACE.com) -- The Opportunity Mars rover has turned into a junkyard dog, prowling ever closer to a hunk of space litter at Meridiani Planum -- a discarded heat shield. During its January 25 plunge toward the red planet, the Opportunity rover was encapsulated in a protective aeroshell comprised of two key parts: a heat shield and a backshell that contained essential landing gear. After taking the brunt ...


Mars Rover Escapes Sand Trap June 5, 2005 Associated Press Wired News PASADENA, Calif. -- The Mars rover Opportunity resumed rolling freely across the Martian surface Saturday after scientists freed it from a sand dune where it had been mired for nearly five weeks, NASA officials said. Engineers at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, which manages the mission, cheered when images beamed back to Earth showed the rover's wheels were free. "We've got a working rover on Mars that cost $400 milli ...


Mars rover gets new lease on life March 15, 2005 By Leonard David, SPACE.com CNN.com (SPACE.com) -- Mars scientists and engineers are elated about a dust-busting blast that has struck the Spirit rover at its Gusev crater exploration site. Turns out that a Martian whirlwind -- dubbed a dust devil -- likely zoomed over the robot high up in the Columbia Hills. That fleeting flyby effectively cleaned Spirit's solar arrays, giving the robot a new lease on life. Engineers report that the rover's ...


Mars rover inspects possible meteorite January 18, 2005 By Leonard David, SPACE.com CNN.com (SPACE.com) -- Scientists controlling the Opportunity Mars rover are taking an up-close look at an intriguing pitted rock on Mars, now dubbed "Heat Shield Rock." A speculative view about the object is that the Mars robot has come across a meteorite. A detailed investigation of the rock is under way, work that should reveal the true nature of the object. Wheeling about the open landscape of Meridiani ...


Mars Rovers Amaze Scientists by Defying Expiration Dates June 27, 2004 By Michael Alicea Copyright 2004 Cox Enterprise The twin Mars Exploration rovers, NASA's Spirit and Opportunity, continue to astonish scientists with their endurance and longevity. These rovers were designed to tough it out in the harsh Martian conditions, but they were expected to begin failing not long after they completed their initial missions _ which ended in April. The rovers' greatest foes on Mars are cold and rad ...


Mass. tech developer to be sold for $163m By Ross Kerber, Globe Staff September 8, 2004 Boston.com British company set to buy Foster-Miller in an all-cash deal Defense technology developer Foster-Miller Inc. of Waltham says it will be acquired for $163 million by Britain's QinetiQ Group PLC, a public-private partnership with the United Kingdom Ministry of Defense. Foster-Miller develops military devices such as robots the Army uses to clear land mines in Iraq and lightweight vehicle armor ...


Matilda Lends a Hand in Afghanistan March 5, 2003 By U.S. Army Spc. Steve Marroni, 109th MPAD. DefendAmerica News BAGRAM, Afghanistan, March 5, 2003, Army News Service — MATILDA, a robot, has leant it's helping hand, or more appropriately, helping claw, to law enforcement agencies for several years. Now it's aiding the U.S. military in Afghanistan. MATILDA is affixed with a retractable arm and claw. It can find booby traps, search caves, tunnels and buildings and haul a pretty good load fo ...


MAVs: Honeywell develops flying camera for soldiers January 25, 2005 The Shepherd Group UV Online A tiny aircraft that could serve as extra eyes, ears and nose for ground troops in combat is a step closer to reality. The Albuquerque office of Honeywell last month began flight-testing the 13 in wide, 14 lb Micro Air Vehicle, or MAV, at its tethered-flight area here. Those tests will continue through March, at which point Honeywell will deliver the first 10 of the rugged vehicles to the Arm ...


Maximizing Flexibility: A Retraction Heuristic for Oversubscribed Scheduling Problems By Laurence A. Kramer and Stephen F. Smith, The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh PA 15213 Proceedings of the Eighteenth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, August, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In this paper we consider the solution of scheduling problems that are inherently over-subscribed. ...


Measure theoretic analysis of probabilistic path planning April 2004 Ladd, A.M. Kavraki, L.E. Dept. of Comput. Sci., Rice Univ., Houston, TX, USA IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 2 On page(s): 229- 242 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper presents a novel analysis of the probabilistic roadmap method (PRM) for path planning. We formulate the problem in ter ...


Measurement of finger posture and three-axis fingertip touch force using fingernail sensors February 2004 Mascaro, S.A. Asada, H.H., Dept. of Mech. Eng., Massachusetts Inst. of Technol., Cambridge, MA, USA IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 1 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract When the human fingertip is pressed against a surface or bent, the hemodynamic state of the f ...


Measures of Similarity January 2005 By Ranjith Unnikrishnan and Martial Hebert, The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Seventh IEEE Workshop on Applications of Computer Vision Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Quantitative evaluation and comparison of image segmentation algorithms is now feasible owing to the recent availability of collections of hand-labeled images. However, little attention has been paid to the desig ...


Mecha: Could it be the soldier of the future? Stars and Stripes February 2, 2005 By Ward Sanderson, Cars slow down as they pass his parents' place. Kids come running, too, when they see Carlos Owens, Renaissance reservist. Soldier. Ironworker. Inventor. Dreamer. Dr. Frankenstein. “Hey mister,” the kids ask. “Are you building a giant robot?” The private first class uses some hydraulics training he learned in the Army as a heavy equipment mechanic, but mostly loads of imagination and gumpti ...


Mechanical Crawler Climbs Out Of Bed February 10, 2004 Popular Mechanics.com A mechanism originally designed to massage bedridden hospital patients will provide the drivetrain for crawling robots. The drive consists of a cam-and-beam mechanism that drives three crossbeams, creating a sine-wave motion in a flexible material. Fit with legs, as shown here, the assembly walks like a centipede. In this configuration, it can probe small openings and broken terrain where wheeled or treaded robots w ...


Mechanical Design And Control System Configuration of RoboSapien Humanoid Robot 2003 By Ruixiang Zhang, Prahlad Vadakkepat, Chan Kit Wai;Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, 4 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore, 117576 International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Robotics and Autonomous Systems, Singapore. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper presents the research work on a small size hu ...


Mechatronic design of an actuated biomimetic length and velocity sensor June 2004 Jaax, K.N. Hannaford, B., Emerging Indications Group, Adv. Bionics Corp., Valencia, CA, USA; IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, Volume: 20, Issue: 3 On page(s): 390- 398 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract Biological designs offer roboticists a rich source of mechanisms for the challenge of controlling movem ...


MEDIC ROBOTS FOR BATTLEFIELD June 23, 2004 Copyright 2004 P.G. Publishing Co. A Pittsburgh company is building a pair of robots that could serve as aides to battlefield medics, helping to retrieve wounded soldiers from dangerous areas and providing life support while taking them to a field hospital. Todd Jochem, president of Applied Perception Inc., said the robots would work as a team, with the smaller, riding-lawnmower-sized robot capable of riding inside of the larger, Volkswagen Bug-si ...


Medical robotics in computer-integrated surgery October 2003 Taylor, R.H. Stoianovici, D., Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD, USA IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 19, Issue: 5 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper provides a broad overview of medical robot systems used in surgery. After introducing basic concepts of computer-integrated surgery, surgical CAD/CAM, and su ...


Meet Packbot: The newest recruit August 1, 2002 By Nic Robertson CNN.co, Remote-controlled robot searches caves, transmits video BAGRAM, Afghanistan (CNN) -- Dashing past waiting troops, a new ally in the battle against al Qaeda speeds forward -- "Packbot." It's the United States Army's first battlefield robot, intended to check the trails ahead and send back pictures. Clearing caves and checking buildings are the main missions for the U.S. Army's latest recruit to the ranks at Bagram ai ...


NewsNanoApex May 21 2004 United Press International via COMTEX WASHINGTON, D.C. -- Researchers funded by the U.S. military have built a range of robots modeled after nature, including a 61-centimeter (24-inch) mechanical lobster that might one day scamper across the ocean floor sniffing for mines. Because sonar can be a poor detector of land mines, especially in coastal zones that are polluted by ocean noise, the Pentagon would like to use robots to do the dangerous detection work. For that ...


ScienceDaily 2003-07-03 Now here was an awesome alliance: in March, when supply and hospital ships were on their way into Iraq's port of Umm Qasr, and the sea channels had to be cleared of the mines the Iraqis had planted, a group of Marine Corps reconnaissance swimmers, Navy SEALS, Explosive Ordnance divers, dolphins, and underwater drones joined forces. Men and dolphins had worked together before, but this was the first time the unmanned underwater vehicle REMUS was teamed with them in a w ...


Metal Storm 40mm Weapon System/Talon Robot Live-Fire Demo for U.S. Military March 31, 2005 by David Crane Defense Review.com A 16-round Metal Storm prototype 40mm grenade launcher system attached to/mounted on a Foster-Miller Talon Robot/UGV (Unmanned Ground Vehicle) apparently successfully completed a series of live-fire tests in front of approx. 100 senior scientific and technical personnel from the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and selected military defense industry representatives at ...


Nine MSN May 12 2004 Ballistics company Metal Storm Ltd said it would play a key role in developing a new program to defend US naval ships from airborne and surface threats. Metal Storm will work with US Company Foster-Miller Inc in a funded program designed to circumvent threats difficult to defeat with existing weapons in the first phase of a Small Business Innovation Research program granted by the US Navy. Metal Storm chief executive Charles Vehlow said the program was an exciting opport ...


Metal Storm Robot Will Demostrate Urban Warfare Capabilites For DARPA December 22, 2004 SpaceDaily.com Metal Storm announced today that DARPA, the central research and development organization for the US Department of Defense, has selected the company's proposal titled 'Metal Storm Weapons for Urban Environments' for a contract award, subject to successful completion of contract negotiations. This DARPA project is designed to provide a feasibility demonstration of a Metal Storm weapon mounte ...


Michael Fumento: A powerful robot will help our troops in Iraq Naples News January 17, 2005 Michael Fumento Note: Free subscription is required to read online. It's "one of the most amazing inventions of 2004," according to Time Magazine. But to terrorists in Iraq it may be the scariest. By April, GIs there will be deploying 18 robots so small they could almost crawl between your legs. Don't let size fool you though; these motorized midgets pack a powerful punch. They can fire machine guns, ...


Michigan Police Rely on Robots By Adam Emerson Lansing State Journal The robot that authorities used to search two cars in southern Florida for suspected explosives Friday is similar to the ones state police use here for the same purpose. Michigan State Police recently bought two high-tech robots for about $130,000 each. The agency now has a total of seven, including one based in Lansing. Such bomb-handling robots responded to 435 explosives calls in the state last year - half hoaxes, half ...


A Bug’s Flight “You can’t fly like a bird if you’re the size of an insect,” says Berkeley’s Dickinson. “You have to fundamentally rethink the problem.” Bird wings might not appear to have much in common with plane wings, but the equations that describe flight are fundamentally the same for passenger planes or passenger pigeons. “Steady-state aerodynamics of airplanes works well for birds,” says Dickinson. “If you treat a bird wing like an airplane wing and at any given time calculate the speed ...


VNUNET.com 27 Sep 2004 Robert Jaques Microsoft has lifted the lid on new technology it is currently developing, including a graphical programming language that allows people to control robots with a smartphone. At a technology fair in Brussels, researchers from the Berlin University of Technology and Microsoft Research Cambridge demonstrated the Visual Robot Development Kit (VRDK), a graphical programming language that makes the development of robotic applications easy enough to teach in sch ...


Mid-Sized Omni-Directional Robot with Hydraulic Drive and Steering By Carl Wood, Trent Perry, Douglas Cook, Russell Maxfield, and Morgan Davidson Center for Self-Organizing and Intelligence Systems, University of Utah SPIE Aerosense 2003, Conference on Unmanned Robotic Vehicles April 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Through funding from the US Army-Tank-Automotive and Armaments Command's (TACOM) Intelligent Mobility Program, Utah State Univer ...


The RAP team, as a precaution against this very circumstance, working with White Sands personnel had tied a rope to M2 before sending it into the work area. The rope, attached to a RAP team winch 100 feet outside the structure, ensured the robot could be hauled out if radiation damaged its drive unit. But radiation shields now blocked a direct haul. M2 was hemmed in. Using a ten-foot-long pole and standing at the edge of the field (which fanned out like a flashlight beam, strongest at its cent ...


Koinonia House Online 05/17/04 The sci-fi world of robots has become an increasing reality, especially in the military. Remote-controlled planes and robots can venture into dangerous areas and do things that human-operated vehicles cannot. Now, these machines are being turned into veritable soldiers, some armed to spy, and others to kill. X-45 Drone Bombers: The U.S. military has been using drones as spy planes for a number of years. These planes fly slowly and can hover over a targeted ...


azcentral.com Oct. 26, 2004 BOSTON - What do you get when you cross a robot vacuum cleaner with a John Deere? No, it's not a vacuum that runs like a Deere - it's a military robot. iRobot and John Deere companies are joining forces to give GIs an intelligent battlefield vehicle. The Military Robotic Gator, or R-Gator, will use off-the-shelf technology in a two-seat all-terrain vehicle. It will even be able to drive itself, using an electronic brain similar to the type in the Roomba robotic vacuum cleaner. Testing is to begin next year, with full production expected in 2006.


Military robots planned February 18, 2003 Knight Ridder News Billings Gazette WASHINGTON -- So far, legions of robot soldiers march into battle only in movies such as "Star Wars." But the U.S. Army is hurrying to catch up. Under orders from Congress and the Pentagon's high command, the Army Research Laboratory at Aberdeen, Md., is developing an array of robotic machines to support -- or replace -- troops made of flesh and blood. One little robot scout, the 40-pound Packbot, and the CIA' ...


Military Robots Prepare to March Into Battle Friday, January 11, 2002 By Michael Y. Park FOXNews.com NEW YORK — Fighting robots — once the stuff of Hollywood sci-fi flicks — could be making their way onto battlefields to help the military within a matter of years. "We've always talked about robots doing the dangerous, dirty and dull jobs," said Chuck Thorpe, director of the Robotics Institute at Carnegie Mellon University. "Certainly a lot of those jobs are to be found in the military, whe ...


Military robots to get swarm intelligence NewScientist.com 12:21 25 April 03 NewScientist.com news service A battalion of 120 military robots is to be fitted with swarm intelligence software to enable them to mimic the organised behaviour of insects. The project, which received funding this week from the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), is aimed at developing ways to perform missions such as minesweeping and search and rescue with minimum intervention from hu ...


Military scientists investigate networks of tiny robots for counter terrorism and special operations May, 2002 by John Keller Military & Aerospace Electronics ARLINGTON, Va. — U.S. defense scientists want to find ways to control armies of small reconnaissance robots able to operate indoors for counter terrorism, urban combat, and other kinds of special operations. This effort is part of the Software for Distributed Robotics (SDR) program of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agenc ...


Military shell draws bomb squad August 27, 2004 By AIMEE DOLLOFF, OF THE NEWS STAFF Bangor Daily News ORONO - A piece of military memorabilia turned out on Wednesday night to be much more dangerous than its finder originally thought.A College Avenue resident who was cleaning out the belongings of her recently deceased father at his home came across an explosive shell among his collection of military souvenirs. Unsure of exactly what it was and not knowing what to do with it, she put the obj ...


Torrington Telegram BY CLAUDIA TEETERS, FOR THE TELEGRAM After the Wyoming National Guard Camp located in Guernsey, was chosen last November as one of the premier training and experimental sites in the nation for “robotics” testing, things have moved swiftly for members of the team responsible for the development of various types of unmanned military vehicles designed to help save American soldiers lives. Last Friday afternoon members of the Joint Robotics Program got a chance to show off th ...


Military standards for robots moving to other applications August 24, 2004 By Byron Spice Pittsburgh Post-Gazette There may be a million ways to tell a robot to turn right or left, to stop or to go, but there is only one way to do so in the military. It's called the Joint Architecture for Unmanned Systems, or JAUS ---- a set of software commands and corresponding actions that the Department of Defense now mandates for its Joint Robotics Program. JAUS will soon "migrate" to become an intern ...


Military wants to transform Segway scooters into robots December 2, 2003 y MICHAEL P. REGAN THE ASSOCIATED PRESS NEW YORK -- It's called the Segway Human Transporter, but the Pentagon is drafting the two-wheeled scooter as part of a plan to develop battlefield robots that think on their own and communicate with troops. The program is still in the research phase, so the self-balancing scooters aren't expected to report to boot camp any time soon. So far, university researchers armed with Pe ...


Military wars over robot aircraft July 5, 2005 By Robert S. Dudney Daily Breeze Within 10 years, one-third of U.S. ... deep strike aircraft will be unmanned," Congress said in its 2001 defense bill. This claim, while shocking at the time, seems much less so in retrospect. Indeed, unmanned aerial vehicles -- UAVs in acronym-conscious military parlance -- have advanced farther and faster than had once seemed possible. Previously, the services had only a handful of unmanned drones. Today, they ...


Millimetre-size Robot a Prototype for Microscopic Machines February 17, 2003 Betterhumans Staff It would be a million times bigger than the ultimate goal, but it would do much to prove that the goal is attainable. Researchers are building a prototype millimetre-size robot -- called a "millibot" -- to test the feasibility of nanometer-size machines. "We started thinking very seriously about building very, very tiny computer control structures for tiny, tiny machines, with the idea that ma ...


Mind Over Machine February 2004 By Carl Zimmer Popular Science Some monkey business in a Duke University lab suggests we’ll soon be able to move artificial limbs, control robotic soldiers, and communicate across thousands of miles—using nothing but our thoughts. Something incredible is happening in a lab at Duke University’s Center for Neuroengineering—though, at first, it’s hard to see just what it is. A robot arm swings from side to side, eerily lifelike, as if it were trying to s ...


Mines and human casualties, a robotics approach toward mine clearing 2004 Masoud Ghaffari*, Dinesh Manthena*, Alireza Ghaffarif, and Ernest L. Hall ABSTRACT An estimated 100 million landmines which have been planted in more than 60 countries kill or maim thousands of civilians every year. Millions of people live in the vast dangerous areas and are not able to access to basic human services because of landmines’ threats. This problem hasaffected many third world countries and poor nations whic ...


Mini Helicopter Thinks For Itself — On The Fly — To React To Dangerous Situations February 17, 2005 ScienceDaily ATLANTA (February 8, 2005) — Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are one step closer to someday matching — and possibly surpassing — their human-piloted counterparts, thanks to the completion of a project successfully tested by Georgia Tech and sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory. The project was supported by DAR ...


Mini Robot Planes Deployed In Iraq April 10, 2003 By Jennifer Viegas, Discovery News Discovery Channel Marines in Iraq are gathering intelligence using a miniature aircraft that flies autonomously, relays information in real time and fits into a super-sized golf bag, according to the Office of Naval Research, which helped to develop the new plane. Called the Silver Fox, the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is smaller than previous flying detection devices, such as the Predator and the Global ...


Minimalist Jumping Robots for Celestial Exploration Julyu/August 2003 J. Burdick Mechanical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA and P. Fiorini Dipartimento di Informatica, Universitá di Verona, Verona, Italy 37134 International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 22 Issue 7/8 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. In this paper we describe a novel approach to the design and deployment of small and min ...


Minorities in Motion -- Edinburg High School shares top honors for robotics competition September 29, 2004 By Kathryn Walson The McAllen Monitor MCAllenTexasPacific SouthWestUSA - EDINBURG — When the Edinburg High School team heard its robot wouldn’t pass round one, members were baffled. Judges had been so impressed, they said. So they took it up with organizers. "We had to," said Miguel Martinez. "We worked for two weeks every day from 5 to 9 (p.m.). We worked Saturdays and Sundays." Up ...


Missouri Police Say Robots Are Invaluable Tool in Meth Busts 14 July 2005 CHERYL WITTENAUER, Associated Press Officer.com CLAYTON, Mo. (AP) -- Methamphetamine labs pose their own unique danger because ingredients in the drug are volatile. But lately, a new danger is being added to the mix: law enforcement officers approaching meth houses increasingly are encountering improvised explosive devices left as a gift from meth makers. In one such instance July 1 in Franklin County, officers recru ...


MIT develops Anklebot for stroke patients June 30, 2005 Elizabeth A. Thomson, News Office Massachusetts Institute of Technology Research team foresees robotic gym Clinical trials have already shown that an MIT robotic arm can help stroke patients regain movement faster. Now MIT pioneers in the field of robotic therapy are hoping a robotic gym full of machines targeted at different parts of the body will significantly improve stroke patients' movement in arms, wrists, hands, legs and ankles. ...


MIT develops arm for stroke patients Jul. 6, 2005 The Washington Times The Massachusetts Institute of Technology announced Wednesday clinical trials have shown its robotic arm can help stroke patients regain movement faster. The school said the Anklebot's tests have led pioneers in robotic therapy to believe they can develop an entire robotic gym. Such a gym with machines targeted at different parts of the body is expected to significantly improve stroke patients' movement in arms, wrists, ...


MIT team guides airplane remotely using spoken English Massachusetts Institute of Technology November 2, 2004 Lauren J. Clark Aeronautics researchers at MIT have developed a manned-to-unmanned aircraft guidance system that allows a pilot in one plane to guide another unmanned airplane by speaking commands in English. In a flight test, the pilotless vehicle, called a UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle), responded to sudden changes in plan and avoided unexpected threats en route to its destination ...


MIT's Anklebot to help stroke patients July 6, 2005 By Michael Kanellos CNET News.com A robot from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology could help stroke victims recover some movement and independence. The Anklebot, shown off late last week at the International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics in Chicago, effectively coaches stroke victims on how to use their legs again. A user straps on the robot, which looks like an ornate brace, and tries to walk. The Anklebot helps stabilize ...


MIXED SOLDIER SMALL ROBOT TEAM INTERACTION By Stuart Young, Dr Philip Emmerman & Hung Nguyen, US Army Research Laboratory AMSRL-CI-CB, 2800 Powder Mill Road, Adelphi, MD Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. The Future Combat System FCS and Objective Force Warrior OFW are two critical initiatives that will include robotic systems leading towards the Objective Force. The Army Chief of Staff, General Shinseki, stresses that soldiers will remain the "centerpiece of our formations" and will be the heart of the Objective Force1. The Army Research Laboratory is developing technology that supports the FCS and the soldier centric OFW initiatives, OFW focuses on extending small team capabilities without overburdening the warrior (this includes Robotics2).


Innovations Report 11/01/.2004 Robots are a long way from being as sophisticated as the movies would have you believe. Sure they can crush humans at chess. But they can’t beat us at soccer < half the time they can’t even recognize the soccer ball < or defeat us in single combat and walk away from the encounter. "We don’t have robots that can physically compete with humans in any way," says Charles Higgins, assistant professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) at the University ...


Mobile Robot Navigation using a Sensor Network By Maxim A. Batalin and Gaurav S. Sukhatme; Robotic Embedded Systems Laboratory, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, Computer Science Department, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA Myron Hattig, Intel Corporation, Open Source Robotics IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pages 4198--4203, New Orleans, Louisiana, Apr 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. A ...


Mobile robot self-localization based on global visual appearance features September 2003 By Chao Zhou Yucheng Wei Tieniu Tan; Nat. Lab. of Pattern Recognition, Chinese Acad. of Sci., Beijing, China Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract The paper presents a novel method for mobile robot localization using visual appe ...


Mobile Robot Simultaneous Localization and Mapping in Dynamic Environments Year of Publication: 2005 Authors Denis F. Wolf Robotic Embedded Systems Laboratory, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, Department of Computer Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA 90089 Gaurav S. Sukhatme Robotic Embedded Systems Laboratory, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, Department of Computer Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA 90089 Publ ...


Brushless Hall effect A popular variation of the dc motor eliminates the electrically noisy and maintenance-prone brushes but sacrifices controller simplicity. The brushless-dc motor is basically a synchronous motor with permanent magnets on the rotor and windings on the stator. Stator windings are arranged in a three-phase Y connection and produce trapezoidal torque characteristics. The energized stator windings create electromagnet poles that attract the rotor and generate torque. By using a ...


In a daring effort to save victims trapped in the rubble of a collapsed building, a robot about the size of a toy truck rolls out of a larger robot's pouch-like compartment. Immediately it flattens itself, navigates a narrow opening in the ruins, sits up and begins sending pictures of victims back to workers waiting outside. And the human rescuers also hear moans from survivors, thanks to the small robot's microphone. The role of the mobile robot in this scenario is one that Robin R. Murphy, a ...


Mobile Robots Take Baby Steps By: Noah Shachtman Wired News January 7, 2004 A robot dog could one day become a soldier's best friend -- if an Army program works out as planned. Today's soldiers carry as much as 100 pounds of equipment. That's exhausting, even for the toughest grunt. In the future, the Army wants to dump up to half that gear onto the back of a drone. But military scientists are worried that robots with wheels won't be able to follow their human masters across mountain pass ...


Mobile robots to protect 2006 World Cup June 8, 2005 Persian Journal A German firm has introduced mobile robots one year before the 2006 World Cup which can detect nuclear, biological and chemical dangers during the one-month global football event in Germany. Developed by the Berlin-based Robowatch Technologies GmbH, the robot is an appropriate instrument in the fight against terrorism, said the managing director of the company Ulf Stremmel. Resembling a mini-tank, the 50-kilogram heavy reconnaissance robot is capable of searching a 10,000 square meter area for 12 hours without a break. The 80,000 euro robot can also transmit images and send an alarm to the central office. It is still unclear if and in which World Cup stadium the highly sensitive robot would be used.


Mobile Sensor Network Deployment using Potential Fields: A Distributed, Scalable Solution to the Area Coverage Problem By Andrew Howard, Maja J Matari´c, and Gaurav S Sukhatme; Robotics Research Laboratories, Department of Computer Science, University of Southern, California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781 Proceedings of the International Symposium on Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems (DARS), Jun 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper consid ...


Mobile-phone controlled robot Ananova January 2005 The world's first mobile phone-controlled robot is to be launched in Japan next month. The robot can be made to walk, jump and wave its hands via Bluetooth over a range of up to 10 metres. The aluminum robot will be sold online as a self-assembly kit for about £1,000. It has been created by KDDI and I Bee KK and is operated by a Toshiba mobile phone. The robot is designed for entertainment but KDDI and I Bee hope to also turn it into a roving home security camera.


Mobility Enhancements to the Scout Robot Platform By A. Drenner, I. Burt, T. Dahlin, B. Kratochvil, C. P. McMillen, B. Nelson, N. Papanikolopoulos, P. E. Rybski, K. Stubbs, D. Waletzko, K. B. Yesin Center for Distributed Robotics, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Minnesota 2002 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Washington, DC May 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract When a distributed robotic sys ...


Mode-shape compensator for improving robustness of manipulator mounted on flexible base April 2004 Ueda, J. Yoshikawa, T. Graduate Sch. of Inf. Sci., Nara Inst. of Sci. & Technol., Japan IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 2 On page(s): 256- 268 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In this paper, the concept of the "robust arm configuration" is expanded by using a mode- ...


Model Mars rovers to be displayed July 29, 2005 KELLY DONOVAN Desert Dispatch BARSTOW -- While NASA's twin Mars Exploration Rover robots continue to traverse the Red Planet, local residents will have a chance to get a close look at a smaller version of the robots. A one-third scale model will be on display Monday evening at the Barstow Branch Library, and representatives of the NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory Solar System Ambassador Program will be there to answer questions and talk about sp ...


Model planes soaring to new applications July 5 2005 By Meredith Cohn Sun_Sentinel.com Once a kid's backyard toy and now a soldier's battlefield tool, the model airplane may soon expand to new terrain and a less expected set of people: cell phone users. A California company is testing a pilotless plane that can fly 12 miles high for a week straight with an antenna to beam cell phone and Internet signals places they can't go now or, to the frustration of the wireless, only go intermittentl ...


Model-Based Dynamic Self-Righting Maneuvers for a Hexapedal Robot By Uluc. Saranli 1, Alfred A. Rizzi 1 and Daniel E. Koditschek 2 1 Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University. Pittsburgh, PA 15223, USA 2 Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science,The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2110, USA International Journal of Robotics Research, Vol. 23, No. 9, September, 2004, pp. 903-918 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We repo ...


Model-based space robot teleoperation of ETS-VII manipulator June 2004 Woo-Keun Yoon Goshozono, T. Kawabe, H. Kinami, M. Tsumaki, Y. Uchiyama, M. Oda, M. Doi, T. Nat. Inst. of Adv. Ind. Sci. & Technol., Japan IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 3 On page(s): 602- 612 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In our previous research, we developed space robot tele ...


Modeling and control of contact between constrained rigid bodies February 2004 Featherstone, R., Dept. of Syst. Eng., Australian Nat. Univ., Canberra, ACT, Australia IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 1 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper examines the phenomenon of frictionless contact between rigid bodies that are already subject to kinematic constraints from ...


Modeling and Experimental Validation of the Locomotion of Endoscopic Robots in the Colon April-May 2004 P. Dario, P. Ciarletta, A. Menciassi Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, CRIM, Pisa, Italy and B. Kim Microsystem Center, Korean Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul, Korea International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 4/5- Publication Date: 1 April-May 2004 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. In this paper we present a biomechan ...


Modeling Human Infant Learning in Embodied Artificial Entities to Produce Grounded Concepts 2003 Eric Berkowitz, Roosevelt University, 1400 N. Roosevelt Blvd., Schaumburg, IL 60173 Proceedings Third International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics: Modeling Cognitive Development in Robotic Systems 101, pages pp. 159-160, Boston, MA, USA. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract I present a system for concept development in an artificial entity. The concept devel ...


Modeling Physical Capabilities of Humanoid Agents Using Motion Capture Data By G. Sukthankar 1, M. Mandel, 2, K. Sycara 1, and J.K. Hodgins 2 1 Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University 2 Computer Science Department, Carnegie Mellon University Proceedings of Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems (AAMAS), July, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In this paper we demonstrate a method for fine-grained modeling of a synthetic agent’s physica ...


Modeling Physical Variability for Synthetic MOUT Agents By Gita Sukthankar, Michael Mandel, Katia Sycara, and Jessica Hodgins; School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Proceedings of 2004 Conference on Behavior Representation in Modeling and Simulation, May, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT Generating behavioral variability is an important prerequisite in the development of synthetic MOUT (Mi ...


Modeling Swarm Robotic Systems: A Case Study in Collaborative Distributed Manipulation April-May 2004 A. Martinoli, Swarm-Intelligent Systems Group, Nonlinear Systems Laboratory, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland K. Easton and W. Agassounon Physical Sciences, Inc., 20 New England Business Center, Andover, MA 01810, USA International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 4/5- Publication Date: 1 April-May 2004 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full t ...


Modeling, Control, and Flight Testing of a Small Ducted Fan Aircraft By Eric N. Johnson* and Michael A. Turbe†, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, 30332 AIAA Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics (submitted). Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Small ducted fan autonomous vehicles have potential for several applications, especially for missions in urban environments. This paper discusses the use of dynamic inversion with neural network adaptation to ...


Jitters is just one part of a four-pronged program to improve communications in the Army. Jitters, the Warfighter Information Network-Tactical (WIN-T)—a high-capacity information network for command units—and a family of smaller radios will be integrated by a new middleware platform that the Army likens to a massive martial version of Microsoft Windows called the System of System Common Operating Environment, or SOSCOE. In early July, the Government Accounting Office, the U.S. Congress’ resear ...


Modular Petri Net based modeling, analysis, synthesis and performance evaluation of random topology dedicated production systems 2005 By G . J . TSINARAKIS and N . C . TSOURVELOUDIS, Intelligent Systems and Robotics Laboratory, Department of Production Engineering and Management, Technical University of Crete, 73100 Chania, Crete, Greece and K . P . VALAVANIS, Center for Robot-Assisted Search and Rescue, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of South Florida, 4201 E. Fo ...


Monkey controls robotic arm with thoughts October 27, 2004 BigNewsNetwork.com University of Pittsburgh researchers have demonstrated that a monkey can feed itself with a robotic arm simply by using signals from its brain. The research might enhance prosthetic use in people, especially those with spinal cord injuries, said senior researcher Andrew Schwartz of the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. The robotic arm used in the research was about the size of a child's arm and moved ...


Human-Computer Interaction, special issue on Human-Robot Interaction, Vol. 19, Nos. 1-2, 2004 Corresponding Author’s Contact Information: Jenny Burke, M.A. E-mail: jlburke4@csee.usf.edu Brief Authors’ Biographies: Jenny Burke, (MA) is an industrial-organizational psychologist with an interest in human-robot interaction; she is a research associate in the Center for Robot-Assisted Search and Rescue, and in the Institute of Human Performance, Decision Making and Cybernetics, both located at the U ...


http://cfcn.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/RTGAMArticleHTMLTemplate/B/20040511/gtrobotsmay11?brand=generic&hub=&tf=CFCNPlus/generic/hubs/frontpage.html&cf=CFCNPlus/generic/hubs/frontpage.cfg&slug=gtrobotsmay11&date=20040511&archive=RTGAM&ad_page_name=&nav=&subnav=fullstory&site=Technology&vg=BigAdVariableGenerator&id=RTGAM.20040412.gtrobotsapr12 Note: You will need to copy and paste the URL in a browser window to view the article online. More cash flowing to robotics research Associated Press C ...


More nimble robots seen reshaping manufacturing, health care October 22, 2004 By Rick Merritt EE Times SANTA CLARA, Calif. — Engineers can reshape the manufacturing and health-care sectors if they develop robots with better navigation, recognition and manual dexterity, according to a leading robotics researcher at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Researcher Rodney Brooks laid out his vision for the future of robotics in a keynote address as his company, iRobot Corp., announce ...


More Robot Grunts Ready for Duty Wired News Dec. 01, 2004 By Noah Shachtman ORLANDO, Florida -- Hunting for guerillas, handling roadside bombs, crawling across the caves and crumbling towns of Afghanistan and Iraq -- all of that was just a start. Now, the Army is prepping its squad of robotic vehicles for a new set of assignments. And this time, they'll be carrying guns. As early as March or April, 18 units of the Talon -- a model armed with automatic weapons -- are scheduled to report f ...


Morph: A Desktop-Class Humanoid Capable of Acrobatic Behavior October - November 2004 T. Tawara, Y. Okumura, T. Furuta, M. Shimizu, M. Shimomura, K. Endo ERATO, Kitano Symbiotic Systems Project, JST, Corp. and H. Kitano Sony Computer Science Laboratories, Inc. and ERATO, Kitano Symbiotic Systems Project, JST, Corp. Special Issue on the 5th International Conference on Climbing and Walking Robots, CLAWAR 2002 International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 10/11- Publication Date: ...


Morse Decompositions for Coverage Tasks By Ercan U. Acar, Howie Choset, Alfred A. Rizzi, Prasad N. Atkar, Douglas Hull; Carnie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA The International Jounal of Robotics Research, Vol. 21, No. 4, April 2002, pp. 331-344 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Exact cellular decompositions represent a robot's free space by dividing it into regions with simple structure such that the sum of the regions fills the free space. These de ...


Rus's own childhood was spent in the suffocating dark of Nicolae Ceausescu's dictatorship, partly sheltered by her family's privileged status. Her father was a computer scientist whose work took him abroad; her mother was a university physicist. Rus, their only child, inherited their interests. Virtual fences were conceived in the marriage of fascination with the way things worked and the desire to harness technology for practical use. "I remember wanting to build moving walkways" while on tirin ...


MOTION CAPTURE FROM INERTIAL SENSING FOR UNTETHERED HUMANOID TELEOPERATION By NATHAN MILLER, Department of Computer Science, California State University Bakersfield, Bakersfield, CA 93311 ODEST CHADWICKE JENKINS, MARCELO KALLMANN, MAJA J MATARI´C, Interaction Lab, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, 941 W. 37th Place, SAL 300, Los Angeles, CA, USA 90089 Proceedings of the IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robotics (Humanoids), Los Angeles, CA, Nov 2004 Please visit the web ...


Motion generation for a tumbling robot using a general contact model May 2004 Albro, J.V. Bobrow, J.E., Dept. of Mech. & Aerosp. Eng., California Univ., Irvine, CA, USA ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Volume 4 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract The goal of this research was to develop a general approach for the generation of motions for robots that make and br ...


Motion Planning and Control of a Swimming Machine January 2004 Saroj Saimek and Perry Y. Li Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Minnesota, 111 Church St. SE, Minneapolis MN 55455, USA International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 01 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. We propose a practical maneuvering control strategy for an aquatic vehicle (AV) that uses an oscillating foil as a propulsor. The challenge of this ...


Motion Planning for a Mobile Manipulator with Imprecise Locomotion October 2003 By Dong Hun Shin†, Dept. of Mechanical Eng., University of Seoul and Bradley S. Hamner, Sanjiv Singh, and Myung Hwangbo, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University 2003 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS '03) Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT This paper presents a motion planning method for mobile manipulators for which the base lo ...


Motion Planning for a Rod-shaped Robot in R3: Connecting the rod-HGVG using the point-HGVG By Ji Yeong Lee and Howie Choset, Sensor Based Planning Lab, Carnegie Mellon University Proceedings of the 2004 Conference on Robotics & Automation, New Orleasn, LA, April 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This work considers the motion planning for a rod-shaped robot in a three-dimensional space. Our approach is to construct a roadmap in the configuration ...


Motion Planning for Humanoid Robots By James Kuffner1,2, Koichi Nishiwaki3, Satoshi Kagami2, Masayuki Inaba3, and Hirochika Inoue3 1 The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University 2 Digital Human Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) 3 School of Information Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo Proc. 20th Int'l Symp. Robotics Research (ISRR'03), Italy, October 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entiret ...


Motion planning for metamorphic systems: feasibility, decidability, and distributed reconfiguration June 2004 Dumitrescu, A. Suzuki, I. Yamashita, M., Dept. of Comput. Sci., Univ. of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI, USA; IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, Volume: 20, Issue: 3 On page(s): 409- 418 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In this paper, we address a number of issues related ...


Motion Planning of Biped Robot Climbing Stairs 2003 By Ruixiang Zhang and Prahlad Vadakkepat; Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore; 4 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore, 117576 Proceedings of FIRA Robot World Congress, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract The motion control of a biped robot that can climb up and down stairs is studied in this work. The algorithm generates walking patterns with desired stable ...


Motion Planning Using Dynamic Roadmaps Marcelo Kallmann and Maja Mataric', Interaction Lab, Computer Science Department, University of Southern California Los Angeles, California 90089-0781, USA IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pages 4399-4404, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract - We evaluate the use of dynamic roadmaps for online motion planning in changing environments. When changes are detected in the workspace, ...


Motivational principles for visual know-how development 2003 Frederic Kaplan and Pierre-Yves Oudeyer, Sony Computer Science Laboratory, 6 rue Amyot, Paris, France Proceedings Third International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics: Modeling Cognitive Development in Robotic Systems 101, pages pp. 73-80, Boston, MA, USA. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract What dynamics can enable a robot to continuously develop new visual know-how? We present a first experime ...


Motor control reduces size and weight of robots Manufacturingtalk February 9, 2005 OCRobotics has developed a range of intelligent CAN-enabled servomotor amplifier controllers to meet their requirements for distributed control motors used on their snake-arm robots. OCRobotics has developed a range of intelligent CAN-enabled servomotor amplifier controllers to meet their requirements for distributed control of the large numbers of motors used within each of their snake-arm robots. Named DC2 ...


Move Over, Herbie May 23, 2005 Science Daily On May 18 Stanford announced its entry in the DARPA Grand Challenge, a 175-mile driverless race across the Mojave Desert. The event, which is scheduled for Oct. 8, will pit 20 robotic competitors on an unpredictable, obstacle-filled course. "This is the first endurance race in history where the machine will have to make all the decisions," said Sebastian Thrun, associate professor of computer science and leader of the Stanford Racing Team. The ...


Movement Control Algorithms for Realization of Fault-Tolerant Ad Hoc Robot Networks By Prithwish Basu and Jason Redi, BBN Technologies IEEE Network, July 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Autonomous and semi-autonomous mobile multirobot systems require a wireless communication network in order to communicate with each other and collaboratively accomplish a given task. A multihop communications network that is self-forming, self-healing, and self-or ...


OrlandoSentinal.com July 25, 2004 Susan Strother Clarke Peter Drewes' office is a big room with computers and a just-what-you'd-expect blackboard filled with equations. Here you see what robots really look like. They're not very pretty and not the least bit human -- as different from the mechanized men in Will Smith's I, Robot as an abacus is from a PC. "We are very far away" from that technology, says Drewes of the summer-hit movie. He should know. Drewes is a real researcher -- not a H ...


MPRS URBOT Commercialization By Donny Ciccimaro a, Dr William Baker b, Ian Hamilton b, Leif Heikkila b, Joel Renick b a SPAWAR Systems Center Code 2371 53605 Woodward Road San Diego CA 92153 7383 b San Diego State University 5500 Campanile Drive San Diego CA 92182 SPIE Proc. 5083: Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology V, Orlando, FL, April 22-23, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT The Man Portable Robotic System MPRS project objective was to build ...


Design News September 13, 2004 Elizabeth Johnson Present Position: Chair of Computer Science, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute., Troy, NY ADVERTISEMENT Degrees: B.S. Physics, Ursinus College; B.S. Engineering Science and Mechanics, Georgia Tech; Ph.D. Systems Engineering, University of Pennsylvania How do you describe your work at cocktail parties? We are developing software that adds contact information to a robot's brain, allowing them to work in a human environment. We are working ...


Multi mobile robot navigation using distributed value function reinforcement learning September 2003 By Babvey, S. Momtahan, O. Meybodi, M.R., Amir Kabir Technol. Univ., Tehran, Iran Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In this paper we propose a new fuzzy-based navigation system for two intelligent mobile robots u ...


Multi- and Hyper-Spectral Sensing for Autonomous Ground Vehicle Navigation June 1, 2003 By Robert J. Fogler Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (US); Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (US) Description/Abstract Robotic vehicles that navigate autonomously are hindered by unnecessary avoidance of soft obstacles, and entrapment by potentially avoidable obstacles. Existing sensing technologies fail to reliably distinguish hard obstacles from soft obstacles, as well as impassable thickets ...


Multi-Modal Locomotion Robotic Platform Using Leg-Track-Wheel Articulations March 2005 Authors: Michaud, François 1; Létourneau, Dominic 2; Arsenault, Martin 2; Bergeron, Yann 2; Cadrin, Richard 2; Gagnon, Frédéric 2; Legault, Marc-Antoine 2; Millette, Mathieu 2; Paré, Jean-François 2; Tremblay, Marie-Christine 2; Lepage, Pierre 2; Morin, Yan 2; Bisson, Jonathan 2; Caron, Serge Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers Abstract: Other than from its sensing and processing capabilities, a mobile ...


Multi-Point Contact Models for Dynamic Self-Righting of a Hexapod By Uluc. Saranli 1, Alfred A. Rizzi 1, and Daniel E. Koditschek 2 1 Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA 2 Dept. of EECS, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2110, USA Proceedings of the Sixth International Workshop on the Algorithmic Foundations of Robotics (WAFR '04), July, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Summary. In this paper, we repor ...


Multi-Robot Communication-Sensitive Reconnaissance 2004 By Alan Wagner and Ronald Arkin, College of Computing, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA IEEE Inter. Conf. on Robotics and Automation Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. This paper presents a method for multi-robot communication-sensitive reconnaissance. This approach utilizes collections of precompiled vector fields in parallel to coordinate a team of robots in a manner that is responsive to com ...


Multi-Robot Coordination and Competition Using Mixed Integer and Linear Programs August 2004 By Curt Alexander Bererton, Submitted in partial ful¯llment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Robotics, Carnegie Mellon University CMU-RI-TR-04-65 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Markov decision processes (MDPs) and partially observable Markov decision processes (POMDPs) are preferred methods representing complex uncertain dynamic ...


Multi-Robot Dynamic Role Assignment and Coordination Through Shared Potential Fields By Douglas Vail and Manuela Veloso, Computer Science Department, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA Multi-Robot Systems, A. Schultz, L. Parker, and F. Schneider, ed., Kluwer, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Role assignment and coordination are difficult issues for multi-robot systems, especially in highly dynamic tasks. Robot soccer is one such ...


Multi-robot formations: queues and artificial potential trenches May 2004 Shuzhi Sam Ge Cheng-Heng Fua Khiang Wee Lim, Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Nat. Univ. of Singapore, Singapore ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Volume 4 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In this paper, we propose the representation of formations in terms of queues and queue vertices ...


Multi-robot Task Allocation in the Light of Uncertainty By Esben H. Østergaard 2, Maja J Matari´c 1 , and Gaurav S. Sukhatme 1 1 Robotics Research Laboratories, Department of Computer Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781 2 Maersk Mc-Kinney Moller Institute for Production Technology, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55 DK-5230, Odense IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), Wasington DC, May 2002. Please visit the web site t ...


Multi-Robot Task Allocation: Analyzing the Complexity and Optimality of Key Architectures By Brian P. Gerkey and Maja J. Mataric; Department of Computer Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), Taipei, Taiwan, September 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract: Important theoretical aspects of multi-robot coordination mechanisms have, to date, been largely ignored. To ad ...


Multi-tasking robot will save time and maybe lives at LAX - Media & Technology - Los Angeles International Airport June 16, 2003 by Michael Thuresson Los Angeles Business Journal In the minutes after a gunman opened fire at Los Angeles International Airport last July 4th, police had to wait for one of its robots to be brought from the San Fernando Valley before examining the shooter's car for explosives. That valuable time will be saved with the deployment of a new, $160,000 robot at the ...


Multiperspective mosaics for under vehicle inspection April 2004 Andreas Koschan*, Jin-Choon Ng, Mongi Abidi, Imaging, Robotics and Intelligent Systems Lab, 334 Ferris Hall, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN USA 37996 Proc. SPIE Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology VI, vol. 5422, Orlando, FL, USA, pp. 1-10, April 2004. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT In this paper, we describe efforts made to ...


Multiple camera image interface for assisting in the control of mobile robots January 2005 Authors: Kohsei Matsumoto; Jun Ota; Tamio Arai Publisher: VSP Abstract: A simple interface is described that makes it easier for operators of mobile robots to use multiple images provided by distributed cameras. While the images provided by multiple cameras located on ceilings or walls can provide global position information for use in navigating mobile robots, a human operator must be able to under ...


Multiple Sensor Fusion for Detecting Location of Curbs, Walls, and Barriers By Romuald Aufrère, Christoph Mertz 2, Charles Thorpe 2 1 LASMEA, Université Blaise-Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand, France 2 Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA Proceedings of the IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV2003), June, 2003. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Knowledge of the location of curbs, walls, or barriers is important for guidance of ...


Multisensor Demining Robot Year of Publication: 2005 Authors Michael Yu. Rachkov Moscow State Industrial University, Moscow, Russia 109280 Lino Marques Institute of Systems and Robotics, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal 3030-290 Aníbal T. Almeida Institute of Systems and Robotics, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal 3030-290 Publisher Kluwer Academic Publishers Hingham, MA, USA ABSTRACT The paper describes an advanced multisensor demining robot. The robot t ...


Muscle Actuator Design for the ACT Hand By Nick Gialias 1 and Yoky Matsuoka†2, 3 1 Biomedical Engineering, 2Robotics Institute, 3Mechanical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA USA Proceedings of the 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA '04), May, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We are constructing an anatomically-correct testbed (ACT) of the human hand to understand its mechanisms, function, an ...


Mutating Bots May Save Lives Wired News Dec. 01, 2004 By Lakshmi Sandhana Picture walking up to a bucket of stuff in your garage and asking it to change the oil in your car. Then imagine that, in response to the command, a mass of self-reconfiguring robots moving around in the bucket climbs out, reconfigures on the fly into a shape that best suits the task, and proceeds. That's the ultimate vision of Mark Yim, a researcher working on the latest generation of shape-shifting robots at the ...


My back pages will meet on edges soon Newsday February 8, 2005 James P. Pinkerton keep a file of clippings that I call "page 34 news." That is, news reports buried in the back of the newspaper that should, in fact, be bannered right up front. Front pages are typically dominated by stories of politics and culture, driven by personalities - political leaders, celebrities in trouble, improbable heroes or victims of the latest natural disaster. These stories are cyclical: Republicans and Demo ...


Nanobot could fashion microprocessors The Inquirer 25 January 2005 A REPORT said that Applied Micro Systems will team up with US company Micromechatronics to create a highly miniaturised set of robots. According to nikkei.net, AMS and the Pennsylvania State University startup, Micromechatronics, will create a three centimetre square robot which it says will be able to move in nanometres. And the report adds that AMS is contemplating creating nanorobots which could be used to build microprocessors.


Nanotubes give when poked May 19, 2005 M& C Science and Nature ATLANTA, GA, UNITED STATES (UPI) -- Smaller, faster computers, bullet proof t-shirts and itty-bitty robots, such are the promises of nanotechnology and the cylinder-shaped collection of carbon molecules known as nanotubes. But in order for these exciting technologies to hit the marketplace (who wouldn`t want an itty-bitty robot), scientists must understand how these miracle-molecules perform under all sorts of conditions. For, wi ...


NASA Developing Robots with Human Traits May 29, 2005 Blackanthem.com Will robots that help astronauts in space be as friendly and likeable as fictional "Star Wars" droid "R2-D2"? NASA researchers envision futuristic robots that 'act' like people to enable these mechanical helpers to work more efficiently with astronauts. "Our goal is not for robots to have the same 'thought process' as humans, but rather for them to act, respond and interact more 'naturally' in ways that humans do with ...


NASA Engineers Free Robonaut with Wheels, Leg By Tariq Malik, Staff Writer 23 August 2004 Space.com Not content to simply stand in one place, NASA's mechanical astronaut has found not one, but two new bodies that will allow it to move across land and space. Robonaut B, a robot built with human-like hands and television camera eyes, now has the option of rolling around Earth on a modified two-wheeled Segway scooter or grappling the International Space Station (ISS) with what researchers cal ...


NASA Follows X Prize Footsteps Mar. 23, 2005 By Amit Asaravala Wired News It's time to dust off your never-finished plans to develop Spider-Man-strength webbing and wireless power transmitters. NASA announced Wednesday that it will award $50,000 each to the first teams to develop a Space Age tether and a wireless method for powering robots. The competitions are the first under the space agency's new Centennial Challenges program. The program seeks to spark technical innovations by foll ...


"There is potentially a nice fit here, where you could do your water attacks and use your manned aircraft during the day, and fly the UAVs at night. The UAVs then could feed that data to the incident commander, who could look at it first thing in the morning."


NASA Selects Robotic Workspace Technologies, Inc., Subsidiary of Innova Holdings, Inc., to Provide Controls for Robotic Mechanisms July 13, 2005 FORT MYERS BEACH, Fla., (PRIMEZONE) -- Innova Holdings, Inc. (OTCBB:IVHG), an automation technology company providing hardware and software systems-based solutions to the service, personal, and industrial robotic markets, announces today that its wholly owned subsidiary, Robotic Workspace Technologies, Inc. (RWT(tm)) has been awarded a multi-phase con ...


NASA Tests Shape-Shifting Robot Pyramid for Nanotech Swarms News Headlines: News on Technology and Space April 4, 2005 Like new and protective parents, engineers watched as the TETWalker robot successfully traveled across the floor at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. Robots of this type will eventually be miniaturized and joined together to form "autonomous nanotechnology swarms" (ANTS) that alter their shape to flow over rocky terrain or to create useful structure ...


Nasa to Conquer Space With Swarms of Tiny Robot Pyramids April 03, 2005 By Tim Radford Copyright 2005 Guardian Newspapers Limited Nasa is working on the ultimate in adaptable spacecraft - Ants, or autonomous nanotechnology swarms. The first steps have just been taken at the Goddard space flight centre in Maryland by an awkward robot creature called the Tetwalker hobbling across the floor of the lab. Tet stands for tetrahedral: the prototype is an empty pyramid with four electric motors ...


By Michael Kanellos CNET News.com August 5, 2004 Zoe, a mobile robot developed by Carnegie Mellon University as part of NASA's astrobiology program, will take a public test drive on Aug. 12 in Pittsburgh. Designed to travel in harsh environments, Zoe will set off in 2005 on a two-month, 50-kilometer trek across Chile's Atacama Desert, where it will try to find and identify biological specimens. An imaging device beneath the rover will try to detect molecules indicative of life. It succeeds an earlier robot, called Hyperion, that toured the Atacama. Ultimately, NASA and the university hope to use the robot to help develop a planetary rover that can possibly seek out signs of life.


NASA's Twin Rovers Still Exploring Mars Sci-Tech Today January 4, 2005 NASA's Mars rover Spirit has traveled 2.47 miles to date, and Opportunity has covered 1.27 miles. Together, the six-wheel rovers have transmitted to Earth 62,000 images and 86 gigabits of scientific data. NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe called the rovers "extraordinary pieces of machinery" and said they had made profound discoveries. A year after the first of NASA's twin rovers landed on Mars, scientists on Monday celeb ...


NASREM -- The NASA/NBS Standard Reference Model for Telerobot Control System Architecture By James S. Albus, Ronald Lumia, John Fiala, Albert Wavering; Robot Systems Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg MD Proceedings of the 20th International Symposium on Industrial Robots, Tokyo, Japan, October 4-6, 1989 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract There are five major elements required for the development of an intelligent rob ...


National contest: Robots to shoot July 23, 2005 The Rising Nepal KATHMANDU: Shooting, which was only played by human beings, from now on will be played by the man-made robots, that also in a very exciting and competitive way. The students of Tribhuvan University Institute of Engineering are burning the mid-night oil at present to develop what is called a robo-shooter 2005, a robot which can shoot at targets. They are organising the Second National Robot Contest ‘Robo-Shooter 2005’ throug ...


Natural Methods for Robot Task Learning: Instructive Demonstration, Generalization and Practice By Monica Nicolescu and Maja J. Mataric´; Computer Science Department, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (Agents), Melbourne, Australia, Jul 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract: Among humans, teaching various tasks is a complex process which relies on multiple means ...


Natural Terrain Classication using 3-D Ladar Data By Nicolas Vandapel, Daniel F. Huber, Anuj Kapuria and Martial Hebert, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA, USA IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, April, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Because of the difculty of interpreting laser data in a meaningful way, safe navigation in vegetated terrain is still a daunting challenge. In this paper, we focu ...


NAVIGATION AMONG MOVABLE OBSTACLES: REAL-TIME REASONING IN COMPLEX ENVIRONMENTS By MIKE STILMAN 1 & JAMES J. KUFFNER 1,2 1 Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA 2 Digital Human Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 2-41-6 Aomi, Koto-ku, Tokyo, Japan 135-0064 Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Humanoid Robotics (Humanoids'04), 2004. [Abstract] [PDF] Please visit the web site to view the ...


Navigation Among Moving Obstacles Using the NLVO: Principles and Applications to Intelligent Vehicles September 2005 Authors: Large, Frédéric 1; Laugier, Christian 2; Shiller, Zvi Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers Abstract: Vehicle navigation in dynamic environments is a challenging task, especially when the motion of the obstacles populating the environment is unknown beforehand and is updated at runtime. Traditional motion planning approaches are too slow to be applied in real-time t ...


Navigation and Mapping in Large Unstructured Environments April-May 2004 J. Guivant, E. Nebot, ARC Centre of Excellence in Autonomous Systems (CAS), Australian Centre for Field Robotics, University of Sydney, SW, Australia and CRC Mining J. Nieto ARC Centre of Excellence in Autonomous Systems (CAS), Australian Centre for Field Robotics, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia and F. Masson Laboratorio de Control y Robotica, Universidad Nacional del Sur, Argentina International Journal of Robotic ...


Navigation of Mobile Robots Using a Fuzzy Logic Controller March 2005 Author: Parhi, Dayal Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers Abstract: This paper describes a mobile robot navigation control system based on fuzzy logic. Fuzzy rules embedded in the controller of a mobile robot enable it to avoid obstacles in a cluttered environment that includes other mobile robots. So that the robots do not collide against one another, each robot also incorporates a set of collision prevention rules ...


Navy Adjusts Course for Underwater Robots May 2004 by Sandra I. Erwin National Defense Magazine The Navy is updating its blueprint for future undersea robotic vehicles to reflect recent changes in military strategy. A revised “master plan,” expected in about a year, will emphasize joint-service operations and interoperability between unmanned undersea vehicles and conventional ships. UUVs would be deployed as underwater scouts and navigation aids. Launched from submarine torpedo tubes, t ...


Navy buys mine-sniffing underwater robots May 31 2005 by Steve Ranger Silicon.com Fleet of submarine mine-hunters take to the seas.. The Royal Navy is taking delivery of a fleet of underwater robots which will hunt down sea mines. The battery-powered Remote Environmental Monitoring Units - known as Remus - will operate at depths of up to 100m, scanning the seabed to make sure there are no mines lurking to destroy ships and landing craft. The 1.6m long torpedo shaped vehicles use "advanced ...


Navy buys mine-sniffing underwater robots May 31, 2005 by Steve Ranger Silicon.com The Royal Navy is taking delivery of a fleet of underwater robots which will hunt down sea mines. The battery-powered Remote Environmental Monitoring Units - known as Remus - will operate at depths of up to 100m, scanning the seabed to make sure there are no mines lurking to destroy ships and landing craft. The 1.6m long torpedo shaped vehicles use "advanced detectors" to pin-point the location of mines, bef ...


Navy commits to $14.5M ScanEagle contract April 26, 2005 Puget Sound Business Journal The U.S. Navy has committed to a $14.5 million contract to use a small, Washington-made unmanned spy plane that can linger above a battlefield for hours and beam back real-time pictures of enemy positions. The ScanEagle was developed by the Insitu Group, a small Bingen, Wash.-based company, in a partnership with The Boeing Co.'s Phantom Works division. Insitu is backed by Second Avenue Partners, which w ...


Wired May. 28, 2004 By Noah Shachtman NEW YORK -- Some of the Navy's top minds sailed into New York on Thursday, and brought with them a literal boatload of gadgets: spray-on armor, remote-control rifles, drones that can swim for months at a time and camera phones that can read Arabic and Farsi. The Office of Naval Research, or ONR, docks its Afloat Lab on Manhattan's West Side each May as part of the annual Fleet Week celebration here. This year, the 108-foot-long patrol craft is showing ...


Vehicles such as LMRS carry high-energy lithium batteries. Other technologies are emerging that may provide even greater power-to-weight ratios, a discriminating factor when payload space aboard vehicles comes at a premium. Fuel cells and small, diesel-electric power plants may hold some answers. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and others also are developing air independent propulsion systems. One example is the vortex combustor, a kind of engine that would consume alumin ...


Navy terminator short-circuits competition May 7, 2004 by Martha Thorn, Trident Assistant Editor dcmilitary.com Water proved the ultimate weapon in the Systems Ball, a robotic battle to the death. Robots got points for putting a Ping-Pong ball through a hoop and for pushing, killing and starting fires on their opponents. Hammers and saw blades, pneumatic rams and brute force looked impressive, but first water balloons and later just water caused electrical damage that put opponents out ...


Near Time-optimal Constrained Trajectory Planning on Outdoor Terrain By Marin B. Kobilarov and Gaurav S. Sukhatme, Robotic Embedded Systems Laboratory, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA To appear in IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Barcelona, Spain, Apr 2005. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We present an outdoor terrain planner that fnds near optimal trajectories unde ...


Nearness diagram (ND) navigation: collision avoidance in troublesome scenarios February 2004 Javier Minguez Montano, L., Dept. de Informatica e Ingenieria de Sistemas, Univ. de Zaragoza, Spain IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 1 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper addresses the reactive collision avoidance for vehicles that move in very dense, cluttered, and ...


Policeone.com 03/17/2004 | Paul Hammel State officials Friday unveiled the first of a trio of remote-control robots that will form the first line of defense in the event of a bomb attack on Nebraska. Mark V, an 800-pound robot the size of a riding lawn mower, rolled out of a garage and opened up a laptop computer bag with an olive-green, telescoping arm for reporters. The $ 158,000 machine, to be used by the Nebraska State Patrol Bomb Squad, will be joined by two smaller robots in June. ...


Negotiated Formations By David J. Naffin and Gaurav S. Sukhatme, Robotic Embedded Systems Laboratory, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, Department of Computer Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781 International Conference on Intelligent Autonomous Systems (IAS), pages 181-190, Mar 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract. We present a decentralized, behavior-based approach to assembling and maintaining robot forma ...


Network Robot Project Gets Boost The Korea Times 12/19/2004 By Kim Tae-gyu South Korea's scheme of launching network-based robots gained a boost after a world-famous artificial intelligence (AI) expert confirmed Korea is heading in the right direction. Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) professor Raj Reddy, one of the most respected scholars in the promising AI field, made the point in an e-mail interview with The Korea Times. ``Yes, this (the network-based robot) is a fine idea. Absol ...


NETWORKED ACOUSTIC SENSOR ARRAY’S PERFORMANCE DURING 2004 HORIZONTAL FUSION – WARRIOR’S EDGE DEMONSTRATION 2004 Michael V. Scanlon, Stuart H. Young, David B. Hillis US Army Research Laboratory AMSRD-ARL-SE-SA 2800 Powder Mill Road Adelphi, MD 20783-1197 {mscanlon, syoung, hillis}@arl.army.mil ASC ABSTRACT As the Army transforms to the Future Force, particular attention must be paid to operations in Complex and Urban Terrain. Because our adversaries realize that we don’t have battlefield domi ...


Networked Sensing for Structural Health Monitoring By John Caffrey, Ramesh Govindan, Erik Johnson, Bhaskar Krishnamachari, Sami Masri, Gaurav Sukhatme, Krishna Chintalapudi, Karthik Dantu, Sumit Rangwala, Avinash Sridharan, Ning Xu, Marco Zuniga In 4th International Workshop on Structural Control, (WSC), Columbia University, New York, Jun 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT This paper describes an ongoing project investigating embedded networked sens ...


Neural-Based Control of A Robotic Hand: Evidence for Distinct Muscle Strategies By Pedram Afshar 1 3, Yoky Matsuoka† 2 1 BioMedical Engineering, 2 The Robotics Institute & Mechanical Engineering 3 Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 15213 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA '04), May, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract The neural-based control of a roboti ...


Neuroethological Concepts and Their Transfer to Walking Machines March 2003 Volker Dürr, André Krause, Josef Schmitz and Holk Cruse Abteilung Biologische Kybernetik und Theoretische Biologie, Fakultät für Biologie, Universität Bielefeld, Postfach 10 01 31, D-33501 Bielefeld, Germany International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 22 Issue 3 - Publication Date: 1 March 2003 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. A systems approach to animal mo ...


New Base Name, New Expanded Mission June 20, 2005 Brian Allen KLASTV Indian Springs, Nevada is home to a new Air Force base. The facility there has been in operation since the 1940's, but a new name and a new mission mean big changes. The former Indian Springs Auxiliary Field will spearhead the military's expanding unmanned aircraft program. Doing so under a new name -- the Creech Air Force Base. The renaming of the Indian Springs facility will also bring with it an increased focus on unma ...


Sun-Herald July 16 2004 FORT MYERS -- Two of the region's most recent additions to the law enforcement roll calls can drag a 1/2-ton truck, blast a hole through the side of a car or operate in even the most hazardous conditions -- and all without batting an eye. Of course, neither of them has eyes. Just cameras. The Southwest Florida Domestic Security Task Force put on public display Thursday morning two new bomb disposal robots and another purchased last year by the Lee County Sheriff's O ...


New buzz: Dr Robot JULY 10, 2005 Sobha Menon TIMES NEWS NETWORK Surf 'N' Earn -Sign innow Very soon, a visit from your doctor may never be the same again. Already, The John Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, UK, is testing a high-tech robot that helps doctors to examine their patients remotely. The robot is supposed to resemble a Star Wars R2D2, according to internet reports. Its head comprises a computer screen, supported on a pillar. It moves on three balls, listens and talks through a sp ...


New Combat Robot Prepares for Duty Discovery Channel Nov. 11, 2004 By Jennifer Viegas Nov. 11, 2004 — A new aircraft guidance system can transform chosen planes into robots designed for "volatile combat situations," according to aeronautics engineers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The robot planes respond to commands typed in English from a laptop on the ground or onboard another aircraft. The engineers tested the system in June at Edwards Air Force Base and, according to an ...


New high-tech skin allows robot to "feel" 3 July 2005 News Target Network NASA technologists say the new skin is a flexible plastic covering that includes more than 1,000 infrared sensors that can detect an object and relay the signal to the robot’s “brain,” which processes the information and applies reasoning within milliseconds, allowing the robot to react and move. Related articles on this topic are also available on the NewsTarget Network, including: U.S. Army tests battlefield robot ar ...


New horizons for robotics November 17, 2004 e4engineering.com Inspired by cell biology, European researchers have created the world's first multi-molecular shape-shifting robot. The development, which appears on the IST Results website, could lead to new applications in fields ranging from medicine and space exploration to education and entertainment. On display at IST 2004 in The Hague and being showcased today in Tokyo, the HYDRA project's robots have broken new ground in robotics and art ...


New Image Sensor Will Show What The Eyes See, And A Camera Cannot January 21, 2005 ScienceDaily ARLINGTON, Va.— Researchers are developing new technologies that may give robots the visual-sensing edge they need to monitor dimly lit airports, pilot vehicles in extreme weather and direct unmanned combat vehicles. The researchers intend to create an imaging chip that defeats the harmful effects of arbitrary illumination, allowing robotic vision to leave the controlled lighting of a laboratory a ...


New iRobot PackBots will better track terrorists June 29, 2005 By Jay Fitzgerald BostonHerald.com Cave-dwelling terrorists first confronted PackBot in Afghanistan right after the Sept. 11, 2001 World Trade Center attacks. Then thugs in both Afghanistan and Iraq had to deal with the updated bomb-fighting PackBot EOD. Now, a new-and-improved PackBot Explorer robot is expected to be unveiled today by Burlington's iRobot Corp. The small robotic wonder - which tools around on tractor-like trea ...


New Joint Design for Three-dimensional Hyper Redundant Robots Choice of Start Curve By Elie Shammas, Alon Wolf, H. Ben Brown Jr. and Howie Choset, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA In Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE/RSJ Intl. Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA October 2003, Volume 4, Pages 3594-3599 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper presents a novel compact design for a two degrees of freedom (DOF) jo ...


New Model Army Soldier Rolls Closer to Battle February 16, 2005 By TIM WEINER The New York Times Correction Appended The American military is working on a new generation of soldiers, far different from the army it has. "They don't get hungry," said Gordon Johnson of the Joint Forces Command at the Pentagon. "They're not afraid. They don't forget their orders. They don't care if the guy next to them has just been shot. Will they do a better job than humans? Yes." The robot soldier is com ...


New Performance Indices and Workspace Analysis of Reconfigurable Hyper-Redundant Robotic Arms June 2004 M. Badescu Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109-8099, USA and C. Mavroidis Robotics and Mechatronics Laboratory, Department of Mechanical, Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 6 - Publication Date: 1 June 2004 You can view the abstra ...


New Recruits are Robots KPHO Phoenix The war on terror, unlike any our country has fought, is calling for a new generation of weapons unlike any you've seen. One of the most intriguing is the "Talon Robot. It's proving itself with our armed forces right now. The Talon robot is basically a means to an end. That's what Arnis Mangolds of the Foster-Miller Company says, "These are machines that can go places that men can't go (and) survive in environments that men can't survive." Mangold says, " ...


New robot can walk and run 26 June 2005 NewsTarget Network A recent article in TRN magazine describes a new robot, called Rabbit, that can physically run like a human. Researchers are using new methods to calculate algorithms for motion. Be sure to read the related article, U.S. Army tests battlefield robot armed with pump action shotgun; bring on the Terminators!. There are robots that can walk, run and even play soccer, after a fashion. But humanoid robots are still a long way from wor ...


New Robot Interface MobileEyes(TM) Announced by MobileRobots.com TechWeb March 08, 2005 AMHERST, N.H., March 8 /PRNewswire/ -- MobileRobots.com announces MobileEyes, a new standard interface for robots and automated guided vehicles (AGVs). To date, robot users have had to develop or buy custom software for every application. MobileEyes provides a single, modifiable GUI for nearly any point-to-point automation application, from materials handling to remote sensing, security surveillance, visi ...


New robot is decoration, guard dog June 1, 2005 Associated Press MSNBC.com Japanese firm unveils whimsical contraption that monitors homes TOKYO - It looks like a watermelon-sized eyeball on wheels that glows in hues of purple, blue and orange while gurgling with whimsical buzzes and rings. The new Roborior gadget works as interior decor, but it's also a virtual guard dog because it has a digital camera, infrared sensors and videophone capability — to notify you of intruders while you are ...


New Robot Reproduces on Its Own May 11, 2005 James Owen for National Geographic News Scientists have created a robot that can replicate itself in minutes. The team behind the machine says the experiment shows that self- reproduction is not unique to living organisms The researchers add that the ability could be harnessed to drive major advances in nanotechnology, the science of the very small, and may even lead to space colonization by robots. Developed by researchers at Cornell Universi ...


New Robot Resists Explosions June 20, 2005 Industry Week Kuka Robotics Corp. says potentially explosive situations are just fine for its new industrial robot. The Kuka KR 16 EX is a six axes robot with a payload capacity of 16 kg and a reach of 1610 mm. It is designed for use in environments such as paint rooms where fine gases, dust and vapors pose a potential explosion risk. The robot is pressurized and sealed, and meets multiple explosion protection certifications. "Hazardous industrial environments are a large challenge for manufacturers by increasing labor costs, employee turnover and worker compensation claims," notes Joe Campbell, Kuka Robotics director of strategic alliances. Kuka Robotics Corp. is the North American subsidiary of Germany's Kuka Roboter Gmbh.


New robot to adopt human thought processes May 4, 2005 PhysOrg.com A team of computer scientists at the University of Wales, Aberystwyth have secured a major grant to build a robot that uses the same 'thought processes' used by the human brain. Led by Professor Mark Lee, the Aberystwyth team is joined by academics from six other leading universities who, together, have secured £1.9m of financial backing from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council for the project. The Aberystw ...


New Robots Based on Old-Style Toys Discovery Channel February 20, 2005 Feb. 18, 2005 — Bipedal robots that work using the same dynamics as toys of yesteryear are more apt at imitating human steps than their more-sophisticated electronic counterparts, researchers said Thursday. Footage of three robots was shown at the American Association for the Advancement of Science annual conference in Washington, D.C. The robots shown operate by using force of gravity, their legs acting like a double p ...


New robots help patients walk, touch, feel June 29, 2005 PhysOrg.com CHICAGO, June 29 (AFP) - A 500-pound (225-kilogram) robot that follows a stroke patient down a hallway and catches him when he falls. A machine that suspends a gunshot wound victim over a treadmill and teaches her legs how to walk again. A virtual reality game that helps people with Parkinson's disease grasp coffee cups. These were just some of the new medical tools on display at a conference on rehabilitation robotics i ...


New robots waddle with human efficiency February 25, 2005 New Scientist Robot makers have taken a lesson from a children's toy to create machines that walk with the efficiency of humans. The toy penguins that provided the inspiration date from the 19th century. They can waddle down a ramp powered by nothing more than gravity without toppling over. The researchers realised that if their robots were as well balanced, they could simplify a robot's walking control system. Previous attempts to bu ...


New Robots Walk Like Humans LiveScience February 17, 2005 By Robert Roy Britt and Tariq Malik WASHINGTON D.C. - In what could be described as one small step for a robot, but a giant leap for robot-kind, a trio of humanoid machines were introduced Thursday, each with the ability to walk in a human-like manner. Each bipedal robot has a strikingly human-like gait and appearance. Arms swing for balance. Ankles push off. Eyeballs are added for effect. One of the robots, from the Massachusetts ...


New robots well trained for war January 14, 2003 The Associated Press MSNBC In future wars, robots may drop from the sky by the hundreds from unmanned aircraft, swarming like giant insects over battlefields in coordinated, terrifying assaults. But that is a decades-away scenario. For now, military planners and robot designers are simply trying to improve devices — some of which could see action soon in Iraq — by incorporating lessons from Afghanistan, where robots saw their first significant ...


New Roles For Robots July 1, 2005 By John Teresko Industry Week Once viewed largely as a way to save on labor costs, robots today have taken on more significant roles in manufacturing. They're part of global competitiveness plans and are seeing, moving and servicing better than ever. Get ready for new robot relevance. When General Motors Corp. deployed the first industrial robots in 1961, their roles at a Ternstedt, N.J., plant were justified in terms of handling the 3-D tasks -- dangerou ...


New Skin Lets Robots Get Sensitive 15 June, 2005 By Bjorn Carey LiveScience Scientists are working on a type of skin that will allow robots to be more touchy feely. The high-tech skin has fingernail sized sensors embedded all over its surface. The sensors allow a robot to “feel” changes in its surroundings and move accordingly. “Robots move well on their own, especially when nothing is in the way,” NASA technologist Vladimir Lumelsky said. However, trouble arises when something gets in a ...


New state police bomb squad off to busy start PittsburgLive.com November 15, 2004 By Bob Stiles Before 2001, Pennsylvania officials were reluctant to spend money to set up a special state police bomb squad. Then came the devastating Sept. 11, 2001, attack -- and that attitude soon changed. Supported by nearly $1 million in federal Homeland Security grants, the state police bomb squad went into operation in late September. The unit, which consists of four bomb technicians and a supervis ...


New Strides Made With Robots' Walks February 25, 2005 THE DALLAS MORNING NEWS Doing the robot dance may soon be more outdated than ever - researchers have found a way to transform the jerky gait of robots into a more fluid, humanlike motion. Three new robots are the closest yet to mimicking how people really walk, said the scientists who unveiled the machines publicly for the first time last week. All three use a basic human motion - the leg swinging gait known as "passive dynamic walking" ...


New technologies in mine countermeasures demonstrated June 10, 2004 Marine Corps News MARINE CORPS BASE CAMP LEJEUNE, N.C. (June 10, 2004) -- Military officials and guests gathered at Courthouse Bay here June 10, to gain knowledge on the different types of mine countermeasure technology. The Office of Naval Research held a Mine Warfare Day to provide information on the different types of mine warfare and the ONR’s mission. Marines and sailors need to be able to clear mines from their operat ...


New Vehicles Will Make Own Decisions Based on Commands ABC News Nov. 17, 2004 Lee Dye Nov. 17, 2004 — The next war could be fought partly by unmanned aircraft that respond to spoken commands in plain English and then figure out on their own how to get the job done, even dodging enemy aircraft as they carry out their assignments. This isn't just robotics, in which someone has to be on hand to issue commands to an unmanned vehicle all along the way. This is autonomy at its best, with vehicles ...


Newest member of bomb squad has nerves of steel 07/12/2005 Mark Peterson WNDU-TV 16 Since the vast majority of these units are being shipped to the troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, South Bend's arrived about a year and a half after it was purchased South Bend, IN - The same technology being used to protect the troops in Iraq and Afghanistan will help keep the peace in South Bend. The police bomb squad has acquired a $150,000 robot, which can perform a wide variety of tasks related to home s ...


Newfoundland students win U.S. robotics contest 20 Jun 2005 CBC News A group of high school and university students from eastern Newfoundland has won a robotics competition at the NASA Johnson Space Center in Houston. The students won gold in the fourth annual Marine Advanced Technology Education Center's underwater robotics competition, besting 49 other university and high school teams. The 33-member team has worked most weekends and many nights since January on its prototype. Their wor ...


BBC News 9 January, 2004 By Molly Bentley When Jacques Piccard and Don Walsh dived into the Marianas Trench in 1960, their visit was brief - just long enough to watch a flatfish skim the seafloor, exclaim their surprise at seeing life thrive at such depths, and make history as the first humans to touch the deepest part of the ocean. The HROV will operate remotely and tethered After 20 minutes they returned to the surface. Their bathyscaphe, Trieste, had no camera when it touched bottom so ...


Newscientist.com 30 October 03 Celeste Biever Robots should have eyes in the back of their heads as well the front. Researchers in the US say a robot's navigation skills could be vastly improved by giving it "omni-directional" vision. A robot on the move must be able to sense whether it is travelling in a straight line or spinning on the spot. But telling the difference is difficult with just a single camera for an eye. Yiannis Aloimonos, a computer scientist at the University of Maryland i ...


No Wall Proves To Be Too Steep for ‘Wallter’, a Wall-Climbing Robot LocalTechWire.com November 15, 2004 DURHAM – “Wallter”, the wall-climbing robot, is earning international recognition for a team of Duke University students. Wallter, which is about the size of a book, won an international conference in Madrid back in September. It uses in part technology from a Morrisville-based firm that has developed suction technology labeled as “tornado in a cup”. But the robot is far from being a t ...


Nodding in conversations with a robot By Christopher Lee , Neal Lesh, Candace L. Sidner, Mitsubishi Electric Research Labs, Cambridge, MA; Louis-Philippe Morency, Ashish Kapoor, Trevor Darrell, MIT, Cambridge, MA 2004 conference on Human factors and computing systems You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. ABSTRACT In this demo we describe our ongoing efforts to build a robot that can collaborate with a person in hosting activities. We illustrate our current robot's conversations, which include gestures of various types, and report on extensions to the robot's existing gestural abilities to be able to recognize nodding in conversations.


Non-Bio-Mimetic Walkers 1 March 2003 Kan Yoneda and Yusuke Ota Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 22 Issue 3 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. To make a walking machine more active and practical, reducing its weight without reducing its working ability is the key issue of design. A robot with many actuators that produce a function of a real animal's joint-base kinematics tends to be ...


Nonlinear antiwindup applied to Euler-Lagrange systems June 2004 Morabito, F. Teel, A.R. Zaccarian, L. Dipt. di Informatica, Univ. of Rome, Italy; IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 3 On page(s): 526- 537 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. Abstract In this paper, we propose a nonlinear antiwindup scheme to guarantee stability and local performance recovery on Euler-Lagrange systems subject to input magnitu ...


Maass independently discovered ESNs while trying to mathematically model the behavior of feedback circuits in the brain. While Jaeger's black-box networks only use a highly simplified model of a neuron, Maass' model has more realistic neurons that communicate using trains of voltage spikes. Maass called these nonlinear systems "liquid-state networks," comparing them with the surface of a liquid. For example, when a sugar cube is dropped into a cup of coffee, the surface begins to undulate in a ...


Northrop Grumman Begins Testing in New X-47B J-UCAS Systems Integration Laboratory DefenseTalk Jan 21, 2005 SAN DIEGO: Northrop Grumman Corporation has begun acceptance testing the first of four new workstations that will allow it to reduce the time and cost to develop operational flight software for the Department of Defense's Joint Unmanned Combat Air Systems (J-UCAS) program. The testing, which began in mid December, marks the beginning of operations for a systems integration laboratory ...


Northrop Grumman Demonstrates Hunter 2 Unmanned System For Army March 20, 2005 SpaceWar.com Ft Huachuca AZ (SPX) Mar 20, 2005 Northrop Grumman recently demonstrated, through a series of ground and flight tests here, the capabilities of its new Hunter II unmanned system, the company's proposed system solution for the U.S. Army's Extended Range/Multi-Purpose (ER/MP) program. The company completed the test series, which included more than 50 hours of flight time over 14 separate flights, on Fe ...


NOT (Faster Implementation ==>Better Algorithm), A Case Study By Stephen Balakirsky and Thomas Kramer, Intelligent Systems Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD Proceedings of the Performance Metrics for Intelligent Systems (PerMIS) Workshop September 16-18, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Given two algorithms that perform the same task, one may ask which is better. One simple answer is that the algorithm tha ...


WebIndia123.com July 01, 2004 Scientists in Japan are devising an electronic skin that could give robots a sensitive touch, just like human beings. The technique would help robots to identify objects, carry out delicate tasks and avoid collisions. "Recognition of tactile information will be very important for future generations of robots," Nature quoted Takao Someya, who is developing the skin, as saying. The skin developed by Someya and his colleagues comprises a sheet of rubbery polymer, ...


NSW Police's new high-tech, bomb-busting robot August 17, 2003 By Alex Mitchell, State Political Editor The Sun-Herald Three high-tech bomb disposal robots have been bought by the State Government as the NSW Police arm for Sydney's worst nightmare - a terrorist attack. The radio-controlled devices are the latest weapon in removing, disabling or detonating bombs that might be planted at major inner-city locations. Today the elite bomb squad will give a practical demonstration of how the $60 ...


Science Daily Source: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Date: 2002-02-22 OAK RIDGE, Tenn., Feb. 21, 2002 - Arnold Schwarzenegger as The Terminator has nothing over the Objective Force Warrior envisioned by the Army and a team from Oak Ridge National Laboratory and organizations throughout the country. The goal is to develop a high-tech soldier with 20 times the capability of today’s warrior and to have that soldier commissioned by about 2010. With advanced technologies, the Army plans to ...


Obedient robots to do dangerous jobs for humans October 21, 2004 Press Trust of India Hindustan Times With rapid development of science and technology, 'obedient' robots are poised to take over dangerous, unwelcome and even welcome jobs from humans over the next few years, a new study has said. As robots are used for both increasing capacity and rationalising production, investment in this area are made even during recession and when economy recovers, production can, to a large extent, be i ...


Object Segmentation Through Human-Robot Interactions in the Frequency Domain By Arthur M. Arsenio, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, 200 Technology Square, Room NE43-936, Cambridge, MA 02139 SIBGRAPI'03 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper presents a new embodied approach for object segmentation by a humanoid robot. It relies on interactions with a human teacher that drives the robot through the process of segmenting objects from arbitrarily complex, non-static images. Objects from a large spectrum of different scenarios were successfully segmented by the proposed algorithms.


Observability of discrete event systems modeled by interpreted Petri nets August 2003 Ramirez-Trevino, A. Rivera-Rangel, I. Lopez-Mellado, E., CINVESTAV-IPN Unidad Guadalajara IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 19, Issue: 4 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper is concerned with the analysis of the observability of the discrete event systems (DES) modeled by interpreted Petri nets (IPN). This paper presents three major c ...


Obstacle Avoidance and Proscriptive Bayesian Programming 2003 Carla Koike a, Cédric Pradalier, Pierre Bessière, Emmanuel Mazer, Inriab Rhône-Alpes & Gravirc, 655 av. de l’Europe, Montbonnot, 38334 St Ismier Cedex, France Submitted to the Workshop on Reasoning with Uncertainty in Robotics, EIGHTEENTH INTERNATIONAL JOINT CONFERENCE ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE August 9, 2003. Acapulco (Mexico) Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Unexpected events and not mo ...


Obstacle Detection and Terrain Classification for Autonomous Off-Road Navigation January 2005 Authors: R. Manduchi1; A. Castano2; A. Talukder2; L. Matthies Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers Abstract: Autonomous navigation in cross-country environments presents many new challenges with respect to more traditional, urban environments. The lack of highly structured components in the scene complicates the design of even basic functionalities such as obstacle detection. In addition to the g ...


Ocean expedition to 'Lost City' links land, sea July 23, 2005 By: NOAA YubaNet.com "Lost City is a remarkable, unique field of tall chimneys that spiral up from the ocean floor, and we are telling its story in real time through a precedent-setting ocean expedition that raises the bar on use of communications technology," said Ballard, University of Rhode Island oceanography professor and the expedition's principal investigator. "Normally, on a deep-ocean expedition, I talk with the mission's ...


Ocean Robots to Reveal Secrets of the Deep April 19, 2004 By Tim Radford Copyright 2004 Guardian Newspapers Limited US and Canadian scientists are preparing to launch a £110m study of the oceans using submarine robot laboratories linked by a 2,000-mile network of fibre optic cables. It means scientists and students on land will be able to monitor storms, observe plankton blooms, and track fish migrations as they happen. Neptune stands for North east Pacific Time Series Underwater Networ ...


Oceangoing Robot Glides Under Water Nov. 11, 2004 By Larry O'Hanlon Discovery News A lone robotic glider has crossed the Gulf Stream for the first time — under water. A six-foot-long autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) named Spray made the 600-mile journey at a less-than-blazing clip of 12 miles per day, or a half-mile per hour, gathering ocean data on circulation patterns and major currents all the way. It was retrieved by researchers last week north of Bermuda. "This has definitely prov ...


Octopus Arms May Point Way to New Robot Designs February 9, 2005 Hillary Mayell National Geographic News Octopuses, those boneless, brainy, denizens of the deep, use their arms for some tasks in much the same way humans do, according to a new study. Theoretically, there are any number of ways an octopus could use its long flexible arms to move an object. But the method they actually use is surprisingly close to how animals with rigid skeletons—including humans—do it, scientists say. When h ...


The machine would basically fry the electronics of nearby IEDs. A fourth countermeasure harnesses energy from low-power radio frequencies to block the electrical signals used to detonate IEDs. The signals might come from a cell phone, satellite phone or long-range cordless telephone. The Army has ordered thousands of these radio-frequency jamming devices. But some defense experts warn that such devices are effective only if they jam the right frequency for each signal in question. Challenge ...


A fourth countermeasure harnesses energy from low-power radio frequencies to block the electrical signals used to detonate IEDs. The signals might come from a cell phone, satellite phone or long-range cordless telephone. The Army has ordered thousands of these radio-frequency jamming devices. But some defense experts warn that such devices are effective only if they jam the right frequency for each signal in question. Challenges abound Academic institutions, including the University of Calif ...


But others remain to be convinced that breakthroughs in AI made a real difference this time. "The robotic road-race community owes us a sound, clear and useful explanation of what, if anything, they have learnt," says Marvin Minsky, a pioneer in AI at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. One thing that did change this year is that the organisers gave the teams three times as much preparation and testing time for the second race. They were also helped along by a new course, 16 kilometres short ...


Ohio State Designs Robotic Truck That Will Race Across The Desert -- With No Driver 2004-02-11 ScienceDaily Source: Ohio State University COLUMBUS, Ohio – At 2.5 tons and 9 feet high, the truck that Ohio State University engineers are about to race across the Mojave Desert could literally crush the competition. And it would do so without a driver. Of course, the truck won't be squashing its rivals -- the purpose of the competition is to design vehicles that can drive autonomously and av ...


Ole Miss student's inventions use machines to save troops December 15, 2004 The Clarion-Ledger Since the start of the Iraq War, hundreds of American soldiers have been killed in roadside attacks targeting military vehicles. With the help of the U.S. Army, a University of Mississippi doctoral student is working to reduce those risks to soldiers by developing a robot vehicle able to solve problems on its own and travel through a combat zone. Although the Department of Defense aims to convert ...


Omnidirectional HexapodWalking and Efficient Gaits Using Restrictedness October November 2004 M.R. Fielding and G.R. Dunlop Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Canterbury, New Zealand Special Issue on the 5th International Conference on Climbing and Walking Robots, CLAWAR 2002 International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 10/11- Publication Date: 1 October - November 2004 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. The ...


Omnidirectional Vision for an Autonomous Helicopter Stefan E. Hrabar and Gaurav S. Sukhatme, Robotic Embedded Systems Laboratory, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, Department of Computer Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pages 558 - 563, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We present the design and implementation of an omnidirectional visio ...


Omnidirectional Visual Odometry for a Planetary Rover 2004 By P.I. Corke, D. Strelow, and S. Singh Proceedings of IROS 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Position estimation for planetary rovers has been typically limited to odometry based on proprioceptive measurements such as the integration of distance traveled and measurement of heading change. Here we present and compare two methods of online visual odometry suited for planetary rovers. Both m ...


On device abstractions for portable, reusable robot code By Richard T. Vaughan 1, Brian P. Gerkey 2, and Andrew Howard 2 1 Information Sciences Laboratory, HRL Laboratories, Malibu, CA 2 Robotics Research Laboratory, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), Las Vegas, Nevada October 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract: We seek to make robot programming more effic ...


By Michael Kanellos CNET News.com August 23, 2004 PALO ALTO, Calif.--Did Mars have water? The ground seems to say yes. The presence of a particular type of hematite, a mineral mostly associated with water, along with large, sandy areas, indicates that the red planet once had a supply of the liquid, said Robert Denise, a scientist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and a member of the flight development software team for the Mars Exploration Rovers program. Denise is attending the Hot Chips ...


On role allocation in RoboCup By Brian P. Gerkey1 and Maja J Mataric2 1 Robotics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford CA 94305, USA, 2 Computer Science Department, University of Southern California, Los Angeles CA 90089, USA, To appear in RoboCup 2003: Robot Soccer World Cup VII; Daniel Polani, et al., editors. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract. A common problem in RoboCup is role allocation: given a team ...


On the Dynamics of Bounding and Extensions Towards the Half-Bound and the Gallop Gaits Ioannis Poulakakis, James Andrew Smith and Martin Buehler, Ambulatory Robotics Laboratory, Centre for Intelligent Machines, McGill University, Montreal, CANADA Proc. of the International Symposium on Adaptive Motion of Animals and Machines (AMAM), Kyoto, Japan, March 4-8, 2003. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract This paper examines how simple control laws stabilize c ...


On the feasibility of using wireless ethernet for indoor localization June 2004 Ladd, A.M. Bekris, K.E. Rudys, A.P. Wallach, D.S. Kavraki, L.E. Dept. of Comput. Sci., Rice Univ., Houston, TX, USA IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 3 On page(s): 555- 559 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract IEEE 802.11b wireless Ethernet is becoming the standard for indoor wireless communication. This paper proposes the use of measured signal strength of Ethernet packets as a sensor for a localization system. We demonstrate that off-the-shelf hardware can accurately be used for location sensing and real-time tracking by applying a Bayesian localization framework.


On the force capability of underactuated fingers September 2003 By Birglen, L. Gosselin, C.M.; Dept. of Mechanical Eng., Laval Univ., Que., Canada Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2003. You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper studies the force capability of a particular class of underactuated fingers. Force capability is defined as the ability to ...


On the Relationship Between Classical Grid Search and Probabilistic Roadmaps July-August 2004 S.M. LaValle Department of Computer Science, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801 USA, M.S. Branicky Department of Electrical Engineering, and Computer Science, CaseWestern Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106 USA, and S.R. Lindemann Department of Computer Science, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801 USA International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 7/8- Publication Date: 1 ...


On the Stable Passive Dynamics of Quadrupedal Running By Ioannis Poulakakis & Martin Buehler, Centre for Intelligent Machines, McGill University, 3480 University, Montreal, H3A 2A7, Canada; Evangelos Papadopoulos, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Heroon Polytechniou 9, Athens, 15773, Greece 2003 IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract In this paper, we study the pas ...


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ON-LINE TRAJECTORY OPTIMIZATION FOR AUTONOMOUS AIR VEHICLES August 2003 By Shannon Twigg, Anthony Calise and Eric Johnson, School of Aerospace Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0150 AIAA Guidance, Navigation and Control Conference, number AIAA-2003-5522, Austin, TX Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Different methods of optimizing terrain following trajectories have been investigated as an extension of earlier reduced order ...


One giant leap for walking robots February 18, 2005 By Robert Roy Britt and Tariq Malik MSNBC news WASHINGTON - In what could be described as one small step for a robot, but a giant leap for robot-kind, a trio of humanoid machines were introduced Thursday, each with the ability to walk in a human-like manner. Each bipedal robot has a strikingly human-like gait and appearance. Arms swing for balance. Ankles push off. Eyeballs are added for effect. One of the robots, from the Massachusetts I ...


Online Adaptive Rough-Terrain Navigation in Vegetation By Carl Wellington and Anthony (Tony) Stentz, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh PA 15201 USA IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, April, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Autonomous navigation in vegetation is challenging because the vegetation often hides the load-bearing surface which is used for evaluating the safety of potential actions. It is d ...


Online Footstep Planning for Humanoid Robots By James Kuffner1,2, Satoshi Kagami2,3, Koichi Nishiwaki4, Masayuki Inaba4, Hirochika Inoue4 1 Dept. of Computer Science, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave., Pittsburgh, PA 15214, USA 2 Digital Human Lab., National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 2-41-6, Aomi, Koto-ku, Tokyo, 135-0064, Japan. 3 CREST, JST (Japan Science and Technology Corporation) 4 School of Information Science and Technolog ...


Online Simultaneous Localization and Mapping in Dynamic Environments B y Denis Wolf and Gaurav S. Sukhatme, Robotic Embedded Systems Laboratory, Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems, Department of Computer Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pages 1301-1306, Apr 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract— We propose an on-line algorithm for simultaneous ...


Military & Law Enforcement Robotics ..the ultimate consumer robotics information resource. Interest in robotics both by children and adults has grown tremendously in the last 6 years. Today there are robot competitions all around the globe for enthusiasts of all ages. Television programs about robot wars receive some of the highest ratings. Robot toys and pets of all kinds fill store shelves. Robotic vacuums, lawn mowers and personal assistants although expensive are beginning to be purchased ...


OPEN ARCHITECTURE ROBOT CONTROLLERS AND WORKCELL INTEGRATION No date listed Phillip J. Fiedler, Ph.D. and Chris J. Schilb, CMfgT, Genesis Systems Group Robotics Online Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT Robot controllers based upon the standard Personal Computer (PC) open architecture hardware and the common Microsoft Windows® operating systems are dramatically changing the robotic industry. The robotic industry is beginning to experience the benefits a ...


OpenHRP: Open Architecture Humanoid Robotics Platform February 1, 2004 Fumio Kanehiro, Hirohisa Hirukawa and Shuuji Kajita National Institute of Advanced, Industrial Science and Technology, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8568 Japan International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 2 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. This paper presents the open architecture humanoid robotics platform (OpenHRP) which consists of a simulator an ...


Initiatives and tools The JAUS (Joint Architecture for Unmanned Systems) is an initiative for developing a message-based architecture for upper level interfaces of unmanned systems, so that independent teams may eventually and more easily interoperate with each other. The goals of the initiative are to reduce the development and integration time, as well as the life-cycle costs, of autonomous systems. The initiative specifies a framework for technology insertion and how to accommodate the expa ...


The Times=Picayune Tuesday, April 27, 2004 By Chris Bynum Staff writer When the U.S. Department of Defense offered $1 million to anyone who could win a robot race across the California desert, a group of professors, students and engineers at the University of Louisiana-Lafayette had a collective vision: "a Toys R Us toy car slapped together with a Global Positioning System," says Arun Lakhotia, associate professor of computer science at ULL. That was last September. By March, several shop ...


Operator Engagement Detection and Robot Behavior Adaptation in Human-Robot Interaction By Pramila Rani, Department of Electrical Engineering, and Nilanjan Sarkar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, April 2005, Barcelona, Spain. Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract It has been shown that in human-robot interaction, the effectiveness of a robot varies inversely ...


Optimal Design and Modeling of Spatial Parallel Manipulators February 2004 Karol Miller School of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Western Australia, Crawley/Perth WA 6009, Australia International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 2 - Publication Date: 1 February 2004 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. Parallel manipulators offer much higher rigidity and smaller mobile mass than their serial counterparts, thus allowing mu ...


Optimal Gait Synthesis of a Seven-Link Planar Biped October - November 2004 G. Bessonnet, S. Chessé, and P. Sardain Laboratoire de Mécanique des Solides, CNRS-UMR6610, University of Poitiers, SP2MI, Bd. M. & P. Curie, BP 30179, 86962 Futuroscope-Chasseneuil, France International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 10/11- Publication Date: 1 October - November 2004 Special Issue on the 5th International Conference on Climbing and Walking Robots, CLAWAR 2002 You can view the abstrac ...


Optimal kinematic design of 2-DOF parallel manipulators with well-shaped workspace bounded by a specified conditioning index June 2004 Tian Huang Meng Li Zhanxian Li Chetwynd, D.G. Whitehouse, D.J., Sch. of Mech. Eng., Tianjin Univ., China IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 3 On page(s): 538- 543 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper presents a hybrid me ...


Optimal Landmark Configuration for Vision-Based Control of Mobile Robots By Darius Burschka, Jeremy Geiman and Gregory Hager Computational Interaction and Robotics Laboratory Johns Hopkins University Baltimore MD Proc. of International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pages 3917-3922, September 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We analyze the problem of finding the optimal placement of tracked primitives for robust vision-based con ...


Optimal planning for minimally invasive surgical robots October 2003 Adhami, L. Coste-Maniere, E., CHIR Med. Robotics Group, INRIA, Sophia Antipolis, France IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 19, Issue: 5 On page(s): 854- 863 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is an increasingly important approach in many specialties, where robots are poised to ...


Optimal Planning of Robotically Assisted Heart Surgery: First Results on the Transfer Precision in the Operating Room April-May 2004 È. Coste-Manière, L. Adhami, F. Mourgues and O. Bantiche ChIR Medical Robotics Group, INRIA Sophia Antipolis, France International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 23 Issue 4/5- Publication Date: 1 April-May 2004 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text. The aim of this work is to quantify the errors introduced at ...


Optimizing Human Motion for the Control of a Humanoid Robot By Alla Safonova1, Nancy S. Pollard2 and Jessica K. Hodgins3 1Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University 2Computer Science, Brown University and ATR Human Information Science Laboratories, Dept 3 3Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University and ATR Human Information Science Laboratories, Dept 3 2nd International Symposium on Adaptive Motion of Animals and Machines (AMAM2003), March, 2003 Please visit the web site to view the ar ...


NewScientist.com 01 November 04 Will Knight A control system based on chaos has made a simulated, multi-legged robot walk successfully. The researchers behind the feat say it may have brought us closer to understanding how people and animals learn to move. Standard robots control their leg motion either through complex computer programs or by using so-called genetic algorithms to “evolve” a successful walking strategy. Both these options are time-consuming and require a lot of computer powe ...


CNN.com May 24 2004 PITTSBURGH, Pennsylvania (AP) -- Robots can scamper across the surface of Mars, defuse bombs and vacuum floors. Now they also can fold small pieces of paper. Officials at Carnegie Mellon University are excited about a graduate student who has developed a robot capable of doing origami -- the traditional Japanese art of folding paper to make figures or sculptures. "Origami is way out there -- it's like a space shot," said Matthew Mason, a professor of computer science and ...


Osaka is quickly becoming the robot capital of the world May 08, 2005 By Justin McCurry THE GUARDIAN , OSAKA During Japan's "lost decade" of economic decline, Osaka was a leader in homelessness, unemployment, bag snatching and groping on trains. Now the port city is pinning its hopes on a 39cm-tall humanoid with an eye on the goal of achieving a more worthy reputation -- that of robot capital of the world. Weighing in at just 2.4kg, VisiON is the product of Team Osaka, which consists of r ...


Our Future Includes Robot Helpers: But U.S. Lags Way Behind Oct 21, 2003 by Mike Adams News Target Network Japan will be cashing in on the robot crazy of the 21st century. We'll have robots mowing our lawns, doing our dishes, sweeping our floors and even preparing our food. Advanced models might even be able to handle tasks like folding clothes and scrubbing kitchen sinks. And you know who will be making and selling those robots? Japanese companies, that's who. The U.S. will be known for g ...


Output regulation of robot manipulators with a constantly revolving arm December 2003 Shang-Teh Wu Yi-Chih Chuang, Dept. of Mech. Eng., Nat. Yunlin Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Taiwan IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 19, Issue: 6 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract This paper presents analysis and experiment results on regulation of a two-link robot with a constantly revolving arm. ...


Christian Science Monitor October 07, 2004 By Scott Peterson HASWAH, IRAQ – Attacked four nights in a row while on patrol in this hostile town, US marines rolled out late Tuesday, deliberately preparing to pick a fight. But instead of targeting the Americans with bullets and grenades, Iraqi insurgents laid another surprise: A softly blinking blue cellphone hidden in a bush, wired and taped as a detonator, and linked to a long red detonation cord that disappeared into the cab of a burned-out ...


Oy, Robot: '05 Expo braces for contact March 21, 2005 By Yoshiko Hara, EE Times Information Week Tokyo — The sponsors are a little concerned. They just don't know what will happen when scads of robots interact with hordes of people every day at the six-month-long 2005 World Exposition in Aichi, Japan. The nanny robots, for example, will likely be mauled by so many kids every day — an estimated 120 — that the company that built them has made contingency plans for a "robot down" scenario. Ev ...


PackBot: A Versatile Platform for Military Robotics April 2004 By Brian Yamauchi, iRobot Corporation Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 5422: Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology VI, Orlando, FL Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT The iRobot PackBot is a combat-tested, man-portable UGV that has been deployed in Afghanistan and Iraq. The PackBot is also a versatile platform for mobile robotics research and development that supports a wide range of payloads suitable f ...


TMCNet.com October 27, 2004 NORTHBORO, Mass. and FRAMINGHAM, Mass. --(Business Wire)-- Oct. 27, 2004 -- Attendance at 1st Time Event Exceeds 10,000; Standing Room Only Crowds Witness Robotic Technology From Around the World Robotics Trends and IDG World Expo today announced that RoboNexus, the international consumer, educational and business development event for personal, service and mobile robotics (http://www.robonexus.com), was a resounding success, drawing more than 10,000 enthusias ...


Paging Dr. Robot November 4, 2003 By Alexandra Robbins PCMagazine The Johns Hopkins Hospital's latest physician addition, Dr. Robot, isn't a real doctor, but he displays one on TV—well, sort of. Doctors operate the five-foot-tall robot—a swiveling video camera and computer screen mounted on a mechanical base—by guiding it through patients' rooms via a remote-control joystick. By communicating through the hospital's virtual private network (VPN) and 802.11b wireless network, doctors at home ...


Panel: Robots not replacing troops soon May 13, 2002 By Scott R. Burnell UPI Science News ARLINGTON, Va., May 13 (UPI) -- Robots and robotic technology will not remove troops from the front lines in the near term due to control, logistics and other problems, a U.S. military research panel concluded Monday. Current robotics programs seem to be basically one-way communications from planners to scientists, said Eric Krotkov, a senior researcher in computer science at Carnegie Mellon Universit ...


PAO* for Planning with Hidden State By Dave Ferguson 1, Anthony Stentz 1, and Sebastian Thrun 2 1 Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA 2 Computer Science Department, Stanford University, Stanford, CA USA Proceedings of the 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, April, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We describe a heuristic search algorithm for generating optimal plans in a new class of deci ...


Parallel Complementary Strategies For Implementing Biological Principles Into Mobile Robots March 2003 Roger D. Quinn, Gabriel M. Nelson, Richard J. Bachmann, Daniel A. Kingsley, John T. Offi and Thomas J. Allen Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA and Roy E. Ritzmann Department of Biology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA International Journal of Robotics Research Volume 22 Issue 3 You can view the ab ...


Parametric modeling for inverse kinematics behavior Authors: Goran S. Ðordevic , Milan Rašic, Reza Shadmehr, and Veljko Potkonjak; University of Nis, Serbia Submitted to IEEE Trans. Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Paper No: SMCB-E-02222001-0002 Abstract Emergence of biomimetics increases complexity of robot design and results in a new attention to the inverse kinematics problem due to increased kinematic redundancy. Now redundancy resolution must be solvable on embedded microcontrollers used ...


Parametric Models for Motion Planning and Control in Biomimetic Robotics G, Dordevic, M. RasicM. and R, Shadmehr; University of Nis Robotics Lab IEEE Tansactions on Robotics, Regular Paper Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. ABSTRACT. We describe the design, testing and tools to build parametric models of a six-legged cockroach-like robot for velocity control without precise knowledge on robot’s geometry or its inertia. Robot legs were made by Shape Deposition Ma ...


Parametric Primitives for Motor Representation and Control By R. Amit& Maja J. Matari´c, Computer Science Department, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781, USA Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), Washington DC, May 11-15, 2002 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract The use of motor primitives for the generation of complex movements is a relatively new and interesting idea for dimensionality reduction in robot control. We p ...


Parity Relation Based Fault Detection, Isolation and Reconfiguration for Autonomous Ground Vehicle Localization Sensors 2004 Ying Lu, Emmanuel G. Collins, Jr., Majura F. Selekwa Department of Mechanical Engineering, FAMU-FSU College of Engineering, 2525 Pottsdamer Street, Tallahassee, FL 32310 Email: ying@eng.fsu.edu, ecollins@eng.fsu.edu, majura@eng.fsu.edu ASC Abstract This paper considers fault detection, isolation and reconfiguration (FDIR) for the localization sensors, including th ...


Passive compensation of nonlinear robot dynamics June 2004 Duindam, V. Stramigioli, S. Scherpen, J.M.A., Drebbel Inst., Univ. of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands; IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 3 On page(s): 480- 488 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract In this paper, we derive a coordinate-free formulation of a passive controller that makes a mechanical system track ...


Path Planning for Robotic Demining: Robust Sensor-based Coverage of Unstructured Environments and Probabilistic Methods July/August 2003 By Ercan U. Acar, Howie Choset, Yangang Zhang and Mark Schervish; Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA The International Jounal of Robotics Research, Vol. 22, No. 7-8 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract Demining and unexploded ordnance (UXO) clearance are extremely tedious and danger ...


Path Planning with Hallucinated Worlds By Bart Nabbe, Sanjiv Kumar and Martial Hebert, The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213, USA IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IEEE, October, 2004 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract We describe an approach that integrate midrange sensing into a dynamic path planning algorithm1. The algorithm is based on measuring the reduction in path cost that wou ...


Path-tracking of a tractor-trailer vehicle along rectilinear and circular paths: a Lyapunov-based approach February 2004 Astolfi, A. Bolzern, P. Locatelli, A., Dipt. di Elettronica e Informazione, Politecnico di Milano, Italy IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Volume: 20, Issue: 1 You can view the abstract online. A subscription is required to view the full text or it can be purchased online. Abstract The problem of asymptotic stabilization for straight and circular forwa ...


Penn Researchers Use Robotic Surgery May 16, 2005 ScienceDaily.com Philadelphia, PA – For patients with cancer of the mouth and throat, surgery is a frequent course of treatment, often leading to speech and swallowing dysfunction and external scarring. Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine's Department of Otorhinolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, have completed two studies – the most comprehensive and largest to date – that demonstrate the effective use of the da ...


Penn Robotics Lab Receives $5 Million Grant to Develop Robot Swarms from MARS June 01, 2005 Robotics Trends Engineers at the University of Pennsylvania have received a $5 million grant from the Department of Defense to develop large-scale "swarms" of robots that could work together to thoroughly search large areas from the ground and sky. The Scalable Swarms of Autonomous Robots and Sensors – or the Swarms Project, as it is known – takes organizational cues from the natural world where tens ...


Pennsylvania universities work together on homeland security Associated Press USAToday.com STATE COLLEGE, Pa. (AP) — They might look like toys, but the robotic snakes being developed at Carnegie Mellon University could one day slither across the front lines of homeland security. Equipped with sensors and able to slink into tight spaces, such as pipes or air ducts, the robots could be used to probe into collapsed buildings or in hostile environments — even under water. "These guys can get ...


Penn’s Vijay Kumar Developing Robot Swarms for Military May 22, 2005 By Francis C. Assisi Indolink 22 May 2005 -- The military is anxious to eventually take the human being off the battlefield. Which is why, as military technology continues to improve, more and more robots are being used for surveillance and search and rescue missions. This summer, computer scientists, biologists and engineers from Penn and other schools around the country will collaborate to study a relatively new tec ...


Pentagon building 21st-century robot army for combat Orlando Sentinel February 20, 2005 By Tim Weiner The American military is working on a new generation of soldiers, far different from the army it has. "They don't get hungry," said Gordon Johnson of the Pentagon's Joint Forces Command. "They're not afraid. They don't forget their orders. They don't care if the guy next to them has just been shot. Will they do a better job than humans? Yes." The robot soldier is coming. The Pentagon pre ...


Pentagon Denies Flying Drones Over Iran February 14, 2005 Fox News WASHINGTON — Senior Defense Department officials said Monday they have no knowledge of any U.S. drone flights over Iran, and U.S. intelligence officials would not comment on any such flights. The responses came one day after the Washington Post ran a story saying that the United States has been running unmanned spy flights over Iran for the past year for evidence of nuclear weapons programs and to probe air defenses. The Ir ...


Pentagon Explores Battle Segway December 14, 2003 By Michael P. Regan Copyright 2003 P.G. Publishing Co. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Pennsylvania) It's called the Segway Human Transporter, but the Pentagon is drafting the two-wheeled scooter as part of a plan to develop battlefield robots that think on their own and communicate with troops. The program is still in the research phase, so the self-balancing scooters aren't expected to report to boot camp anytime soon. So far, university re ...


Pentagon Goes To The Robotic Dogs July 21, 2005 CBS News Robodogs In Demand There's a new dog in town this week at the annual RoboCup championships in Japan. That's where robots of various shapes and sizes compete in soccer games. The U.S. favorite is a team from Carnegie Mellon University, which took a battery-driven robotic dog sold by Sony Corp., fed its souped-up brain new software and turned it into a competitive team player. As CBS News Correspondent Jim Stewart reports, it even ...


Pentagon in search for robot GIs By Nick Farrell, vnunet.com 07 Mar 2002 The US Army is on the hunt for a private contractor to build war droids. Dubbed 'Future Combat Systems', the robots will be used to deploy sophisticated weapons in war zones to limit human casualties. A Pentagon spokesman explained that the robots will do "everything you would ever need to do on the battlefield. They will be able to fire at things, defend themselves, do reconnaissance and find targets." Boeing, Genera ...


Pentagon Offers $2-Million Prize to Build Unmanned Desert Vehicle May 5, 2005 Brian Wagner Voice of America The U.S. military hopes robots will begin replacing soldiers in dangerous situations in coming years, and officials are asking researchers to help develop the technology. As VOA's Brian Wagner reports, dozens of groups are scrambling to compete in a Pentagon challenge to build an unmanned desert vehicle. The Pentagon launched the Grand Challenge last year to draw more research into us ...


Pentagon Pouring Funds Into a Host of Land and Sea Robots by Ed Moser September 06, 2003 Robotics Trends World events and the military seem to have rendered moot the first of three Rules of Robotics laid down in Isaac Asimov’s sci-fi classic I, Robot, namely “A robot must never harm a human being, or through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.” The mountains of broken steel, shattered concrete and superheated rubble left at the World Trade Towers site in the aftermath of the ...


Pentagon prepares to build £70bn robot army Guerrilla News Network 19 Feb 2005 By Francis Harris The American military will have these kinds of robots. It's not a question of 'if', it's a question of 'when'." The Pentagon is spending £70 billion on a programme to build heavily-armed robots for the battlefield in the hope that future wars will be fought without the loss of its soldiers’ lives. The scheme, known as Future Combat Systems, is the largest military contract in American history ...


Pentagon to pay millions for Scots’ robot soldiers September 21, 2003 By Neil Mackay Sunday Herald Online ROBOT soldiers manufactured to kill enemy troops have been designed for the Pentagon by a tiny Glasgow computer company which is set to make millions from the deal. Essential Viewing says the technology comes straight from the world of science fiction. Chief executive Simon Hardy said the technology had its nearest equivalent in the Star Wars movie Attack Of The Clones. In the film, ar ...


Pentagon wants to build battlefield humanoid robots, but DARPA's robot race turns out nothing but failure Apr 30, 2004 News Target The world is safe from Pentagon-controlled terminator robots... for now, at least. The DARPA robot race failed to produce a single robot capable of navigating the course. So it's back to the drawing board for the robot builders. And the Pentagon? They'll have to settle for sending humans to fight their battles for now. But make no mistake: what the Pentagon ult ...


People Tracking with a Mobile Robot Using Sample-based Joint Probabilistic Data Association Filters By D. Schulz, W. Burgard, D. Fox, and A.B. Cremers, University of Washington, Department of Compter Science & Engineering International Journal of Robotics Research (IJRR), 22(2), 2003 Please visit the web site to view the article in its entirety. Abstract One of the goals in the field of mobile robotics is the development of mobile platforms which operate in populated environments. For many ...


PercepTek, Inc. Awarded Part Two of the Unmanned Autonomous Collaborative Operations (UACO) Program for U.S. Army April 03, 2005 Robotics Trends Littleton, Co. – PercepTek, Inc., was awarded Part Two of the Unmanned Autonomous Collaborative Operations (UACO) program for the U.S. Army. The UACO program will develop and demonstrate a prototype system that will enable a single operator to control multiple unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) and unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) to support soldiers opera ...


Perception Guides the Future of Automatons May 2004 By Robert K. Ackerman SIGNAL Magazine Seeing is believing if robots are to perform up to par. The key to attaining the long-sought goal of fully autonomous unmanned ground vehicles may lie in their ability to recognize reality. Scientists pursuing the development of truly independent robotic vehicles are finding that perception is the key hurdle they must overcome. The development of these vehicles hinges on solving problems relating to pe ...